Difference between revisions of "a"

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m. the letter or sound ''a''   
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m. the letter or sound ''a''.    
  
 
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2. ( [[pragrah |pragṛhya]], q.v. ), a vocative particle [ ''a ananta'',  O Viṣṇu ] T.   
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2. ( [[pragrah |pragṛhya]], q.v. ), a vocative particle [ ''a Ananta'',  O Viṣṇu ] T.   
  
 
interjection of pity, Ah !   
 
interjection of pity, Ah !   
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3. ( before a vowel [[an |an]], exc. [[aRNin |a-ṛṇin]] ), a prefix corresponding to Gk. ?, ?, Lat. [[in |in]], Goth. and Germ. ''un'', Eng. [[in |in]] or ''un'', and having a negative or privative or contrary sense ( [[aneka |an-eka]] not one ; [[ananta |an-anta]] endless ; [[asat |a-sat]] not good ; [[apazyat |a-paśyat]] not seeing )   
+
3. ( before a vowel [[an |''an'']], exc. [[aRNin |''a-ṛṇin'']] ), a prefix corresponding to Gk. ?, ?, Lat. ''in'', Goth. and Germ. ''un'', Eng. ''in'' or ''un'', and having a negative or privative or contrary sense ( [[aneka |''an-eka'']] not one ; [[ananta |''an-anta'']] endless ; [[asat |''a-sat'']] not good ; [[apazyat |''a-paśyat'']] not seeing )   
  
rarely prefixed to Inf. ( ''a-svaptum'' not to sleep TāṇḍyaBr. ) and even to forms of the finite verb ( ''a-spṛhayanti'' they do not desire BhP. Śiś. ) and to pronouns ( ''a-saḥ'' not he Śiś. ; [[atad |a-tad]] not that BhP. )   
+
rarely prefixed to Inf. ( ''a-svaptum'' not to sleep TāṇḍyaBr. ) and even to forms of the finite verb ( ''a-spṛhayanti'' they do not desire, BhP. Śiś. ) and to pronouns ( ''a-saḥ'' not he, Śiś. ; [[atad |''a-tad'']] not that BhP. )   
  
occasionally denoting comparison ( [[abrAhmaNa |a-brāhmaṇa]] like a Brahman T. )   
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occasionally denoting comparison ( [[abrAhmaNa |''a-brāhmaṇa'']] like a Brahman, T. )   
  
sometimes disparagement ( [[ayajJa |a-yajña]] a miserable sacrifice )   
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sometimes disparagement ( [[ayajJa |''a-yajña'']] a miserable sacrifice )   
  
sometimes diminutiveness ( cf. [[akarNa |á-karṇa]], ''an-udarā''
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sometimes diminutiveness ( cf. [[akarNa |''á-karṇa'']], ''an-udarā'' )   
 
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rarely an expletive ( cf. [[akupya |a-kupya]], [[apUpa |a-pūpa]] ) . According to Pāṇ. 6-2, 161, the accent may be optionally either on the first or last syllable in certain compounds formed with ''a'' ( as [[atIkSNa |á-tīkṣṇa]] or [[atIkSNa |a-tīkṣṇá]], [[azuci |á-śuci]] or [[azuci |a-śucí]], [[ananna |án-anna]] or [[ananna |an-anná]] )   
+
  
the same applies to stems ending in [[tR |tṛ]] accentuated on the first syllable before ''a'' is prefixed 
+
rarely an expletive ( cf. [[akupya |''a-kupya'']], [[apUpa |''a-pūpa'']] ).
  
cf. also [[atUrta |á-tūrta]] and [[atUrta |a-tū'rta]], [[abhinna |á-bhinna]] and [[abhinna |a-bhinná]], etc.   
+
According to Pāṇ. vi, 2, 161, the accent may be optionally either on the first or last syllable in certain compounds formed with ''a'' ( as [[atIkSNa |''á-tīkṣṇa'']] or [[atIkSNa |''a-tīkṣṇá'']], [[azuci |''á-śuci'']] or [[azuci |''a-śucí'']], [[ananna |''án-anna'']] or [[ananna |''an-anná'']] ); the same applies to stems ending in [[tR |''tṛ'']] accentuated on the first syllable before ''a'' is prefixed; cf. also [[atUrta |''á-tūrta'']] and [[atUrta |''a-tū'rta'']], [[abhinna |''á-bhinna'']] and [[abhinna |''a-bhinná'']], etc.   
  
 
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3. ( before a vowel [[an |''an'']], exc. [[aRNin |''a-ṛṇin'']] ), a prefix corresponding to Gk. , ὰν, Lat. [[in |''in'']], Goth. and Germ. ''un'', Eng. [[in |''in'']] or ''un'', and having a negative or privative or contrary sense ( [[aneka |''an-eka'']] not one ; [[ananta |''an-anta'']] endless ; [[asat |''a-sat'']] not good ; [[apazyat |''a-paśyat'']] not seeing )   
+
3. ( before a vowel [[an |''an'']], exc. [[aRNin |''a-ṛṇin'']] ), a prefix corresponding to Gk. ?, ?, Lat. ''in'', Goth. and Germ. ''un'', Eng. ''in'' or ''un'', and having a negative or privative or contrary sense ( [[aneka |''an-eka'']] not one ; [[ananta |''an-anta'']] endless ; [[asat |''a-sat'']] not good ; [[apazyat |''a-paśyat'']] not seeing )   
  
