kR

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kR
Dhātu:
कृ kṛ
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कृ

कृ
 kṛ [ kR ]


1 Ved. I. cl. 2. P. 2. sg. kárṣi du. kṛthás pl. kṛthá

Ā. 2. sg. kṛṣé

impf. 2. and 3. sg. ákar, 3. sg. rarely ákat ( ŚBr. iii, xi )

3. du. ákartām

pl. ákarma, ákarta ( also BhP. ix ), ákran ( aor., according to Pāṇ. 4-2, 80 Kāś. )

Ā. ákri ( RV. x, 159, 4 and 174, 4 ), ákṛthās ( RV. v, 30, 8 ), ákṛta ( RV. )

akrātām ( ŚāṅkhŚr. ), ákrata ( RV. AV. ) : Impv. kṛdhí ( also MBh. i, 5141 and BhP. viii ), kṛtám, kṛtá

Ā. kṛṣvá, kṛdhvám

Subj. 2. and 3. sg. kar pl. kárma, kárta and kartana, kran

Ā. 3. sg. kṛta ( RV. ix, 69, 5 ), 3. pl. kránta ( RV. i, 141, 3) : Pot. kriyāma ( RV. x, 32, 9 )

pr. p. P. ( nom. pl. ) krántas Ā. krāṇá. II. cl. 1. P. kárasi, kárati, kárathas, káratas, káranti

Ā. kárase, kárate, kárāmahe : impf. ákaram , ákaras, ákarat ( aor., according to Pāṇ. 3-1, 59) : Impv. kára, káratam, káratām : Subj. káram, kárāṇi, káras, kárat, kárāma, káran

Ā. karāmahai

pr. p. ( f. ) kárantī ( Naigh. ) III. cl. 5. P. kṛṇómi , °ṇóṣi, °ṇóti, kṛṇuthás, kṛṇmás and kṛṇmasi, kṛṇuthá, kṛṇvánti

Ā. kṛṇvé, kṛṇuṣé, kṛṇuté, 3. du. kṛṇvaíte ( RV. vi, 25, 4 )

pl. kṛṇmáhe, kṛṇváte : impf. ákṛṇos, ákṛṇot , ákṛṇutam, ákṛṇuta and °ṇotana ( RV. i, 110, 8 ), ákṛṇvan

Ā. 3. sg. ákṛṇuta pl. ákṛṇudhvam, ákṛṇvata : Impv. kṛṇú or kṛṇuhí or kṛṇutā't, kṛṇótu, kṛṇutám, kṛṇutā'm, 2. pl. kṛṇutá or kṛṇóta or kṛṇótana, 3. pl. kṛṇvántu

Ā. kṛṇuṣvá, kṛṇutā'm, kṛṇvā'thām, kṛṇudhvám : Subj. kṛṇávas, °ṇávat or °ṇávāt, kṛṇávāva, °ṇávāma, °ṇávātha, °ṇávatha, °ṇávan

Ā. kṛṇávai ( once °ṇavā RV. x, 95, 2 ), kṛṇavase ( also ŚvetUp. ii, 7, v.l. °ṇvase ), kṛṇavate, kṛṇávāvahai, kṛṇávāmahai, 3. pl. kṛṇávanta ( RV. ) or kṛṇavante or kṛṇvata ( RV. ) : Pot. Ā. kṛṇvītá

pr. p. P. kṛṇvát ( f. °vatī' ), Ā. kṛṇvāṇá. IV ) cl. 8 ( this is the usual formation in the Brāhmaṇas Sūtras, and in classical Sanskṛt ), P. karómi ( ep. kurmi MBh. iii, 10943 R. ii, 12, 33 )

kurvás, kuruthás, kurutás, kurmás [ kulmas in an interpolation after RV. x, 128 ], kuruthá, kurvánti

Ā. kurvé, etc., 3. pl. kurváte ( Pāṇ. 6-4, 108-110) : impf. akaravam, akaros, akarot, akurva, etc.

Ā. 3. sg. akuruta pl. akurvata : Impv. kuru, karotu ( in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt, 3. sg. also BhP. vi, 4, 34 ), kuruta or kurutana ( Nir. iv , 7 )

Ā. kuruṣva, kurudhvam, kurvátām : Subj. karavāṇi, karavas, °vāt, °vāva or °vāvas ( Pāṇ. 3-4, 98 Kāś. ), °vāma or °vāmas ( ib. ), °vātha, °van

Ā. karavai, kuruthās, karavāvahai ( TUp.; °he MBh. iii, 10762 ), karavaithe, °vaite ( Pāṇ. 3-4, 95, Kāś ), °vāmahai ( °he MBh. R. i, 18, 12) : Pot. P. kuryām, Ā. kurvīya ( Pāṇ. 6-4, 109 and 110 )

pr. p. P. kurvát ( f. °vatī' )

Ā. kurvāṇá : perf. P. cakā'ra, cakártha, cakṛvá, cakṛmá, cakrá ( Pāṇ. 7-2, 13 )

