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अति

Contents

अति
 áti [ ati ]


ind. [ probably neut. of an obsolete adj. atin, passing , going, beyond ; √ at, and cf. Old Germ. anti, unti, inti, unde, indi, etc. ; Eng. and ; Germ. und ; Gk. ἒτι, ἀντί, Lat. ante ; Lith. ant ; Arm. ti ; Zd. aiti ]. As a prefix to verbs and their derivatives, expresses beyond, over, and, if not standing by itself, leaves the accent on the verb or its derivative

as, ati-kram ( √ kram ), to overstep, Ved. Inf. ati- kráme, ( fit ) to be walked on, to be passed RV. i, 105, 16, ati- krámaṇa, n. s.v. When prefixed to nouns, not derived from verbs, it expresses beyond, surpassing, as, ati-kaśa , past the whip, ati- mānuṣa, superhuman, etc., s.v. As a separable adverb or preposition ( with acc. ), Ved. beyond

( with gen. ) over, at the top of RV. AV.




ati [ ati ]

is often prefixed to nouns and adjectives, and rarely to verbs, in the sense excessive, extraordinary, intense

excessively, too

exceedingly, very

in such compounds the accent is generally on áti



áti-kaṭhora [ atikaThora ]

mfn. very hard, too hard



áti-katha [ atikatha ]

mfn. exaggerated

( ā ), f. an exaggerated tale

also s.v.



áti-karṣaṇa [ atikarSaNa ]

( for -karśana ? ), n. excessive exertion



áti-kalyam [ atikalyam ]

ind. very early, too early



áti-kānta [ atikAnta ]

mfn. excessively beloved



áti-kāya [ atikAya ]

mfn. of extraordinary body or size, gigantic

m. N. of a Rākṣasa R.



áti-kiriṭa [ atikiriTa ]

( áti- ) or mfn. having too small teeth TBr.



áti-kirīṭa [ atikirITa ]

[ Comm. ], mfn. having too small teeth TBr.



áti-kutsita [ atikutsita ]

mfn. greatly despised



áti-kulva [ atikulva ]

( áti. ), mfn. too bald VS.



áti-kṛcchra [ atikRcchra ]

m. extraordinary pain or penance lasting twelve days Mn. Yājñ.



áti-kṛta [ atikRta ]

mfn. over done, exaggerated



áti-kṛśa [ atikRza ]

( áti- ), mfn. very thin, emaciated



áti-kṛṣṇa [ atikRSNa ]

( áti- ), mfn. very or too dark, very or too deep blue



áti-kruddha [ atikruddha ]

mfn. excessively angry



áti-krudh [ atikrudh ]

f. excessive anger Kathās



áti-kruṣṭa [ atikruSTa ]

( áti- ), n. extraordinary cry or wailing VS.



áti-khara [ atikhara ]

mfn. very pungent or piercing



áti-gaṇḍa [ atigaNDa ]

mfn. having large cheeks or temples

m. N. of the yoga ( or index ), star of the 6th lunar mansion



áti-gandha [ atigandha ]

mfn. having an overpowering smell

m. sulphur

lemon-grass ( Andropogon Schaenunthes )

the Champac flower ( Michelia Champaca )

a kind of jasmin



áti-gandhālu [ atigandhAlu ]

m. N. of the creeper Putradātri



áti-garīyas [ atigarIyas ]

n. ( compar. of ati-guru ), a higher or too high price

ati-gariyasā ( instr. ) √ krī, to buy too dear Daś



áti-garvita [ atigarvita ]

mfn. very conceited



áti-gahana [ atigahana ]

mfn. very deep

very impenetrable



ati-gāḍha [ atigADha ]

mfn. very important

very intensive

( am ), ind. exceedingly

excessively



áti-guṇa [ atiguNa ]

mfn. having extraordinary qualities



áti-gupta [ atigupta ]

mfn. closely concealed, very mysterious



áti-guru [ atiguru ]

mfn. very heavy



áti-go [ atigo ]

f. an excellent cow Pāṇ. 5-4, 69 Sch.



