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करण karaṇa

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ल्युट् lyuṭ pāṇini 3.3.113,115,117


káraṇa [ karaNa ]

( once karaṇá, RV. i, 119, 7 ), mf ( ī ) n. doing , making, effecting, causing ( esp. ifc. ; antakaraṇa, uṣṇaṃ-k°, etc. ), R. etc.

clever, skilful, RV. i, 119, 7

m. a helper, companion, AV. vi, 46, 2 ; xv, 5, 1-6 ; xix, 57 , 3

a man of a mixed class ( the son of an outcast Kshatriya, Mn. x, 22; or the son of a Śūdra woman by a Vaiśya, Yājñ. i, 92 ; or the son of a Vaiśya woman by a Kshatriya, MBh. i, 2446 ; 4521 ; the occupation of this class is writing, accounts etc. )

a writer , scribe, W.  

( in Gr. ) a sound or word as an independent part of speech ( or as separated from the context ; in this sense usually n. ), Kāś. on Pāṇ. 3-1, 41 Pat.; Comm. on RPrāt.

( in mus. ) a kind of time, Kum. vi, 40

( ī ), f. a woman of the above mixed tribe, Yājñ. i, 95

( with sutā ) an adopted daughter, R. ( ed. Gorr. ) i, 19, 9

( in arithm. ) a surd or irrational number, surd root

the side of a square, Śulbas.; Comm. on VS.

a particular measure Comm. on KātyŚr.

a particular position of the fingers

( am ), n. the act of making, doing, producing, effecting, ŚBr.; MBh. etc. ( very often ifc., e.g. muṣṭi-k°, virūpa-k° )

an act, deed, RV.

an action ( esp. a religious one ), Yājñ.; i, 250 R.

the special business of any tribe or caste, L.

a calculation ( esp. an astronomical one ), VarBṛS.

an astrological division of the day ( these Karaṇas are eleven, viz. vava, valava, kaulava, taitila, gara, vaṇija, viṣṭi, śakuni, catuṣpada, kintughna, and nāga, two being equal to a lunar day

the first seven are called a-dhruvāṇi or movable, and fill, eight times repeated, the space from the second half of the first day in the moon's increase to the first half of the fourteenth day in its wane

the four others are dhruvāṇi or fixed, and occupy the four half-days from the second half of the fourteenth day in the wane of the moon to the first half of the first day in its increase ), VarBṛS.; Suśr. etc.

pronunciation, articulation, APrāt.

( in Gr. ) a sound or word as an independent part of speech, separated from its context, Pāṇ.; Kāś. etc., ( karaṇa may be used in this way like kāra e.g. iti-karaṇa ŚāṅkhŚr. )

the posture of an ascetic

a posture in sexual intercourse

instrument, means of action, ŚvetUp.; Yājñ.; Megh

an organ of sense or of speech, VPrāt.; PārGṛ.

( in law ) an instrument, document, bond, Mn. viii, 51 ; 52 ; 154

( in Gr. ) the means or instrument by which an action is effected , the idea expressed by the instrumental case, instrumentality, Pāṇ. 1-4, 42 ; ii, 3, 18 ; iii, 2, 45

cause ( = kāraṇa )

a spell, charm, Kathās. ( cf. karaṇa-prayoga )

rhythm, time, Kum

body, Megh.; Kum.; Kād

N. of a treatise of Varāha-mihira on the motion of the planets

of a work belonging to the Śiva-darśana

a field, L.

the mind, heart, W. ( cf. antaḥ-karaṇa )

grain, W.

káraṇa-kutūhala [ karaNakutUhala ]

n. N. of wk. on practical astronomy by Bhāskara

káraṇa-kesarin [ karaNakesarin ]

m. N. of wk.

káraṇa-grāma [ karaNagrAma ]

m. the senses collectively, L.

káraṇa-tā [ karaNatA ]

f. instrumentality, the state of being an instrument, Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 33

káraṇa-trāṇa [ karaNatrANa ]

n. ' protecting the organs of sense ', the head, L.

káraṇa-tva [ karaNatva ]

n. instrumentality, mediate agency, KapS.

káraṇa-niyama [ karaNaniyama ]

m. repression or restraint of the organs of sense

káraṇa-neri [ karaNaneri ]

m. a kind of dance  

káraṇa-nerika [ karaNanerika ]

m. a kind of dance

káraṇa-paddhati [ karaNapaddhati ]

f. N. of a work.

káraṇa-prakāśa [ karaNaprakAza ]

m. N. of a work.

káraṇa-prabodha [ karaNaprabodha ]

m. N. of a work.

káraṇa-prayoga [ karaNaprayoga ]

m. spell, charm, Kathās. xliv, 151

xlix, 147

káraṇa-yati [ karaNayati ]

f. a kind of time ( in mus. )

káraṇa-vat [ karaNavat ]

mfn. articulated, TPrāt.

káraṇa-vinyaya [ karaNavinyaya ]

m. manner of pronunciation, TPrāt.

káraṇa-vyāpāra [ karaNavyApAra ]

m. action of the senses, T.

káraṇa-sāra [ karaNasAra ]

m. N. of work. on practical astronomy by Bhāskara

káraṇa-sūtra [ karaNasUtra ]

n. N. of wk., Līl

káraṇa-sthāna-bheda [ karaNasthAnabheda ]

m. difference of articulation or organ of pronunciation

karaṇâṭṭa [ karaNATTa ]

n., N. of a place.

karaṇâdhikāra [ karaNAdhikAra ]

m. a chapter on the subject of pronunciation

karaṇâdhipa [ karaNAdhipa ]

m. ' lord of the organs ', the principle of life, living soul, T.

the god presiding over each sense ( e.g. the sun is the lord of the eye etc. ), T.

karaṇâbda [ karaNAbda ]

ās, m. pl. the years used in astronomical calculations, i.e. years of the Sāka era, Comm. on VarBṛS.

 karaṇa [ karaNa ]

etc. p. 254, col. 1