pUrva

From Sanskrita
Jump to: navigation, search
pUrva
Dhātu:
Dhātupāṭha:

Related Sanskrit Words:

Derived Words in Other Languages:

English:
Español:
Pratyaya:


पूर्व

Contents

पूर्व
 pū'rva [ pUrva ]


mf ( ā ) n. ( connected with purā, puras, pra, and declined like a pron. when implying relative position whether in place or time, but not necessarily in abl. loc. sg. m. n. and nom. pl. m. See Pāṇ. 1-1, 27 ; 34 ; vii, 1, 16 ) being before or in front fore, first RV. etc.

eastern, to the east of ( abl. ) ib.

former, prior, preceding, previous to, earlier than ( abl. or comp. ) ib. ( gaja-pūrva, preceding the number ' eight ', i.e. seven, the seventh Śrutab

māsena p°, or māsa-p°, earlier by a month Pāṇ. 2-1, 31

ifc. often = formerly or before, e.g. strī-p°, formerly a wife

āḍhya-p°, formerly wealthy

esp. after a p.p., e.g. kṛta-p°, done before, dṛṣṭa-p° , seen before

ifc. also preceded or accompanied by, attended with, e.g. smita- pūrvā-vāk, speech accompanied by smiles

sometimes not translatable, e.g. mṛdu-pūrvā vāk, kind speech )

ancient, old, customary, traditional RV. etc.

first ( in a series ), initial, lowest ( opp. to uttara

with dama or sāhasa ' the lowest fine ' ) Mn. viii, 120 etc.

( with vayas ) ' first age ', youth MBh.

foregoing, aforesaid, mentioned before ( abl. ) Mn. MBh. Pāṇ.

m. an ancestor, forefather ( pl. the ancients, ancestors ) RV. etc.

an elder brother R.

N. of a prince BhP.

( ā ), f. ( with or sc. diś ) the east MBh. R.

N. of a country to the east of Madhya-deśa L.

of the Nakshatras Pūrva-phalgunt, Pūrv^ashāḍhā and Pūrvabhadrapadā collectively Var

n. the fore part Śak. ii, 4 ( cf. Pāṇ. 2-2, 1 )

a partic. high number ( applied to a period of years ) Buddh.

N. of the most ancient of Jaina writings ( of which 14 are enumerated ) L.

N. of a Tantra Cat.

an ancient tradition W.

( am ), ind. before ( also as a prep. with abl. ), formerly , hitherto, previously ( sometimes with pres. ) RV. etc. ( often ibc., e.g. pūrva-kārin, active before, pūrvôkta, said before

also ifc. in the sense of ' with ', e.g. prīti-pūrvam, with love

mati-pūrvam with intention, intentionally

mṛdu-pūrva-√ bhāṣ, to speak kindly

cf. above

also with an ind. p., e.g. pūrva-bhojam, or -bhuktvā, having eaten before Pāṇ. 3-4, 24

adya-p°, until now, hitherto

previously -tataḥ, first-then

pūrva-paścāt, previously-afterwards

pūrva-upari, previously-subsequently

pūrva-adhūnā or adya, formerly-now )

( eṇa ), ind. in front, before

eastward, to the east of ( opp. to apareṇa, with gen. or acc. ; Pāṇ. 5-3, 35 Sch. ). ŚBr. etc.

( with tataḥ ) ' to the east of that ' MBh.




pū'rva-karman [ pUrvakarman ]

n. a former work or action Śaṃk. Kathās

preparation Suśr.

°ma-kṛta-vādin m. one who asserts that only preceding actions determine the following Jātakam



pū'rva-kalpa [ pUrvakalpa ]

m. the preceding or aforesaid manner PārGṛ. MBh.

( e or eṣu ), ind. in former times MBh. Kull



pū'rva-kāma-kṛ'tvan [ pUrvakAmakRtvan ]

mfn. fulfilling former wishes AV.



pū'rva-kāya [ pUrvakAya ]

m. the fore ( part of the ) body ( of animals ) or the upper ( part of the ) body ( of men ) KātyŚr. MBh. etc.



pū'rva-kārin [ pUrvakArin ]

mfn. active at first ŚāṅkhŚr.



pū'rva-kārya [ pUrvakArya ]

mfn. to be done before or first R.



pū'rva-kala [ pUrvakala ]

m. a former or previous time L.

mfn. belonging to a formerly time previously mentioned ( -tā , f. ) VPrāt.



pū'rva-kālika [ pUrvakAlika ]

( MBh. ),



pū'rva-kālīna [ pUrvakAlIna ]

( Nyāyak. -tva n. ), mfn. belonging to former times, ancient



pū'rva-kāṣṭhā [ pUrvakASThA ]

f. the eastern quarter A.



pū'rva-kṛ't [ pUrvakRt ]

mfn. active from ancient times VS.



pū'rva-kṛta [ pUrvakRta ]

mfn. done formerly or in a prior existence, previous

n. ( with or sc. karman ) an action done in former times or in a former birth Mn. MBh.



pū'rva-kṛtvarī [ pUrvakRtvarI ]

f. acting beforehand AV.



pū'rva-kṛṣṇīya [ pUrvakRSNIya ]

n. N. of wk.



pū'rva-koṭi [ pUrvakoTi ]

f. anticipation L.

the starting point of a discussion, the first statement = pūrva-pakṣa ( q.v. ) A.



pū'rva-kramâgata [ pUrvakramAgata ]

mfn. descended from ancestors Yājñ.



