id

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id
Dhātu:
Dhātupāṭha:

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इद्

इद्
 íd [ id ]


ind. Ved. ( probably the neut. form of the pronom. base i , see 3. i ; a particle of affirmation ) even, just, only

indeed, assuredly ( especially, in strengthening an antithesis , e.g. yáthā váśanti devā's táhê'd asat, as the gods wish it , thus indeed it will be RV. viii, 28, 4 ; dípsanta íd ripávo nâ'ha debhuḥ, the enemies wishing indeed to hurt were in nowise able to hurt RV. i, 147, 3).

Id is often added to words expressing excess or exclusion ( e.g. viśva it, every one indeed ; śaśvad it, constantly indeed ; eka it, one only). At the beginning of sentences it often adds emphasis to pronouns, prepositions, particles ( e.g. tvam it, thou indeed ; yadi it, if indeed, etc. )

Id occurs often in the Ṛg-veda and Atharva-veda, seldom in the Brāhmaṇas, and its place is taken in classical Sanskṛt by eva and other particles