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 pára [ para ]

1. mf(ā)n. ( √ 1. pṛ; abl. sg. m. n. párasmāt, °rāt; loc. párasmin, °re; nom. pl. m. páre, °rās, °rāsas ; cf. Pāṇ. i, 1, 34 ; vii, 1, 16 ; 50 ) far, distant, remote ( in space ), opposite, ulterior, farther than, beyond, on the other or farther side of, extreme

previous ( in time ), former

ancient, past

later, future, next

following, succeeding, subsequent

final, last

exceeding ( in number or degree ), more than

better or worse than, superior or inferior to, best or worst, highest, supreme, chief ( in the compar. meanings [ where also -tara ], with abl., rarely gen. or ifc.

exceptionally paraṃ śatam, more than a hundred, lit. ' an excessive hundred, a hundred with a surplus, ' R.

parāḥ koṭayaḥ, Prab. Hcat. ), RV. etc.

strange, foreign, alien, adverse, hostile, ib.

other than, different from ( abl. ), Prab.

left, remaining, Kathās.

concerned or anxious for ( loc. ), R.

m. another ( different from one's self ), a foreigner, enemy, foe, adversary, RV. etc.

a following letter or sound ( only ifc. mfn., e.g. ta-para, having t as the following letter, followed by t ), RPrāt. Pāṇ.

( scil. graha ) a subsidiary Soma-graha, TS.

N. of a king of Kosala with the patr. Āṭṇāra, Br.

of another king, MBh.

of a son of Samara, Hariv.

( sc. prāsāda ) of the palace of Mitravindā, ib.

m. or n. the Supreme or Absolute Being, the Universal Soul, Up. R. Pur.

( ā ), f. a foreign country, abroad ( ? ), Kathās.

a species of plant, L.

N. of a sound in the first of its 4 stages, L.

a partic. measure of time, Sāy.

N. of a river, MBh. VP. ( v.l. pārā, veṇā, veṇṇā )

of a goddess ( cf. s.v. ), n. remotest distance, MBh.

highest point or degree, ib.

final beatitude, L. ( also -taram and parāt para-taram )

the number 10, 000, 000, 000 ( as the full age of Brahmā ), VP.

N. of partic. Sāmans, Kāṭh.

any chief matter or paramount object ( ifc. [ f. ā ] having as the chief object, given up to, occupied with, engrossed in, intent upon, resting on, consisting of, serving for, synonymous with etc., MBh. Kāv. etc. )

the wider or more extended or remoter meaning of a word, Jaim. Kull.

( in logic ) genus

existence ( regarded as the common property of all things ), W.

( am ), ind. afterwards, later

( with abl. ) beyond, after ( e.g. paraṃ vijñānāt, beyond human knowledge; astam-ayāt p°, after sunset; mattaḥ p°, after me; ataḥ p° or param ataḥ, after this, farther on, hereafter, next; itaḥ p°, henceforward, from now; tataḥ p° or tataś ca p°, after that, thereupon; nâsmāt p° [ for m´âsm° p° ], no more of this, enough ), MBh. Kāv. etc.

in a high degree, excessively, greatly, completely, ib.

rather, most willingly, by all means, ib.

I will, so be it, Divyâ`v.

at the most, at the utmost, merely, no more than, nothing but, ib.

but, however, otherwise ( paraṃ tu or paraṃ kiṃ tu, id.; yadi p°, if at all, perhaps, at any rate; na-p°, not-but; na p°-api, not only-but also; paraṃ na-api na, not only not-but not even; na paraṃ-yāvat, not only-but even ), ib.

( páreṇa ), ind. farther, beyond, past ( with acc. ), RV. etc.

thereupon, afterwards, later than, after ( with abl. or gen. ), Mn. MBh. etc.