áti-caṇḍa [ aticaNDa ]

mfn. very violent



áti-caraṇa [ aticaraNa ]

n. excessive practice



áti-cāpalya [ aticApalya ]

n. extraordinary mobility or unsteadiness



áti-cira [ aticira ]

mfn. very long

( am ), ind. a very long time

( asya ), ind. for a very long time

( at ), ind. at last



áti-chattra [ atichattra ]

or m. a mushroom



áti-chattraka [ atichattraka ]

m. a mushroom

( ā ), f. Anise ( Anisum or Anethum Sowa )

the plant Barleria Longifolia



áti-jara [ atijara ]

or mfn. very aged Pāṇ. 7-2, 101 Sch.



áti-jaras [ atijaras ]

mfn. very aged Pāṇ. 7-2, 101 Sch.



áti-jala [ atijala ]

mfn. well watered



áti-java [ atijava ]

m. extraordinary speed

( mfn. ), very fleet



áti-jāgara [ atijAgara ]

mfn. very wakeful

m. the black curlew



áti-jīrṇa [ atijIrNa ]

mfn. very aged



áti-jīrṇatā [ atijIrNatA ]

f. extreme old age



áti-jīvá [ atijIva ]

mfn. quite alive, very lively AV.



áti-ḍīna [ atiDIna ]

n. extraordinary flight ( of birds ) MBh.



áti-tapasvin [ atitapasvin ]

mfn. very ascetic



áti-tīkṣṇa [ atitIkSNa ]

mfn. very sharp



áti-tīvra [ atitIvra ]

mfn. very sharp, pungent or acid

( ā ), f. dūb grass



áti-tṛṇṇa [ atitRNNa ]

mfn. seriously hurt



áti-tṛpti [ atitRpti ]

f. too great satiety



áti-tṛṣṇa [ atitRSNa ]

mfn. excessively thirsty, rapacious

( ā ), f. excessive thirst



áti-trasnu [ atitrasnu ]

mfn. over timid



áti-dagdha [ atidagdha ]

mfn. badly burnt

( am ), n. N. of a bad kind of burn



áti-dantura [ atidantura ]

( áti- ), mfn. whose teeth are too prominent TBr.



áti-darpa [ atidarpa ]

m. excessive conceit

N. of a snake

( mfn. ), excessively conceited



áti-darśin [ atidarzin ]

mfn. very far-sighted



áti-dātṛ [ atidAtR ]

m. a very or too liberal man



áti-dāna [ atidAna ]

n. munificence

excessive munificence



áti-dāruṇa [ atidAruNa ]

mfn. very terrible



áti-dāhá [ atidAha ]

m. great heat

violent inflammation TS. etc.



áti-dīrgha [ atidIrgha ]

( áti- ), mfn. very long, too long,



áti-duḥkhita [ atiduHkhita ]

( or -duṣkhita ), mfn. greatly afflicted, very sad



áti-duḥsaha [ atiduHsaha ]

mfn. very hard to bear, quite unbearable



áti-durgata [ atidurgata ]

mfn. very badly off



áti-durdharṣa [ atidurdharSa ]

mfn. very hard to approach, very haughty



áti-durlambha [ atidurlambha ]

mfn. very hard to attain



áti-duṣkara [ atiduSkara ]

mfn. very difficult



áti-dūra [ atidUra ]

mfn. very distant

( am ), n. a great distance



áti-doṣa [ atidoSa ]

m. a great fault



áti-dhavala [ atidhavala ]

mfn. very white



áti-dhenu [ atidhenu ]

mfn. distinguished for his cows Pāṇ. 1-4, 3, Comm.,



áti-nidra [ atinidra ]

mfn. given to excessive sleep

( ā ), f. excessive sleep

( am ), ind., s.v. ( p. 14, col. 2 )



áti-nipuṇa [ atinipuNa ]

mfn. very skilful



áti-nīca [ atinIca ]

mfn. excessively low



áti-pathin [ atipathin ]

( nom. -panthās ), m. a better road than common L.



