ardha

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अर्ध

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अर्ध
 árdha [ ardha ]


1 m. Ved. side, part

place, region, country ( cf. ápy-ardham, abhy-ardhá , parârdhá ) ; [ Lat. ordo ; Germ. ort. ]




ardhá [ ardha ]

2 mfn. ( m. pl. ardhe or ardhas Pāṇ. 1-1, 33 ) half. halved, forming a half [ cf. Osset. ardag ]

ardhá. . ardhá ( or níma. . ardhá RV. x, 27 ' 18 ), one part, the other part

( ás, ám ), m. n. ( ifc. f. ā ) the half. RV. vi , 30, 1, etc.

( ám ), n. ' one part of two ', with √ 1. kṛ, to give or leave to anybody ( acc. ) an equal share of ( gen. ) RV. ii, 30, 5 and vi, 44, 18

a part, party RV. iv, 32, 1 and vii, 18, 16

( e ), loc. ind. in the middle, Sāk. ( ardha ) in comp. with a subst. means ' the half part of anything ' [ cf. Pāṇ. 2-2 , 2 ], with an adj. or past Pass. p. [ cf. Pāṇ. 5-4, 5 ] ' half '

also with an adj. indicating measure [ cf. Pāṇ. vii, 3, 26 and 27 ]

a peculiar kind of compound is formed with ordinals [ cf. Pāṇ. 1-1, 23 Comm. ], e.g. ardha-tṛtīya, containing a half for its third, i.e. two and a half

ardha-caturtha, having a half for its fourth, three and a half. )



ardhá-ṛcá [ ardhaRca ]

m. = ardha-rcá below VS. xix. 25



ardhá-kaṃsika [ ardhakaMsika ]

mfn. = ārdhak°, q.v., measuring half a kaṃsa Pāṇ. 7-3, 27 Sch.



ardhá-kathana [ ardhakathana ]

n. relating only half ( not to the end of a story ) Veṇis. ( v.l. -ka-thita, ' half-related ').



ardhá-karṇa [ ardhakarNa ]

m. ' half the diameter ', radius



ardhá-kārṣika [ ardhakArSika ]

mfn. having the weight of half a karṣa Suśr.



ardhá-kāla [ ardhakAla ]

m. a N. of Siva L.



ardhá-kīla [ ardhakIla ]

n. N. of a Tīrtha MBh. iii, 7024



ardhá-kūṭa [ ardhakUTa ]

m. a N. of Siva L.



ardhá-kṛta [ ardhakRta ]

mfn. half done, half performed



ardhá-kṛṣṭa [ ardhakRSTa ]

mfn. half drawn out from ( in comp. ) Śāk



ardhá-ketu [ ardhaketu ]

m. N. of a Rudra VāyuP.



ardhá-kaiśika [ ardhakaizika ]

mf ( ī ) n. having half the breadth of a hair Suśr.



ardhá-koṭī [ ardhakoTI ]

f. half a koṭī i.e. five millions Hit.



ardhá-koṣa [ ardhakoSa ]

m. a moiety of one's treasure



ardhá-kauḍavika [ ardhakauDavika ]

mfn. = ārdhak°, q.v., measuring half a kuḍava Pāṇ. 7-3, 27 Sch.



ardhá-krośa [ ardhakroza ]

m. half a league



ardhá-kṣetra [ ardhakSetra ]

āṇi n. pl., N. of particular lunar mansions Sūryapr.



ardhá-khāra [ ardhakhAra ]

n. or half a khārī Pāṇ. 5-4, 101



ardhá-khārī [ ardhakhArI ]

f. half a khārī Pāṇ. 5-4, 101



ardhá-gaṅgā [ ardhagaGgA ]

f. ' half the Gaṅgā ', N. of the river Kāverī L. ( cf. ardhajāhnavī below )



ardhá-garbhá [ ardhagarbha ]

m. half a descendant ( ? ) RV. i, 164, 36



ardhá-guccha [ ardhaguccha ]

m. a necklace of sixteen ( or twenty- four ) strings VarBṛS.



ardhá-gola [ ardhagola ]

m. a hemisphere



ardhá-cakravartin [ ardhacakravartin ]

or m. half a cakravartin ', N. of the nine black Vāsudevas ( of the Jainas ) L.



ardhá-cakrin [ ardhacakrin ]

m. half a cakravartin ', N. of the nine black Vāsudevas ( of the Jainas ) L.



ardhá-catur4tha [ ardhacaturtha ]

mfn. pl. ( above 2. ardh'ā tend ) three and a half Suśr. etc., ( Jaina Prākṛt addhuṭṭha, s.v. adhyuṣṭa. )



ardhá-candana-lipta [ ardhacandanalipta ]

mfn. half rubbed with sandal MBh. xiii, 888.