( paré ), ind. later, farther, in future, afterwards, RV. MBh. Kāv. [ Cf. Zd. para; Gk. πέρᾱ,πέρᾱν ; Lat. peren-die ; Goth. faírra ; Germ. fern ; Eng. far and fore. ]

pára-kathā [ parakathA ]

f. pl. talk about another Bhartṛ

pára-kara-gata [ parakaragata ]

mfn. being in another's hands Pañc

pára-karman [ parakarman ]

n. service for another Kām

°nirata m. ' engaged in service for another a servant Var

pára-kalatra [ parakalatra ]

n. another's wife

°râbhigamana n. approaching another's wife, adultery W.

pára-kāya-praveśana [ parakAyapravezana ]

n. entering another's body ( a supernatural art ) Cat.

pára-kārya [ parakArya ]

n. another's business or affair Pañc

pára-kāla [ parakAla ]

mfn. relating to a later time, mentioned later ( opp. to pūrva- ) VPrāt.

pára-kṛti [ parakRti ]

f. the action or history of another, an example or precedent Nyāyam. Sch. Kull

pára-kṛtya [ parakRtya ]

n. another's business or affair Kāv

mfn. busy for another, hostile Mudr

-pakṣa m. the hostile party ib.

pára-krama [ parakrama ]

m. doubling the other ( i.e. second ) letter of a conjunction of consonants RPrāt.

pára-krāthin [ parakrAthin ]

m. N. of a Kuru warrior MBh.

pára-krānti [ parakrAnti ]

f. the greatest declination, inclination of the ecliptic Sūryas

pára-kṣudrā [ parakSudrA ]

f. pl. the very short verses ( of Veda ) VāyuP. ( cf. kṣudrasûkta )

pára-kṣetra [ parakSetra ]

n. another's field or wife ( cf. kṣetra ) Mn.

the body in another life Pāṇ. 5-2, 92 ( cf. kṣetriya )

pára-khātaka [ parakhAtaka ]

mfn. dug by another AV. Pariś

pára-gata [ paragata ]

mfn. being with or relating to another MBh.

pára-gāmin [ paragAmin ]

mfn. id. Pāṇ. 1-3, 72

pára-guṇa [ paraguNa ]

( ibc. ) the virtues of another ( -grâhin mfn. assuming them ) Kāv

mfn. beneficial to another or to a foe R.

pára-gṛha-vāsa [ paragRhavAsa ]

or pára-geha-vāsa m. dwelling in another's house Kāv

pára-geha-vāsa [ paragehavAsa ]

or pára-gṛha-vāsa m. dwelling in another's house Kāv

pára-granthi [ paragranthi ]

m. ' extreme point of a limb ', an articulation, joint L.

pára-glāni [ paraglAni ]

f. the subjugation of a foe W.

pára-cakra [ paracakra ]

n. the army of a foe MBh. Var. ( Sch. ' a hostile prince ' )

-sūdana m. destroyer of it BhP.

pára-citta-jñāna [ paracittajJAna ]

n. knowing the thoughts of another L.

pára-cintā [ paracintA ]

f. thinking of or caring for another Kāv

pára-cchanda [ paracchanda ]

m. another's will BhP. ( °dânuvartana n. following it L. )

mfn. depending on another's will, subservient ( also -vat ) L.

pára-cchidra [ paracchidra ]

n. another's fault or defect Kāv

pára-ja [ paraja ]

mfn. being behind another, inferior Kāṭh

coming from a foe MBh.

pára-jana [ parajana ]

m. another person, a stranger

( coll. ) strangers ( opp. to sva-j° ) Mn. xi, 9

pára-janman [ parajanman ]

n. a future birth

°mika mfn. relating to it MW.

pára-jāta [ parajAta ]

m. ' born of another ', a stranger or servant L. ( v.l. -jita, ' conquered by another ' )

pára-jñāna-maya [ parajJAnamaya ]

mf ( ī ) n. consisting in knowledge of the Supreme Being VP.

pára-taṅgaṇa [ parataGgaNa ]

( ? ), m. pl. N. of a people MBh.

pára-tattva [ paratattva ]

in -nirṇaya m. -prakāśikā f. - vāda m. N. of wks.

pára-tantra [ paratantra ]

n. a rule or formula for another rite KātyŚr.

mf ( ā ) n. dependent on or subject to another, obedient ( opp. to sva-t° ) MBh. Kāv. Suśr. etc.

n. ( ibc. ) and -tā f. ( Sāh. ) dependence on another's will Sāh

-dṛṣṭi mfn. one who asserts the dependence of the will Jātakam

-haṃsôpaniṣad f. N. of an Up.