pū'rva-kriyā [ pUrvakriyA ]

f. preparation Siṉhâs



pū'rva-ga [ pUrvaga ]

mfn. going before preceding MBh. Rājat

belonging to what precedes Hemac



pū'rva-gaṅgā [ pUrvagaGgA ]

f. ' eastern Gaṅgā ', N. of the Narmadā or Revā river Kathās



pū'rva-gata [ pUrvagata ]

mfn. gone before Śak

n. N. of a Jaina wk. belonging to the Dṛshṭi-vāda



pū'rva-gátvan [ pUrvagatvan ]

mfn. going to meet RV.



pū'rva-gama [ pUrvagama ]

m. ( ifc. ) a predecessor Kāraṇḍ



pū'rva-grāmin [ pUrvagrAmin ]

m. N. of a family Cat.



pū'rva-ghaṭakarpara [ pUrvaghaTakarpara ]

m. or n. N. of wk. ( prob. the first part of the poem Ghaṭa-karpara )



pū'rva-ṃ-gata [ pUrvaMgata ]

mfn. going before Dhūrtan



pū'rva-ṃ-gama [ pUrvaMgama ]

mfn. id. L.

serving zealously, obedient Divyâv

ifc. attended by, furnished with L.



pū'rva-cít [ pUrvacit ]

mfn. piling up first, preceding in piling up VS.



pū'rva-citī [ pUrvacitI ]

f. w.r. for -cittī MBh.



pū'rva-citta [ pUrvacitta ]

( pū'rva- ), mfn. w.r. for -cit AV.



pū'rva-citti [ pUrvacitti ]

( pūrvá- ), f. foreboding, presentiment ( only dat. ' at the first notice, forthwith ' ) RV.

( prob. ) first notion or conception VS.

N. of an Apsaras VS. MBh. Hariv. Pur.

( prob. ) w.r. for -cita VS.



pū'rva-cittikā [ pUrvacittikA ]

( Gal. ) and f. N. of an Apsaras = - citti



pū'rva-cittī [ pUrvacittI ]

( MBh. ), f. N. of an Apsaras = -citti



pū'rva-cintana [ pUrvacintana ]

n. former cares or trouble Rājat



pū'rva-codita [ pUrvacodita ]

mfn. formerly stated or prescribed Mn.

-tva n. PārGṛ.



pū'rva-já [ pUrvaja ]

mfn. born or produced before or formerly, former

ancient, primaeval RV. etc.

first-born, elder, the eldest ( son, brother etc. ) MBh. Kāv. etc.

produced by something antecedent, caused MW.

born in the east, eastern W.

antecedent ( to what precedes in comp. ) L.

m. an elder brother, the eldest before Mn. MBh. etc.

an ancestor, forefather R. Ragh. Kathās. etc.

the eldest son Gaut

the son of the elder wife A.

( pl. ) the deified progenitors of mankind W.

the Pitṛs living in the world of the moon A.

( ā ), f. an elder sister ib.

-deva m. N. of Brahmā MBh.



pū'rva-janá [ pUrvajana ]

m. pl. men of former times AV.



pū'rva-janman [ pUrvajanman ]

n. a former birth, formerly state of existence or life Ragh. Hit. Kathās

m. an elder brother Ragh

°ma-kṛta mfn. done in a former birth or previous state of existence Hit.

°mârjita mfn. acquired in some former state of existence ( as merit etc. ) MW.



pū'rva-jā' [ pUrvajA ]

mfn. born or produced before RV.



pū'rva-jāti [ pUrvajAti ]

f. = -janman Kathās



pū'rva-jā'van [ pUrvajAvan ]

mfn. born or produced before RV.



pū'rva-jina [ pUrvajina ]

m. ' ancient sage ', N. of Mañju-śrī L.



pū'rva-jñāna [ pUrvajJAna ]

n. knowledge of a former life Yājñ.



pū'rva-tana [ pUrvatana ]

mfn. former, earlier MBh.



pū'rva-tantra [ pUrvatantra ]

n. N. of a Tantra



pū'rva-tara [ pUrvatara ]

( pū'rva- ), mfn. earlier, previous, prior, anterior RV. etc.

( am ), ind. before, first, previously Bhag. R.



pū'rva-tas [ pUrvatas ]

ind. before, in front, towards or in the east Gobh. MBh. Kāv. etc.

first, in the first place BhP.



pū'rva-taskara [ pUrvataskara ]

m. a former thief Mn.



pū'rva-tā [ pUrvatA ]

f. the being preceded or accompanied by ( comp. ) Daś



pū'rva-tāpanīya [ pUrvatApanIya ]

n. ( and °yôpaniṣad f. ) N. of the first half of the Nṛsiṃha-tāpanī-y^opanishad Col. ( cf. uttara- tāpanīya )



pū'rva-tāpinī [ pUrvatApinI ]

f. = -tapaniya

-dīpikā f. Cat.



pū'rva-tra [ pUrvatra ]

ind. previously, in the preceding part, above ( opp. to uttaratra ) Pāṇ. 8-2, 1

= loc. of pūrva e.g. pūrvatra janmani, ' in a former life ' Kathās

pŚ dine, on the day before L.



pū'rva-traigartaka [ pUrvatraigartaka ]

mfn. ( fr. -trigarta ) L.



pū'rva-traiyalinda [ pUrvatraiyalinda ]

mfn. ( fr. next ) Pat.



pū'rva-tryalinda [ pUrvatryalinda ]

N. of a village Pat.



pū'rva-tva [ pUrvatva ]

n. precedence, priority, former state or condition Jaim. Pāṇ. Sch.



pū'rva-thā [ pUrvathA ]

( pūrvá- ), ind. formerly or is formerly, previously, first RV. TBr.



pū'rva-dakṣiṇa [ pUrvadakSiNa ]

mf ( ā ) n. south-eastern KātyŚr. MārkP.



pū'rva-datta [ pUrvadatta ]

mfn. given before Hcat



pū'rva-darśana [ pUrvadarzana ]

m. N. of a man BhP.



