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manin uṇ मनिन् बृंहोर्च्च 4.146


 bráhman [ brahman ]

n. ( lit. ' growth ', ' expansion ', ' evolution ', ' development ', ' swelling of the spirit or soul ', fr. √ 2. bṛh ) pious effusion or utterance, outpouring of the heart in worshipping the gods, prayer, RV.; AV.; VS.; TS.

the sacred word ( as opp. to vāc, the word of man ), the Veda, a sacred text, a text or Mantra used as a spell ( forming a distinct class from the ṛcas, sāmāni and yajūṃṣi ; cf. brahma-veda ). RV.; AV.; Br.; Mn.; Pur.

the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda, Mn. iv, 100

the sacred syllable Om, Prab., Sch., ( cf. Mn. ii, 83 )

religious or spiritual knowledge ( opp. to religious observances and bodily mortification such as tapas etc. ); AV.; Br.; Mn.; R.

holy life ( esp. continence, chastity ; brahma-carya )., Śak. i, 24/25; Śaṃk.; Sarvad

( exceptionally treated as m. ) the Brahmă or one self-existent impersonal Spirit, the one universal Soul ( or one divine essence and source from which all created things emanate or with which they are identified and to which they return ), the Self-existent, the Absolute, the Eternal ( not generally an object of worship but rather of meditation and-knowledge; also with jyéṣṭha, prathama-já, svayám-bhu, a-mūrta, para, paratara, parama, mahat, sanātana, śāśvata; and = paramâ`tman, ātman, adhyātma, pradhāna, kṣetra-jña, tattva ); AV.; ŚBr.; Mn.; MBh.; ( IW. 9, 83 etc. )

n. the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of sacred knowledge, the Brāhmanical caste as a body ( rarely an individual Brāhman ); AV.; TS.; VS.; ŚBr.; Mn.; BhP.

food, Naigh. ii, 7

wealth; ib. 10

final emancipation, L.

m. ( brahmán ), one who prays, a devout or religious man, a Brāhman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells, one versed in sacred knowledge, RV. etc. [ cf. Lat., flāmen ]

N. of Bṛhas-pati ( as the priest of the gods ), RV. x, 141, 3

one of the 4 principal priests or Ṛtvijas ( the other three being the Hotṛ, Adhvaryu and Udgātṛ; the Brahman was the most learned of them and was required to know the 3 Vedas, to supervise the sacrifice and to set right mistakes; at a later period his functions were based especially on the Atharva-veda ), RV. etc.

Brahmā or the one impersonal universal Spirit manifested as a personal Creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods ( = prajā-pati, q.v.; he never appears to have become an object of general worship, though he has two temples in India, see, RTL. 555 etc.; his wife is Sarasvatī, ib. 48 ), TBr. etc.

= brahmaṇa āyuḥ, a lifetime of Brahmā, Pañcar.

an inhabitant of Brahmā's heaven, Jātakam

the sun, L.

N. of Śiva, Prab., Sch.

the Veda ( ? ), PārGṛ.

the intellect ( = buddhi ), Tattvas

N. of a star, ? Aurigae, Sūryas

a partic. astron. Yoga, L.

N. of the 9th Muhūrta, L.

( with Jainas ) a partic. Kalpa, Dharmaś.

N. of the servant of the 10th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇi, L.

of a magician, Rājat.