kSam

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kSam
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क्षम्

क्षम्
 kṣam [ kSam ]


1 cl. 1. Ā. kṣámate ( ep. also P. °ti

Ved. cl. 2. P. kṣamiti Pāṇ. 7-2, 34

cl. 4. P. kṣāmyati [ cf. Impv. Ā. 3. sg. kṣamyatām BhP. vi, 3, 30 ] Pāṇ. 7-3, 74

perf. cakṣame MBh. etc., 3. pl. °mire ŚBr.

1. du. cakṣaṇvahe & 1. pl. °ṇmahe Pāṇ. 8-2, 65 Sch.

fut. 2nd kṣaṃsyate, °ti, kṣamiṣyati

aor. 2. sg. akṣaṃsthās Bhaṭṭ.

inf. kṣantum MBh. etc. ), to be patient or composed, suppress anger, keep quiet RV. x, 104, 6 MBh. R. etc.

to submit to ( dat. ) ŚBr. iii

iv

to bear patiently, endure, put up with ( acc. ), suffer MBh. R. Ragh

to pardon, forgive anything ( acc. ) to ( gen. or dat. ) MBh. R. etc. ( e.g. kṣamasva me tad, forgive me that Ragh. xiv, 58 )

to allow, permit, suffer Sāh. ( Kuval. )

( with Pot. ) Daś

to bear any one, be indulgent to MBh. iii, 13051 R. iv, 27, 22 VarBṛS. Pañcat. ( Pass. ) Hit.

to resist Pāṇ. 1-3, 33 Sch.

to be able to do anything ( inf. ) Śiś. i, 38 and ix, 65

to seem good Divyâv. iv : Caus. P. Ā. kṣamayati, kṣāmayate, to ask any one ( acc. ) pardon for anything ( acc. ) MBh. Bhag. Pañcat

( perf. kṣamayām āsa ) to suffer or bear patiently R. v, 49 , 11 ( cf. kṣamāpaya ) ; [ cf. Goth. hramja ( ? ) Angl. Sax. hremman, ' to hinder, disquiet. ' ]




kṣám [ kSam ]

2 f. ( nom. kṣā's acc. kṣā'm instr. kṣamā' once jmā' [ RV. vi, 52, 15 ], dat. kṣe [ ? RV. iv, 3, 6 ], gen. abl. gmás, jmás, once kṣmás [ RV. i, 100, 15 ] , loc. kṣámi

du. nom. kṣā'mā [ RV. ii, 39, 7 ; x, 12, 1 ; cf. dyā'va-kṣā'mā ]

pl. nom. kṣāmas [ RV. viii, 70, 4 ; kṣā'mīs fr. °mi SV. ], kṣā's RV. iv, 28, 5 ], acc. kṣā's [ RV. x, 2, 6 ] , loc. kṣā'su RV. i, 127, 10 and v, 64, 2 ) the ground, earth , χθών RV. AV. VS. ŚBr. vi

[ cf. kṣmā

cf. also Gk. χαμαί, χθαμαλός ; Lat. humus, homo. ]



kṣa-pā'vat [ kSapAvat ]

and kṣá-pā'vat m. ' earth-protector ', ruler, governor RV. i, 70, 3 and x, 29, 1 ( kṣá-p° ) iii, 55, 17 ; vii, 10, 5 and viii, 71, 2