RSi

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RSi
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ऋषि

Contents

ऋषि
 ṛ'ṣi [ RSi ]


m. ( √ 2. ṛṣ cf. Comm. on cf. Uṇ. iv, 119

ṛṣati jñānena saṃsāra-pāram cf. T.

perhaps fr. an obsolete √ ṛṣ for √ dṛś, ' to See ? ' cf. ṛṣi-kṛt ), a singer of sacred hymns, an inspired poet or sage, any person who alone or with others invokes the deities in rhythmical speech or song of a sacred character ( e.g. the ancient hymn-singers Kutsa, Atri, Rebha, Agastya, Kuśika, Vasishṭha, Vy-aśva ) cf. RV. cf. AV. cf. VS. etc.

the Ṛṣis were regarded by later generations as patriarchal sages or saints, occupying the same position in India history as the heroes and patriarchs of other countries, and constitute a peculiar class of beings in the early mythical system, as distinct from gods, men, Asuras, etc. cf. AV. x, 10, 26 cf. ŚBr. cf. AitBr. cf. KātyŚr. cf. Mn. etc.

they are the authors or rather seers of the Vedic hymns, i.e. according to orthodox Hindū ideas they are the inspired personages to whom these hymns were revealed, and such an expression as ' the Ṛṣi says ' is equivalent to ' so it stands in the sacred text '

seven Ṛṣis, sapta ṛṣayaḥ, or saptaṛṣayaḥ or saptarṣayaḥ, are often mentioned in the Brāhmaṇas and later works as typical representatives of the character and spirit of the pre-historic or mythical period

in cf. ŚBr. xiv, 5, 2, 6 their names are given as follows, Gotama, Bharadvāja, Viśvā-mitra, Jamadagni, Vasishṭha, Kaśyapa, and Atri

in cf. MBh. xii, Marīci, Atri, Aṅgiras, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, Vasishṭha are given as the names of the Ṛṣis of the first Manvantara, and they are also called Prajāpatis or patriarchs

the names of the Ṛṣis of the subsequent Manv-antaras are enumerated in cf. Hariv. 417 ff

afterwards three other names are added, viz. Pracetas or Daksha , Bhṛgu, and Nārada, these ten being created by Manu Svāyambhuva for the production of all other beings including gods and men cf. ĀśvŚr. cf. MBh. cf. VP. etc.

in astron. the seven Ṛṣis form the constellation of ' the Great Bear cf. RV. x, 82, 2 cf. AV. vi, 40, 1 cf. ŚBr. cf. ĀśvGṛ. cf. MBh. etc.

( metaphorically the seven Ṛṣis may stand for the seven senses or the seven vital airs of the body cf. VS. xxxiv cf. ŚBr. xiv cf. KātyŚr. )

a saint or sanctified sage in general, an ascetic, anchorite ( this is a later sense

sometimes three orders of these are enumerated, viz. Devarshis, Brahmarshis, and Rājarshis

sometimes seven, four others being added, viz. Maharshis, Paramarshis, Śrutarshis, and Kāṇdarshis ) cf. Mn. iv, 94

xi, 236 cf. Śak. cf. Ragh. etc.

the seventh of the eight degrees of Brāhmans cf. Hcat

a hymn or Mantra composed by a Ṛṣi

the Veda cf. Comm. on cf. MBh. and cf. Pat.

a symbolical expression for the number seven

the moon

an imaginary circle

a ray of light cf. L.

the fish Cyprinus Rishi cf. L. ; [ cf. Hib. arsan, ' a sage , a man old in wisdom '

arrach, ' old, ancient, aged. ' ],




ṛ'ṣi-kalpa [ RSikalpa ]

m. ' almost a Ṛṣi ', ' similar to a Ṛṣi '

the sixth of the eight degrees of Brāhmans cf. Hcat



ṛ'ṣi-kulyā [ RSikulyA ]

f. ' the river of the Ṛṣis ', a sacred river, N. of Sarasvatī ( also denoting ' the river of Ṛṣis, i.e. sacred hymns ', Sarasvatī being the goddess of speech ) cf. BhP. iii. 16, 13 ; 22, 27

N. of a river cf. MBh. cf. VP. cf. MārkP. etc.

of a wife of Bhūman cf. BhP. v, 15, 5



ṛ'ṣi-kṛt [ RSikRt ]

mfn. causing to see ( cf. Sāy. ), enlightening ( said of Agni ) cf. RV. i, 31, 16

enlightening ( the mind ), inspiring ( said of the Soma ) cf. RV. ix, 96, 18



ṛ'ṣi-gaṇa [ RSigaNa ]

m. the company or number of sages, host of patriarchal sages



ṛ'ṣi-giri [ RSigiri ]

m. N. of a mountain in Magadha cf. MBh.



ṛ'ṣi-gupta [ RSigupta ]

mfn. N. of a Buddha cf. Lalit.



