Difference between revisions of "eva"

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1 ( in the Saṃhitā also ''evā''' ), ind. ( √ ''i'' cf. Uṇ. i , 152 ; fr. pronom. base ''e'' cf. BRD., probably connected with 2. [[eva |éva]] ), so, just so, exactly so ( in the sense of the later [[evam |evam]] ) cf. RV. cf. AV.   
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1. ( in the Saṃhitā also ''evā''' ), ind. ( √ ''i'', Uṇ. i, 152 ; fr. pronom. base ''e'', BRD., probably connected with 2. [[eva |''éva'']] ), so, just so, exactly so ( in the sense of the later [[evam |''evam'']] ), RV. AV.   
  
indeed, truly, really ( often at the beginning of a verse in conjunction with other particles, as [ id. ], [[hi |hi]] ) cf. RV.   
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indeed, truly, really ( often at the beginning of a verse in conjunction with other particles, as [ id |''id'' ], [[hi |''hi'']] ), RV.   
  
( in its most frequent use of strengthening the idea expressed by any word, [[eva |eva]] must be variously rendered by such adverbs as ) just, exactly, very, same, only, even, alone, merely, immediately on, still, already, etc. ( e.g. ''tvam eva yantā nânyo 'sti pṛthivyām'', thou alone art a charioteer, no other is on earth , i.e. thou art the best charioteer cf. MBh. iii, 2825   
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( in its most frequent use of strengthening the idea expressed by any word, [[eva |''eva'']] must be variously rendered by such adverbs as ) just, exactly, very, same, only, even, alone, merely, immediately on, still, already, etc. ( e.g. ''tvam eva yantā nânyo ' sti pṛthivyām'', thou alone art a charioteer, no other is on earth , i.e. thou art the best charioteer, MBh. iii, 2825   
  
''tāvatīm eva rātrim'', just so long as a night   
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''tāvatīm eva rātrim'', just so long as a night; [[evam |''evam'']] [[eva |''eva'']] or ''tath´a^ˆi`va'', exactly so, in this manner only; in the same manner as above; ''tena^ˆi`va mantreṇa'', with the same Mantra as above; ''apaḥ spṛṣṭv´a^ˆi`va'', by merely touching water; ''tān eva'', these very persons; ''na cirād eva'', in no long time at all; ''japyena^ˆi`va'', by sole repetition; ''abhuktv´a^ˆi`va'', even without having eaten; ''iti vadann eva'', at the very moment of saying so; ''sa jīvann eva'', he while still living, etc. ), RV. etc. MBh. etc.  
  
[[evam |evam]] [[eva |eva]] or ''tathaˆiva'', exactly so, in this manner only  
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( sometimes, esp. in connection with other adverbs, [[eva |''eva'']] is a mere expletive without any exact meaning and not translatable, e.g. ''tv eva'', ''caˆ^i`va'', ''eva ca'', etc.  
  
in the same manner as above 
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according to native authorities [[eva |''eva'']] implies emphasis, affirmation, detraction, diminution, command, restrainment )
  
''tenaˆiva mantreṇa'', with the same Mantra as above 
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[ cf. Zd. ''aeva'' ; Goth. ''aiv'' ; Old Germ. ''eo'', ''io'' ; Mod. Germ. ''je''. ]   
 
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''apaḥ spṛṣṭvaˆiva'', by merely touching water 
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''tān eva'', these very persons 
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''na cirād eva'', in no long time at all 
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''japyenaˆiva'', by sole repetition 
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''abhuktvaˆiva'', even without having eaten 
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''iti vadann eva'', at the very moment of saying so 
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''sa jīvann eva'', he while still living, etc. ) cf. RV. etc. cf. MBh. etc. 
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( sometimes, esp. in connection with other adverbs, [[eva |eva]] is a mere expletive without any exact meaning and not translatable, e.g. ''tv eva'', ''caˆiva'', ''eva ca'', etc. 
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according to native authorities [[eva |eva]] implies emphasis, affirmation, detraction, diminution, command, restrainment ) ; [ cf. Zd. ''aeva'' ; Goth. ''aiv'' ; Old Germ. ''eo'', ''io'' ; Mod. Germ. ''je''. ]   
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2 mfn. ( √ ''i'' ), going, moving, speedy, quick cf. TBr. iii cf. Uṇ   
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2. mfn. ( √ ''i'' ), going, moving, speedy, quick. TBr. iii, Uṇ.  
  
m. course, way ( generally instr. pl. ) cf. RV.   
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( ''as'' ), m. course, way ( generally instr. pl. ), RV.   
  
the earth, world cf. VS. xv, 4 ; 5 [ cf. Mahīdh. ]   
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the earth, world, VS. xv, 4 ; 5 [ Mahīdh. ]   
  
a horse cf. RV. i, 158, 3 [ cf. Sāy. ]   
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a horse, RV. i, 158, 3 [ Sāy. ]   
  
( ''ās'' ), m. pl. way or manner of acting or proceeding, conduct, habit, usage, custom cf. RV.   
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( ''ās'' ), m. pl. way or manner of acting or proceeding, conduct, habit, usage, custom, RV.   
  
