Difference between revisions of "brahman"

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n. ( lit. ' growth ', ' expansion ', ' evolution ', ' development ' ' swelling of the spirit or soul ', fr. √ 2. [[bRh |bṛh]] ) pious effusion or utterance, outpouring of the heart in worshipping the gods, prayer cf. RV. cf. AV. cf. VS. cf. TS.   
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n. ( lit. ' growth ', ' expansion ', ' evolution ', ' development ', ' swelling of the spirit or soul ', fr. √ 2. [[bRh |''bṛh'']] ) pious effusion or utterance, outpouring of the heart in worshipping the gods, prayer, RV.; AV.; VS.; TS.   
  
the sacred word ( as opp. to [[vAc |vāc]], the word of man ), the Veda, a sacred text, a text or Mantra used as a spell ( forming a distinct class from the ''ṛcas'', ''sāmāni'' and ''yajūṃṣi'' ; [[brahma |brahma-veda]] ). cf. RV. cf. AV. cf. Br. cf. Mn. cf. Pur.   
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the sacred word ( as opp. to [[vAc |''vāc'']], the word of man ), the Veda, a sacred text, a text or Mantra used as a spell ( forming a distinct class from the ''ṛcas'', ''sāmāni'' and ''yajūṃṣi'' ; cf. [[brahma |''brahma-veda'']] ). RV.; AV.; Br.; Mn.; Pur.   
  
the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda cf. Mn. iv, 100   
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the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda, Mn. iv, 100   
  
the sacred syllable Om cf. Prab., Sch., ( cf. Mn. ii, 83 )   
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the sacred syllable Om, Prab., Sch., ( cf. Mn. ii, 83 )   
  
religious or spiritual knowledge ( opp. to religious observances and bodily mortification such as [[tapas |tapas]] etc. ) cf. AV. cf. Br. cf. Mn. cf. R.   
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religious or spiritual knowledge ( opp. to religious observances and bodily mortification such as [[tapas |''tapas'']] etc. ); AV.; Br.; Mn.; R.   
  
holy life ( esp. continence, chastity ;  [[brahma |brahma-carya]] ). cf. Śak. i, 24/25 cf. Śaṃk. cf. Sarvad   
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holy life ( esp. continence, chastity ;  [[brahma |''brahma-carya'']] )., Śak. i, 24/25; Śaṃk.; Sarvad   
  
( exceptionally treated as m. ) the Brahm˘a or one selfexistent impersonal Spirit, the one universal Soul ( or one divine essence and source from which all created things emanate or with which they are identified and to which they return ), the Self-existent, the Absolute, the Eternal ( not generally an object of worship but rather of meditation and-knowledge   
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( exceptionally treated as m. ) the Brahmă or one self-existent impersonal Spirit, the one universal Soul ( or one divine essence and source from which all created things emanate or with which they are identified and to which they return ), the Self-existent, the Absolute, the Eternal ( not generally an object of worship but rather of meditation and-knowledge; also with [[jyeSTha |''jyéṣṭha'']], [[prathama |''prathama-já'']], ''svayám-bhu'', [[amUrta |''a-mūrta'']], [[para |''para'']], [[para |''paratara'']], [[parama |''parama'']], [[mahat |''mahat'']], [[sanAtana |''sanātana'']], [[zAzvata |''śāśvata'']]; and = [[parama |''paramâ`tman'']], [[Atman |''ātman'']], [[adhyAtma |''adhyātma'']], [[pradhAna |''pradhāna'']], [[kSetra |''kṣetra-jña'']], [[tat |''tattva'']] ); AV.; ŚBr.; Mn.; MBh.; ( IW. 9, 83 etc. )  
  
also with [[jyeSTha |jyéṣṭha]], [[prathama |prathama-já]], ''svayóm-bhu'', [[amUrta |a-mūrta]], [[para |para]], [[para |paratara]], [[parama |parama]], [[mahat |mahat]], [[sanAtana |sanātana]], [[zAzvata |śāśvata]]  
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n. the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of sacred knowledge, the Brāhmanical caste as a body ( rarely an individual Brāhman ); AV.; TS.; VS.; ŚBr.; Mn.; BhP.  
  
