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दुर्

Contents

दुर्
 dúr [ dur ]


1. f. ( only dúras acc. nom., and durás. pl. ) = dvār, a door ( cf. 2. dura ).




duraḥprabhṛti [ duraHprabhRti ]

mfn. beginning with the doors, ĀpŚr.



duro-dara [ durodara ]

m. ' door-opener ' ( cf. dura-dabhna ), a dice-player, gamester, MBh. ii, 2000 etc.

dice-box, viii, 3763

a stake, L.

n. ( m. ? ) playing, gaming, a game at dice, MBh., Kāv. ( written also daro- ).



duḥ-sādhin [ duHsAdhin ]

m. a door-keeper.



दुर्
 dur [ dur ]

2. in comp. for dus, denoting ' bad ' or ' difficult ' etc.

duriṣṭha, ( superl. ) very bad or difficult or wicked

n. great crime or wickedness, L.



dur-akṣa [ durakSa ]

m. ( fr. 2. akṣa ) a bad or fraudulent die, W.

( °ṣá ), mf ( ī ) n. ( fr. 4. akṣa ) weak-eyed, ŚBr.



dur-akṣara [ durakSara ]

n. an evil word, Naish. ix, 63.



dur-atikrama [ duratikrama ]

mfn. hard or difficult to be overcome, insurmountable, inevitable, Mn. xi, 238, R. Pañc. etc.

m. N. of a Brāhman ( regarded as son of Śiva ), VāyuP.

N. of Śiva

°maṇīya mfn. impassable, Bāl. vi, 18/19.



dur-atyaya [ duratyaya ]

mfn. = -atikrama, KaṭhUp. iii, 14, MBh. R. etc.

inaccessible, MBh. xiii, 4880

inscrutable, unfathomable, R. iii, 71, 15, BhP.

°yânukramaṇa mfn. whose ways are past finding out ( God ), MW.



dur-atyétu [ duratyetu ]

mfn. = -atikrama, RV. vii, 65, 3.



dur-adṛṣṭa [ duradRSTa ]

n. ill luck, L.



dur-admanī [ duradmanI ]

f. bad or noxious food, VS. ii, 20.



dur-adhiga [ duradhiga ]

mfn. difficult to be obtained, BhP. iii, 23, 8

°gama difficult to be obtained, inscrutable, unfathomable, Kir. v, 18.



dur-adhiṣṭhita [ duradhiSThita ]

mfn. badly managed or executed, MBh. vii, 3314

n. staying anywhere improperly, MBh. xii, 3084.



dur-adhîta [ duradhIta ]

mfn. badly read or learnt, Cāṇ.



dur-adhîyāna [ duradhIyAna ]

mfn. learning badly, GopBr. i, 1, 31.



dur-adhîśvara [ duradhIzvara ]

m. a bad king, L.



dur-adhyaya [ duradhyaya ]

mfn. difficult of attainment, Śiś. xii, 11

°yayana mfn. = °adhîyāna, MW.



dur-adhyavasāya [ duradhyavasAya ]

m. a bad or foolish beginning, Bhartṛ.



dur-adhyeya [ duradhyeya ]

mfn. difficult to be studied or learnt

-tva n., Cat.



dur-adhva [ duradhva ]

m. a bad road, Naish. ix, 33.



dur-anujñāta [ duranujJAta ]

mfn. badly allowed or granted, BhP. x, 64, 35.



dur-anuneya [ duranuneya ]

mfn. difficult to be won over

-tā f., Jātakam.



dur-anupālana [ duranupAlana ]

mfn. difficult to be kept or preserved, MBh. xiii, 1929.



dur-anubodha [ duranubodha ]

mfn. difficult to be recollected, L.



dur-anuvartya [ duranuvartya ]

mfn. difficult to follow, Jātakam.



dur-anuṣṭhita [ duranuSThita ]

mfn. badly done or acted, R.

°ṣṭheya mfn. difficult to perform, MBh.



dur-anta [ duranta ]

mfn. having no end, infinite

having a bad end, miserable, Mn., MBh. etc.

-kṛcchra m. or n. infinite danger, BhP. i, 15, 11

-kṛt mfn. doing what is endless or suffering endless pains, MBh. x, 15

-cintā f. infinite sorrow, BhP. iv, 28, 8

-deva m. the god who removes difficulties ( Gaṇêśa ), Cāṇ

-paryanta mfn. having a bad end, Prasannar

-bhāva mfn. exceedingly passionate, BhP. i, 11, 33

-moha mfn. whose infatuation has a bad ending or has no end, BhP. vii, 6, 13

-vīrya mfn. having endless energy, BhP. i, 3, 38

-śakti mfn. having endless power, BhP. vii, 8, 40.



dur-antaka [ durantaka ]

mfn. = -anta ( Śiva ), MBh. xiii, 724.



dur-anvaya [ duranvaya ]

mfn. difficult to be passed along ( road ), R. ii, 92, 3

difficult to be accomplished or performed, MBh., Hariv.

difficult to be found out or fathomed, R.

not corresponding or suitable, BhP. x, 84, 14

m. a false concord ( in gram. )

a consequence wrongly deduced from given premises, MW.



dur-anveṣya [ duranveSya ]

mfn. difficult to be searched out or through, R. iv, 48, 6.



dur-apacāra [ durapacAra ]

mfn. difficult to be displeased or offended, W.



dur-apavāda [ durapavAda ]

m. ill report, slander, Subh.



dur-apâsa [ durapAsa ]

mfn. difficult to be cast off, Naish. v, 130.



dur-abhí [ durabhi ]

n. ( wrongly opp. to surabhi ) stench, MaitrS. ii, 1, 3.



dur-abhigraha [ durabhigraha ]

mfn. difficult to be laid hold of, W.

m. Achyranthes Aspera, L.

( ā ), f. Mucuna Pruritus

Alhagi Maurorum, L.



dur-abhiprâya [ durabhiprAya ]

mfn. having a bad intention, BhP. x, 42, 20.



dur-abhibhava [ durabhibhava ]

mfn. hard to be overcome or surpassed, Kād.



dur-abhimānin [ durabhimAnin ]

mfn. disagreeably or intolerably proud, Prab. iii, 16/17.



dur-abhirakṣa [ durabhirakSa ]

mfn. difficult to be watched or kept

-tā f., Daś.



dur-abhisaṃdhi [ durabhisaMdhi ]

m. = -abhiprâya, Sch. on Mṛcch. v, 27.



dur-abhisambhava [ durabhisambhava ]

mfn. difficult to be performed, beset with difficulties, Jātakem.



dur-avagama [ duravagama ]

mfn. difficult to be understood, incomprehensible, BhP. v, 13, 26.



dur-avagāha [ duravagAha ]

mfn. difficult to be fathomed or found out, Śak. ( Pi. ) i, 24/25

difficult to be entered, inaccessible, Jātakam.



dur-avagraha [ duravagraha ]

mfn. difficult to be kept back or restrained, Kām. viii, 66

m. wicked obstinacy, stubbornness, BhP. iv, 19, 35

-grāha ( B. ) or -grāhya mfn. difficult to be attained ( BhP. vii, 1, 19 ).



dur-avacchada [ duravacchada ]

mfn. difficult to be veiled or hidden, BhP. x, 62, 27.



dur-avatāra [ duravatAra ]

mfn. difficult to be reached by descending, Kathās. lxv, 17.



dur-avadhāraka [ duravadhAraka ]

mfn. deciding or judging badly, Kathās. lxxii, 215.



dur-avadhāraṇa [ duravadhAraNa ]

mfn. difficult to be defined, Parvad.

°dhārya mfn. difficult to be understood, Parvad. lviii, 66.



dur-avabodha [ duravabodha ]

mfn. difficult to be understood, BhP. x, 49, 29

-tā f. Sāy.



dur-avaroha [ duravaroha ]

mfn. = -avatāra, Rājat. vi, 49.



dur-avalepa [ duravalepa ]

m. disagreeable arrogance, Prasannar.



dur-avavada [ duravavada ]

n. ( impers. ) difficult to speak ill of ( gen. ), AitBr. v, 22.



dur-avasita [ duravasita ]

mfn. difficult to be ascertained, unfathomed, BhP. xii, 12, 66.



dur-avastha [ duravastha ]

mfn. badly situated

( ā ), f. a bad situation, Prab. vi, 4/5

°sthita mfn. not firmly established, BhP. x, 76, 22.



dur-avâpa [ duravApa ]

mfn. difficult to be attained or accomplished, MBh. vii, 727, Śak. i, 26/27..



dur-avêkṣita [ duravekSita ]

n. an improper look, a forbidden glance, MBh. iii, 14669.



dur-ahna [ durahna ]

m. a bad day, L.



dur-ākṛṭi [ durAkRTi ]

mfn. badly formed, disfigured, misshapen, R., Hariv.



dur-ākranda [ durAkranda ]

mfn. having bad ( or no ) friends, Pañc. iv, 31.



dur-ākrama [ durAkrama ]

mfn. difficult to be ascended or approached, MBh., R.



dur-ākramaṇa [ durAkramaNa ]

n. unfair attack

difficult approach, MW.



dur-ākrānta [ durAkrAnta ]

mfn. unjustly attacked

difficult of access, MW.



dur-ākrāma [ durAkrAma ]

mfn. difficult to be passed, invincible, R.

metric. = °krama, R. ( B. )



dur-ākrośam [ durAkrozam ]

ind. while badly scolding, R. iv, 9, 19.



dur-āgata [ durAgata ]

m. ' badly come ', N. of a man, Buddh.



dur-āgama [ durAgama ]

m. bad income, improper gain, MBh. v, 1513.



dur-āgraha [ durAgraha ]

m. = -avagraha m., BhP. iii, 5, 43.



dur-ācara [ durAcara ]

mfn. difficult to be practised or performed, MBh. xii, 656

difficult to be treated or cured, incurable, Suśr.