ardhá-candra [ ardhacandra ]

, in. half moon

the semi circular marks on a peacock's tail L.

the semicircular scratch of the finger nail L.

an arrow, the head of which is like a half-moon MBh. R. Kathās. ( cf. ardhacandra-mukha and ardha candrâpama below )

the hand bent into a semicircle or the shape of a claw ( as for the purpose of seizing anybody by the neck

generally acc. °am with √ 1. da, to seize any one by his neck ) Kathās. Pañcat. Vet

N. of the Anusvāra ( from its being written in the older MSS. in a semilunar form ) RāmatUp.

N. of a constellation VarBṛS.

( ā ), f. the plant Convolvulus Torpethum

( mfn. ) crescent shaped, of a semilunar form Hcat

( ardbacandra ) -kuṇḍa n. N. of a mystical figure of semilunar form

-bhāgin mfn. seized by the neck

mukha mfn. ( an arrow ) the head of which is like a half-moon Ragh xii, 96

ardhacandrâkāra or ardhacandrâ kṛta mfn. half moon shaped, crescent shaped, ardhacandrôpama mfn. ' like a half-moon ', of semilunar form ( said of an arrow, the head of which is like a half moon ) R.



ardhá-candraka [ ardhacandraka ]

m. ( = ardhacandra ) the hand bent into a semicircle for grasping any one's throat ', ifc. dattârdhacandraka, mfn. ' seized at the throat ', Kaṭhās

( am ), n. the semilunar point of an arrow, Sārṅg

( ika ), f. N. of a climbing plant ( Gynandropsis Pentaphylla or Convolvulus Torpethum

ardhacandrā above )



ardhá-colaka [ ardhacolaka ]

m. a short bodice L.



ardhá-jaratiya [ ardhajaratiya ]

n. ( fr. pr. p. jarat, √ jrs ), ( according to the rule of half an aged woman ) incompatibility in argument Pat. on Pāṇ. 4-1, 78

Sarvad :



ardhá-jāhnavī [ ardhajAhnavI ]

f. = gaṅgā



ardhá-jīvakā [ ardhajIvakA ]

or ardhá-jyā f. = jyârdha, the sine of an arc



ardhá-jyā [ ardhajyA ]

or ardhá-jīvakā f. = jyârdha, the sine of an arc



ardhá-tanu [ ardhatanu ]

f. half a body



ardhá-tikta [ ardhatikta ]

mfn. ' half-bitter ', the plant Gentiana Chirata



ardhá-tūra [ ardhatUra ]

m. a particular kind of musical instrument L.



ardhá-tṛtiya [ ardhatRtiya ]

mf ( ā n. pl. ( above, 2. ardhá at end ) two and a half. ĀśvŚr. AitĀr.



ardhá-trayodaśa [ ardhatrayodaza ]

mf ( ā ) n. pl. twelve arid a half. AitAr. Yājñ. ii, 165 and 204



ardhá-dagdha [ ardhadagdha ]

mfn. half-burnt



ardhá-divasa [ ardhadivasa ]

m. ' half a day ', midday R. ( cf. ardha-rātra below. )



ardhá-devá [ ardhadeva ]

m. demi-god RV. iv, 42, 8 and 9



ardhá-drauṇika [ ardhadrauNika ]

mfn. = ārdhadr°, q.v., measuring half a droṇa Pāṇ. 7-3, 26 Sch.



ardhá-dhāra [ ardhadhAra ]

n. ' half-edged, i.e. single-edged ', a knife or lancet with a single edge ( the blade two inches long, the handle six , used by surgeons ) Suśr.



ardhá-nārāca [ ardhanArAca ]

m. a particular kind of arrow MBh. ii, 1855



ardhá-nārī-nara-vapus [ ardhanArInaravapus ]

mfn. having a body half man and half woman ( said of Rudra ) VāyuP. ii



ardhá-nārī-nāṭêśvara [ ardhanArInATezvara ]

m. Siva.,



ardhá-nāriśa [ ardhanAriza ]

or m. ' the lord who is half female ( and half male ) ', a form of Śiva



ardhá-nārîśvara [ ardhanArIzvara ]

m. ' the lord who is half female ( and half male ) ', a form of Śiva



ardhá-nāva [ ardhanAva ]

n. half a boat Pāṇ. 5-4, 100



ardhá-niśā [ ardhanizA ]

f. midnight



ardhá-pakva [ ardhapakva ]

mfn. half ripe Bhpr.