ṛ'ṣi-cāndrāyaṇa [ RSicAndrAyaNa ]

n. a particular observance or penance



ṛ'ṣi-códana [ RSicodana ]

mfn. animating or inspiring the Ṛṣis cf. RV. viii, 51, 3



ṛ'ṣi-cchandas [ RSicchandas ]

n. N. of particular metres, Rprāt



ṛ'ṣi-jāṅgalikī [ RSijAGgalikI ]

f. N. of a plant cf. L.



ṛ'ṣi-tarpaṇa [ RSitarpaNa ]

n. a handful of water presented as libation to the Ṛṣis cf. T.

cf. Mn. ii, 176

N. of wk.



ṛ'ṣi-tīrtha [ RSitIrtha ]

n. N. of a Tīrtha



ṛ'ṣi-tva [ RSitva ]

n. the state of a Ṛṣi cf. MBh.



ṛ'ṣi-deva [ RSideva ]

m. N. of a Buddha



ṛ'ṣi-deśa [ RSideza ]

m. the country inhabited by the Ṛṣis cf. Hcat



ṛ'ṣi-droṇa [ RSidroNa ]

m. N. of a place



ṛ'ṣi-dvíṣ [ RSidviS ]

mfn. hating the Ṛṣis cf. RV. i, 39, 10



ṛ'ṣi-pañcamī [ RSipaJcamI ]

f. the fifth day in the light half of the month Bhādrapada



ṛ'ṣi-patana [ RSipatana ]

m. N. of a forest near Benares cf. Lalit.



ṛ'ṣi-putra [ RSiputra ]

m. the son of a Ṛṣi cf. MBh.

N. of an author



ṛ'ṣi-putraka [ RSiputraka ]

m. Artemisia Vulgaris



ṛ'ṣi-praśiṣṭa [ RSipraziSTa ]

mfn. instructed by the Ṛṣis cf. AV. xi, 1, 15



ṛ'ṣi-proktā [ RSiproktA ]

f. Glycine Debilis cf. L.



ṛ'ṣi-bandhu [ RSibandhu ]

mfn. related to the Ṛṣis cf. RV. viii, 100, 6



ṛ'ṣi-brāhmaṇa [ RSibrAhmaNa ]

n. N. of wk.



ṛ'ṣi-maṇḍala [ RSimaNDala ]

n. N. of wk.



ṛ'ṣi-manas [ RSimanas ]

mfn. of far-seeing or enlightened mind cf. RV. ix, 96 , 18



ṛ'ṣi-mukha [ RSimukha ]

n. the beginning of a Ṛṣi or hymn



ṛ'ṣi-yajña [ RSiyajJa ]

m. sacrifice to the Ṛṣis, i.e. study of the Veda cf. Mn. iv, 21



ṛ'ṣi-loka [ RSiloka ]

m. the world of the Ṛṣis ( cf. deva-loka, brahma-l° ) cf. MBh.



ṛ'ṣi-vát [ RSivat ]

ind. like a Ṛṣi cf. RV. x, 66, 14 cf. Mn. ii, 189



ṛ'ṣi-śṛṅga [ RSizRGga ]

m. N. of a man ( cf. ṛśya-śṛ°. )



ṛ'ṣi-śrāddha [ RSizrAddha ]

n. ' funeral oblation for the Ṛṣis ' ( consisting of a mere handful of water ), a figurative expression for insignificant acts which are preceded by great preparations, Śārṅg



ṛ'ṣi-ṣah [ RSiSah ]

( nom. -ṣā'ṭ ), mfn. overcoming the Ṛṣi ( said of the Soma ) cf. RV. ix, 76, 4



ṛ'ṣi-ṣāṇa [ RSiSANa ]

mfn. ( √ san ), presented or offered by the Ṛṣis ( to the gods

said of the Soma ) cf. RV. ix, 86, 4



ṛ'ṣi-ṣṭuta [ RSiSTuta ]

mfn. praised by the Ṛṣis cf. RV. vii, 75, 5 ; viii, 13, 25 cf. AV. vi, 108, 2 cf. ŚBr. etc.



ṛ'ṣi-saṃhitā [ RSisaMhitA ]

f. the Saṃhitā of the Ṛṣis cf. SaṃhUp.



ṛ'ṣi-sattama [ RSisattama ]

m. the best or most excellent of the sages



ṛ'ṣi-sâhvaya [ RSisAhvaya ]

n. ' having Ṛṣi as an appellation ', N. of the forest Ṛṣi-patana above cf. Lalit.



ṛ'ṣi-stoma [ RSistoma ]

m. a particular sacrifice cf. ĀśvŚr.



ṛ'ṣi-svará [ RSisvara ]

mfn. praised by Ṛṣis cf. RV. v, 44, 8.



ṛ'ṣi-svādhyāya [ RSisvAdhyAya ]

m. repetition of the Veda cf. ŚāṅkhGṛ.



ṛṣī-vat [ RSIvat ]

mfn. ( m. voc. °vas ) associated with the Ṛṣis cf. RV. viii, 2, 28

( vatī ), f. cf. Kāś. on cf. Pāṇ. 8-2, 11



ṛṣī-vaha [ RSIvaha ]

mfn. cf. Kāś. on cf. Pāṇ. 6-3, 121