and = [[parama |paramâtman]], [[Atman |ātman]], [[adhyAtma |adhyātma]], [[pradhAna |pradhāna]], [[kSetra |kṣetra-jña]], [[tat |tattva]] ) cf. AV. cf. ŚBr. cf. Mn. cf. MBh. etc. ( cf. IW. 9, 83 &c, )  
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food, Naigh. ii, 7  
  
n. the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of sacred knowledge, the Brāhmanical caste as a body ( rarely an individual Brāhman ) cf. AV. cf. TS. cf. VS. cf. ŚBr. cf. Mn. cf. BhP.   
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wealth; ib. 10  
  
food cf. Naigh. ii, 7  
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final emancipation, L.   
  
wealth cf. ib. 10  
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m. ( [[brahman |''brahmán'']] ), one who Prays, a devout or religious man, a Brāhman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells, one versed in sacred knowledge, RV. etc. [ cf. Lat., ''flāmen'' ]  
  
final emancipation cf. L.   
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N. of Bṛhas-pati ( as the priest of the gods ), RV. x, 141, 3  
  
m. ( [[brahman |brahmán]] ), one who Prays, a devote or religious man, a Brāhman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells, one versed in sacred knowledge cf. RV. etc. [ cf. Lat., ''flāmen'' ]  
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one of the 4 principal priests or Ṛtvijas ( the other three being the Hotṛ, Adhvaryu and Udgātṛ; the Brahman was the most learned of them and was required to know the 3 Vedas, to supervise the sacrifice and to set right mistakes; at a later period his functions were based especially on the Atharva-veda ), RV. etc.   
  
N. of Bṛhas-pati ( as the priest of the gods ) cf. RV. x, 141,
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Brahmā or the one impersonal universal Spirit manifested as a personal Creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods ( = [[prajA |''prajā-pati'']], q.v.; he never appears to have become an object of general worship, though he has two temples in India, See, RTL. 555 etc.; his wife is Sarasvatī, ib. 48 ), TBr. etc.
  
one of the 4 principal priests or Ṛtvijas ( the other three being the Hotṛ, Adhvaryu and Udgātṛ  
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= ''brahmaṇa āyuḥ'', a lifetime of Brahmā, Pañcar.  
  
the Brahman was the most learned of them and was required to know the 3 Vedas, to supervise the, sacrifice and to set right mistakes  
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an inhabitant of Brahmā's heaven, Jātakam  
  
at a later period his functions were based especially on the Atharva-veda ) cf. RV. etc.   
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the sun, L.   
  
Brahmā or the one impersonal universal Spirit manifested as a personal Creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods ( = [[prajA |prajā-pati]], q.v.   
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N. of Śiva, Prab., Sch.   
  
he never appears to have become an object of general worship, though he has two temples in India, See cf. RTL. 555 etc.   
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the Veda ( ? ), PārGṛ.   
  
his wife is Sarasvatī cf. ib. 48 ) cf. TBr. etc. &c,   
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the intellect ( = [[buddhi |''buddhi'']] ), Tattvas  
  
= ''brahmaṇa āyuḥ'', a lifetime of Brahmā cf. Pañcar.   
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N. of a star, ? Aurigae, Sūryas  
  
an inhabitant of Brahmā's heaven cf. Jātakam  
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a partic. astron. Yoga, L.   
  
the sun cf. L.   
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N. of the 9th Muhūrta, L.   
  
N. of Śiva cf. Prab. cf. Sch.   
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( with Jainas ) a partic. Kalpa, Dharmaś.   
  
the Veda ( ? ) cf. PārGṛ.   
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N. of the servant of the 10th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇi, L.   
  
the intellect ( = [[buddhi |buddhi]] ) cf. Tattvas 
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of a magician, Rājat.   
 
