gam

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gam
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गम्

गम्
 gam [ gam ]


1. Ved. cl. 1. P. gámati ( Naigh., Subj. gamam, gámat [ gamātas, gamātha, AV. ], gamāma, gaman, RV., Pot. gaméma, RV., inf. gámadhyai, RV. i, 154, 6 ) ; cl. 2. P. gánti ( Naigh., Impv. 3. sg. gantu, [ 2. sg. gadhi, see ā-, or gahi, see adhi-, abhy-ā-, ā-, upâ`- ], 2. pl. gántā or gantana, RV., impf. 2. and 3. sg. ágan [ RV. AV. ], 1. pl. áganma [ RV. AV. ; cf. Pāṇ. Viii, 2, 65 ], 3. pl. ágman, RV., Subj. [ or aor. Subj., cf. Pāṇ. Ii, 4, 80, Kāś. ] 1. pl. ganma, 3. pl. gmán, RV., Pot. 2. sg. gamyās, RV. i, 187, 7, Prec. 3. sg. gamyā's, RV., pr. p. gmát, [ RV. ] x, 22, 6) ; cl. 3. P. jaganti ( Naigh. ii, 14, Pot. jagamyām, °yāt, RV., impf. 2. and 3. sg. ajagan, 2. pl. ajaganta or °tana, RV. ) ; Ved. and Class. cl. 1. P. ( also Ā., MBh. etc. ), with substitution of gacch [ = βάσκ-ω ] for gam, gácchati ( cf. Pāṇ. Vii, 3, 77 ; Subj. gácchāti, RV. x, 16, 2, 2. sg. gacchās [ RV. vi, 35, 3 ] or gacchāsi [ AV. v, 5, 6 ], 2. pl. gacchāta , RV. viii, 7, 30, 3. pl. gácchān, RV. viii, 79, 5, impf. ágacchat, Pot. gacchet, pr. p. gácchat, RV. etc., aor. agamat, Pāṇ. iii, 1, 55 ; vi, 4, 98, Kāś., for Ā. with prepositions, cf. Pāṇ. i, 2, 13, 2nd fut. gamiṣyati, AV. etc., 1st fut. gántā [ Pāṇ. vii, 2, 58 ], RV. etc., perf. 1. sg. jagamā [ RV. ], 3. sg. jagāma, 2. du. jagmathur, 3. pl. jagmúr, RV. etc., p. jaganvás [ RV. etc. ] or jagmivas, Pāṇ. vii, 2, 68, f. jagmúṣī, RV. etc., Ved. inf. gántave, gántavaí, Class. inf. gantum, Ved. ind. p. gatvāya, gatvī' , Class. ind. p. gatvā' [ AV. etc. ], with prepositions -gamya or -gatya, Pāṇ. vi, 4, 38 ) to go, move, go away, set out, come, RV. etc.

to go to or towards, approach ( with acc. or loc. or dat. [ MBh. Ragh. ii, 15 ; xii, 7 ; Pāṇ. ii, 3, 12 ] or prati [ MBh. R. ] ), RV. etc.

to go or pass ( as time, e. g. kāle gacchati, time going on, in the course of time ), R. Ragh. Megh. Naish. Hit.

to fall to the share of ( acc. ), Mn. etc.

to go against with hostile intentions, attack, L.

to decease, die, Cāṇ.

to approach carnally, have sexual intercourse with ( acc. ), ĀśvGṛ. iii, 6, Mn. etc.

to go to any state or condition, undergo, partake of, participate in, receive, obtain ( e. g. mitratāṃ gacchati, ' he goes to friendship ', i. e. he becomes friendly ), RV. AV. etc.

jānubhyām avanīṃ-√ gam, ' to go to the earth with the knees ', kneel down, MBh. Xiii, 935, Pañcat. v, 1, 10-11

dharaṇīṃ mūrdhnā-√ gam, ' to go to the earth with the head ' , make a bow, R. iii, 11, 6

mánasā-√ gam, to go with the mind, observe, perceive, RV. iii, 38, 6, VS. Nal. R. ; ( without mánasā ) to observe, understand, guess, MBh. Iii, 2108 ; ( especially Pass. gamyate, ' to be understood or meant ' ) Pāṇ. Kāś. and L., Sch.

doṣeṇa or doṣato-√ gam, to approach with an accusation, ascribe guilt to a person ( acc. ), MBh. i, 4322 and 7455, R. iv, 21, 3 ; Caus. gamayati ( Pāṇ. ii, 4, 46, Impv. 2. sg. Ved. gamayā or gāmaya [ RV. v, 5, 10 ], 3. sg. gamayatāt, AitBr. Ii, 6, perf. gamayā'ṃ cakāra, AV. etc. ) to cause to go ( Pāṇ. viii, 1, 60, Kāś. ) or come, lead or conduct towards, send to ( dat., AV. ), bring to a place ( acc. [ Pāṇ. i, 4, 52 ] or loc. ), RV. etc.

to cause to go to any condition, cause to become, TS. ŚBr. etc.

to impart, grant, MBh. xiv, 179

to send away, Pāṇ. i, 4, 52, Kāś.

' to let go ', not care about, Bālar. v, 10

to excel, Prasannar. i, 14

to spend time, Śak. Megh. Ragh. etc.

to cause to understand, make clear or intelligible, explain, MBh. iii, 11290, VarBṛS. L. Sch.

to convey an idea or meaning, denote, Pāṇ. iii, 2, 10, Kāś.

( causal of the causal ) to cause a person ( acc. ) to go by means of another, Pāṇ. i, 4, 52, Kāś.

Desid. jígamiṣati ( Pāṇ., or jigāṃsate, Pāṇ. Vi, 4, 16, Siddh., impf. ajigāṃsat, ŚBr. x ) to wish to go, be going, Lāṭy. MBh. xvi, 63

to strive to obtain, ŚBr. x, ChUp.

to wish to bring ( to light, prakā'śam ), TS. I

Intens. jáṅganti ( Naigh. ), jaṅgamīti or jaṅgamyate ( Pāṇ. vii, 4, 85, Kāś. ), to visit, RV. x, 41, 1 ( p. gánigmat ), VS. xxiii, 7 ( impf. aganīgan )

[ cf. βαίνω; Goth. qvam ; Eng. come ; Lat. venio for gvemio. ]




गम्
 gam [ gam ]

2. gen. abl. gmás, see 2. kṣám.