Ā. cakré, cakriré

p. cakṛvas ( acc. cakrúṣam RV. x, 137, 1 )

Ā. cakrāṇa ( Vop. ) : 2nd fut. kariṣyáti

Subj. 2. sg. kariṣyā's ( RV. iv, 30, 23 )

1st fut. kártā : Prec. kriyāsam : aor. P. Ved. cakaram ( RV. iv, 42, 6 ), acakrat ( RV. iv, 18, 12 ), ácakriran ( RV. viii, 6, 20 )

Ā. 1. sg. kṛske ( RV. x, 49, 7 )

Class. akārṣīt ( Pāṇ. 7-2, 1 Kāś

once akāraṣīt BhP. i, 10, 1 )

Pass. aor. reflex. akāri and akṛta ( Pāṇ. 3-1, 62 Kāś. ) : Inf. kártum, Ved. kártave, kártavaí, kártos ( ss. vv. )

ind. p. kṛtvā', Ved. kṛtvī' [ RV. ] and kṛtvā'ya [ TS. iv, v ]

to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake RV. etc.

to do anything for the advantage or injury of another ( gen. or loc. ) MBh. R. etc.

to execute, carry out ( as an order or command ) ib.

to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ib.

to form or construct one thing out of another ( abl. or instr. ) R. i, 2, 44 Hit. etc.

to employ, use, make use of ( instr. ) ŚvetUp. Mn. x, 91 MBh. etc.

to compose, describe R. i

to cultivate Yājñ. ii, 158 ( cf. Mn. x, 114 )

to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend ( e.g. varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ, ' they spent ten years ' MBh. xv, 6

kṣaṇaṃ kuru, ' wait a moment ' MBh. ; kritakṣaṇa ).

to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of ( acc. or loc. or instr., e.g. ardháṃ-√ kṛ, to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in ( gen.

2. ardhá )

haste or pāṇau-√ kṛ, to take by the hand, marry Pāṇ. 1-4, 77

hṛdayena-√ kṛ, to place in one's heart, love Mṛcch

hṛdi-√ kṛ, to take to heart, mind, think over, consider Rājat. v, 313

manasi-√ kṛ id. R. ii, 64, 8 Hcar.

to determine, purpose [ ind. p. °si kṛtvā or °si-kṛtya ] Pāṇ. 1-4, 75

vaśe-√ kṛ, to place in subjection, become master of Mn. ii , 100 )

to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. ( mánas [ RV. Mn. MBh. etc. ] or buddhim [ Nal. xxvi, 10 ] or matim [ MBh. R. ] or bhāvam [ ib. ], etc. ) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on ( loc., dat., inf., or a sentence with iti e.g. mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ, do not turn your mind to grief Nal. xiv, 22

gamanāya matiṃ cakre, he resolved upon going R. i, 9, 55

alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre, he resolved to create a gourd MBh. iii, 8844

draṣṭā tavâsmîti matiṃ cakāra, he determined to see him MBh. iii, 12335 )

to think of ( acc. ) R. i, 21, 14

to make, render ( with two acc., e.g. ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata, they made the sun their goal AitBr. iv, 7 ) RV. ŚBr. etc.

to procure for another, bestow, grant ( with gen. or loc. ) RV. VS. ŚBr. etc.

Ā. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ŚBr. BṛĀrUp. Mn. vii, 10 etc.

to give aid, help any one to get anything ( dat. ) RV. VS.

to make liable to ( dat. ) RV. iii, 41, 6 ŚBr. iv

to injure, violate ( e.g. kanyāṃ-√ kṛ, to violate a maiden ) Mn. viii, 367 and 369

to appoint, institute ChUp. Mn.

to give an order, commission Mn. R. ii, 2, 8

to cause to get rid of, free from ( abl. or -tas ) Pāṇ. 5-4 , 49 Kāś

to begin ( e.g. cakre śobhayitum purīm, they began to adorn the city ) R. ii, 6, 10

to proceed, act, put in practice VS. ŚBr. AitBr. etc.

to worship, sacrifice RV. ŚBr. Mn. iii, 210

to make a sound ( svaram or śabdam ) MBh. iii, 11718 Pāṇ. 4- 4, 34 Hit. ), utter, pronounce ( often ifc. with the sounds phaṭ, phut, bhāṇ, váṣaṭ, svadhā', svā'hā , hiṃ ), pronounce any formula ( Mn. ii, 74 and xi, 33 )

( with numeral adverbs ending in dhā ) to divide, separate or break up into parts ( e.g. dvidhā-√ kṛ, to divide into two parts, ind. p. dvidhā kṛtvā or dvidhā-kṛtya or -kāram Pāṇ. 3-4, 62; sahasradhā-√ kṛ, to break into a thousand pieces )

( with adverbs ending in vat ) to make like or similar, consider equivalent ( e.g. rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā, valuing the kingdom like a straw Vet. )