°rita n. misfortune, ill luck, MBh. vii, 6336.



dur-ācāra [ durAcAra ]

m. bad behaviour, ill conduct, MBh.

mfn. ill-conducted, wicked, Mn. MBh. etc.

°rin mfn. Mn. MBh. etc.



dur-āḍhya [ durADhya ]

mfn. not rich, poor, W.

-ṃ-kara mfn. difficult to be made rich, Pāṇ. iii, 3, 127, Sch.

-m-bhava mfn. becoming rich with difficulty, Pāṇ. iii, 3, 127, Sch.



dur-ātman [ durAtman ]

mfn. evil-natured, wicked, bad, Mn. MBh. etc.

°ma-tā, f. meanness, wickedness, MBh. i, 2010

°ma-vat, mfn. = °man, MBh. i, 2017 etc.



dur-ādāna [ durAdAna ]

mfn. difficult to be laid hold of, ṢaḍvBr. iii, 10.



dur-ādṛṣṭi [ durAdRSTi ]

mfn. bad-looking, Cāṇ.



dur-ādeya [ durAdeya ]

mfn. difficult to be taken away or seized, MBh. v, 5201.



dur-ādhana [ durAdhana ]

m. N. of a son of Dhṛtarāshṭra, MBh. i, 2736 ( cf. next ).



dur-ādhara [ durAdhara ]

mfn. difficult to be withstood, irresistible, invincible, inaccessible, MBh.

m. N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i, 4549 ( cf. the prec. ).



dur-ādhárṣa [ durAdharSa ]

mfn. difficult to be attacked or approached, dangerous, invincible, irresistible, RV., AV., MBh. etc.

haughty, arrogant, W.

m. white mustard, L.

( ā ), f. a kind of shrub ( = kuṭumbinī ), L.



dur-ādhāra [ durAdhAra ]

mfn. difficult to be conceived, Nīlak. on, MBh. xiii, 724.



dur-ādhi [ durAdhi ]

m. distress or anxiety of mind, Kir. i, 28

indignation, Bhadrab. i, 34.



dur-ādhī' [ durAdhI ]

mfn. meditating evil, malignant, RV.



dur-ānama [ durAnama ]

mfn. hard to bend ( as a bow ), R. i, 77, 14, Ragh. xi, 38.



dur-āneya [ durAneya ]

mfn. difficult to be brought near, HPariś.



dur-ā'pa [ durApa ]

mfn. difficult to be attained or approached, inaccessible, ŚBr., Mn., MBh. etc.

m. N. of a Dānava, Hariv.



dur-āpaná [ durApana ]

mfn. difficult to be overtaken, RV. x, 95, 2.



dur-āpādana [ durApAdana ]

mfn. difficult to be brought about, BhP. iii, 23 , 42.



dur-āpūra [ durApUra ]

mfn. difficult to be filled or satisfied, vii, 6, 8.



dur-ābādha [ durAbAdha ]

mfn. not to be assaulted with impunity ( Śiva ), MBh. xiii, 724.



dur-āmoda [ durAmoda ]

m. bad scent, stench, Kathās. lxxxii, 22.



dur-āmnāya [ durAmnAya ]

mfn. difficult to be handed down, MBh. xiv, 1441.



dur-ā'yya [ durAyya ]

v.l. for -ā'vī.



dur-ārakṣa [ durArakSa ]

mfn. difficult to be protected, R. ii, 52, 72.



dur-ārakṣya [ durArakSya ]

mfn. difficult to be protected, R. ii, 52, 72.



dur-ārādha [ durArAdha ]

mfn. difficult to be propitiated or won or overcome, Kāv.



dur-ārādhya [ durArAdhya ]

mfn. difficult to be propitiated or won or overcome, Kāv.



dur-āri-han [ durArihan ]

( for ar° ), m. ' killing wicked enemies ', N. of Viṣṇu, MBh. xiii, 7032.



dur-āruha [ durAruha ]

mfn. difficult to be ascended or mounted, MBh., R.

m. a cocoa-nut tree or Aegle Marmelos, L.

( ā ), f. Phoenix Sylvestris, L.



dur-ārūḍha [ durArUDha ]

mfn. ascended with difficulty, MW.



dur-āropa [ durAropa ]

mfn. difficult to be strung ( bow ), Bālar. i, 46/47.



dur-āroha [ durAroha ]

mfn. difficult to be ascended, MBh., R. ( -tā f., Kād. )

m. the palm or date tree, L.

( ā ), f. the silk-cotton tree, L.

°haṇīya mfn. difficult to be ascended, MW.



dur-ālakṣya [ durAlakSya ]

mfn. difficult to be perceived, MBh., Kāv.



dur-ālabha [ durAlabha ]

mfn. difficult to be handled, W.

ā, ( f. ) Alhagi Maurorum, Śuśr.



dur-ālamba [ durAlamba ]

mfn. difficult to be laid hold of or attained, R. v , 73, 6.



dur-ālambha [ durAlambha ]

mfn. difficult or unfit to be touched or handled, MBh. xiii, 4707

( ā ), f. = -ālabhā, L.



dur-ālāpa [ durAlApa ]

m. curse, imprecation, abuse, L.



dur-āloka [ durAloka ]

mfn. difficult to be perceived, Kāv

not to be looked at, painfully bright

m. dazzling splendour, W.



dur-āvara [ durAvara ]

v.l. for °vāra, R. ( B. )



dur-āvarta [ durAvarta ]

mfn. difficult to be turned ( from an opinion etc. ), MBh. xii, 597.



dur-āvaha [ durAvaha ]

mfn. difficult to be brought or led towards ( comp. ), MBh. xii, 12459.



dur-āvāra [ durAvAra ]

mfn. difficult to be covered or filled up, R. ii, 105, 3

difficult to be restrained, invincible, MBh. vii, 1480.



dur-āvāsin [ durAvAsin ]

mfn. having a bad dwelling, Cāṇ.



dur-āvī' [ durAvI ]

( acc. °vyám ), mfn. difficult to be passed through, Rv. ix, 41, 2.



dur-āśa [ durAza ]

1. m. N. of an Ekâha, ŚāṅkhŚr.



dur-āśa [ durAza ]

2. mfn. having bad expectations, Prab. iii, 5

( ā ), f. bad expectation, vain hope, despair, Rājat., BhP.



dur-āśaṃsin [ durAzaMsin ]

mfn. foreboding evil, Vṛshabhân.



dur-āśaya [ durAzaya ]

mfn. evil-minded, malicious, Prab. ii, 28/ 29, BhP.

m. the subtle body which is not destroyed by death, Sch.



dur-āśir [ durAzir ]

( dúr- ), mfn. badly mixed ( Soma ), RV. viii, 2, 5.



dur-āśis [ durAzis ]

mfn. having evil wishes or intentions, BhP.



dur-āśraya [ durAzraya ]

mfn. difficult to be practised, TejobUp. 2.



dur-āsa [ durAsa ]

1. mfn. difficult to be driven out or expelled, W.



dur-āsa [ durAsa ]

2. mfn. difficult to be abided or associated with, Śiś. v, 19.



dur-āsada [ durAsada ]

mfn. difficult or dangerous to be approached, MBh., Kāv., Pur.

difficult to be found or met with, unheard of, unparalleled, MBh., R.

difficult to be accomplished ( v.l. °saha )

m. N. of Śiva, mystical N. of a sword, MBh. xii, 6203.



dur-āsaha [ durAsaha ]

mfn. difficult to be accomplished, MBh. iii, 12255 ( v.l. °sada )

m. mystical N. of a sword ( v. prec. ), Gal.



dur-āsita [ durAsita ]

n. a bad manner of sitting, MBh. iii, 14669 ; xii, 3084.



dur-āseva [ durAseva ]

mfn. difficult to be dealt with or associated with, R. iii, 23, 15.



dur-āhara [ durAhara ]

mfn. difficult to be offered ( sacrifice ), MBh. ii , 664.



dur-ā'hā [ durAhA ]

ind. ( opp. to sv-āhā ) ill luck, misfortune, AV.



dur-√ i [ duri ]

cl. 1. Ā. dur-ayate or dul-ayate, Siddh., only in deriv.



dur-itá [ durita ]

( dúr-, RV. i, 125, 7 ), n. bad course, difficulty, danger. discomfort, evil, sin ( also personified ), RV., AV., Hariv., Kāv. etc.

mfn. difficult, bad, AV. xii, 2, 28

wicked, sinful, L.