ardhá-pañcadaśa [ ardhapaJcadaza ]

mfn. pl. fourteen and a half. ŚāṅkhŚr.



ardhá-pañcan [ ardhapaJcan ]

mfn. pl. four and a half VarBṛS.



ardhá-pañcama [ ardhapaJcama ]

mfn. pl. id. Mn. iv, 95 Āp. Gaut



ardhá-pañcamaka [ ardhapaJcamaka ]

mfn. bought for four and a half. Pat.



ardhá-pañcāśat [ ardhapaJcAzat ]

f. twenty-five Mn. viii, 268



ardhá-paṇa [ ardhapaNa ]

m. a measure containing half a paṇa Mn. viii, 404



ardhá-patha [ ardhapatha ]

m. ' half-way ', ( e ), loc. ind. midway Yājñ. ii, 198



ardhá-pada [ ardhapada ]

n. half a Pāda ( or the fourth part of a verse ) Lāṭy



ardhá-padyā [ ardhapadyA ]

f. a brick measuring half a foot KātyŚr



ardhá-paryaṅka [ ardhaparyaGka ]

m. sitting half ( i.e. partly ) upon the hams ( a particular posture practised in meditation ; cf. paryaṅka ) Lalit.



ardhá-pāñcālaka [ ardhapAJcAlaka ]

mfn. belonging to half the Pañcālas ( as a country ) Pat.



ardhá-pāda [ ardhapAda ]

m. half the fourth part

( ā ), f. the plant Phyllanthus Niruri L.



ardhá-pādika [ ardhapAdika ]

mfn. having only half a foot Mn. viii, 325



ardhá-pārāvata [ ardhapArAvata ]

m. a kind of pigeon L.

partridge L.



ardhá-pīta [ ardhapIta ]

mfn. half-drunk Śāk



ardhá-puruṣa [ ardhapuruSa ]

m. half the length of a man KātyŚr.



ardhá-puruṣīya [ ardhapuruSIya ]

mfn. having half the length of a man KātyŚr.



ardhá-pulāyita [ ardhapulAyita ]

n. a half-gallop, canter



ardhá-puṣpā [ ardhapuSpA ]

f. the plant Sida Rhomboidea L.



ardhá-purṇa [ ardhapurNa ]

mfn. half-full



ardhá-prasthika [ ardhaprasthika ]

mfn. = ārdhapr°, q.v., measuring half a prastha Pāṇ. 7-3, 27 Sch.



ardhá-prahara [ ardhaprahara ]

m. half a watch ( one hour and a half )



ardhá-praharikā [ ardhapraharikA ]

f. id. ( ? ) PSarv.



ardhá-bṛgalá [ ardhabRgala ]

n. half a portion ŚBr.



ardhá-bṛhatī [ ardhabRhatI ]

f. ' having half the usual breadth ', a kind of sacrificial brick KātyŚr. etc.



ardhá-bhāga [ ardhabhAga ]

m. a half. Kum. v, 50



ardhá-bhāgika [ ardhabhAgika ]

or mfn. receiving half a share Yājñ. ii, 134



ardhá-bhāgin [ ardhabhAgin ]

mfn. receiving half a share Yājñ. ii, 134



ardhá-bhāj [ ardhabhAj ]

mfn. containing the half of ( gen. ) PBr.

taking or sharing half. Mn. viii, 39, ( -bhā'j ), m. a sharer, companion AV. vi, 86, 3



ardhá-bhāskara [ ardhabhAskara ]

m. midday R.



ardhá-bhūmi [ ardhabhUmi ]

f. half the land MBh. i, 7444



ardhá-bheda [ ardhabheda ]

m. hemiplegia ( cf. ardita n. ) Suśr., ( cf. ava-bhedaka. )



ardhá-māgadhaka [ ardhamAgadhaka ]

mfn. belonging to half the Magadhas as a country ) Pat.



ardhá-māgadhī [ ardhamAgadhI ]

f. a variety of the Māgadhī dialect ( being the language of the sacred Īterature of the Jains )



ardhá-māṇava [ ardhamANava ]

[ L. ] or m. a necklace of twelve strings



ardhá-māṇavaka [ ardhamANavaka ]

[ VarBṛS. ], m. a necklace of twelve strings



ardhá-mātra [ ardhamAtra ]

n. the half. middle VPrāt. etc.

( ā ), f. half a short syllable, ( mfn. ) having the quantity of half a short syllable TPrāt.

hence m. a N. of the peculiar sound called yama ( q.v. ) RāmatUp.



ardhá-mātrika [ ardhamAtrika ]

mfn. ( = mātra mfn. ) having the quantity of half a short syllable Comm. on VPrāt.