°trī-kṛta mfn. made dependent, brought into another's power Kull

ceded, sold Kathās

pára-tama [ paratama ]

and mfn. superl. and compar. of para

pára-tara [ paratara ]

mfn. superl. and compar. of para

pára-tarkaka [ paratarkaka ]

or m. a beggar Var

pára-tarkuka [ paratarkuka ]

m. a beggar Var

pára-talpa [ paratalpa ]

m. pl. another's wife Āpast

-gāmin m. one who approaches another's wife ib.

pára-tas [ paratas ]

ind. = abl. of para Kāv. Pur.

farther, far off, afterwards, behind ( itas-paratas, here-there

sapta puruṣān itaś ca paraś ca, seven ancestors and seven descendants Gaut

sani parataḥ, sc. sati, when san follows Pāṇ. 2-4, 48 Sch. ) RPrāt. Hariv. R. etc.

high above ( in rank ) Rājat

( with prec. abl. ) after ( in time ) MBh. Yājñ. etc.

beyond, above ( in rank ) Bhag. Kām

otherwise, differently W.

°taḥ-poṣa mfn. receiving food from another BhP.

-tas-tva n. ( the state of ) being from elsewhere or without Sarvad

pára-tā [ paratA ]

f. highest degree, absoluteness, ( ifc. ) the being quite devoted to or intent upon Bhāshāp. Rājat

pára-tāpana [ paratApana ]

m. ' paining-foes ', N. of a Marut Hariv.

pára-tīrthika [ paratIrthika ]

m. the adherent of another sect L.

pára-toṣayitṛ [ paratoSayitR ]

mfn. gratifying others Śiś.

pára-tra [ paratra ]

ind. elsewhere, in another place, in a future state or world, hereafter Mn. MBh. etc.

below i.e. in the sequel ( of a book ) Vop. Sch.

-bhīru m. ' one who stands in awe of futurity ', a pious or religious man W.

pára-tvá [ paratva ]

n. distance, remoteness, consequence, posteriority , difference, strangeness, superiority to ( gen. ) Āpast. MBh. Pur. etc.

= -tā Kap

-ratnâkara m. N. of wk.

pára-dāra [ paradAra ]

m. sg. or pl. another's wife or wives Mn. MBh. etc.

adultery Gaut. xxii, 29

-gamana n. °râbhigamana n. °râbhimarśa m. °rôpasevana n. ( °vā f. ) approaching or touching or courting another's wife or wives, adultery W.

-parigraha ( R. ), -bhuj ( MārkP. ), -dārin : ( R. ), m. one who takes or approaches or enjoys another's wife or wives, an adulterer R.

pára-duḥkha [ paraduHkha ]

n. another's pain or sorrow W.

pára-dūṣaṇa [ paradUSaNa ]

m. ( sc. saṃdhi ) peace purchased by the entire produce of a country Kām. Hit. ( v.l. para-bhūṣaṇa and pari- bh° )

pára-devatā [ paradevatA ]

f. the highest deity ĀpŚr. Sch.

-stuti f. N. of a hymn

pára-deśa [ paradeza ]

m. another or a foreign or a hostile country ( opp. to sva-d° ) Var. Kaṭh. Pañc

-sevin mfn. living abroad, a traveller W.

°śin mfn. foreign, exotic

m. a foreigner or a traveller ib.

pára-doṣa [ paradoSa ]

in -kīrtana n. the proclaiming of another's faults , censoriousness W.

-jña mfn. knowing another's faults Subh

pára-dravya [ paradravya ]

n. pl. another's property Hit.

°vyâpahāraka mfn. robbing another's property Mn.

pára-droha [ paradroha ]

m. injuring another ŚārṅgP.

-karma-dhī mfn. injuring another in deed or thought Mn.

