api

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api
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अपि

अपि
 ápi [ api ]


or sometimes pi ( pi-dṛbh, pi-dhā, pi-nah ), expresses placing near or over, uniting to, annexing, reaching to, proximity, etc. [ cf. Gk. ἐπί; Zd. api ; Germ. and Eng. prefix be ]

in later Sanskṛt its place seems frequently supplied by abhi. ( As a separable adv. ) and, also, moreover, besides, assuredly, surely

api api, or api-ca, as well as

na vâpi or na apivā or na nacâpi, neither, nor, câpi, ( and at the beginning of a sentence ) api-ca, moreover




api [ api ]

is often used to express emphasis, in the sense of even, also, very

e.g. anyad api, also another, something more

adyâpi, this very day, even now

tathâpi, even thus, notwithstanding

yady api, even if, although

yadyapi tathâpi, although, nevertheless

na kadācid api, never at any time : sometimes in the sense of but, only, at least, e.g. muhūrtam api, only a moment



api [ api ]

may be affixed to an interrogative to make it indefinite, e.g. ko 'pi, any one

kutrâpi, anywhere



api [ api ]

imparts to numerals the notion of totality, e.g. caturṇam api varṇānām, of all the four castes



api [ api ]

may be interrogative at the beginning of a sentence



api [ api ]

may strengthen the original force of the Potential, or may soften the Imperative, like the English ' be pleased to '

sometimes it is a mere expletive