-kṣaya m. destruction of sin, BhP.

N. of a man, BhP.

-damanī f. Mimosa Suma, L.

°tâtman mfn. evil-minded, malicious, Subh. 147

°târi f. ' enemy of sin ', N. of a Jaina goddess

°târṇava m. ' ocean of sins ', N. of a king, Kautukar.



dur-ití [ duriti ]

f. bad course, difficulty, distress, TBr.



dur-iṣṭa [ duriSTa ]

1. n. ( √ 3. iṣ ) ' bad wish ', curse, sorcery, (cf. °īṣaṇā )

-kṛt mfn. performing a magic spell to injure another, VP.



dur-iṣṭa [ duriSTa ]

2. ( dúr- ), mfn. ( √ yaj ) badly sacrificed ( opp. to sv-iṣṭa ), Br.



dur-iṣṭi [ duriSTi ]

( dúr- ), f. defect or failure in a sacrifice, AV., VS.



dur-īkṣa [ durIkSa ]

mfn. difficult to be seen

-tā f., Śiś. xvii, 10.



dur-īśa [ durIza ]

m. a bad master, Prab. v, 18.



dur-īṣaṇā [ durISaNA ]

( for eṣ° ), f. imprecation, L. ( cf. -iṣṭi ).



dur-īha [ durIha ]

mfn. ill-meant, SŚaṃkar .



dur-uktá [ durukta ]

mfn. ' badly spoken ', harsh, injurious

harshly addressed, Pañc. i, 100

n. bad or harsh word, Br. GS. MBh. etc.

°ktôkta mfn. ill spoken of, AitBr. ii, 17, 6.



dur-ukti [ durukti ]

f. harsh or injurious speech ( personified as a daughter of Krodha and Hiṃsā and sister and wife of Kali ), BhP.



dur-uccheda [ duruccheda ]

mfn. difficult to be extirpated or destroyed, Prab. iv, 19/20

°dya mfn. Prab. iv, 19/20, Pañc.

difficult to be cut through ( knot ), Prab. v, 21/22.



dur-uta [ duruta ]

mfn. badly woven, L.



dur-uttara [ duruttara ]

1. mfn. ( fr. 1. uttara ) unanswerable, W.



dur-uttara [ duruttara ]

2. mfn. ( from 2. uttara or Prākṛt for dus-tara ) difficult to be crossed or overcome, Kathās. xxvi, 10, Kull. on Mn. ix, 161.



dur-utsaha [ durutsaha ]

mfn. difficult to bear or resist, MBh. etc.



dur-utsāha [ durutsAha ]

mfn. difficult to bear or resist, MBh. etc.



dur-udaya [ durudaya ]

mfn. appearing with difficulty, not easily manifested, BhP. iii, 15, 50.



dur-udarka [ durudarka ]

mfn. having bad or no consequences, Naish. v, 41.



dur-udāhara [ durudAhara ]

mfn. difficult to be pronounced or uttered, Śiś. ii, 73.



dur-udvaha [ durudvaha ]

mfn. hard to bear, MBh. etc.



dur-upakrama [ durupakrama ]

mfn. difficult of access or approach, W.

difficult of cure, Śuśr.



dur-upacāra [ durupacAra ]

mfn. difficult of cure, Pañc. Car.



dur-upadiṣṭa [ durupadiSTa ]

mfn. badly instructed.



dur-upadeśa [ durupadeza ]

m. bad instruction, Pat.



dur-upapāda [ durupapAda ]

mfn. difficult to be performed, Kād.

difficult to be demonstrated, Sarvad.



dur-upayukta [ durupayukta ]

mfn. wrongly applied, DaivBr. iv.



dur-upalakṣa [ durupalakSa ]

mfn. difficult to be perceived, Daś.



dur-upasada [ durupasada ]

mfn. difficult of approach, Kir. vii, 9.



dur-upasarpin [ durupasarpin ]

mfn. approaching incautiously, Mn. vii, 9.



dur-upasthāna [ durupasthAna ]

mfn. = -upasada, W.



dur-upâ`´pa [ durupApa ]

mfn. difficult of attainment, ŚBr.


dur-upâya [ durupAya ]

m. a bad means or expedient, MW.



dur-ūha [ durUha ]

mfn. difficult to be inferred or understood

-tva n. Śch.



dur-éva [ dureva ]

mfn. ill-disposed, malignant

m. evildoer, criminal, RV. AV.



dur-ókam [ durokam ]

ind. unpleasantly, RV. vii, 4, 3

°ka-śocis mfn. glowing unpleasantly ( too bright or hot ), RV. i, 66, 5.



dur-óṣa [ duroSa ]

mfn. slow, lazy, RV.



dur-óṣas [ duroSas ]

mfn. slow, lazy, RV.



dur-ga [ durga ]

See durga.



dur-gā [ durgA ]

See durgā.



dur-gata [ durgata ]

mfn. faring ill, unfortunate, miserable, MBh. etc.

N. of a poet, Cat.

-tā f. ill luck, misery, Pañc. i, 297.



dur-gati [ durgati ]

mfn. = durgata, R. vii, 88, 3

f. misfortune, distress, poverty, want of ( gen. ), MBh., Kāv. etc.

hell, L.

-nāśinī f. ' removing distress ', N. of Durgā, BrahmaP.



dur-gandha [ durgandha ]

m. bad smell, stink, Kauś.

mfn. ill-smelling, stinking, Hariv. Suśr.

m. the mango-tree ( = āmra ), L.

an onion, Bhpr.

n. sochal-salt, L.

-kāra m. the anus, Car.

-tā f. badness of smell, Susr.



dur-gándhi [ durgandhi ]

mfn. ill-smelling, stinking, AV. ChUp. Mn. etc.



dur-gama [ durgama ]

mfn. difficult to be traversed or travelled over, impassable, inaccessible, unattainable, MBh. Hariv. Kāv.

m. or n. a difficult situation

m. N. of a son of Vasu-deva and Pauravi, VP.

of Dhṛta, VP., etc.

-mārga-nirgama mfn. of difficult access and issue, Pañc. i , 427

durgamâśu-bodhinī f. N. of a, Comm.



dur-gamanīya [ durgamanIya ]

( Sch. ) mfn. = durgama.



dur-gamya [ durgamya ]

( R. ), mfn. = durgama.



dur-gaya [ durgaya ]

m. ( √ ji ? ) N. of an author.



dur-gala [ durgala ]

m. pl. N. of a people, MBh. vi, 359.



dur-gâha [ durgAha ]

n. ( gāh ) an impassable or impervious place, difficulty, danger, RV.

m. N. of a man, RV. viii, 54, 12.



dur-gāḍha [ durgADha ]

( Hariv. )



dur-gādha [ durgAdha ]

( Suśr. ), mfn. unfathomable.



dur-gāhya [ durgAhya ]

( -tva n. Pañc. i, 317 ), mfn. unfathomable.



dur-gṛbhi [ durgRbhi ]

mfn. difficult to be seized or laid hold of, RV. i , 140, 6

-śvan mfn. continually swelling, RV. i, 52, 6.



dur-gṛbhīya [ durgRbhIya ]

Nom. Ā. °yate, to be seized with difficulty, RV. v, 9, 4.



dur-goṣṭhī [ durgoSThI ]

f. evil association, conspiracy, Rājat. vi, 170.



dur-graha [ durgraha ]

m. ' seizing badly ', the evil demon of illness, spasm, cramp, Suśr., Kathās.

obstinacy, insisting upon ( loc. ), whim, monomania, Kathās. lviii, 62 etc., Naish. ix, 41

mfn. difficult to be seized or caught or attained or won or accomplished or understood, Kāṭh. xxxi, 15, MBh. Kāv. etc.



dur-grāhya [ durgrAhya ]

mfn. = -graha mfn., MBh., Hariv. etc.