°hin mfn. tyrannising over another W.

pára-dveṣin [ paradveSin ]

mfn. hating another, inimical to another W.

pára-dhana [ paradhana ]

n. another's wealth VP.

°nâsvādana-sukha n. feeding luxuriously at another's expense Hit.

pára-dharma [ paradharma ]

m. another's duty or business, the duties of another caste Mn. BhP.

another's peculiarity ( -tva n. ) Kap

pára-dhyāna [ paradhyAna ]

n. intent meditation W.

pára-nindā [ paranindA ]

f. reviling others MW.

pára-nipāta [ paranipAta ]

m. the irregular posteriority of a word in a compound ( opp. to pūrva-n° ) Pāṇ. Sch.

pára-nirmita-vaśa-vartin [ paranirmitavazavartin ]

m. ' constantly enjoying pleasures provided by others ', N. of a class of Buddh. deities Lalit. ( cf. MWB. 208 )

pára-nirvāṇa [ paranirvANa ]

n. the highest Nirvāṇa ( with Buddhists ) Sarvad

pára-ṃ-tapa [ paraMtapa ]

mfn. destroying foes ( said of heroes ) MBh. R. etc.

m. N. of a son of Manu Tāmasa Hariv.

of a prince of Magadha Ragh

pára-pakṣa [ parapakSa ]

m. the other side, hostile party, enemy Hit.

N. of a son of Anu VP. ( v.l. paramêkṣu )

pára-patnī [ parapatnI ]

f. the wife of another or of a stranger Mn. Kathās

pára-pada [ parapada ]

n. the highest position, final emancipation Mahān

pára-parigraha [ paraparigraha ]

m. another's property Āpast

another's wife Mn. ix, 42, 43

pára-paribhava [ paraparibhava ]

m. humiliation or injury suffered from others Mṛcch

pára-parivāda [ paraparivAda ]

m. = -nirvā Pañc

pára-pāka [ parapAka ]

m. another's food or meal Mn. etc.

-nirvṛtta m. one who cooks his own food without observing a partic. ceremony W.

-rata m. one who lives upon others but observes the due ceremonies ib.

-ruci m. a constant guest at others ' tables ib.

°kôpabhojin mfn. eating another's or a stranger's food Suśr.

pára-pāra-bhūta [ parapArabhUta ]

m. N. of Viṣṇu VP.

pára-piṇḍa [ parapiNDa ]

in -puṣṭaka m. ' nourished by another's food ', a servant Mṛcch. viii, 25/26

°ḍâda m. ' eating another's food ', id. L.

pára-puraṃjaya [ parapuraMjaya ]

mfn. conquering an enemy's city ( said of heroes ) MBh. R. etc.

m. N. of a king VP.

pára-pura-praveśa [ parapurapraveza ]

m. entering an enemy's city ( as a supernatural art ), Sāṃkhyas. Sch.

pára-puruṣa [ parapuruSa ]

m. the husband of another woman Kālid

' the Supreme Spirit ', N. of Viṣṇu L.

pára-puṣṭa [ parapuSTa ]

mfn. nourished by another or a stranger L.

m. the Kokila or Indian cuckoo ( cf. -bhṛt below and anya-p° ) MBh. Kāv. etc.

( ā ), f. a female cuckoo Var

a harlot L.

a parasitical plant L.

N. of a daughter of a king of Kauśāmbi Kathās

-maya mf ( ī ) n. being a cuckoo Hcar.