pū'rva-dāvika [ pUrvadAvika ]

mfn. ( fr. -devikā ) Pāṇ. 7-3, 1 Sch.



pū'rva-dik-pati [ pUrvadikpati ]

or m. ' regent of the eastern quarter ', N. of Indra L.



pū'rva-dig-īśa [ pUrvadigIza ]

m. ' regent of the eastern quarter ', N. of Indra L.



pū'rva-dina [ pUrvadina ]

n. the earlier part of the day, forenoon MW.



pū'rva-diś [ pUrvadiz ]

f. the eastern region, east quarter Pañcad



pū'rva-diśya [ pUrvadizya ]

mfn. situated towards the east, hearing east

eastern MW.



pū'rva-diṣṭa [ pUrvadiSTa ]

mfn. determined by former actions BhP.

n : the award of destiny A.



pū'rva-dīkṣā' [ pUrvadIkSA ]

f. the former consecration ŚBr.

°kṣin mfn. taking the formerly consecration AitBr.



pū'rva-dugdha [ pUrvadugdha ]

mfn. sucked out or plundered before Daś



pū'rva-duṣkṛta-bhoga [ pUrvaduSkRtabhoga ]

m. the pain or penalty consequent on sins committed in a former birth MW.



pū'rva-dṛṣṭa [ pUrvadRSTa ]

mfn. seen before Kathās

appeared in former times, primaeval MBh.

declared by the ancients Mn. ix, 87



pū'rva-dṛṣṭi [ pUrvadRSTi ]

f. a former view or sight MW.



pū'rva-deva [ pUrvadeva ]

m. a primaeval deity MBh. ( applied also to the Pitṛs= -devatā Mn. iii, 192 )

an Asura or demon ( offspring of Kaśyapa, the parent of both gods and demons ) Siṉhâs



pū'rva-devikā [ pUrvadevikA ]

f. N. of a village in the eastern part of India Pāṇ. Sch.



pū'rva-deśa [ pUrvadeza ]

m. the eastern direction

( e, to the east of [ abl. ] Pāṇ. Sch. )

the eastern country MBh.



pū'rva-deha [ pUrvadeha ]

m. a former body

( e ), ind. in a formerly birth or existence Hariv.



pū'rva-dehika [ pUrvadehika ]

and mfn. done in a former existence MBh.



pū'rva-daihika [ pUrvadaihika ]

( also paurva-d° ), mfn. done in a former existence MBh.



pū'rva-dvāra [ pUrvadvAra ]

mfn. favourable in the eastern region Sūryapr.



pū'rva-dvārika [ pUrvadvArika ]

mfn. favourable to an expedition towards the east Var



pū'rva-nagarī [ pUrvanagarI ]

f. g. nady-ādi



pū'rva-naḍaka [ pUrvanaDaka ]

n. a hollow bone in the upper part ( of the thigh ) KātyŚr.



pū'rva-nipāta [ pUrvanipAta ]

m. ( in gram. ) the irregular priority of a word in a comp.



pū'rva-nimitta [ pUrvanimitta ]

n. an omen Lalit.



pū'rva-nivāsa [ pUrvanivAsa ]

m. ' former habitation ', a former existence Divyâv

-jñāna n. ( with Buddhists ) knowledge of the past lives of all beings MW.

°sânusmṛti f. ' recollection of former habitations ', reminiscence of formerly existence ( one of the 10 powers of a Buddha ) Dharmas. 20 ; 76



pū'rva-niviṣṭa [ pUrvaniviSTa ]

mfn. made formerly or in ancient times ( as a pond ) Mn. ix, 281



pū'rva-nyāya [ pUrvanyAya ]

m. a previous judgement Yājñ. Sch.



pū'rva-nyāsa [ pUrvanyAsa ]

m. N. of wk.



pū'rva-pakṣá [ pUrvapakSa ]

m. the fore part or side TBr.

the first half of a lunar month, the fortnight of the waxing moon TS. Br. Lāṭy. etc. ( °kṣâha, a day in the first half etc. ĀpGṛ. )

the first half of a year KātyŚr.

an action at law, the first statement of the plaintiff, first step in a law-suit Yājñ. Viṣṇ. Nār

the first objection to an assertion in any discussion, the prima facie view or argument in any question Śaṃk. Suśr. MārkP. ( cf. IW. 99 )

-grantha m. °tha-ṭīkā f. °tha-prakāśa m. °tha-rahasya n. °thânu-gama m. -nirukti f. N. of wks.

-pāda m. the first step of a legal process or law-suit, the plaint of the plaintiff W.

-rahasya n. -lakṣaṇa n. -vyāpti f. °ti-kroḍa m. °ti- lakṣaṇa n. -vyutpatti-lakṣaṇa n. -vyutpatti-vāda m. °kṣâvalī f. N. of wks.



pū'rva-pakṣaya [ pUrvapakSaya ]

Nom. P. °yati, to make the first objection to an assertion in any discussion Bādar. Sch.



pū'rva-pakṣin [ pUrvapakSin ]

mfn. one who makes the first objection to an assertion ib.



pū'rva-pakṣī-√ kṛ [ pUrvapakSIkR ]

= -pakṣaya



pū'rva-pakṣīya [ pUrvapakSIya ]

mfn. situated on the front side Pāṇ. 4-2, 138



pū'rva-pañcāla [ pUrvapaJcAla ]

( pūrvá- ), m. pl. the eastern Pañcālas Pāṇ. 6-2, 103 Sch.

sg. - pūrvaḥ pañcālānām Pāṇ. 8-3, 13 Sch.



pū'rva-patha [ pUrvapatha ]

m. a former way, way gone before Kathās



pū'rva-pada [ pUrvapada ]

n. the first member of a comp. Prāt. Pāṇ. etc. : -prakṛti-svara mfn. having the original accent of the first member of a comp.