-tva n., Pañc. i, 317

-hṛdaya mfn. whose heart is difficult to be gained, R. ii , 39, 22.



dur-ghaṭa [ durghaTa ]

mfn. hard to be accomplished, difficult, Rājat. iv , 364, BhP. ( -tva n. vii, 15, 58 )

m. or n. N. of a grammatical work

°ṭa-kāvya n. N. of a poem

°ṭaghātana m. or n. °ṭa-vṛtti f. °ṭârtha-prakāśikā f. °ṭôdghāṭa m. N. of Comms.



dur-ghoṣa [ durghoSa ]

m. ' harsh-sounding, roaring ', a bear, L.



dur-jana [ durjana ]

m. a bad man, villain, scoundrel, Mn., Kāv. etc.

m. pl. bad people, Sch.

mfn. malicious, wicked, Kathās.

-tā f. and -tva n. wickedness, villainy, L.

-nindā f. -mukha-capeṭikā f. -mukha-padma-pādukā f. -mukha- mahā-capeṭikā f. N. of wks.

-malla, N. of a prince, Inscr.



dur-janāya [ durjanAya ]

Nom. Ā. °yate, to be a wicked man, Pañc. i, 5.



dur-janī-√ kṛ [ durjanIkR ]

' to make into a bad man ', insult, wrong, Ratn. iii, 17/18, iv, 19/20



dur-jaya [ durjaya ]

mfn. difficult to be conquered or won, invincible, irresistible, Mn., MBh. etc.

m. N. of a Dānava, MBh.

of an assemblage of Dānava, Śak. vi, 28/29

of a Rakshas, R.

of sev. heroes, MBh., Pur.

( ā ), f. N. of a place, MBh. iii, 8540.



dur-jayanta [ durjayanta ]

m. N. of a mountain, VP.



dur-jara [ durjara ]

mfn. not decaying or mouldering, BhP. x, 6, 10 ; 64 , 32

indigestible, Suśr.

difficult to be enjoyed, Rājat. v, 19

m. or n. N. of a place, KālP.



dur-jala [ durjala ]

n. bad or noisome water, Bhpr.



dur-jāta [ durjAta ]

mfn. badly born, ill-starred, miserable, wretched, MBh., R.

wicked, bad, wrong, false, Rājat. iii, 142

with bhartṛ false lover, paramour, Rājat. iii, 507

n. misfortune, calamity, Ragh. xiii, 72

disparity, impropriety, W.



dur-jāti [ durjAti ]

f. misfortune, ill condition, Mālav. v, 11

mfn. bad-natured, wicked, MBh. etc.

°tīya mfn. MBh. Hariv.



dur-jīva [ durjIva ]

mfn. difficult to live

n. impers. a difficult life, R. ii, 57, 20 etc.



dur-jeya [ durjeya ]

mfn. difficult to be conquered, BhP. x, 72, 10.



dur-jñāna [ durjJAna ]

mfn. difficult to be known, MBh.

-tva, Kull. on, Mn. iv, 1.



dur-jñeya [ durjJeya ]

mfn. difficult to be understood or found out

m. N. of Siva, MBh., Hariv.



dur-ṇaya [ durNaya ]

w.r. for -naya.



dur-ṇáśa [ durNaza ]

mfn. unattainable, inaccessible, AV. v, 11, 6 ( cf. dū-ṇ°, dūṇāśa ).



dur-ṇaṣṭa [ durNaSTa ]

mfn. unattained, MW.



dur-ṇāmacātana [ durNAmacAtana ]

mfn. driving away the demons called Durṇāman, AV. viii, 6, 3.



dur-ṇā'man [ durNAman ]

mf ( mnī ) n. having a bad name

m. N. of partic. evil demons causing diseases ( or according to, Nir. vi, 12, N. of a worm ; cf. -nāman ), RV. AV.

°ma-hán mfn. destroying the Dur-ṇāmans.



dur-ṇihitaˆiṣin [ durNihitaiSin ]

mfn. tracing out what is badly kept, AV. xi, 9, 15.



dur-ṇīta [ durNIta ]

see -nīta and °ti.



dur-ṇīti [ durNIti ]

See -nīta and °ti.



dur-dagdha [ durdagdha ]

mfn. burning or cauterising badly, Suśr.



dur-datta [ durdatta ]

mfn. badly given, Pāṇ. vii, 4, 47, Sch.



dur-dama [ durdama ]

mfn. hard to be subdued, MBh. xii, 3310

m. N. of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohiṇī, Hariv.

of a prince, son of Bhadra-śreṇya, Hariv. Pur.

of a Brāhman, VP.



dur-damana [ durdamana ]

mfn. = -dama

m. N. of a prince, son of Śatânika, BhP.



dur-damya [ durdamya ]

mfn. indomitable, obstinate, MBh. xii, 2951.



dur-dara [ durdara ]

mfn. tearing badly, distressing, W.

m. battle, Gal. ( cf. duro- )

a kind of drug, W.



dur-darśa [ durdarza ]

mfn. difficult to be seen or met with, KaṭhUp., Āpast., MBh., R. etc.

disagreeable or painful to the sight, MBh., Hariv. etc.

-tā f., MBh. viii, 861

°śatāya Nom. Ā. °yate, to have a bad or disgusting appearance, MW.



dur-darśana [ durdarzana ]

mfn. = -darśa, Suśr., BhP.



dur-daśā [ durdazA ]

f. bad situation, misfortune, Kathās.



dur-dānta [ durdAnta ]

mfn. badly tamed, untamable, uncontrolled, MBh., Hariv.

m. a calf, L.

strife, quarrel, L.

N. of a lion, Hit.



dur-dāru [ durdAru ]

n. bad wood, Car.



dur-dina [ durdina ]

n. a rainy or cloudy day, bad weather, Kauś. 38, MBh. Kāv.

mfn. cloudy, rainy, dark, MBh. viii, 4771, R., Hariv.

-grasta-bhāskara mfn. having the sun obscured by dark clouds, MW.

durdināya Nom. Ā. °yate, to become covered with clouds, Pāṇ. iii, 1, 17, Vārtt. 1, Pat.



dur-divasa [ durdivasa ]

m. a bad or rainy day, Pañc.



dur-durūṭa [ durdurUTa ]

m. an abusive word, Gaṇar. ( v.l. - duruṭa, cf. -dhurūṭa )

atheist

= karaṭa, L.



dur-duhā [ durduhA ]

f. difficult to be milked ( cow ), MBh. v, 1128.



dur-dūrânta [ durdUrAnta ]

mfn. very long ( path ), Sch.



dur-dṛś [ durdRz ]

mfn. seeing badly, BhP. iv, 3, 17.



dur-dṛśa [ durdRza ]

mfn. = -darśa, MBh.



dur-dṛśīka [ durdRzIka ]

mfn. looking bad, RV. vii, 50, 1.



dur-dṛṣṭa [ durdRSTa ]

mfn. ill-seen ( lit. and fig. ), ill-examined or unjustly decided ( lawsuit ), Yājñ. ii, 305

looked at with an evil eye, W.



dur-deśa [ durdeza ]

m. a bad or unwholesome place

-ja mfn. coming from it ( water ), Bhpr.



dur-daiva [ durdaiva ]

n. bad luck, misfortune, Hit.

-vat mfn. unfortunate, Hit.



dur-dolī [ durdolI ]

f. a knot difficult to be undone, Sch. on, Hāl. 149.



dur-dohā [ durdohA ]

f. difficult to be milked, ĀpŚr.



dur-dyūta [ durdyUta ]

n. a bad or unfair game

-devin mfn. playing unfairly, cheating at play, MBh. iv, 532

-vedin ( prob. w.r. for devin ), m. N. of Śakuni, Gal.



dur-druma [ durdruma ]

m. a green onion, L.



dur-dhára [ durdhara ]

mfn. difficult to be carried or borne or suffered, unrestrainable, irresistible, RV. i, 57, 1, MBh., Hariv. etc.

difficult to be administered ( punishment ), Mn. vii, 28

difficult to be kept in memory or recollected, MBh. xiii, 3618

inevitable, absolutely necessary ( suffix ), Vām. v, 2, 51

m. quicksilver, L.

N. of two plants ( ṛṣabha and bhallātaka ), L.

a kind of hell, L.

N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra ( cf. -dharṣa ), MBh.

of one of Śambara's generals, Hariv.

of Mahisha, L.