áti-pada [ atipada ]

mfn. ( in prosody ) too long by one pada or foot,



áti-parokṣa [ atiparokSa ]

mfn. far out of sight, no longer discernible



áti-parokṣavṛ'tti [ atiparokSavRtti ]

mfn. ( in Gr. ) having a nature that is no longer discernible, i.e. obsolete



áti-pātaka [ atipAtaka ]

n. a very heinous sin



áti-puruṣa [ atipuruSa ]

or ( áti- ) [ ŚBr. ], m. a first-rate man, hero



áti-pūruṣa [ atipUruSa ]

( áti- ) [ ŚBr. ], m. a first-rate man, hero



áti-pūta [ atipUta ]

mfn. quite purified, over-refined



áti-peśala [ atipezala ]

mfn. very dexterous



áti-prakāsa [ atiprakAsa ]

mfn. very notorious



áti-prage [ atiprage ]

ind. very early Mn.



áti-praṇaya [ atipraNaya ]

m. excessive kindness, partiality



áti-praṇudya [ atipraNudya ]

ind. having pushed far forward



áti-prabandha [ atiprabandha ]

m. complete continuity



áti-pravaraṇa [ atipravaraNa ]

n. excess in choosing



áti-pravṛtti [ atipravRtti ]

f. issuing abundantly



áti-pravṛddha [ atipravRddha ]

mfn. enlarged to excess, overbearing Mn.



áti-praśna [ atiprazna ]

m. an extravagant question, a question regarding transcendental objects



áti-praśnya [ atipraznya ]

mfn. to be asked such a question BṛĀrUp.



áti-prasakti [ atiprasakti ]

f. or excessive attachment



áti-prasaṅga [ atiprasaGga ]

m. excessive attachment

unwarrantable stretch of a rule



áti-prasiddha [ atiprasiddha ]

mfn. very notorious



áti-prauḍha [ atiprauDha ]

mfn. full-grown



áti-prauḍha-yauvana [ atiprauDhayauvana ]

mfn. being in the full enjoyment of youth



áti-bala [ atibala ]

mfn. very strong or powerful

m. an active soldier

N. of a king

( ā ), f. a medicinal plant ( Sidonia Cordifolia and Rhombifolia, or Annona Squamosa )

N. of a powerful charm

of one of Dakṣa's daughters



áti-bahu [ atibahu ]

( áti- ), mfn. very much

too much MaitrS.



áti-bālaka [ atibAlaka ]

m. an infant

( mfn. ), infantine



áti-bāhu [ atibAhu ]

m. ' having extraordinary arms ', N. of a Ṛṣi of the fourteenth Manvantara Hariv.

N. of a Gandharva MBh.



áti-bibhatsa [ atibibhatsa ]

mfn. excessively disagreeable



áti-brahmacarya [ atibrahmacarya ]

n. excessive abstinence or continence



áti-bhāra [ atibhAra ]

m. an excessive burden, excessive obscurity ( of a sentence )

N. of a king



áti-bhāraga [ atibhAraga ]

m. ' heavy-burden-bearer ', a mule



áti-bhī [ atibhI ]

m. ' very terrific ', lightning L.



áti-bhīṣaṇa [ atibhISaNa ]

mfn. very terrific



áti-bhṛta [ atibhRta ]

mfn. well filled



áti-bhojana [ atibhojana ]

n. eating too much

morbid voracity



áti-bhrū [ atibhrU ]

mfn. having extraordinary eyebrows



áti-maṅgalya [ atimaGgalya ]

mfn. very auspicious

m. AEgle or Crataeva Marmelos



áti-mati [ atimati ]

( áti- ), f. haughtiness RV. i, 129, 5

( mfn. ), exceedingly wise MBh.



áti-madhyandina [ atimadhyandina ]

n. high noon



áti-marśa [ atimarza ]

m. close contact



áti-māná [ atimAna ]

m. great haughtiness



áti-mānin [ atimAnin ]

mfn. very haughty



áti-māni-tā [ atimAnitA ]

f. great haughtiness



áti-māruta [ atimAruta ]

mfn. very windy

m. a hurricane Yājñ.



áti-mirmira [ atimirmira ]

( áti- ), mfn. twinkling exceedingly TBr.