-tva n. Pāṇ. 2-1, 4 Vārtt. 2



pū'rva-padika [ pUrvapadika ]

mfn. relating to the first member of a comp. W.

= pūrva-padam adhîte veda vā Pāṇ. 4-2, 60 Kāś



pū'rva-padya [ pUrvapadya ]

mfn. belonging to the first member of a comp. RPrāt.



pū'rva-parigraha [ pUrvaparigraha ]

m. first claim, prerogative, precedence MBh.

mf ( ā ) n. claimed as first privilege by ( gen. ) R.



pū'rva-pariccheda [ pUrvapariccheda ]

m. and n. N. of wks.



pū'rva-paribhedya [ pUrvaparibhedya ]

( ? ), n. N. of wk.



pū'rva-parvata [ pUrvaparvata ]

m. the eastern mountain ( from behind which the sun is supposed to rise ) L.



pū'rva-paścāt [ pUrvapazcAt ]

adv. from the east to the west Hcat

°cān-mukha mf ( ī ) n. flowing to the east and west R.



pū'rva-paścâyata [ pUrvapazcAyata ]

mfn. spreading or running from the east to the west Hcat. MārkP.



pū'rva-paścima [ pUrvapazcima ]

mf ( ā ) n. directed from the east to the west Sūryas

-tas adv. from the east to the, vest Hcat



pū'rva-pā' [ pUrvapA ]

mfn. drinking first or before others RV.



pū'rva-pāñcālaka [ pUrvapAJcAlaka ]

mfn. belonging to the eastern Pañcālas Pāṇ. 6-2 , 105 Sch.



pū'rva-pāṭali-putra [ pUrvapATaliputra ]

n. N. of a city

°traka mfn. being in Pūrva-previously ( ? ) Pāṇ. 7-3, 14 Sch.



pū'rva-pāṇinīya [ pUrvapANinIya ]

m. pl. the disciples of Pāṇini living in the east

mfn. relating to them Pāṇ. 6-2, 104 Sch.



pū'rva-pāda [ pUrvapAda ]

m. a forefoot KātyŚr. ŚāṅkhŚr.

N. of a man ( v.l. pūjya-p° ) Cat.



pū'rva-pāna [ pUrvapAna ]

( Nir. ),



pū'rva-pā'yya [ pUrvapAyya ]

( RV. ), n. = -pīti



pū'rva-pālin [ pUrvapAlin ]

m. N. of a prince MBh.

of Indra A.



pū'rva-pitāmaha [ pUrvapitAmaha ]

m. a forefather, ancestor MBh. Kathās



pū'rva-pīṭhikā [ pUrvapIThikA ]

f. introduction Daś

N. of wk. ( ? )



pū'rva-pīti [ pUrvapIti ]

( pūrvá- ), f. precedence in drinking RV.



pū'rva-puruṣa [ pUrvapuruSa ]

m. a forefather, ancestor Kauś. Bālar. Pañcat

( pl. forefathers, ancestors Kād. )

' the primaeval Soul ', N. of Brahmā Hariv.



pū'rva-pūjita [ pUrvapUjita ]

mfn. consecrated before Kathās



pū'rva-pūrṇa-māsī [ pUrvapUrNamAsI ]

f. the first or real day of full moon Jyot



pū'rva-pūrva [ pUrvapUrva ]

mf ( ā ) n. each previous or preceding one, each one mentioned previously ( also -tama ) MBh.

m. pl. forefathers, ancestors MBh.

°vânugaṇḍikā f. N. of a range of hills ( cf. apara-gaṇḍikā ) MBh.

°vôkta mfn. each one mentioned previously Vedântas



pū'rva-péya [ pUrvapeya ]

n. precedence in drinking RV. AitBr.

precedence AV.



pū'rva-prajñā' [ pUrvaprajJA ]

f. knowledge of the past, remembrance, memory ŚBr.



pū'rva-pratipanna [ pUrvapratipanna ]

mfn. one who has promised before Kathās



pū'rva-prayoga [ pUrvaprayoga ]

m. N. of wk.



pū'rva-pravṛtta [ pUrvapravRtta ]

mf ( ā ) n. formerly happened or done or fixed etc. R.



pū'rva-prasthita [ pUrvaprasthita ]

mfn. gone before, set ont in advance Vikr



pū'rva-prâyaś-citta [ pUrvaprAyazcitta ]

n. N. of wk.



pū'rva-prêta [ pUrvapreta ]

mfn. gone or flown away before TāṇḍyaBr.

deceased, dead Divyâv

m. pl. the Pitṛs

-pūjaka mfn. worshipping the Pitṛs, Lalit.



pū'rva-phalgunī [ pUrvaphalgunI ]

f. ' the first Phalguni ', N. of the 11th Nakshatra ( cf. uttara-phalgunī ) VP. Uṇ. Sch.