( ā ), f. half a short syllable RPrāt.



ardhá-mārge [ ardhamArge ]

loc. ind. half-way, mid-way Kathās



ardhá-māsá [ ardhamAsa ]

m. half a month VS. AV. etc.

( ardhamāsa ) -tama mfn. done or happening every half month or fortnight Pāṇ. 5-2, 57

-śás ind. every half month ŚBr.

-sahasra n. a thousand of half months ŚBr.



ardhá-masika [ ardhamasika ]

mfn. lasting half a month Yājñ. ii, 177



ardhá-muṣṭi [ ardhamuSTi ]

m. a half-clenched hand L.



ardhá-yāma [ ardhayAma ]

m. ( = -prahara above ) half a watch Bhpr. =



ardhá-ratha [ ardharatha ]

m. a warrior who fights on a car along with another MBh. v, 5816 and 5820



ardhá-rāja [ ardharAja ]

m. N. of a Prākṛt poet



ardhá-rātra [ ardharAtra ]

m. midnight Mn. etc.

ardharātrârdhadivasa m. the time when day and night are half and half. i.e. equal, the equinox R.



ardhá-ruḍha [ ardharuDha ]

mfn. half grown or developed Megh



ardhá-rcá [ ardharca ]

( ṛsc ; -ṛcá above )., m. half a verse AV. ix, 10, 19 ŚBr. etc.

( ardharca ) -śás ind. by hemistichs ' AV. xx, 135 5 ŚBr. etc.

-śasya mfn. to be recited in hemistichs Vait

ardharcâdi, a g. of Pāsṇ. ( ii, 4, 31 )

ardharcântara n. another hemistich KātyŚr.



ardhá-rcya [ ardharcya ]

( ) mf ( ā ) n. = ardharca-śasya above , AitĀ



ardhá-lakṣmī-hari [ ardhalakSmIhari ]

m. ' half Lakshmī and half Hari ', one of the forms of Viṣṇu L. ( cf. ardha-nārīṇātêśvara above )



ardhá-likhita [ ardhalikhita ]

mfn. half painted Śāk



ardhá-vartman [ ardhavartman ]

n. = -patha above Naish



ardhá-vaśā' [ ardhavazA ]

f. half a cow MaitrS.



ardhá-vastra-saṃvīta [ ardhavastrasaMvIta ]

mfn. clothed or enveloped in half-garments



ardhá-vidhu [ ardhavidhu ]

m. the half-moon Bālar



ardhá-visarga [ ardhavisarga ]

m. the sound Visarga before k, kh, p, ph ( so called because its sign ? is the half of that of the Visarga [ ] )



ardhá-vîkṣaṇa [ ardhavIkSaNa ]

n. a side-look, glance, leer L.



ardhá-vṛddha [ ardhavRddha ]

mf ( ā ) n. middle-aged L.



ardhá-vṛddhi [ ardhavRddhi ]

f. the half of the interest or rent Mn. viii, 150



ardhá-vaínāśika [ ardhavainAzika ]

m. ' arguing half-perishableness ', N. of the followers of Kaṇāda



ardhá-vyāma [ ardhavyAma ]

m. half a fathom ( vyāma ) KātyŚr.



ardhá-vyāsa [ ardhavyAsa ]

m. ' half the diameter ', radius



ardhá-vratá [ ardhavrata ]

n. the half portion of milk ŚBr. KātyŚr.



ardhá-śata [ ardhazata ]

n. fifty Mn. viii, 311

one hundred and fifty ib. 267



ardhá-śaphara [ ardhazaphara ]

m. a kind of fish L.



ardhá-śabda [ ardhazabda ]

mfn. having a low voice



ardhá-śas [ ardhazas ]

ind. by halves KātyŚr.



ardhá-śiras [ ardhaziras ]

n. the half head ĀpŚr.



ardhá-śeṣa [ ardhazeSa ]

mfn. half left R. ( cf. ardhâvaśeṣa below )



ardhá-śyāma [ ardhazyAma ]

mfn. half dark or clouded Śāk



ardhá-śruta [ ardhazruta ]

mfn. half heard Veṇis



ardhá-śloka [ ardhazloka ]

m. half a Śloka



ardhá-ṣaṣṭha [ ardhaSaSTha ]

mfn. pl. five and a half. PārGṛ.



ardhá-saṃjāta-sasya [ ardhasaMjAtasasya ]

mf ( ā ) n. having its crops half grown MBh. iii, 3007



ardhá-saptadaśa [ ardhasaptadaza ]

mfn. pl. sixteen and a half. KātyŚr.



