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 kárman [ karman ]

a, n. ( ā, m., L. ), ( √ kṛ, Uṇ. iv, 144 ), act, action, performance, business, RV. ; AV. ; ŚBr. ; MBh. etc.

office, special duty, occupation, obligation ( frequently ifc., the first member of the compound being either the person who performs the action [ e.g. vaṇik-k° ] or the person or thing for or towards whom the action is performed [ e.g. rāja-k°, paśu-k° ], or a specification of the action [ e.g. śaurya-k°, prīti-k° ] ), ŚBr. ; Mn. ; Bhartṛ. etc.

any religious act or rite ( as sacrifice, oblation etc., esp. as originating in the hope of future recompense and as opposed to speculative religion or knowledge of spirit ), RV. ; AV. ; VS. ; Ragh. etc.

work, labour, activity ( as opposed to rest, praśānti ), Hit. ; RPrāt. etc.

physicking, medical attendance, Car.

action consisting in motion ( as the third among the seven categories of the Nyāya philosophy ; of these motions there are five, viz. ut-kṣepaṇa, ava-kṣepaṇa, ā-kuñcana, prasāraṇa, and gamana, qq. vv. ), Bhāshāp. ; Tarkas

calculation, Sūryas

product, result, effect, Mn. xii, 98 ; Suśr.

organ of sense, ŚBr. xiv ( or of action, see karmêndriya )

( in Gr. ) the object ( it stands either in the acc. [ in active construction ], or in the nom. [ in passive construction ], or in the gen. [ in connection with a noun of action ]

opposed to kartṛ the subject ), Pāṇ. i, 4, 49 ff. ( it is of four kinds, viz. a. nirvartya, when anything new is produced, e.g. kaṭaṃ karoti, ' he makes a mat ' ; putraṃ prasūte, ' she bears a son ' : b. vikārya, when change is implied either of the substance and form, e.g. kāṣṭhaṃ bhasma karoti, ' he reduces fuel to ashes ' ; or of the form only, e.g. suvarṇaṃ kuṇḍalaṃ karoti, ' he fashions gold into an ear-ring ' : c. prāpya, when any desired object is attained, e.g. grāmaṃ gacchati, ' he goes to the village ' ; candraṃ paśyati, ' he sees the moon ' : d. anīpsita, when an undesired object is abandoned, e.g. pāpaṃ tyajati, ' he leaves the wicked ' )

former act as leading to inevitable results, fate ( as the certain consequence of acts in a previous life ), Pañcat. ; Hit. ; Buddh., ( cf. karma- pāka and -vipāka )

the tenth lunar mansion, VarBṛS. etc.