-bhava m. N. of Bṛhas-pati or the planet Jupiter L.



pū'rva-bandhu [ pUrvabandhu ]

m. first i.e. best friend Mṛcch



pū'rva-bādha [ pUrvabAdha ]

m. suspension or annulment of something preceding Siṉhâs



pū'rva-brāhmaṇa [ pUrvabrAhmaNa ]

n. N. of wk.



pū'rva-bhakṣikā [ pUrvabhakSikA ]

f. ( prob. ) w.r. for -bhikṣikā



pū'rva-bhadra-pada [ pUrvabhadrapada ]

m. ( and ā f. pl. ) = - bhādrap° L.



pū'rva-bhava [ pUrvabhava ]

m. a former life Hemac



pū'rva-bhāga [ pUrvabhAga ]

m. the fore part L.

the upper part ( opp. to adho-bhāga ) Suśr.

dina-p°, the earlier part of the day, forenoon, morning Ragh

mfn. whose conjunction with the moon begins in the forenoon Sūryapr.



pū'rva-bhā'j [ pUrvabhAj ]

mfn. receiving the first share, the first sharer, preferred, privileged, excellent RV.

belonging to the preceding Prāt.



pū'rva-bhādrapada [ pUrvabhAdrapada ]

m. ( and ā f. pl. ) the 25th Nakshatra, the former of the two called Bhādrapadā ( containing two stars ) MBh. VP. Col.



pū'rva-bhāva [ pUrvabhAva ]

m. prior or antecedent existence, priority KapS. Bhāshāp

( in rhet. ) disclosing an intention Daśar. Pratāp



pū'rva-bhāvin [ pUrvabhAvin ]

mfn. being anterior, preceding TBr. Comm.

°vi-tva n. priority Kap



pū'rva-bbāṣin [ pUrvabbASin ]

mfn. speaking first, polite, complaisant R.



pū'rva-bhikṣikā [ pUrvabhikSikA ]

f. a breakfast Divyâv



pū'rva-bhukti [ pUrvabhukti ]

f. prior or long-continued possession Mn. viii, 252



pū'rva-bhūta [ pUrvabhUta ]

mfn. existing previously, preceding Pāṇ. Sch.



pū'rva-bhū-bhṛt [ pUrvabhUbhRt ]

m. the eastern mountain ( from behind which the sun is supposed to rise )

a former prince Subh



pū'rva-magadha [ pUrvamagadha ]

m. pl. the eastern Magadhas



pū'rva-madra [ pUrvamadra ]

m. pl. the eastern Madras ( cf. paurvam° ) L.



pū'rva-madhyâhna [ pUrvamadhyAhna ]

m. the forenoon Kathās



pū'rva-māgadhaka [ pUrvamAgadhaka ]

mfn. relating or belonging to the eastern Magadhas L.



pū'rva-mārin [ pUrvamArin ]

mfn. dying before GṛŚrS. Mn. etc.



pū'rva-mīmāṃsā [ pUrvamImAMsA ]

f. ' inquiry into or interpretation of the first or Mantra portion of the Veda ', N. of the system of philosophy attributed to Jaimini ( as opp. to uttara-m°, which is an inquiry into the later or Upanishad portion

the pūrva-m° is generally called the Mantra, and in interpreting the Vedic text discusses the doctrine of the eternity of sound identified with Brahma IW. 98 etc. )

N. of wk. of Soma-nātha

-kārikā f. pl. and °sârtha-saṃgraha m. N. of wks.



pū'rva-mukha [ pUrvamukha ]

mfn. having the face turned towards the east Hcat



pū'rva-yakṣa [ pUrvayakSa ]

m. ' the first Yaksha ', N. of Maṇi- bhadra ( one of the Jinas or Jaina teachers ) L.



pū'rva-yāmya [ pUrvayAmya ]

mfn. south-eastern

( e ), ind. in the south-east Hcat



pū'rva-yāyāta [ pUrvayAyAta ]

n. the more ancient form of the legend of Yayāti or that current in the east Siddh



pū'rva-yāyin [ pUrvayAyin ]

mfn. moving towards the east Sūryas



pū'rva-yā'van [ pUrvayAvan ]

m. ' going before ', a leader RV.



pū'rva-yoga [ pUrvayoga ]

m. olden time, history of olden time SaddhP.



pū'rva-raṅga [ pUrvaraGga ]

m. the commencement or prelude of a drama, a prologue, an overture Śiś. ii, 8 Daśar. Sāh. etc.



pū'rva-rāga [ pUrvarAga ]

m. earliest or incipient affection, love between two persons which springs from some previous cause Sāh



pū'rva-rāja [ pUrvarAja ]

m. an ex-king Mudr



pū'rva-rātrá [ pUrvarAtra ]

m. the first part of the night, the time from dusk to midnight AitBr. Kauś. KātyŚr. MBh. etc.

-krita mfn. done during the formerly previously of the night ( = tre kṛ° Pāṇ. 2-1, 45 Sch. )



pū'rva-rūpá [ pUrvarUpa ]

n. indication of something approaching, an omen AV.

something prior or antecedent to, ( esp. ) the symptom of occurring disease Car. Suśr.

the first of two concurrent vowels or consonants ( -tā f. ) TUp. Prāt. etc.

( in rhet. ) a figure of speech which describes the unexpected return of anything to its former state Kuval

mf ( ā ) n. having the previous form or shape, being as before Dhūrtas



pū'rva-lakṣaṇa [ pUrvalakSaNa ]

n. indication of anything about to occur Car. -1



pū'rva-vat [ pUrvavat ]

mfn. having ( or relating to ) something preceding or antecedent VPrāt.

( an argument ) in which a conclusion is drawn from a previous cause to in effect Nyāyad

f. one who has been previously married Āp.