áti-mukta [ atimukta ]

mfn. entirely liberated

quite free from sensual or worldly desire

seedless, barren

m. the tree Dalbergia Oujeinensis

Gaertnera Racemosa,



áti-muktaka [ atimuktaka ]

m. = the preceding

mountain ebony

the tree Harimantha



áti-mukti [ atimukti ]

( áti. ), f. final liberation ( from death ) TS. ŚBr. xiv



áti-mūrti [ atimUrti ]

f. ' highest shape ', N. of a ceremony



áti-memiṣa [ atimemiSa ]

( áti- ), mfn. ( √ 1. miṣ ), opening the eyes too much, staring TBr.



áti-maithuna [ atimaithuna ]

n. excess of sexual intercourse



áti-mokṣá [ atimokSa ]

m.

ati-√ muc



áti-modā [ atimodA ]

f. extraordinary fragrance

the tree Jasminum Arboreum



áti-yava [ atiyava ]

m. a sort of barley



áti-yaśa [ atiyaza ]

[ MBh. ] or mfn. very illustrious



áti-yaśas [ atiyazas ]

mfn. very illustrious



áti-yājá [ atiyAja ]

m. ' great sacrificer ', very pious RV. vi, 52, 1



áti-yuvan [ atiyuvan ]

mfn. very youthful L.



áti-yoga [ atiyoga ]

m. excessive union, excess,



áti-raṃhas [ atiraMhas ]

mfn. extremely rapid Śāk



áti-rakta [ atirakta ]

mfn. very red

( ā ), f. one of Agni's seven tongues



áti-ratha [ atiratha ]

m. a great warrior ( fighting from a car ) R.



áti-rabhasa [ atirabhasa ]

m. extraordinary speed



áti-rasā [ atirasA ]

f. ' very succulent ', N. of various plants ( Mūrvā, Risnā, Klitanaka )



áti-rājan [ atirAjan ]

m. an extraordinary king Pāṇ. 5-4, 69 Sch.

one who surpasses a king [ cf. also s.v. ]



áti-rucira [ atirucira ]

mfn. very lovely

( ā ), f. N. of two metres ( a variety of the atijagatī

another called cuḍikā or culikā )



áti-ruṣ [ atiruS ]

mfn. very angry



áti-rūpa [ atirUpa ]

mfn. very beautiful

( am ), n. extraordinary beauty



áti-roga [ atiroga ]

m. consumption L.



áti-romaśa [ atiromaza ]

mfn. very hairy, too hairy

m. a wild goat, a kind of monkey



áti-lakṣmī [ atilakSmI ]

mfn. very prosperous

( īs ), f. extraordinary prosperity



áti-laṅghana [ atilaGghana ]

n. excessive fasting Suśr.



áti-lamba [ atilamba ]

mfn. very extensive



áti-lubdha [ atilubdha ]

or mfn. very greedy or covetous



ati-lobha [ atilobha ]

mfn. very greedy or covetous



áti-lulita [ atilulita ]

mfn. closely attached or adhering



áti-lobha [ atilobha ]

m. or excessive greediness or covetousness



áti-lobha-tā [ atilobhatA ]

f. excessive greediness or covetousness



áti-loma [ atiloma ]

or ( áti- ) [ VS. ], mfn. very hairy, too hairy



áti-lomaśa [ atilomaza ]

( áti- ) [ VS. ], mfn. very hairy, too hairy



áti-lomaśā [ atilomazA ]

f. Convolvulus Argenteus



áti-lohita [ atilohita ]

mfn. very red



áti-laulya [ atilaulya ]

n. excessive eagerness or desire



áti-vaktṛ [ ativaktR ]

mfn. very loquacious



áti-vakra [ ativakra ]

mfn. very crooked or curved

( ā ), f. one of the eight descriptions of planetary motion



áti-vartula [ ativartula ]

mfn. very round

m. a kind of grain or pot-herb



áti-vāta [ ativAta ]

m. high wind, a storm



áti-vāda [ ativAda ]

m. abusive language

reproof

N. of a Vedic verse AitBr.



áti-vādin [ ativAdin ]

mfn. very talkative



áti-vālaka [ ativAlaka ]