( with adverbs ending in sāt ) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject ( ātma-sāt, bhasma-sāt ) Pāṇ. 5-4, 52ff. The above senses of √ kṛ may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples : sakhyaṃ-√ kṛ, to contract friendship with

pūjāṃ-√ kṛ, to honour

rājyaṃ-√ kṛ, to reign

snehaṃ-√ kṛ, to show affection

ājñāṃ or nideśaṃ or śāsanaṃ or kāmaṃ or yācanāṃ or vacaḥ or vacanaṃ or vākyaṃ-√ kṛ, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc.

dharmaṃ-√ kṛ, to do one's duty Mn. vii, 136

nakhāni-√ kṛ, ' to clean one's nails ', kṛta-nakha

udakaṃ [ Mn. Yājñ. R. Daś. ] or salilaṃ [ R. i, 44, 49 ] √ kṛ, to offer a libation of Water to the dead

to perform ablutions

astrāṇi-√ kṛ, to practise the use of weapons MBh. iii, 11824

darduraṃ-√ kṛ, to breathe the flute Pāṇ. 4-4, 34

daṇḍaṃ-√ kṛ, to inflict punishment etc. Vet

kālaṃ-√ kṛ, to bring one's time to an end, i.e. to die

ciraṃ-√ kṛ, to be long in doing anything, delay

manasā ( for °si, above ) √ kṛ, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate MBh.

śirasā-√ kṛ, to place on one's the head

mūrdhnā-√ kṛ, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in Veda ( AV. xviii, 2, 27 ), but commonly in the Brāhmaṇas , Sūtras, and especially in classical Sanskṛt the perf. forms cakāra and cakre auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives, e.g. āsāṃ cakre, ' he sat down '

gamayā'ṃ cakāra, ' he caused to go ' [ see Pāṇ. 3-1, 40

in Veda some other forms of √ kṛ are used in a similar way, viz. pr. karoti ŚāṅkhŚr.

impf. akar MaitrS. and Kāṭh

3. pl. akran MaitrS. and TBr.

Prec. kriyāt MaitrS. ( Pāṇ. 3-1, 42 )

according to Pāṇ. 3-1, 41, also karotu with √ vid ]. Caus. kārayati, °te, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another ( double acc., instr. and acc. [ see Pāṇ. 1-4, 53 ], e.g. sabhāṃ kāritavān, he caused an assembly to be made Hit.

rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya, cause me to have an audience of the king

vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam, he ought to cause the Vaiśya to engage in trade Mn. viii, 410

na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā, I shall not be able to have anything done by thee MBh. ii, 6 )

to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate Lāṭy. Yājñ. ii, 158 MBh. etc.

to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. ( e.g. taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat, he had the picture placed on the wall in his house Kathās. v, 30 ) Mn. viii, 251. Sometimes the Caus. of √ kṛ is used for the simple verb or without a causal signification ( e.g. padaṃ kārayati, he pronounces a word Pāṇ. 1-3, 71 Kāś.

mithyā k°, he pronounces wrongly ib.

kaikeyīm anu rājānaṃ kāraya, treat or deal with Kaikeyī as the king does R. ii, 58, 16) : Desid. cíkīrṣati ( aor. 2. sg. acikīrṣīs ŚBr. iii ), ep. also °te, to wish to make or do, intend to do, design, intend, begin, strive after AV. xii, 4, 19 ŚBr. KātyŚr. Mn. etc.

to wish to sacrifice or worship AV. v, 8, 3 : Intens. 3. pl. karikrati ( pr. p. kárikrat, Naigh. ii, 1 and Pāṇ. 7-4, 65 ) , to do repeatedly RV. AV. TS.

Class. carkarti or carikarti or carīkarti [ Pāṇ. 7-4 , 92 Kāś. ], also carkarīti or carikarīti or carīkarīti or cekrīyate [ ib. Sch. Vop. ] ; [ cf. Hib. caraim, ' I perform, execute ' ; ceard, ' an art, trade, business, function ' ; sucridh, ' easy ' ; Old Germ. karawan, ' to prepare ' ; Mod. Germ. gar, ' prepared ( as food ) ' ; Lat. creo, ceremonia, κραίνω, κρόνος . ]




कृ
 kṛ [ kR ]

2 cl. 3. P. p. cakrát ( Pot. 2. sg. cakriyās

aor. 1. sg. akārṣam [ AV. vii, 7, 1 ] or akāriṣam [ RV. iv, 39, 6 ] ), to make mention of, praise, speak highly of ( gen. ) RV. AV. : Intens. ( 1. sg. carkarmi, 1. pl. carkirāma , 3. pl. carkiran

Impv. 2. sg. carkṛtā't and carkṛdhi

aor. 3. sg. Ā. cárkṛṣe ), id. RV. AV. ( cf. kārú, kīrí, kīrtí. )



कृ
 kṛ [ kR ]

3 to injure, etc. √ 2. kṝ