°vat-tara mfn. antecedent, former R. -2



pū'rva-vát [ pUrvavat ]

ind. as before, as hitherto, as heretofore, as aforesaid

according to something previous ( applied in the Nyāya to a kind of inference such as inferring from the previous appearance of a cloud that rain will fall ) RV. etc.



pū'rva-vayas [ pUrvavayas ]

mfn. or being in the first period or stage of life, young MBh.



pū'rva-vayaska [ pUrvavayaska ]

mfn. being in the first period or stage of life, young MBh.



pū'rva-vayasá [ pUrvavayasa ]

n. the first period or stage of life, youth Br.



pū'rva-vayasín [ pUrvavayasin ]

mfn. being in the first period of life, young TBr.



pū'rva-vartin [ pUrvavartin ]

mfn. existing before, preceding, prior, previous

°ti-tā f. ( Bhāshāp. ), °ti-tva n. ( Mṛcch. Sch. ) former existence, precedence, priority



pū'rva-váh [ pUrvavah ]

( vā'h ), mfn. drawing in front, being the first horse or leader, or harnessed for the first time ( applied to a horse ) Br. Kāṭh. ĀpŚr.



pū'rva-vākya [ pUrvavAkya ]

n. ( in dram. ) an allusion to a former utterance Sāh



pū'rva-vāda [ pUrvavAda ]

m. the first plea or plaint in an action at law Viṣṇ. Yājñ. Sch.



pū'rva-vādin [ pUrvavAdin ]

m. ' speaking first ', ' making the first statement of a case ', a complainant, plaintiff Yājñ.



pū'rva-vāyu [ pUrvavAyu ]

m. the east wind Var



pū'rva-vārṣika [ pUrvavArSika ]

mfn. relating to the first half of the rainy season Pāṇ. 7-3, 11 Sch.



pū'rva-vid [ pUrvavid ]

mfn. knowing the things or events of the past Mn. ix, 44



pū'rva-videha [ pUrvavideha ]

m. the country of the eastern Videhas ( with Buddhists ' one of the 4 continents ' Dharmas. 120 )

-lipi f. a partic. mode of writing L.



pū'rva-vidhi [ pUrvavidhi ]

m. a preceding rule Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1- 4, 51

N. of wk.



pū'rva-vipratiṣedha [ pUrvavipratiSedha ]

m. the conflict of two statements or rules the first of which is opposed to the second ĀpŚr. Comm.



pū'rva-vihita [ pUrvavihita ]

mfn. deposited or buried before ( as a treasure ) Mṛcch



pū'rva-vṛta [ pUrvavRta ]

mfn. chosen before Kum



pū'rva-vṛtta [ pUrvavRtta ]

mfn. formerly happened

relating to a previous occurrence Hariv.

n. a former event, previous occurrence Kālid. Śaṃk

former conduct MārkP.



pū'rva-vairin [ pUrvavairin ]

mfn. one who is the first to begin hostilities MBh.



pū'rva-śāṃśapa [ pUrvazAMzapa ]

mfn. ( fr. -śiṃśapā ) Pāṇ. 7- 3, 1 Sch.



pū'rva-śānti [ pUrvazAnti ]

f. N. of wk.



pū'rva-śārada [ pUrvazArada ]

mfn. relating to the first half of the autumn Pat. on Pāṇ. 1-1, 72



pū'rva-śāstra [ pUrvazAstra ]

n. N. of wk.



pū'rva-śiṣya [ pUrvaziSya ]

m. ( and ā f. ) a former or ancient pupil Mālatīm



pū'rva-śīrṣa [ pUrvazIrSa ]

mf ( ā ) n. having the head or top turned towards the east MBh.



pū'rva-śaila [ pUrvazaila ]

m. = -parvata L.

pl. N. of a Buddhist school

-saṃghârāma m. N. of a Buddhist monastery



pū'rva-śaiva-dīkṣā-vidhi [ pUrvazaivadIkSAvidhi ]

m. N. of wk.



pū'rva-ṣaṭka [ pUrvaSaTka ]

( ? ), n. N. of wk.



pū'rva-saṃhitā [ pUrvasaMhitA ]

f. N. of wk.



pū'rva-sakthá [ pUrvasaktha ]

n. ( prob. ) the upper part of the thigh Pāṇ. 5-4 , 98



pū'rva-saṃcita [ pUrvasaMcita ]

mfn. gathered before Mn. vi, 15



pū'rva-saṃjalpa [ pUrvasaMjalpa ]

m. an introduction in the form of a dialogue Car.



pū'rva-sád [ pUrvasad ]

mfn. sitting in front SV.



pū'rva-saṃdhyā [ pUrvasaMdhyA ]

f. ' earlier twilight ', dawn, day- break W.



pū'rva-sabhika [ pUrvasabhika ]

m. the chief of a gambling house Mṛcch



pū'rva-samudra [ pUrvasamudra ]

m. the eastern sea Var



pū'rva-sara [ pUrvasara ]

mf ( ī ) n. going before, preceding Pāṇ. 3-2, 19 Bhaṭṭ.



pū'rva-sasya [ pUrvasasya ]

n. earliest-sown grain Var



pū'rva-sāgara [ pUrvasAgara ]

m. the eastern sea Ragh. VarBṛS.



pū'rva-sāra [ pUrvasAra ]

mfn. going eastwards Pāṇ. 1-æ1ii, 2, 19 Sch.

-sārâsvādinī f. N. of wk.



pū'rva-sārin [ pUrvasArin ]

mfn. preceding, taking precedence of all others MBh.



pū'rva-sāhasa [ pUrvasAhasa ]

n. the first or heaviest fine or punishment Mn.



pū'rva-siddha [ pUrvasiddha ]

mfn. previously settled or determined or proved KapS.



pū'rva-siddhânta [ pUrvasiddhAnta ]

m. and -pakṣatā f. N. of wks.



pū'rva-supta [ pUrvasupta ]

mfn. formerly or already fallen asleep Pañcat



pū'rva-sū' [ pUrvasU ]

mfn. first bringing forth RV.

firstborn, ancient, primaeval ŚāṅkhŚr.



pū'rva-sūri [ pUrvasUri ]

m. an ancient master ( of music ) Saṃgīt



pū'rva-sevā [ pUrvasevA ]

f. first use or practice of ( gen. ) Baudh.



pū'rva-stha [ pUrvastha ]

mfn. standing first, most excellent MBh.



pū'rva-sthiti [ pUrvasthiti ]

f. first or former state MW.



pū'rva-svara [ pUrvasvara ]

m. ( in gram. ) having the accent of the preceding MW.



pū'rva-hūti [ pUrvahUti ]

( pūrvá- ), f. first or earliest invocation, morning prayer RV. VS.



pū'rva-homá [ pUrvahoma ]

m. an introductory, sacrifice TBr.



pūrvâgni [ pUrvAgni ]

m. ' original or primaeval fire ', the householder's sacred formerly ( = āvasa-thya ) AV. ŚBr. KātyŚr.