ardhá-saptama [ ardhasaptama ]

mfn. pl. six and a half. PārGṛ.



ardhá-sapta-śata [ ardhasaptazata ]

mf ( ā ) n. pl. or āni n. pl. three hundred and fifty R.



ardhá-sama [ ardhasama ]

mfn. ' half equal ', N. of metres, in which the first and third and the second and fourth Pādas are equal

-muktâvalī f. N. of wk.



ardhá-samasyā [ ardhasamasyA ]

f. supplying an idea which is only half expressed Naish



ardhá-sīrin [ ardhasIrin ]

mfn. a cultivator ( who takes half the crop for his labour ) Yājñ. i, 166.



ardhá-soma [ ardhasoma ]

m. half the Soma KātyŚr



ardhá-hāra [ ardhahAra ]

m. a necklace of sixty-four ( or of forty ) strings VarBṛS.



ardhá-hrasva [ ardhahrasva ]

n. the quantity of half a short vowel Pāṇ. 1-2, 32



ardhâṃśa [ ardhAMza ]

m. a half, the half



ardhâṃśin [ ardhAMzin ]

mfn. sharing a half



ardhâkāra [ ardhAkAra ]

m. ' half the letter a ', a N. of the avagraha, q.v.



ardhâkṣi [ ardhAkSi ]

n. = ardha-vikṣaṇa above Mṛcch



ardhâṅga [ ardhAGga ]

n. half the body



ardhâcita [ ardhAcita ]

mfn. ( said of a girdle, etc. ) half-set ( as with gems ) Ragh. vii, 10 Kum. vii, 61



ardhâṇumātrā [ ardhANumAtrA ]

f. ' half a small mātrā ', i.e. the eighth part of the quantity of a short syllable VPrāt.



ardhâdhve [ ardhAdhve ]

loc. ind. = ardha-mārge above ĀpŚr.



ardhântaraˆikapadatā [ ardhAntaraikapadatA ]

f. ( in rhetoric ) placing a single word ( which belongs grammatically to one hemistich ) into the other half or hemistich of the verse Sāh



ardhâmbu [ ardhAmbu ]

mfn. consisting half of water L.



ardhârdha [ ardhArdha ]

mfn. ' half of, the half of ', the fourth part of. Pañcat

-bhāga m. a quarter Ragh. x, 57

-hāni f. deduction of a half in every case Yājñ. ii, 207



ardhâvabheda [ ardhAvabheda ]

and m. = ardhabheda above Car.



ardhâvabhedaka [ ardhAvabhedaka ]

m. = ardhabheda above Car.

( mfn. ) dividing into halves



ardhâvalīḍha [ ardhAvalIDha ]

mfn. half chewed Śāk



ardhâvaśeṣa [ ardhAvazeSa ]

mfn. = ardha-śeṣa above R.



ardhâśana [ ardhAzana ]

n. half a meal L.



ardhâsana [ ardhAsana ]

n. half a seat ( it is considered a mark of high respect to make room for a guest on one's own seat ) Śāk. Ragh. vi, 73, etc.

greeting kindly L.



ardhâstamaya [ ardhAstamaya ]

m. half ( i.e. partial ) setting of the sun or the moon VarBṛS.



ardhī-kṛta [ ardhIkRta ]

mfn. divided into halves



ardhêḍā [ ardheDA ]

f. ' half the iḍā, the syllable up inserted in some Sāman verses PBr.



ardhêndu [ ardhendu ]

m. ( -ardha-candra above ) a half moon or crescent Naish

the semicircular impression of a finger nail L.

an arrow with a crescent-shaped head L.

the hand expanded in a semicircular from like a claw L.

the constellation also called ardhacandra ( q.v. ) VarBṛS.

( ardhênd ) -mauli m. ' whose diadem is a half-moon, Śiva Megh. Bālar



ardhêndrá [ ardhendra ]

mfn. that of which a half belongs to Indra TS. ŚBr.



ardhôkta [ ardhokta ]

mfn. half, uttered, said imperfectly or indistinctly



ardhôkti [ ardhokti ]

f. ' half-speech ', speaking incompletely, broken or interrupted speech



ardhôdaya [ ardhodaya ]

m. half ( i.e. partial ) rising of the sun or the moon



ardhôdita [ ardhodita ]

mfn. ( fr. 1. ud-ita ) half risen Pañcat

( fr. 2. udita ) half-uttered



ardhôna [ ardhona ]

mf ( ā ) n. diminished by half a short syllable RPrāt.



ardhôruka [ ardhoruka ]

mfn. reaching to the middle of the thighs

( am ), n. a short petticoat Daś. Rājat