( ā ), f. N. of a partic. constellation ( cf. durudharā )

of Candra-gupta's wife, HPariś

°rā-yogâdhyāya m. N. of a ch. of the Mina-rāja-jātaka.



dur-dhárītu [ durdharItu ]

mfn. unrestrainable, irresistible, RV.



dur-dhártu [ durdhartu ]

mfn. unrestrainable, irresistible, RV.



dur-dharuṭa [ durdharuTa ]

= -dhurūṭa, W.



dur-dharma [ durdharma ]

mfn. having or obeying bad laws, MBh. viii, 2066.



dur-dharṣa [ durdharSa ]

mfn. difficult to be assaulted or laid hold of, inviolable, inaccessible, unconquerable, dangerous, dreadful, awful, MBh., R. etc. ( -tā f., MBh., -tva n., BhP. )

haughty, distant, W.

m. N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshtra ( cf. dhara ), MBh. i

of a Rākshasa, R. v

of a mountain in Kuśa-dvipa, MBh. vi, 451

( ā ), f. N. of two plants ( = nāga-damanī and kanthārī ), L.

-kumārabhūta m. ' one who has become an inviolable youth ', N. of a Bodhi-sattva.



dur-dharṣaṇa [ durdharSaNa ]

mfn. inaccessible, dangerous, R. iv, 9, 55 etc.



dur-dhā' [ durdhA ]

f. bad order, disarrangement, RV. x, 109, 4 ( cf. -dhita ) .



dur-dhārya [ durdhArya ]

mfn. difficult to be borne, MBh. iii, 99, 41

with manasā, difficult to be recollected, MBh. xiii, 4483.



dur-dhāva [ durdhAva ]

mfn. difficult to be cleaned or purified, Pat.



dur-pad-dhita [ durpaddhita ]

( dúr- ), mfn. badly arranged, untidy, RV. i, 140, 11.



dur-dhī [ durdhI ]

mfn. weak-minded, stupid, silly, MBh. v, 4590, BhP. ii, 15, 13

having bad intentions, malignant, Nir. x, 5 ( cf. dū-ḍhī ).



dur-dhúr [ durdhur ]

mfn. badly yoked or harnessed, RV. v, 56, 4.



dur-dhurūṭa [ durdhurUTa ]

m. ( for °ūḍha ?, cf. dhūr-vodhṛ ) a pupil who does not obey his teacher without exercising his own judgement ( cf. -durūṭa ), L.



dur-dhyāna [ durdhyAna ]

n. evil thoughts, HPariś.



dur-naya [ durnaya ]

m. bad or imprudent conduct, MBh., Hariv. etc.



dur-narêndra [ durnarendra ]

m. a miserable sorcerer or conjurer, Hcar., L.



dur-nāman [ durnAman ]

m. ' having a bad name ', N. of a Yaksha, BrahmaP.

f. ( = m. or °mnī ) a cockle, L.

hemorrhoids, piles, L. ( cf. -ṇāman )

°mâri m. ' enemy of piles ', the bulbous root of Amorphophallus Campanulatus, L.

°maka n. hemorrhoids

°mikā f. a cockle, L.



dur-nigraha [ durnigraha ]

mfn. difficult to be restrained or conquered, MBh.



dur-nimita [ durnimita ]

mfn. ill-measured, irregular ( steps ), Ragh. vii , 10.



dur-nimitta [ durnimitta ]

n. a bad omen, MBh. ii, 818, Śak. v, 11/12.



dur-niyántu [ durniyantu ]

mfn. difficult to be checked or held back, RV.



dur-nirīkṣa [ durnirIkSa ]

mfn. difficult to be looked at or seen, MBh., R. etc.



dur-nirīkṣaṇa [ durnirIkSaNa ]

mfn. difficult to be looked at or seen, MBh., R. etc.



dur-nirīkṣya [ durnirIkSya ]

mfn. difficult to be looked at or seen, MBh., R. etc.



dur-nivartya [ durnivartya ]

mfn. difficult to be turned back ( flying army ), MBh. vi, 145

= -nivṛtta, xiii, 3504.



dur-nivāra [ durnivAra ]

mfn. difficult to be kept back unrestrainable, irrepressible, MBh. Kāv. etc.

-tva n., Kull.



dur-nivārya [ durnivArya ]

mfn. mfn. difficult to be kept back unrestrainable, irrepressible, MBh. Hariv. etc.



dur-nivṛtta [ durnivRtta ]

mfn. difficult to be returned from, R. iv, 22, 36.



dur-nivedya [ durnivedya ]

mfn. difficult to be related

-tva n., Jātakam.



dur-niṣedha [ durniSedha ]

mfn. difficult to be warded off, Bālar. ii, 34/35.



dur-niṣkramaṇa [ durniSkramaNa ]

n. difficult escape, ChUp. v, 10, 6, Śaṃk.



dur-niṣprapatana [ durniSprapatana ]

n. ( wrongly written °tara ), difficult escape, ChUp. v, 10, 6, Śaṃk.



dur-niḥsaraṇa [ durniHsaraNa ]

n. difficult escape, ChUp. v, 10, 6, Śaṃk.



dur-nīta [ durnIta ]

mfn. ill-conducted, wrong

n. misconduct, impolicy, folly, ill-luck, MBh. Hariv. Pañcat. ii, 21

-bhāva m. bad behaviour, improper conduct, MBh. v, 6007.



dur-nīti [ durnIti ]

f. maladministration, impolicy, Jātakam.



dur-nṛpa [ durnRpa ]

m. a bad king, Rājat. v, 416.



dur-nyasta [ durnyasta ]

mfn. badly arranged, Mālatīm. ix, 41

badly used ( said of a spell ), Divyâv. 27.



dur-baddha [ durbaddha ]

mfn. badly fastened, Suśr.



dur-bandha [ durbandha ]

mfn. difficult to be composed, Vām. i, 3, 22.



dur-bala [ durbala ]

mfn. of little strength, weak, feeble, Mn., MBh. etc.

thin, slender ( waist ), R. iii, 52, 31

emaciated, lean ( cow )

sick, unwell, Kāty. Śr. xxv, 7, 1, MBh. iv, 182

scanty, small, little, MBh., Kāv., Pur.

m. an impotent man, weakling, Mn. iii, 151 ( v.l. -vāla )

a kind of bird ( w.r. for -bali )

N. of a prince, VP.

of an author, Cat.

( ā ), f. a species of plant ( = ambu-śirīṣikā ), Bhpr.

( ī ), f. N. of wk.

-balatā f. weakness, thinness, Kāv., Pañc

durbalâgni mfn. having a weak digestion ( °ni-tā f., Suśr. )

°lâyāsa mfn. weak of effort ', ineffective, MW.

°lêndriya mfn. having feeble ( i.e. unrestrained ) organs of sense, MW.

°lita mfn. weakened, rendered ineffective, Kathās. cv, 91

°lī-√ bhū, to become weak or ineffective, Kathās. cvii, 52 ( read -bhūtās )

°lī-bhāva m. the becoming weak ( of the voice ), Car.

°līyas mfn. weaker, feeble, MBh., Mn. iii, 79.



dur-bali [ durbali ]

m. ( VarBṛS. lxxxviii, 88, 28, v.l. °la ) a kind of bird ( = bhāṇḍīka ).



dur-balika [ durbalika ]

m. ( VarBṛS. lxxxviii, 88, 28, 7 ) a kind of bird ( = bhāṇḍīka ).



dur-bāla [ durbAla ]

See -vāla.



dur-bīriṇa [ durbIriNa ]

( dúr- ), mfn. bristly, rough ( beard ), ŚBr.



dur-buddhi [ durbuddhi ]

f. weak-mindedness, silliness, MBh.

mfn. silly, foolish, ignorant, malignant, MBh. R. etc.



dur-budha [ durbudha ]

mfn. weak-minded, silly, MBh. xi 166.



dur-bodha [ durbodha ]

mfn. difficult to be understood, unfathomable, R. iv, 17, 6, BhP. etc.

-pada-bhañjikā f. N. of a, Comm. on, Megh.

-pada-bhañjinī f. of a, Comm. on, MBh.



dur-bodhya [ durbodhya ]

mfn. = -bodha, Sch. on Mṛcch. iv, 8.



dur-brāhmaṇa [ durbrAhmaNa ]

( dúr- ), m. a bad Brāhman, TS.



dur-bhakṣa [ durbhakSa ]

mfn. to be eaten with difficulty, W.



dur-bhakṣya [ durbhakSya ]

mfn. to be eaten with difficulty, W.



dur-bhága [ durbhaga ]

mfn. ' having a bad portion ', unfortunate, unlucky, Suśr. VarBṛS. Pañc. BhP.

disgusting. repugnant, ugly ( esp. a woman ), AV. x, 1, 10, MBh, Hariv. etc.