-vahana n. a vehicle for carrying the sacred formerly KātyŚr.

-vā'h n. a bull carrying the sacred formerly ŚBr. KātyŚr.



pūrvâṅga [ pUrvAGga ]

n. the former body Kathās

a constituent part of the preceding VPrāt. Sch.

m. the first day in the civil month Sūryapr.



pūrvâcarita [ pUrvAcarita ]

mfn. formerly done or followed W.



pūrvâcala [ pUrvAcala ]

m. = °va-parvata VarP. Śatr



pūrvâcārya-vṛttânta-dīpikā [ pUrvAcAryavRttAntadIpikA ]

f. N. of a comm. on wks. of the Rām^anuja school



pūrvātitha [ pUrvAtitha ]

n. ( = paurv° ) N. of sev. Sāmans ĀrshBr.



pūrvâtithi [ pUrvAtithi ]

m. N. of a man Cat.



pūrvâdi [ pUrvAdi ]

mfn. beginning with the word pūrva Var



pūrvâditas [ pUrvAditas ]

ind. beginning from the east ib.



pūrvâdya [ pUrvAdya ]

mfn. beginning with the east ib.



pūrvâdri [ pUrvAdri ]

m. = °va-parvata Kathās



pūrvâdhika [ pUrvAdhika ]

mfn. greater than before

-dyuti mfn. more brilliant than before Kathās



pūrvâdhikārin [ pUrvAdhikArin ]

m. a prior owner, former proprietor MW.



pūrvâdhirāma [ pUrvAdhirAma ]

n. the more ancient form of the story of Rāma on the form current in the east Pāṇ. Sch.



pūrvâdhyuṣita [ pUrvAdhyuSita ]

mfn. formerly inhabited R.



pūrvânubhūta [ pUrvAnubhUta ]

mfn. formerly felt or enjoyed Caurap



pūrvânuyoga [ pUrvAnuyoga ]

m. N. of a Jaina wk. belonging to the Dṛshṭi-vāda



pūrvânuṣṭhita [ pUrvAnuSThita ]

mfn. observed or performed before

-tva n. Baudh.



pūrvânta [ pUrvAnta ]

m. ( in gram. ) the end of a preceding word

anticipation ( = pūrvakoti ) L.

-tas ind. in advance Lalit.



pūrvâpakārin [ pUrvApakArin ]

mfn. one who has injured another before R.



pūrvâpara [ pUrvApara ]

mfn. being before and behind

directed forward and backward, eastern and western KātyŚr. Kālid. etc. ( -tva n. Śaṃk. )

prior and subsequent, first and last

preceding and following, following one another, connected with one another KātyŚr. MBh. etc.

( ám ), ind. one after another RV. ĀpŚr. Sch.

n. that which is before and behind, east and west Sūryas

connection Mn. viii, 56

the proof and thing to be proved W.

-grantha m. N. of wk.

-dakṣiṇa mf ( ā ) n. eastern, western and southern MBh.

-dina n. forenoon and afternoon Cat.

-rātri f. the former and latter half of the night, ŚāṅkhGr

-prayoga m. N. of wk.

-virodha m. opposition of prior and subsequent, inconsistency, incongruity MW.

-smārta-prayoga m. N. of wk.

°parâyata mf ( ā ) n. running from east to west KātyŚr. Sch.

°parī-bhāva m. the following one another, succession Sarvad

°parī-√ bhū, to follow one another, be connected with one another Nir. Sāh

°parya n. = paurvāparya

( eṇa ), ind. one after another KātyŚr. Sch. VarBṛ. Sch.



pūrvâpaharaṇā [ pUrvApaharaNA ]

f. g. ajâdi Kāś. ( v.l. °pahāṇā )



pūrvâpúṣ [ pUrvApuS ]

( ? ) RV. viii, 22, 2 ( Sāy. = pūrveṣām poṣakaḥ

v.l. pūrâyus, q.v. )



pūrvā-bhādrapadā [ pUrvAbhAdrapadA ]

f. the 25th Nakshatra MBh. ( v.l. pūrva-bh° )



pūrvâbhibhāṣin [ pUrvAbhibhASin ]

mfn. = -pūrva-bhâṣin, q.v. Rājat



pūrvâbhimukha [ pUrvAbhimukha ]

mf ( ā ) n. turned or flowing towards the east ( as rivers ) Suśr.



pūrvâbhirāmā [ pUrvAbhirAmA ]

f. N. of a river MBh.



pūrvâbhiṣeká [ pUrvAbhiSeka ]

m. previous anointing

( Sāy. ' a partic. Mantra ' ) ŚBr.



pūrvâbhyāsa [ pUrvAbhyAsa ]

m. the repetition of what precedes

( ena ), ind. afresh, anew ŚārṅgP.



pūrvâmbudhi [ pUrvAmbudhi ]

m. the eastern ocean Kathās



pūrvâyús [ pUrvAyus ]

mfn. ( prob. ) ' of an early age ', young RV. ( v.l. for pūrvâpúṣ, q.v.

others pūrv-āyus, ' having or granting vital power ' )



pūrvârāma [ pUrvArAma ]

m. ' eastern garden ', N. of a Buddhist monastery



pūrvârcika [ pUrvArcika ]

n. N. of the first half of the Sāma-veda ( the second half of which is called uttarârcika )



pūrvârjita [ pUrvArjita ]

mfn. attained or gained formerly or by former works Kathās



pūrvârdhá [ pUrvArdha ]

m. ( later n. ) the front or upper part

eastern side ( opp. to jaghanârdha, uttarârdha etc. ) TS. ŚBr. GṛŚrS. etc.

the fore or first half ( of a hemistich ) Śrutab

( with dinasya ) forenoon Bhartṛ. etc.

