dhR

From Sanskrita
Jump to: navigation, search
dhR
Dhātu:
Dhātupāṭha:

Related Sanskrit Words:

Derived Words in Other Languages:

English:
Español:
Pratyaya:


धृ

धृ
 dhṛ [ dhR ]


cl. 1. P. Ā. dharati, °te ( Dhātup. xxii, 3; Ā. Pot. dhareran, ĀpŚr. )

but more commonly in the same sense the Caus. form dhārayati, °te ( perf. P. d˘ādhā'ra , °dhártha [ Impv. dadhartu, AV. Paipp. ] ; Ā. dadhré, 3. pl. °dhriré, RV. etc.; aor.

adhāram, R.; adhṛta,dhṛthās, AV.; ádīdharat, RV. etc. [ dīdhar, didhṛtam, °ta RV.; 3. pl. °rata, ŚBr. ];  adārṣīt, Gr.;  fut. dhariṣyati, MBh.;  °ṣyé, AV.;   dhartā, BhP.;  inf. dhartum, Kāv., °tavai, Br. [dhartári, under °ṭri];  ind. p. dhṛtvā,, -dhṛtya, Br. )

to hold, bear ( also = bring forth ), carry, maintain, preserve, keep, possess, have, use, employ, practise, undergo, RV. etc.

( with or scil.ātmānam, jīvitam, prāṇān, deham, śarīram etc. ) to preserve soul or body, continue living, survive, MBh.

Kāv. etc. ( esp. fut. dhariṣyati ; cf. Pass. below ).

to hold back, keep down, stop, restrain, suppress, resist, Br.;

MBh.;

Kāv. etc.

to place or fix in, bestow or confer on ( loc. ),

RV., AV., Br. etc.

destine for ( dat.; Ā. also to be destined for or belong to ), RV.

present to ( gen. ), Kāraṇḍ

to direct or turn ( attention, mind, etc. ) towards, fix or resolve upon ( loc. or dat. ),

Up.; Yājñ.; MBh.

Ā. to be ready or prepared for, ŚBr.

P. Ā. to owe anything ( acc. ) to ( dat. or gen. ), MBh. ( cf. Pāṇ. i, 4, 35 )

to prolong ( in pronunciation )

AitBr.; RPrāt.

to quote, cite, L.

( with garbham ) to conceive, be pregnant ( older °bham-√ bhṛ )

MBh.; Kāv. etc.

( with daṇḍam ) to inflict punishment on ( loc. ) MBh.; R.; BhP. ( also damam )

( with keśān, or śmaśru ) to let the hair or beard grow, MBh.

( with raśmīn [ ib. ] or praharān [ Śak. ] ) to draw the reins tight

( with dharamam ) to fulfil a duty, R.

( with vratám ) to observe or keep a vow, RV. etc.

( with dhāraṇām ) to practise self-control, Yājñ.

( wit. ipas ) to perform penance, BhP.

( with mūrdhnā or °dhni, śirasā or °si ) to bear on the head, honour highly, Kāv.

( with or scil. tulayā ) to hold in a balance, weigh, measure, MBh.; Kāv. etc.

( with or scil. manasā ) to bear in mind, recollect, remember, ib.

( with samaye ) to hold to an agreement, cause to make a compact, Pañc. i, 125/126 ( B. dṛṣṭvā for dhṛtvā ):

Pass. dhriyáte ( ep. also °yati pf. dadhré etc. = Ā. aor. adhāri ) to be borne etc.

to be firm, keep steady, RV. etc.

continue living, exist, remain, Br.; MBh.; Kāv. etc. ( also dhāryate, R. )

to begin, resolve upon, undertake ( dat. acc. or inf. )

AV. ŚBr., ChUp. : Caus. dhāráyati, °te, See above : Desid. didhīrṣati ( See °ṣā ), didhariṣate, Pāṇ. vii, 2, 75

didhārayiṣati, to wish to keep up or preserve ( ātmānam ), Gobh. iii, 5, 30 : Intens. dárdharti ( RV. ) and dādharti, ( 3. pl. °dhrati TS. cf. Pāṇ. vii, 4, 65 ).

to hold fast, bear firmly, fasten.

[ Cf. Zd. dar ; Gk.θρό-νος, θρᾶ-νος, θρή-σασθαι; Lat. fre1-tus, fre1-num. ]