-mahôtsava m. ' the cuckoo's great feast ', a mango tree L.

pára-pūruṣa [ parapUruSa ]

m. the husband of another woman Kathās

pára-pūrva-tva [ parapUrvatva ]

n. the state of preceding that which ought to follow Sāy. on RV. i, 53, 9

pára-pūrvā [ parapUrvA ]

f. a woman who has had a former husband Mn. v, 163

-pati m. her husband ib. iii, 166

pára-pauravatantava [ parapauravatantava ]

m. N. of a son of Viśvāmitra MBh.

pára-prakāśaka [ paraprakAzaka ]

and m. N. of 2 poets Cat.

pára-praṇava [ parapraNava ]

m. N. of 2 poets Cat.

pára-prayojana [ paraprayojana ]

mf ( ā ) n. useful or beneficial to others Ragh

pára-pravādin [ parapravAdin ]

m. a false teacher Divyâv

pára-prêṣya-tva [ parapreSyatva ]

n. the service of another, slavery Mn. xii, 78

pára-bala [ parabala ]

n. the foe's army Mn. vii, 174

pára-balīyas [ parabalIyas ]

mfn. each more important than the preceding Gaut

pára-brahman [ parabrahman ]

n. the Supreme Spirit or Brahman Bhartṛ

N. of anUp.

°ma-prakāśikā f. °ma-stotra n. °mânanda-bodha m. °mâṣṭôttara-śata-nāman n. °môpaniṣad f. N. of wks.

pára-bhāga [ parabhAga ]

m. superior power or merit, excellence, supremacy Kālid. ( -tā f. ) Pañc. Kathās

good fortune, prosperity L.

the last part, remainder W.

pára-bhāgya [ parabhAgya ]

n. another's wealth or prosperity W.

°gyôpajīvin mfn. living upon another's fortune MW. -1

pára-bhāva [ parabhAva ]

mf ( ā ) n. loving another MBh. -2

pára-bhāva [ parabhAva ]

m. the being subsequent or second member in a compound Pat. ( cf. -bhūta )

pára-bhāṣā [ parabhASA ]

f. a foreign language L.

pára-bhū [ parabhU ]

in -jāti-nirṇaya m. -prakaraṇa n. N. of wks.

pára-bhūta [ parabhUta ]

mfn. following or subsequent ( said of words ) Kāś. on Pāṇ. 8-1, 36

pára-bhūmi [ parabhUmi ]

f. a foreign or hostile country

-ṣṭha mfn. being in it Hit.

pára-bhūṣaṇa [ parabhUSaNa ]

n. another's ornament W. ( w.r. for pari-bh° and para-dūṣaṇa )

pára-bhṛt [ parabhRt ]

mfn. nourishing another BhP.

m. a crow L. ( cf. next )

pára-bhṛta [ parabhRta ]

m. ' nourished by another ', the Kokila or Indian cuckoo ( supposed to leave its eggs to be hatched by the crow ) Kāv

( ā ), f. the female Kokila ib.

-maya mf ( ī ) n. consisting entirely of cuckoos Kād

pára-bhṛtikā [ parabhRtikA ]

f. a female cuckoo Mālav

N. of a woman ib.

pára-bhṛtya [ parabhRtya ]

mfn. to be nourished or supported by another ( -tva, n. ) Hariv. R.

pára-bhedaka [ parabhedaka ]

( W. ),

pára-bhedana [ parabhedana ]

( Śiś. ), mfn. destroying enemies

pára-maṇi [ paramaNi ]

m. ' excellent jewel ', N. of a prince Kathârṇ

pára-mata [ paramata ]

n. a different opinion or doctrine, heterodoxy W.

-kālânala m. N. of a pupil of Śaṃkara Cat.

-khaṇḍana-saṃgraha m. -bhaṅga m. -bhañjana n. N. of wks.

pára-mada [ paramada ]

m. highest degree of intoxication, ŚārṅgS.

pára-mantra [ paramantra ]

v.l. for mātra

pára-manthu [ paramanthu ]

or m. N. of a son of Kaksheyu Hariv. ( v.l. °markṣa )

pára-manyu [ paramanyu ]

m. N. of a son of Kaksheyu Hariv. ( v.l. °markṣa )

pára-marma [ paramarma ]

( for -marman ), in -jña mfn. knowing the secret plans or intentions of another Mn. vii, 154 Kull

-bhāṣaṇa n. telling another's secrets Siṉhâs

pára-mātra [ paramAtra ]

m. or n. ( with Buddhists ) a partic. high number ( v.l. -mantra )

pára-māra [ paramAra ]

m. N. of a son of the Ṛṣi Śaunaka and ancestor of Bhoja-deva Inscr. Cat. ( cf. -mṛtyu )

pára-mukhacapeṭikā [ paramukhacapeTikA ]

f. ' slap in the face of another ', N. of a controversial wk.