See -bālaka above



áti-váhana [ ativahana ]

n. excessive toiling



áti-vikaṭa [ ativikaTa ]

mfn. very fierce, m. a vicious elephant



áti-vipina [ ativipina ]

mfn. having many forests, very impenetrable Kir. v, 18



áti-vilambin [ ativilambin ]

mfn. very dilatory



áti-viśrabdha-navôḍhā [ ativizrabdhanavoDhA ]

f. a fond but pert young wife



áti-viṣa [ ativiSa ]

mfn. exceedingly poisonous, counteracting poison

( a ), f. the plant Aconitum Ferox



áti-vṛddhi [ ativRddhi ]

f. extraordinary growth



áti-vṛṣṭi [ ativRSTi ]

f. excessive rain



áti-vṛṣṭi-hata [ ativRSTihata ]

mfn. injured by heavy rain



áti-vepathu [ ativepathu ]

m. excessive tremor

( mfn. ), or atvepathu-mat mfn. trembling excessively



áti-vaicakṣaṇya [ ativaicakSaNya ]

n. great proficiency



áti-vaiśasa [ ativaizasa ]

mfn. very adverse or destructive



áti-vyathana [ ativyathana ]

n. infliction of ( or giving ) excessive pain Pāṇ. 5-4, 61



áti-vyathā [ ativyathA ]

f. excessive pain



áti-vyaya [ ativyaya ]

m. lavish expenditure



áti-vyāpta [ ativyApta ]

mfn. stretched too far ( as a rule or principle )



áti-vyāpti [ ativyApti ]

f. unwarrantable stretch ( of a rule or principle ) Pāṇ. 6-3, 35 Sch.



áti-śakta [ atizakta ]

or mfn. very powerful



áti-śakti [ atizakti ]

mfn. very powerful

( is ), f. or atiśakti-tā f. great power or valour



áti-śakti-bhāj [ atizaktibhAj ]

mfn. possessing great power



áti-śaṅkā [ atizaGkA ]

f. excessive timidity



áti-śarvará [ atizarvara ]

n. the dead of night AV.



áti-śasta [ atizasta ]

mfn. very excellent



áti-śukra [ atizukra ]

( áti- ), mfn. too bright



áti-śukla [ atizukla ]

mfn. very white, too white



áti-śobhana [ atizobhana ]

mfn. very handsome



áti-śrī [ atizrI ]

mfn. very prosperous Pāṇ. 1-2, 48 Sch.



áti-ślakṣṇa [ atizlakSNa ]

( áti- ), mfn. too tender TBr.



áti-saṃskṛta [ atisaMskRta ]

mfn. highly finished



áti-sakti [ atisakti ]

f. excessive attachment



áti-sakti-mat [ atisaktimat ]

mfn. excessively attached



áti-saṃcaya [ atisaMcaya ]

m. excessive accumulation



áti-saṃtapta [ atisaMtapta ]

mfn. greatly afficted



áti-saṃdheya [ atisaMdheya ]

mfn. easy to be settled or conciliated



áti-samartha [ atisamartha ]

mfn. very competent



áti-samīpa [ atisamIpa ]

mfn. very near



áti-samparka [ atisamparka ]

m. excessive ( sexual ) intercourse



áti-sarva [ atisarva ]

mfn. too complete AitBr.

superior to all, s.v.



áti-sādhvasa [ atisAdhvasa ]

n. excessive fear



áti-sāntapana [ atisAntapana ]

n. a kind of severe penance ( inflicted especially for eating unclean animal food )



áti-sāyam [ atisAyam ]

ind. very late in the evening



áti-siddhi [ atisiddhi ]

f. great perfection



áti-sujana [ atisujana ]

mfn. very moral, very friendly



áti-sundara [ atisundara ]

mfn. very handsome

( as, ā ), mf. a metre belonging to the class aṣṭi ( also called citra or cañcalā )



áti-sulabha [ atisulabha ]

mfn. very easily obtainable



áti-suhita [ atisuhita ]

mfn. excessively kind, over-kind



áti-sṛṣṭi [ atisRSTi ]

( áti- ), f. an extraordinary or excellent creation ŚBr. xiv



áti-sevā [ atisevA ]

f. excessive addiction ( to a habit )