-kāya m. the front or upper part of the body MBh.

-bhāga m. the upper part, top Ragh

-lambin mfn. having the foremost half inclined, leaning forward MW.



pūrvārdhya [ pUrvArdhya ]

mfn. being on the eastern side Lāṭy. KātyŚr. Pāṇ. Sch.



pūrvâvadhīrita [ pUrvAvadhIrita ]

mfn. formerly disdained Śak



pūrvâvedaka [ pUrvAvedaka ]

m. ' making the first statement ', a plaintiff Yājñ.



pūrvâśā [ pUrvAzA ]

f. the east Hcat



pūrvâśin [ pUrvAzin ]

mfn. eating before another ( abl. or loc. ) MBh.



pūrvâṣāḍhā [ pUrvASADhA ]

f. the first of two constellations called Ashāḍhā ( the 18th or 20th Nakshatra or lunar asterism ) Var. Pur.

°ḍha-janana-śānti f. N. of wk.



pūrvâsín [ pUrvAsin ]

mfn. shooting before ( another ) AV.



pūrvâhṇá [ pUrvAhNa ]

m. the earlier part of the day, forenoon ( mostly loc. ; sometimes incorrectly pūrvâhna ) RV. etc.

( °hṇa-kāle or °hNe-k°, °hṇa-tare or °hNe-t°, °hṇa-tame or °hNe-t° [ Pāṇ. 6-3, 17 Sch. ], °hṇe-tarām or -tamām [ v, 4, 11 Sch. ], ind. in the forenoon ; -hṇa-kṛta mfn. = °hNe-kR° [ ii, 1, 45 Sch. ], to be done in the formerly ; °hṇâparâhṇayoḥ ind. in the formerly and afternoon Lāṭy. Gobh ; °hṇe-geya mfn. [ ii, 1, 43 Sch. ] to be sung in the formerly )

°hṇaka m. ' born in the forenoon ', N. of a man Pāṇ. 4-3, 28

°hṇatana or °hṇe-tana ( vi, 3, 17 Sch. ), mfn. belonging or relating to the forenoon

°hṇika mf ( ī ) n. id. MBh.

n. a matutinal ceremony or sacrifice = pŚ-kriyā ( or -vidhi ) MBh.



pūrvêtara [ pUrvetara ]

mf ( ā ) n. ' other than eastern ', western L.



pūrvedyús [ pUrvedyus ]

ind. on the day before, yesterday ( opp. to uttaredyus, apare-dyus etc. ) TS. Br. GṛŚrS. Mn. etc.

early, betimes, in the morning. L.

during that portion of a day on which religious ceremonies are to be performed = dharmâhe, dharma-vāsare L.

°dyur-āhṛtá mfn. fetched on the day before ŚBr.

°dyur-dugdhá mfn. milked on the day before ŚBr.



pūrvêndra [ pUrvendra ]

m. a former Indra MBh.



pūrvêṣukāmaśamī [ pUrveSukAmazamI ]

N. of a village Pāṇ. 2-1, 50 etc. Sch.

°vaiṣukāmaśama mfn. ( fr. prec. ), iv, 2, 107 etc. Sch.



pūrvôkta [ pUrvokta ]

mfn. said before, formerly stated, aforesaid, before mentioned Mn. Kathās. etc.

-parāmarśaka mfn. referring to something before mentioned MW.



pūrvôcita [ pUrvocita ]

mfn. before accustomed, known from former days, former R.



pūrvôttara [ pUrvottara ]

mf ( ā ) n. north-eastern MBh. MārkP. Hcat. etc.

( e ), ind. in the north-east Hcat

du. or ( ibc. ) the antecedent and subsequent, the preceding and following VPrāt. Pāṇ. Sch.

-śānti f. N. of wk.



pūrvôtthāyin [ pUrvotthAyin ]

mfn. rising the first ( in the morning ) Gaut. MBh.



pūrvôtthita [ pUrvotthita ]

mfn. risen before ( as smoke ) Ragh



pūrvôtpatti [ pUrvotpatti ]

mfn. arising before KapS.



pūrvôtpanna [ pUrvotpanna ]

mfn. produced or arisen or existent before

-tva n. = pūrva-bhāva Bhāshāp.



pūrvôdak-plava [ pUrvodakplava ]

mfn. inclined towards the north-east Var



pūrvôdita [ pUrvodita ]

mfn. aforesaid, before mentioned W.



pūrvôpakārin [ pUrvopakArin ]

mfn. one who has formerly, done a service to another MBh.



pūrvôpakrama [ pUrvopakrama ]

mf ( ā ) n. beginning from the east Gobh



pūrvôpanihita [ pUrvopanihita ]

mfn. previously hidden away ( as a treasure ) Mn. viii, 37



pūrvôpapanna [ pUrvopapanna ]

mfn. ( prob. ) having prior claims MBh.



pūrvôpasṛtá [ pUrvopasRta ]

mfn. approached or arrived first TBr.



pūrvôpârjita [ pUrvopArjita ]

mfn. formerly occupied or acquired Pañc