pára-mṛtyu [ paramRtyu ]

m. a crow L. ( cf. -māra )

pára-mokṣa-nirāsa-kārikā [ paramokSanirAsakArikA ]

f. pl. ' memorial rules for preventing another's final beatitude ', N. of wk.

pára-m-para [ parampara ]

mfn. one following the other, proceeding from one to another ( as from father to son ), successive, repeated MBh. Suśr.

( am ), ind. successively. uninterruptedly VPrāt.

m. a great great-grandson or great-grandson with his descendants L.

a species of deer L.

-tas ind. successively continually, mutually W.

-bhojana n. eating continually L.

pára-m-parā [ paramparA ]

f. an uninterrupted row or series, order, succession, continuation, mediation, tradition ( °rayā ind. by tradition, indirectly ) MBh. Kāv. etc.

lineage, progeny L.

hurting, killing L.

-prâpta ( Bhag. ), -yāta ( °rây° Var. ), mfn. received by tradition

-vāhana n. an indirect means of conveyance ( e.g. the horse which draws a carriage ) L.

-sambandha m. an indirect conjunction Pāṇ. 8-1, 24 Sch.

pára-parāka [ paraparAka ]

m. immolating an animal at a sacrifice L.

pára-parita [ paraparita ]

mfn. forming an uninterrupted series, continuous Kpr.

pára-parī'ṇa [ paraparINa ]

mf ( ā ) n. hereditary, traditional Bhaṭṭ.

pára-yuvati-ga [ parayuvatiga ]

m. = -dārin Var

pára-yoṣit [ parayoSit ]

f. another's wife Gaut

pára-ramaṇa [ pararamaNa ]

m. ' a strange lover ', a paramour Pañc

pára-rāṣṭra [ pararASTra ]

n. the country of an enemy Kull. on Mn. vii, 153

pára-rūpa [ pararUpa ]

n. the following or subsequent sound ( -tva n. ) Pāṇ. Sāy

pára-loka [ paraloka ]

m. the other or future world ŚBr. Mn. MBh. etc.

-ga, -gata mfn. going or gone to the future world, dying, dead MBh. Kāv

-gama m. -gamana n. dying, death L.

-bādha, m. loss of the future world MW.

-yāna n. = -gama ib.

-vaha mf ( ā ) n. ( a river ) flowing in or toward the other world MBh.

-vidhi m. rites for the other world, funeral rites Kum

-sthāna n. the state of ( being in ) the other world ŚBr.

-hasta mfn. holding in hand ( i.e. quite certain of ) the other world Mṛcch. viii, 46/0. -1

pára-vat [ paravat ]

ind. like a stranger Kathās. -2

pára-vat [ paravat ]

mfn. subject to or dependent on ( instr., gen., loc. or comp. ), subservient, obedient MBh. Kālid

helpless, destitute Mālatīm. viii, 9/10

-tā f. subjection, obedience to Vikr. Rājat

pára-varga [ paravarga ]

m. the party or side of another Cāṇ

pára-vallabha [ paravallabha ]

m. pl. N. of a people VP.

pára-vaśa [ paravaza ]

mfn. subject to another's will, subdued or ruled by ( comp. ), subservient, obedient Mn. Pañc. Hit.

