kAraNa

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kAraNa
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कारण

kāraṇa [ kAraNa ]


1 n. cause, reason, the cause of anything ( gen., also often loc. ) KātyŚr. MBh. Mn. etc.

instrument, means

motive origin, principle

a cause ( in phil., i.e. that which is invariably antecedent to some product, cf. samavâyi-k°, asamavâyi-k°, nimitta-k° )

an element, elementary matter Yājñ. iii, 148 Bhag. xviii, 13

the origin or plot of a play or poem Sāh

that on which an opinion or judgement is founded ( a sign, mark

a proof

a legal instrument, document ) Mn. MBh. etc.

an organ of sense Ragh. xvi, 22 etc.

an action MBh. xii, 12070

agency, instrumentality, condition Kathās. cxii, 178

' the cause of being ', a father W.

' cause of creation ', a deity W.

the body L.

a kind of musical instrument L.

a sort of song L.

a number of scribes or Kāyasthas W.

( ā ), f. pain, agony Daś

an astronomical period W. [ kāraṇāt, from some cause or reason, Rprāt. iii, 13 Mn. viii, 355

kasmāt kāraṇāt, from what cause ? mama-kāraṇāt, for my sake R. etc.

a-kāraṇena, without a reason Yājñ. ii, 234

yena kāraṇena, because

yasmin kāraṇe, from which motive, wherefore. ]




kāraṇa-karaṇa [ kAraNakaraNa ]

n. a primary cause, elementary cause, atom W.



kāraṇa-kāritam [ kAraNakAritam ]

ind. in consequence of R. ii, 58, 24



kāraṇa-gata [ kAraNagata ]

mfn. referred to a cause, resolved into first principles W.



kāraṇa-guṇa [ kAraNaguNa ]

m. ' a quality of cause ', an elementary or causal property Sāṃkhyak. 14

°ṇôdbhava-guṇa m. a secondary or derivative property ( as form, taste, smell, etc. produced by combinations of elementary or causal particles ) Bhāshāp. 95



kāraṇa-tas [ kAraNatas ]

ind. fr. a certain reason ( cf. kārya-k° ) Ragh. x , 19



kāraṇa-tā [ kAraNatA ]

f. causality, causation Kum. ii, 6

-vāda m. N. of wk.



kāraṇa-tva [ kAraNatva ]

n. = -tā MBh. xiii, 38 BhP. etc.



kāraṇa-dhvaṃsa [ kAraNadhvaMsa ]

m. removal of a cause



kāraṇa-dhvaṃsaka [ kAraNadhvaMsaka ]

mf ( ikā ) n. removing a cause



kāraṇa-dhvaṃsin [ kAraNadhvaMsin ]

mfn. id.



kāraṇa-bhūta [ kAraNabhUta ]

mfn. become a cause



kāraṇa-mālā [ kAraNamAlA ]

f. ' a series or chain of causes ', a particular figure in rhet. Sāh



kāraṇa-vat [ kAraNavat ]

mfn. having a cause Nyāyad



kāraṇa-vādin [ kAraNavAdin ]

m. ' cause-declarer ', a complainant, plaintiff W.



kāraṇa-vāri [ kAraNavAri ]

n. primeval water, the water produced and created ( from which as from an original reservoir the Hindūs suppose all the water in the universe to be supplied ) W.



kāraṇa-vihīna [ kAraNavihIna ]

mfn. destitute of a cause or reason, unreasonable



kāraṇa-śarīra [ kAraNazarIra ]

n. ' causal body ', the original embryo or source of the body existing with the Universal impersonal Spirit and equivalent to A-vidyā ( equivalent also to Māyā, and when investing the impersonal Spirit causing it to become the Personal God or Īśvara RTL., p. 35 and 36 ), Vedântas.



kāraṇâkṣepa [ kAraNAkSepa ]

m. ( in rhet. ) an objection raised to the cause of a phenomenon Kāvyâd



kāraṇâkhyā [ kAraNAkhyA ]

f. ( with the Pāśupatas ) a N. of the organs of perception and action, of Buddhi, Ahaṃkāra, and Manas



kāraṇânvita [ kAraNAnvita ]

mfn. possessed of a cause or reason, following as an effect fr. its cause



kāraṇâbhāva [ kAraNAbhAva ]

m. absence of cause



kāraṇôttara [ kAraNottara ]

n. answer to a charge, denial of the cause ( of complaint

e.g. acknowledgement that a debt was incurred, but assertion that it has been repaid, etc. )



kāraṇa [ kAraNa ]

2 n. killing, injury L.