[ cf. Gk. ''αἰές, αἰών'' ; Lat. ''aevu-m'' ; Goth. ''aivs'' ; OḤ. G ''êwa'' and Angl. Sax. ''êu'', ''êo'', ' custom ', ' law ' ; Germ. ''ehe''. ]   
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[ cf. Gk. ''αἰές, αἰών'' ; Lat. ''aevu-m'' ; Goth. ''aivs'' ; O. Ḥ. G. ''êwa'' and Angl. Sax. ''êu'', ''êo'', ' custom ', ' law ' ; Germ. ''Ehe''. ]   
  
 
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mfn. going quickly ( said of Viṣṇu ) cf. RV. i, 156, 1   
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mfn. going quickly ( said of Viṣṇu ), RV. i, 156, 1   
  
( of the Maṛuts ) cf. RV. v, 41, 16   
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( of the Maṛuts ), RV. v, 41, 16   
  
[[marut |-marut]] m. ' accompanied or protected by the quick Maruts ', N. of a Ṛṣi cf. RV. v, 87, 1 ff   
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[[marut |''-marut'']], m. ' accompanied or protected by the quick Maruts ', N. of a Ṛṣi, RV. v, 87, 1 ff.  
  
N. of a hymn ( cf. RV. v, 87 ) cf. AitBr. vi, 30, 1 ff. cf. ŚāṅkhŚr. etc.   
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N. of a hymn ( RV. v, 87 ), AitBr. vi, 30, 1 ff. ŚāṅkhŚr. etc.   
  
 
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mf ( ''arī'' ) n. going quickly ( said of Viṣṇu and the Maruts ) cf. RV.   
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mf ( ''arī'' ) n. going quickly ( said of Viṣṇu and the Maruts ), RV.   
  
 
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Revision as of 23:58, 17 August 2013

eva
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एव

एव
 evá [ eva ]


1. ( in the Saṃhitā also evā' ), ind. ( √ i, Uṇ. i, 152 ; fr. pronom. base e, BRD., probably connected with 2. éva ), so, just so, exactly so ( in the sense of the later evam ), RV. AV.

indeed, truly, really ( often at the beginning of a verse in conjunction with other particles, as [ id |id ], hi ), RV.

( in its most frequent use of strengthening the idea expressed by any word, eva must be variously rendered by such adverbs as ) just, exactly, very, same, only, even, alone, merely, immediately on, still, already, etc. ( e.g. tvam eva yantā nânyo ' sti pṛthivyām, thou alone art a charioteer, no other is on earth , i.e. thou art the best charioteer, MBh. iii, 2825

tāvatīm eva rātrim, just so long as a night; evam eva or tath´a^ˆi`va, exactly so, in this manner only; in the same manner as above; tena^ˆi`va mantreṇa, with the same Mantra as above; apaḥ spṛṣṭv´a^ˆi`va, by merely touching water; tān eva, these very persons; na cirād eva, in no long time at all; japyena^ˆi`va, by sole repetition; abhuktv´a^ˆi`va, even without having eaten; iti vadann eva, at the very moment of saying so; sa jīvann eva, he while still living, etc. ), RV. etc. MBh. etc.

( sometimes, esp. in connection with other adverbs, eva is a mere expletive without any exact meaning and not translatable, e.g. tv eva, caˆ^i`va, eva ca, etc.

according to native authorities eva implies emphasis, affirmation, detraction, diminution, command, restrainment )

[ cf. Zd. aeva ; Goth. aiv ; Old Germ. eo, io ; Mod. Germ. je. ]




एव
 éva [ eva ]

2. mfn. ( √ i ), going, moving, speedy, quick. TBr. iii, Uṇ.

( as ), m. course, way ( generally instr. pl. ), RV.

the earth, world, VS. xv, 4 ; 5 [ Mahīdh. ]

a horse, RV. i, 158, 3 [ Sāy. ]

( ās ), m. pl. way or manner of acting or proceeding, conduct, habit, usage, custom, RV.

[ cf. Gk. αἰές, αἰών ; Lat. aevu-m ; Goth. aivs ; O. Ḥ. G. êwa and Angl. Sax. êu, êo, ' custom ', ' law ' ; Germ. Ehe. ]



éva-yā' [ evayA ]

mfn. going quickly ( said of Viṣṇu ), RV. i, 156, 1

( of the Maṛuts ), RV. v, 41, 16

-marut, m. ' accompanied or protected by the quick Maruts ', N. of a Ṛṣi, RV. v, 87, 1 ff.

N. of a hymn ( RV. v, 87 ), AitBr. vi, 30, 1 ff. ŚāṅkhŚr. etc.



éva-yā'van [ evayAvan ]

mf ( arī ) n. going quickly ( said of Viṣṇu and the Maruts ), RV.