śâkṣepa m. an objection to anything under the pretext of being dependent on another Kāvyâd. ii, 150

pára-vaśya [ paravazya ]

mfn. = -vaśa

-tā f. R.

pára-vastu [ paravastu ]

m. N. of a poet Cat.

pára-vācya [ paravAcya ]

mfn. blamable by others ( -tā f. ) MBh.

n. another's fault or defect Śiś. xvi, 30

pára-vāṇi [ paravANi ]

m. ( L. ) a judge

a year

N. of Kārttikeya's peacock

pára-vāda [ paravAda ]

m. the talk of others, popular rumour or report, slander Pañc. ŚārṅgP.

objection, controversy Sāṃkhyak

°din m. an opponent, controversialist Śatr

pára-vāraṇa [ paravAraNa ]

m. one who averts or drives away enemies Vikr. iv, 19

pára-vitta [ paravitta ]

n. another's wealth R. ( w.r. pari- )

pára-vīra-han [ paravIrahan ]

m. killer of hostile heroes MBh.

pára-veśman [ paravezman ]

n. another's house Var

the dwelling of the Supreme L.

pára-vyākṣepin [ paravyAkSepin ]

mfn. scattering foes Mcar.

pára-vyūha-vināśana [ paravyUhavinAzana ]

m. the destroyer of an enemy's ranks MBh.

pára-vrata [ paravrata ]

m. N. of Dhṛta-rāshṭra L.

pára-śakti [ parazakti ]

m. N. of an author of Mantras Cat.

pára-śarīrâveśa [ parazarIrAveza ]

m. = -kāya-praveśana ib.

pára-śāsana [ parazAsana ]

n. the order of another MW.

pára-śiva [ paraziva ]

m. N. of an author of Mantras Cat.

-mahima-stotra n. N. of a Stotra

°vêndrasarasvatī m. N. of an author

pára-śuci [ parazuci ]

m. N. of a son of Manu Auttama MārkP.

pára-śrī [ parazrI ]

f. another's good fortune Siṉhâs

pára-śvas [ parazvas ]

ind. the day after to-morrow MBh. Hariv. etc. ( cf. paraḥ-śvas under paras )

pára-saṃgata [ parasaMgata ]

mfn. associated or engaged i.e. fighting with another MBh.

pára-saṃcāraka [ parasaMcAraka ]

m. pl. N. of a people VP.

pára-saṃjñaka [ parasaMjJaka ]

m. ' called Supreme ', the soul L.

pára-sambandha [ parasambandha ]

m. relation or connection with another

°dhin mfn. related or belonging to another W.

pára-savarṇa [ parasavarNa ]

mfn. homogeneous with a following letter Pāṇ.

°ṇī-√ bhu, to become homogeneous etc. Pat.

pára-sasthāna [ parasasthAna ]

mfn. = -savarṇa Prāt.

pára-sāt-√ kṛ [ parasAtkR ]

to give ( a woman ) into the hands of another i.e. in marriage Pañc

pára-sevā [ parasevA ]

f. service of another Kathās

pára-strī [ parastrI ]

f. the wife of another or an unmarried woman depending on another Sāh

pára-sthāna [ parasthAna ]

n. another place, strange place Hit.

pára-sva [ parasva ]

n. sg. or pl. another's property Mn. MBh. etc.

mfn. = sarvasva-bhūta MantraBr. Sch.

-graha m. seizing another's property Prab

-tva n. another's right W. ( -tvâpâdāna n. conferring a right upon another as by gift etc. ib. )

-haraṇa n. = -graha L.

-hṛt ( Var. ), -svâdāyin( Mn. ), mfn. taking or seizing another's property

-svêhā f. desire of another's property

-svôpajīvika ( W. ), °jīvin ( R. ), mfn. living upon another's property, dependent

pára-haṃsa [ parahaMsa ]

m. = parama-h° Cat.

pára-han [ parahan ]

m. ' foe-killer ', N. of a prince MBh.

pára-hita [ parahita ]

mfn. friendly, benevolent W.

n. another's welfare Bhartṛ

-grantha m. N. of wk.