( ā ), f. a bad or ill-tempered woman, a shrew, W.

personified = Old Age, daughter of Time, BhP. iv, 27, 10

-tva n. ill fortune, BhP.



dur-bhagna [ durbhagna ]

mfn. badly broken, Suśr.



dur-bhaṅga [ durbhaGga ]

mfn. difficult to be broken or loosened, Hariv.



dur-bhaṇa [ durbhaNa ]

mfn. difficult to be mentioned

-tva n., Parāś.



dur-bhara [ durbhara ]

mfn. difficult to be borne or supported or maintained, R. Pañc. BhP.

heavily laden with ( comp. ), Śāntiś. i, 24, Kathās. cxii, 156.



dur-bhartṛ [ durbhartR ]

m. a bad husband, Kathās.



dur-bhāgya [ durbhAgya ]

mfn. unfortunate, unlucky, Tattvas.

n. ill luck, MW.



dur-bhāryā [ durbhAryA ]

f. a bad wife, Kathās.



dur-bhāvanā [ durbhAvanA ]

f. an evil thought, bad inclination, MW.



dur-bhāvya [ durbhAvya ]

mfn. difficult to be called to mind, MārkP. x, 7.



dur-bhāṣa [ durbhASa ]

mfn. speaking ill, AgP.

m. injurious words, BhP.



dur-bhāṣita [ durbhASita ]

mfn. badly spoken or uttered, with vāc f. = prec. m., MBh. v, 1171.



dur-bhāṣin [ durbhASin ]

mfn. speaking ill, abusing, insulting, MBh. v, 751.



dur-bhikṣa [ durbhikSa ]

n. ( rarely m. ) scarcity of provisions, dearth, famine, want, distress, TĀr. i, 4, 3, Mn., MBh. etc.

-tva n., Pañc. ii, 54, 55

-vyasanin mfn. suffering from the calamity of famine, Hit. iv, 44

-śamana m. ' alleviator of famine ', a king, L.



dur-bhida [ durbhida ]

mfn. difficult to be broken or torn asunder, MBh.



dur-bhiṣajya [ durbhiSajya ]

( dúr- ), n. difficult cure, ŚBr. xiv, 7, 1, 5.



dur-bhūtá [ durbhUta ]

n. ill luck, harm, AV. TBr.



dur-bhṛtí [ durbhRti ]

f. scanty maintenance or subsistence, RV. vii, 1, 22.



dur-bheda [ durbheda ]

mfn. = -bhida, MBh., Hariv. etc.



dur-bhedya [ durbhedya ]

mfn. = -bhida, MBh., Hariv. etc.



dur-bhogā [ durbhogA ]

f. = bhikṣukī, Gal.



dur-bhrātṛ [ durbhrAtR ]

m. a bad brother, MBh. iii, 996.



dur-makha [ durmakha ]

see a-dur-m°.



dur-maṅgala [ durmaGgala ]

see a-dur-m°



dur-maṅku [ durmaGku ]

mfn. refractory, obstinate, disobedient, L.



dur-mata-khaṇḍana [ durmatakhaNDana ]

n. N. of wk.



dur-matí [ durmati ]

f. bad disposition of mind, envy, hatred, RV. VS. AV.

false opinion or notions, Cāṇ

mfn. weak-minded, silly, ignorant ( rarely ' malicious ', ' wicked ' ), m. fool, blockhead ( rarely ' scoundrel ', villain ' ), Mn., MBh. etc.

N. of the 55th year of the cycle of Jupiter ( lasting 60 years ), Var., Sūryas.

of a demon, Lalit.

of a blockhead, Bharat.



dur-matī-kṛta [ durmatIkRta ]

mfn. ( fr. matyá and √ kṛ ) badly harrowed or rolled, AitBr. iii, 38.



dur-mada [ durmada ]

m. mad conception or illusion, foolish pride or arrogance, Pur.

( -máda ), mfn. drunken, fierce, mad, infatuated by ( comp. ), RV. MBh. etc.

m. N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i

of a son of Dhṛta ( father of Pracetas )

of a son of Bhadra-sena ( father of Dhanaka )

of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohini or Pauravī, Pur.

°da-vīra-mānin mfn. foolishly fancying ( one's self ) a hero, BhP. iii, 17, 28

°dândha mfn. ' blinded by mad illusion ', besotted, v, 12 , 16

°din m. drinker, drunkard, Pat.



dur-manas [ durmanas ]

n. bad disposition, perversity of mind, R. ii, 31 , 20

mfn. [ cf. ? ] in bad or low spirits, sad, melancholy, MBh., R. etc. ( -tā f. sadness, Sch. )

N. of a man ( cf. daur-manasāyana )

°ska mfn. = -manas mfn.

-tā f., Kathās. cxiv, 35.



dur-manāya [ durmanAya ]

Nom. Ā. °yate, to be or become troubled or sad, Kāv.



dur-manuṣya [ durmanuSya ]

m. a wicked man, villain, MBh. viii, 2117.



dur-mántu [ durmantu ]

mfn. difficult to be understood, RV. x, 12, 6.



dur-mantra [ durmantra ]

m. bad advice, Bhartṛ. ii, 34 ( v.l. daurmantrya )

°trita mfn. badly advised

n. = prec., MBh.

°trin m. bad adviser or minister, Kathās. lxxii, 220

mfn. having bad ministers, Pañc. iii, 244.



dur-mánman [ durmanman ]

mfn. evil-minded, RV. viii, 49, 7.



dur-mára [ durmara ]

mfn. dying hard, tenacious of life, ŚBr. MBh.

n. a hard death ( w. instr. of pers. ), MBh. xiv, 2364

( ā ), f. a kind of Dūrvā grass or Asparagus Racemosus, L.



dur-maraṇa [ durmaraNa ]

( MW. ) n. any violent or unnatural death.



dur-maratva [ durmaratva ]

( MBh. ), n. any violent or unnatural death.



dur-marāyú [ durmarAyu ]

mfn. difficult to be put to death, TS.



dur-maryāda [ durmaryAda ]

mfn. knowing no limits, having evil ways, wicked

-tā f., Uttarar. iv, 21/22.



dur-márṣa [ durmarSa ]

mfn. not easily to be forgotten, RV. viii, 45, 18 etc.

unbearable, insupportable, unmanageable, BhP. vi, 5, 42 etc.

m. N. of the Asura Bali, viii, 10, 32.



dur-marṣaṇa [ durmarSaNa ]

mfn. unmanageable, unbearable, insupportable, MBh., R.

m. N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i etc.

of a son of Sṛñjaya, BhP. ix, 24, 41

of Viṣṇu, MBh. xiii, 6971

°ṣita mfn. made refractory, MBh. xiv, 2314.



dur-mallikā [ durmallikA ]

f. a kind of minor drama, Sāh.



dur-mallī [ durmallI ]

f. a kind of minor drama, Sāh.



dur-mātsarya [ durmAtsarya ]

n. evil envy, Bhartṛ. iii, 31.



dur-māyin [ durmAyin ]

mfn. using bad arts, BhP. viii, 11, 6, RV. iii, 30, 15.



dur-māyú [ durmAyu ]

mfn. using bad arts, BhP. viii, 11, 6, RV. iii , 30, 15.



dur-mitrá [ durmitra ]

mfn. unfriendly

m. N. of the author of, RV. x, 105

of a prince, VP.

( ā ), f. N. of a woman ( g. bāhv-ādi )

°triyá mfn. unfriendly, VS. vi, 22.



dur-milā [ durmilA ]

f. N. of sev. forms of metre.



dur-milikā [ durmilikA ]

f. N. of sev. forms of metre.



dur-mukha [ durmukha ]

mf ( ī ) n. ugly-faced, MBh., R. etc.

foul-mouthed, abusive, scurrilous, Bhartṛ. ii, 59

m. a horse, L.

a serpent, L.

N. of the 29th year of the cycle of Jupiter ( lasting 60 years ), Var., Sūryas.

of a prince of the Pañcālas, AitBr. viii, 23

of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i etc.

of an astronomer, L.

of a serpent-demon, MBh., Hariv.

of a Rakshas, R., BhP.

of a Yaksha, BrahmaP.

of a monkey, R.

of a general of the Asura Mahisha, L.

°khâcārya m. N. of an author.



dur-muhūrta [ durmuhUrta ]

m. n. an unauspicious hour or moment, MBh. xii, 6735.



dur-mūlya [ durmUlya ]

mfn. dear in price, L.



dur-medha [ durmedha ]

( Pāṇ. v, 4, 122 ), mfn. dull-witted, stupid, ignorant, MBh. R. etc.

°dhas-tva n. foolishness, stupidity, Suśr.

°dhā-vin mfn. = -medha, MBh. xii, 9486.



dur-medhas [ durmedhas ]

( cf. Pāṇ. 5-4, 122 ), mfn. dull-witted, stupid, ignorant, MBh., R. etc.

°dhas-tva n. foolishness, stupidity, Suśr.