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N. of a star, ? Aurigae, Sūryat 
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a partic. astron. Yoga cf. L. 
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N. of the 9th Muhūrta cf. L. 
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( with Jainas ) a partic. Kalpa cf. Dharmaś 
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N. of the servant of the 10th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇi cf. L. 
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of a magician cf. Rājat  
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Revision as of 12:11, 21 August 2012

brahman
Dhātupāṭha:

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Pratyaya:
manin uṇ मनिन् बृंहोर्च्च 4.146


ब्रह्मन्

ब्रह्मन्
 bráhman [ brahman ]


n. ( lit. ' growth ', ' expansion ', ' evolution ', ' development ', ' swelling of the spirit or soul ', fr. √ 2. bṛh ) pious effusion or utterance, outpouring of the heart in worshipping the gods, prayer, RV.; AV.; VS.; TS.

the sacred word ( as opp. to vāc, the word of man ), the Veda, a sacred text, a text or Mantra used as a spell ( forming a distinct class from the ṛcas, sāmāni and yajūṃṣi ; cf. brahma-veda ). RV.; AV.; Br.; Mn.; Pur.

the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda, Mn. iv, 100

the sacred syllable Om, Prab., Sch., ( cf. Mn. ii, 83 )

religious or spiritual knowledge ( opp. to religious observances and bodily mortification such as tapas etc. ); AV.; Br.; Mn.; R.

holy life ( esp. continence, chastity ; brahma-carya )., Śak. i, 24/25; Śaṃk.; Sarvad

( exceptionally treated as m. ) the Brahmă or one self-existent impersonal Spirit, the one universal Soul ( or one divine essence and source from which all created things emanate or with which they are identified and to which they return ), the Self-existent, the Absolute, the Eternal ( not generally an object of worship but rather of meditation and-knowledge; also with jyéṣṭha, prathama-já, svayám-bhu, a-mūrta, para, paratara, parama, mahat, sanātana, śāśvata; and = paramâ`tman, ātman, adhyātma, pradhāna, kṣetra-jña, tattva ); AV.; ŚBr.; Mn.; MBh.; ( IW. 9, 83 etc. )

n. the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of sacred knowledge, the Brāhmanical caste as a body ( rarely an individual Brāhman ); AV.; TS.; VS.; ŚBr.; Mn.; BhP.

food, Naigh. ii, 7

wealth; ib. 10

final emancipation, L.

m. ( brahmán ), one who Prays, a devout or religious man, a Brāhman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells, one versed in sacred knowledge, RV. etc. [ cf. Lat., flāmen ]

N. of Bṛhas-pati ( as the priest of the gods ), RV. x, 141, 3

one of the 4 principal priests or Ṛtvijas ( the other three being the Hotṛ, Adhvaryu and Udgātṛ; the Brahman was the most learned of them and was required to know the 3 Vedas, to supervise the sacrifice and to set right mistakes; at a later period his functions were based especially on the Atharva-veda ), RV. etc.

Brahmā or the one impersonal universal Spirit manifested as a personal Creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods ( = prajā-pati, q.v.; he never appears to have become an object of general worship, though he has two temples in India, See, RTL. 555 etc.; his wife is Sarasvatī, ib. 48 ), TBr. etc.

= brahmaṇa āyuḥ, a lifetime of Brahmā, Pañcar.

an inhabitant of Brahmā's heaven, Jātakam

the sun, L.

N. of Śiva, Prab., Sch.

the Veda ( ? ), PārGṛ.

the intellect ( = buddhi ), Tattvas

N. of a star, ? Aurigae, Sūryas

a partic. astron. Yoga, L.

N. of the 9th Muhūrta, L.

( with Jainas ) a partic. Kalpa, Dharmaś.

N. of the servant of the 10th Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇi, L.

of a magician, Rājat.