rarely prefixed to Inf. ( ''a-svaptum'' not to sleep TāṇḍyaBr. ) and even to forms of the finite verb ( ''a-spṛhayanti'' they do not desire BhP.; Śiś. ) and to pronouns ( ''a-saḥ'' not he, Śiś. ; [[atad |''a-tad'']] not that BhP. )   
+
rarely prefixed to Inf. ( ''a-svaptum'' not to sleep TāṇḍyaBr. ) and even to forms of the finite verb ( ''a-spṛhayanti'' they do not desire, BhP. Śiś. ) and to pronouns ( ''a-saḥ'' not he, Śiś. ; [[atad |''a-tad'']] not that BhP. )   
  
 
occasionally denoting comparison ( [[abrAhmaNa |''a-brāhmaṇa'']] like a Brahman, T. )   
 
occasionally denoting comparison ( [[abrAhmaNa |''a-brāhmaṇa'']] like a Brahman, T. )   
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sometimes diminutiveness ( cf. [[akarNa |''á-karṇa'']], ''an-udarā'' )   
 
sometimes diminutiveness ( cf. [[akarNa |''á-karṇa'']], ''an-udarā'' )   
  
rarely an expletive ( cf. [[akupya |''a-kupya'']], [[apUpa |''a-pūpa'']] ) . According to Pāṇ. vi, 2, 161, the accent may be optionally either on the first or last syllable in certain compounds formed with ''a'' ( as [[atIkSNa |''á-tīkṣṇa'']] or [[atIkSNa |''a-tīkṣṇá'']], [[azuci |''á-śuci'']] or [[azuci |''a-śucí'']], [[ananna |''án-anna'']] or [[ananna |''an-anná'']] ) 
+
rarely an expletive ( cf. [[akupya |''a-kupya'']], [[apUpa |''a-pūpa'']] ).  
 
+
the same applies to stems ending in [[tR |''tṛ'']] accentuated on the first syllable before ''a'' is prefixed 
+
  
cf. also [[atUrta |''á-tūrta'']] and [[atUrta |''a-tū'rta'']], [[abhinna |''á-bhinna'']] and [[abhinna |''a-bhinná'']], etc.
+
According to Pāṇ. vi, 2, 161, the accent may be optionally either on the first or last syllable in certain compounds formed with ''a'' ( as [[atIkSNa |''á-tīkṣṇa'']] or [[atIkSNa |''a-tīkṣṇá'']], [[azuci |''á-śuci'']] or [[azuci |''a-śucí'']], [[ananna |''án-anna'']] or [[ananna |''an-anná'']] ); the same applies to stems ending in [[tR |''tṛ'']] accentuated on the first syllable before ''a'' is prefixed; cf. also [[atUrta |''á-tūrta'']] and [[atUrta |''a-tū'rta'']], [[abhinna |''á-bhinna'']] and [[abhinna |''a-bhinná'']], etc.  
  
 
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6. ''as'', m., N. of Viṣṇu L. ( especially as the first of the three sounds in the sacred syllable [[om |''om'']] )   
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6. ''as'', m., N. of Viṣṇu, L. ( especially as the first of the three sounds in the sacred syllable [[om |''om'']] ).  
  
 
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Revision as of 15:58, 6 September 2009

a
Dhātu:
Dhātupāṭha:

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Pratyaya:


 a [ a ]  


1. the first letter of the alphabet

the first short vowel inherent in consonants.




a-kāra [ akAra ]  

m. the letter or sound a.



 a [ a ]  

2. ( pragṛhya, q.v. ), a vocative particle [ a Ananta, O Viṣṇu ] T.

interjection of pity, Ah !



 a [ a ]  

3. ( before a vowel an, exc. a-ṛṇin ), a prefix corresponding to Gk. ?, ?, Lat. in, Goth. and Germ. un, Eng. in or un, and having a negative or privative or contrary sense ( an-eka not one ; an-anta endless ; a-sat not good ; a-paśyat not seeing )

rarely prefixed to Inf. ( a-svaptum not to sleep TāṇḍyaBr. ) and even to forms of the finite verb ( a-spṛhayanti they do not desire, BhP. Śiś. ) and to pronouns ( a-saḥ not he, Śiś. ; a-tad not that BhP. )

occasionally denoting comparison ( a-brāhmaṇa like a Brahman, T. )

sometimes disparagement ( a-yajña a miserable sacrifice )

sometimes diminutiveness ( cf. á-karṇa, an-udarā )

rarely an expletive ( cf. a-kupya, a-pūpa ).

According to Pāṇ. vi, 2, 161, the accent may be optionally either on the first or last syllable in certain compounds formed with a ( as á-tīkṣṇa or a-tīkṣṇá, á-śuci or a-śucí, án-anna or an-anná ); the same applies to stems ending in tṛ accentuated on the first syllable before a is prefixed; cf. also á-tūrta and a-tū'rta, á-bhinna and a-bhinná, etc.



 a [ a ]  

4. the base of some pronouns and pronom. forms, in asya, atra, etc.



 a [ a ]  

5. the augment prefixed to the root in the formation of the imperfect, aorist, and conditional tenses ( in the Veda often wanting, as in Homer, the fact being that originally the augment was only prefixed in principal sentences where it was accentuated, whilst it was dropped in subordinate sentences where the root-vowel took the accent ).



 a [ a ]  

6. as, m., N. of Viṣṇu, L. ( especially as the first of the three sounds in the sacred syllable om ).