°dhā-vin mfn. = -medha, MBh. xii, 9486.



dur-maitra [ durmaitra ]

mfn. unfriendly, hostile, BhP. vii, 5, 27.



dur-moca [ durmoca ]

mfn. hard to unloose

-hastagrāha mfn. ' whose hand's grasp is hard to unloose ', holding fast, Śak. vii, 176/177.



dur-mohā [ durmohA ]

f. Capparis Sepiaria, L.



dur-yavanam [ duryavanam ]

ind. bad for or with the Yavanas, Pāṇ. ii, i, 6, Kāś.



dur-yaśas [ duryazas ]

n. disgrace, Naish. i, 88.



dur-yāman [ duryAman ]

m. ' going badly ', N. of a prince, VP. ( v.l. -dama ).



dur-yuga [ duryuga ]

n. a bad age, Sch.



dur-yúj [ duryuj ]

mfn. difficult to be yoked, RV. x, 44, 7.



dur-yoga [ duryoga ]

m. bad contrivance, crime, MBh. i, 1316, Uttarar. vi, 13/14.



dur-yodha [ duryodha ]

mfn. difficult to be conquered, Vop.



dur-yodhana [ duryodhana ]

mfn. difficult to be conquered, ( -tā f., MBh. iv, 2103 )

N. of the eldest son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra ( leader of the Kauravas in their war with the Pāṇḍavas ), MBh., Hariv. etc. ( cf. su-y° )

of a son of Su-durjaya, MBh. xiii, 96

-rakṣā-bandhana n. N. of wk.

-vīrya-jñāna-mudrā f. ' mark of knowledge of invincible heroism ', a partic. intertwining of the fingers, L.

°nâvaraja m. ' the younger brother of Dhṛta-rāshṭra ', N. of Du-śāsana, G.



dur-yoni [ duryoni ]

mfn. of low or impure origin, Mn. x, 59.



dur-lakṣaṇa [ durlakSaNa ]

mfn. badly marked, MW.



dur-lakṣya [ durlakSya ]

mfn. hardly visible, Daś. Rājat.

n. a bad aim, Ratn. iii, 2



dur-laṅghana [ durlaGghana ]

mfn. difficult to be surmounted or overcome, Kull.

-śakti mfn. of insurmountable power, MW.



dur-laṅghya [ durlaGghya ]

mfn. = -laṅghana

( -tā f., Daśar. iv, 13 )

difficult to be transgressed ( command ), Rājat. v, 395.



dur-labha [ durlabha ]

mfn. difficult to be obtained or found, hard, scarce , rare ( comp. -tara ), Mn., MBh., Kāv. etc.

hard to be ( with inf., MBh. iii, 1728 )

extraordinary, eminent, L.

dear, beloved ( also -ka ), Kāraṇḍ.

m. Curcuma Amhaldi or Zerumbet, L.

N. of a man, Cat.

( ā ), f. Alhagi Maurorum or = śveta-kaṇṭa-kārī, L.

-tā f. ( Rājat. ), -tva n. ( Var. ) scarceness, rarity

-darśana mfn. out of sight, invisible, Mālav.

-rāja m. N. of the father of Jagad-deva, Cat.

-vardhana m. N. of a king of Kaśmira, Rājat iii , 489.



dur-labhaka [ durlabhaka ]

mfn. = °bha

m. Name of a king of Kaśmira ( also called Pratāpâditya ) cf. Rājat. iv, 7

-svāmin, m. N. of a temple built by Dur-Vardhana cf. Rājat. iv, 6



dur-lalita [ durlalita ]

mfn. ill-mannered, wayward

spoilt by, weary of, disgusted with ( comp. ), Kāv. ( °ka and -lasita v.l., Śak. vii, 16/17 )

n. way wardness, naughty or roguish tricks, Hariv.



dur-lābha [ durlAbha ]

mfn. = -labha, MBh. xii, 11168.



dur-likhita [ durlikhita ]

mfn. badly scarified, Suśr.



dur-lipi [ durlipi ]

m. ' the fatal writing ' ( of Destiny on man's forehead ), ŚārṅgP.



dur-lekhya [ durlekhya ]

n. a false or forged document, Yājñ. ii, 91.



dur-vaca [ durvaca ]

mfn. difficult to be spoken or explained or asserted or answered, MBh., R. etc. ( -tva n., Sarvad. )

speaking ill or in pain, W.

n. abuse, censure

evil or unlucky speech, W.



dur-vacaka [ durvacaka ]

mfn. difficult to be answered ( ? )

-yoga m. pl. a partic. art, Sch. on, BhP. x, 45, 36.



dur-vacana [ durvacana ]

n. pl. bad or harsh language, Ratn. iii, 10/11.



dur-vacas [ durvacas ]

n. bad or harsh language, MBh. Pur.

mfn. using bad or harsh language, R.

difficult to be explained or answered

-tva n., VāyuP.



dur-vañca [ durvaJca ]

mfn. difficult to be deceived.



dur-vaṇij [ durvaNij ]

m. a wicked merchant, Kathās. ci, 333.



dur-vadaka [ durvadaka ]

mfn. speaking badly, stammering, Cat.



dur-varāha [ durvarAha ]

(dúr- ), m. a tame hog, ŚBr. xii, ĀśvŚr. ix, 10, 15, Sch.



dur-varṇa [ durvarNa ]

m. bad colour, impurity, Bh. xii, 3, 47

( várṇa ), mfn. of a bad colour or species or class, inferior, TBr., MBh. etc.

n. silver ( opp. to su-varṇa, gold ), L. ( also -ka n. )

the fragrant bark of Feronia Elephantum, L.



dur-vártu [ durvartu ]

mfn. difficult to be kept back, irresistible, RV.



dur-vala [ durvala ]

See bala.



dur-vasa [ durvasa ]

n. ( impers. ) difficult to be resided in ( loc. ), MBh. iv, 93

mfn. difficult to be passed or spent ( time ), 7

difficult to be stayed with, causing ill luck by one's presence, R. vii, 86, 12 ; 17.



dur-vasati [ durvasati ]

f. bad dwelling, MBh., Ragh.



dur-vaha [ durvaha ]

mfn. hard to bear, MBh. Hariv. Kāv.



dur-vahaka [ durvahaka ]

m. N. of a poet, Cat.



dur-vākya [ durvAkya ]

n. harsh or abusive language, W.



dur-vāc [ durvAc ]

f. harsh or abusive language, MBh.

( vā'c ), mfn. having a bad voice, AV. iv, 17, 5

speaking ill, Kāv.

-vāg-bhāva m. abusiveness, MBh. xiii, 2259 ( C. -bhava ).



dur-vācaka-yoga [ durvAcakayoga ]

v.l. for vac°, Cat.



dur-vācika [ durvAcika ]

n. a bad commission, Naish. ix, 62.



dur-vācya [ durvAcya ]

mfn. hard ( to be uttered )

n. a hard word, Pur.

bad news, R.



dur-vāta [ durvAta ]

m. ' bad wind ', a fart, L.

°tāya Nom. P. °yati, to break wind or fart against ( acc. ), BhP. xi, 23, 39.



dur-vāda [ durvAda ]

m. slander, abuse, reproach, SārṅgP. ( v.l. )

mfn. speaking ill, L.



dur-vānta [ durvAnta ]

mfn. having badly vomited ( also said of a leech that has not ejected blood ), Suśr.



dur-vāra [ durvAra ]

mfn. hard to be restrained, irrepressible, irresistible, MBh. Kāv. etc. ( -tva n., Suśr. )

°raṇa mfn. hard to be restrained, irrepressible, irresistible, MBh. Kāv. etc.

m. pl. N. of a tribe of the Kāmbojas, MBh. vii, 4333 ( v.l. °vāri )

°raṇīya, °rila, °rya mfn. = -vāra, MBh. ( °rya- tva, n., MBh. )



dur-vārttā [ durvArttA ]

f. bad news, Ragh. xii, 51, Sch.



dur-vāla [ durvAla ]

mfn. baldheaded, Mn. iii, 151 ( Comm. ' red- haired ' or ' afflicted with a skin-disease ' ).



dur-vāsa [ durvAsa ]

m. ( cf. -vāsas ) prob. = °sâcārya m. N. of a Ṛṣi, Cat.

°sa-purāṇa n. N. of a Pur.

°sêśvara n. N. of a Liṅga, SkandaP.

°sôpaniṣad f. N. of a section of ŚivaP.



dur-vāsanā [ durvAsanA ]

f. bad inclination, Prab. vi, 17/18.



dur-vāsas [ durvAsas ]

mfn. badly clad, naked, RV. vii, 1, 19, MBh. xiii, 1176 ( Śiva )

m. N. of a Ṛṣi or saint ( son of Atri by Anasūyā, and thought to be an incarnation of Siva, known for his irascibility ), MBh., Śak. iv, 7, Pur. etc.