áti-saurabha [ atisaurabha ]

mfn. very fragrant

( am ), n. extraordinary fragrance



áti-sauhitya [ atisauhitya ]

n. excessive satiety, e.g. being spoiled, stuffed with food, etc. Mn. iv, 62



áti-stuti [ atistuti ]

f. excessive praise Nir



áti-sthira [ atisthira ]

mfn. very stable



áti-sthūla [ atisthUla ]

( áti. ), mfn. excessively big or clumsy VS. etc.

excessively stupid



áti-snigdha [ atisnigdha ]

mfn. very smooth, very nice, very affectionate



áti-sparśa [ atisparza ]

m. too marked contact ( of the tongue and palate ) in pronunciation



áti-sphira [ atisphira ]

mfn. very tremulous



áti-svapna [ atisvapna ]

m. excessive sleep

( am ), n. excessive tendency to dreaming



áti-svastha [ atisvastha ]

mfn. enjoying excellent health



áti-hasita [ atihasita ]

n. or excessive laughter



áti-hāsa [ atihAsa ]

m. excessive laughter



áti-hrasva [ atihrasva ]

( áti- ), mfn. excessively short VS. etc.



aty-agni [ atyagni ]

m. morbidly rapid digestion



áty-aṇu [ atyaNu ]

mfn. very thin MaitrS.



aty-adbhuta [ atyadbhuta ]

mfn. very wonderful

m. N. of the Indra in the ninth Manvantara VP.

( am ), n. a great wonder



aty-adhvan [ atyadhvan ]

m. a long way or journey, excessive travelling



aty-amarṣaṇa [ atyamarSaNa ]

or mfn. quite out of temper



aty-amarṣin [ atyamarSin ]

mfn. quite out of temper



aty-amla [ atyamla ]

mfn. very acid

m. the tree Spondias Mangifera

( ā ), f. a species of citron



aty-amlaparṇī [ atyamlaparNI ]

f. ' having very acid leaves ', N. of a medicinal plant



aty-alpa [ atyalpa ]

mfn. very little



aty-aśana [ atyazana ]

n. immoderate eating



aty-aśnat [ atyaznat ]

mfn. eating too much



aty-asama [ atyasama ]

mfn. very uneven, very rough



aty-ādara [ atyAdara ]

m. excessive deference



aty-ādāna [ atyAdAna ]

n. taking away too much



áty-ānanda [ atyAnanda ]

m. excessive wantonness ŚBr.

( mfn. ), excessively wanton Suśr.



áty-āpti [ atyApti ]

f. complete attainment AV. xi, 7, 22



aty-ārūḍhi [ atyArUDhi ]

f. or mounting too high, insolence, arrogance



aty-āroha [ atyAroha ]

m. mounting too high, insolence, arrogance



aty-āśā [ atyAzA ]

f. extravagant hope



áty-āśita [ atyAzita ]

mfn. ( √ 2. as ), too satiate MaitrS.



aty-āsārín [ atyAsArin ]

mfn. excessively flowing towards TS.



aty-āhāra [ atyAhAra ]

m. excess in eating



aty-āhārin [ atyAhArin ]

mfn. eating immoderately, gluttonous



aty-āhita [ atyAhita ]

n. great calamity

great danger

facing great danger

a daring action



aty-ukti [ atyukti ]

f. excessive talking

exaggeration

hyperbole



aty-ugra [ atyugra ]

mfn. very fierce

very pungent

( am ), n. Asa Foetida



aty-uccais [ atyuccais ]

ind. very loudly



aty-uccair-dhvani [ atyuccairdhvani ]

m. a very loud sound

a very high note



aty-utkaṭa [ atyutkaTa ]

mfn. very imposing or immense



aty-utsāha [ atyutsAha ]

m. excessive vigour



aty-udāra [ atyudAra ]

mfn. very liberal



aty-ulbaṇa [ atyulbaNa ]

or mfn. very conspicuous, excessive



aty-ulvaṇa [ atyulvaNa ]

mfn. very conspicuous, excessive



aty-uṣṇa [ atyuSNa ]

mfn. very hot



aty-ūdhni [ atyUdhni ]

f. having an exceedingly large udder Pāṇ. Sch.