°sa-upapurāṇa n. °sa-upâkhyāna n. °sodarpa-bhanga m. N. of wk. °so-dvi-śatī f. °so-mata-tantra n. °so-mahiman m. °so-vākya n. N. of wks.



dur-vāhita [ durvAhita ]

n. a heavy load or burden, Rājat. iv, 18.



dur-vikatthana [ durvikatthana ]

mfn. boasting in an arrogant or offensive manner, Daś.



dur-vikalpa [ durvikalpa ]

m. unfounded irresolution, Daś.

mfn. very uncertain, Sch.



dur-vigāha [ durvigAha ]

mfn. = -avag°, Kāv., Pañc.

difficult, dangerous, Prasannar. ( also -vigāhya, MBh. xiii, 1840 )

m. N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i.



dur-vicāra [ durvicAra ]

m. an ill-placed hesitation, Daś.

mfn. very irresolute

-tva n. Hcat.



dur-vicintita [ durvicintita ]

mfn. ill thought or found out, Var.



dur-vicintya [ durvicintya ]

mfn. hardly conceivable, MBh.



dur-viceṣṭa [ durviceSTa ]

mfn. ill-behaved, MBh.



dur-vijñāna [ durvijJAna ]

n. understanding with difficulty

( °ná ), mfn. = next, ŚBr.



dur-vijñeya [ durvijJeya ]

mfn. hardly conceivable, unintelligible, Āśv. MBh. etc.



dur-vitarka [ durvitarka ]

mfn. difficult to be discussed or understood, BhP.



dur-vitarkya [ durvitarkya ]

mfn. difficult to be discussed or understood, BhP.



dur-vida [ durvida ]

mfn. difficult to be known or discovered, MBh.



dur-vidagdha [ durvidagdha ]

mfn. wrongly taught, wrongheaded, silly, Mṛcch. v, 15/16, Bhartṛ. etc.



dur-vidátra [ durvidatra ]

mfn. ' ill-disposed ', envious, ungracious, RV.



dur-vidya [ durvidya ]

mfn. uneducated, ignorant, Rājat. i, 356.



dur-vidvas [ durvidvas ]

( dúr- ), mfn. evil-minded, malignant, RV.



dur-vidha [ durvidha ]

mfn. acting in a bad manner, badly circumstanced, mean, poor, miserable, R., SŚaṃk.

stupid, silly ( w.r. for -vidya ? ), L.



dur-vidhi [ durvidhi ]

m. ' bad fate ', misfortune, Kathās. xxi, 29.



dur-vinaya [ durvinaya ]

m. imprudent conduct, Pañc. v, 75/76.



dur-vinīta [ durvinIta ]

mfn. badly educated, ill-conducted, undisciplined, mean, wicked, obstinate, restive, MBh. Kāv. etc. ( °taka MBh. Kāv. Kathās. xx, 9 )

m. N. of a sage ( associated with Durvāsas etc. ), VarBṛS. xlviii, 63

of a prince.



dur-vipāka [ durvipAka ]

m. an evil consequence or result ( esp. of actions in former births matured by time ), Hit. i, 49/50

mfn. having evil consequences ( esp. as result of actions in former births ), Uttarar. i, 44..



dur-vibhāga [ durvibhAga ]

m. pl. ' difficult to be disunited ', N. of a people, MBh. ii.



dur-vibhāva [ durvibhAva ]

mfn. difficult to be perceived or understood, Kāv.



dur-vibhāvana [ durvibhAvana ]

mfn. difficult to be perceived or understood, Kāv.



dur-vibhāvya [ durvibhAvya ]

mfn. difficult to be perceived or understood, Kāv.



dur-vibhāṣa [ durvibhASa ]

mfn. difficult to be uttered

n. harsh language, MBh. ii, 2187.



dur-vimarśa [ durvimarza ]

mfn. difficult to be tried or examined, BhP. x, 49, 29.



dur-vimocana [ durvimocana ]

m. ' difficult to be set free ', N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i.



dur-virecya [ durvirecya ]

mfn. difficult to be purged, Suśr.



dur-virocana [ durvirocana ]

m. ' shining badly ' ( ? ), N. of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i.



dur-vilasita [ durvilasita ]

n. a wayward or rude or naughty trick, ill-mannered act, Prab. vi, 9/10, Bālar. iv, 60.



dur-vivaktṛ [ durvivaktR ]

m. one who answers wrongly, MBh. v, 1212.



dur-vivāha [ durvivAha ]

m. bad marriage, misalliance, Mn. iii, 41.



dur-vivecana [ durvivecana ]

mfn. difficult to be judged or decided, Śaṃk. on Bādar.



dur-viśa [ durviza ]

mfn. difficult to be entered, R. vi, 19, 16.



dur-viṣa [ durviSa ]

m. ' difficult to be pervaded or approached ', N. of Śiva, MBh. xii, 10432.



dur-viṣaha [ durviSaha ]

mfn. difficult to be borne or supported, intolerable , irresistible, impracticable, MBh. R. BhP. ( °ṣahya, BhP. MBh. R. )

m. N. of Śiva, MBh. xii, 10431

of a son of Dhṛta-rāshṭra, MBh. i.



dur-vṛtta [ durvRtta ]

n. bad conduct, meanness, MBh.

mfn. behaving badly, vile, mean

m. rogue, villain, MBh. R. etc.



dur-vṛtti [ durvRtti ]

f. distress, misery, want, MBh., R.

vice, crime, Hit. iii, 21 ( v.l. vṛtta )

juggling, fraud, W.



dur-vṛṣala [ durvRSala ]

m. a bad Śudra, L.



dur-vṛṣṭi [ durvRSTi ]

f. want of rain, drought, Jātakam. 1.



dur-veda [ durveda ]

1. mfn. ( √ 1. -vid ) having bad or little knowledge, ignorant, MBh. iii, 13437

difficult to be known, R. iv, 46, 2.



dur-véda [ durveda ]

2. mfn. ( √ 3. vid ) difficult to be found, ŚBr.



dur-vaira [ durvaira ]

mfn. living in bad enmity, BhP. x, 13, 60.



dur-vyavasita [ durvyavasita ]

n. an evil intention, Mudr. iii, 11/12.



dur-vyavasthāpaka [ durvyavasthApaka ]

mfn. deciding or judging badly, Rājat. vi, 54.



dur-vyavahāra [ durvyavahAra ]

m. wrong judgement ( in law ), Kull.



dur-vyavahṛti [ durvyavahRti ]

f. ill-report or rumour, Mcar. iii, 36.



dur-vyasana [ durvyasana ]

n. bad propensity, vice, Kathās. lxxiii, 73.



dur-vyāhṛta [ durvyAhRta ]

mfn. spoken badly or ill

n. a bad or unfit expression, MBh. R.



dur-vrajita [ durvrajita ]

n. bad or improper manner of going, MBh. iii, 14669.



dur-vrata [ durvrata ]

mfn. not obedient to rules, transgressing rules ( cf. daur-vratya ).



dur-háṇā [ durhaNA ]

f. ( √ han ) mischief, harm, RV.

°haṇāya Nom. P., p. °yát, meditating harm, RV. x, 134, 2

°ṇāyú mfn. meditating harm, RV. iv, 30, 8

°háṇā-vat mfn. inauspicious, pernicious, RV. viii, 2, 20 ; 18, 14.



dur-hanā [ durhanA ]

etc., see haṇā.



dur-hanu [ durhanu ]

mf ( u ) n. ' ugly-jawed ', RV., TĀr.



dur-hala [ durhala ]

mfn. having a bad plough, Pāṇ. v, 4, 121, Kāś.



dur-hali [ durhali ]

mfn. having a bad plough, Pāṇ. v, 4, 121, Kāś.



dur-hā'rd [ durhArd ]

mfn. evil-minded, malignant, AV.



dur-hita [ durhita ]

( dúr- ), mfn. ill-conditioned, miserable, RV. viii, 19, 26

hostile, troublesome, AV. iv, 36, 9.



dur-huta [ durhuta ]

mfn. badly offered ( as sacrifice ), MBh. xii, 559.



dur-hṛṇāya [ durhRNAya ]

Nom. P., p. °yát, furious, enraged, SV. ( v.l. for haṇ°, RV. )

°yú mfn. furious, enraged, i, 84, 16 ; vii, 59, 8.



dur-hṛta [ durhRta ]

mfn. removed with difficulty, Car.



dur-hṛd [ durhRd ]

mfn. bad-hearted, wicked

m. enemy, MBh.



dur-hṛdaya [ durhRdaya ]

mfn. bad-hearted, wicked ( g. yuvâdi ; daur-h° ).



dur-hṛṣīka [ durhRSIka ]

mfn. having bad or uncontrolled organs of sense, MBh. iii, 13951.