-rakṣita m. N. of an author

-saṃhitā f. N. of wk.

parâṅkuśa [ parAGkuza ]

in -nātha m. N. of an author, - pañcaviṃśati f. -pādukā-pañcāśat f. °kuśâṣṭaka n. N. of Stotras

parâgama [ parAgama ]

m. the arrival or attack of an enemy Var

parâṅga [ parAGga ]

n. the hinder part of the body Kāv

a part of that which follows Pāṇ. 2-1, 2

parâṅga-da [ parAGgada ]

m. ' giving form to another ( sc. to Durgā with whom he forms one body, or to Kāma-deva whose body he restored after reducing it to ashes ) ', N. of Śiva L.

parâcita [ parAcita ]

m. ' nourished by another ', a servant L.

parâtman [ parAtman ]

m. the Supreme Spirit BhP.

mfn. one who considers the body as the soul MBh. BhP.

parádhi [ paradhi ]

m. or f. ' the paining of others ( ? ) ', hunting L.

parâdhīna [ parAdhIna ]

mf ( ā ) n. = °ra-vaśa Mn. MBh. etc.

( ifc. ) entirely engaged in or intent upon or devoted to Kād. Rājat

-tā f. ( Kāv. ), -tva n. ( MW. ) dependence upon another , subjection

paránanda [ parananda ]

( or °rân° ? cf. under parā below ), m. N. of an author

-purāṇa n. N. of wk.

parânīka [ parAnIka ]

n. a hostile army Mālatīm

parânta [ parAnta ]

m. ' the last end ', death ( -kāla m. time of death ) MuṇḍUp.

' living at the remotest distance ', N. of a people MBh.

parântaka [ parAntaka ]

m. a frontier Divyâv

pl. N. of a people L.

parânna [ parAnna ]

n. the food of another Kāv. KātyŚr. Sch.

-paripuṣṭatā f. the living on another's food Yājñ.

-bhojin mfn. eating another's food Hit.

m. a servant L.

parâpara [ parApara ]

mfn. remote and proximate, prior and posterior ( as cause and effect ), earlier and later, higher and lower, better and worse MBh. Kāv. etc.

m. = -guru below

n. ( in logic ) a community of properties in a small class under the larger or generic, a species or class between the genus and individual W.

Grewia Asiatica Bhpr.

-guru m. a Guru of an intermediate class

N. of the goddess Durgā W. ( cf. parāt-parag° )

-jña, knowing what is remote and proximate etc. MBh.

-tā f. -tva n. higher and lower degree, absolute and relative state, priority and posteriority

the state of being both a genus and a species Bhāshāp

-dṛṣṭârtha mfn. knowing the real nature of the remote and proximate etc. Hariv.

°rêśa m. ' lord of the remote and property, etc. ', N. of Viṣṇu VP.

°raˆitṛ ( párâp° ), mfn. going after another, going in a line ( to the next world ) AV. 1

parâmṛta [ parAmRta ]

n. ( for 2. See p. 590, col. 2 ) ' the best nectar ', rain L. 1

parâ'yaṇa [ parAyaNa ]

n. ( for 2. See p. 590, col. 3 ) final end or aim, last resort or refuge, principal object, chief matter, essence, summary ( °ṇaṃ-√ kṛ, to do one's utmost ) ŚBr. Up. MBh. etc.

( in medic. ) a universal medicine, panacea Car.

a religious order or division W.

( ifc.

f. ā ) making anything one's chief object, wholly devoted or destined to, engaged in, intent upon, filled or occupied with, affected or possessed by ( -tā f. Daś. ) Mn. MBh. etc.

mf ( ā ) n. violent, strong ( as pain ) MBh. i, 8367 ( Nīlak. )

principal, being the chief object or final aim ib.

dependent on ( gen. ) R.

leading or conducive to ( gen. ) MBh.

m. N. of a pupil of Yājñavalkya VāyuP.

-vat mfn. occupying the principal point, most elevated MBh.

paráyatta [ parayatta ]

mf ( ā ) n. dependent upon another R. Pañc

( ifc. ) wholly subdued or overwhelmed by Kād. Bālar

parâyus [ parAyus ]

m. ' one who has reached the highest age or 100 years, N. of Brahmā BhP.

parârtha [ parArtha ]

m. the highest advantage or interest, an important object MBh.

sexual intercourse Pañc

another's advantage or interest ( ibc., °rtham or °rthe ind. for another or for others or for something else ) Mn. MBh. Kāv. etc.

mfn. ( also -ka ) having another object

designed for another

dependent on something else ( -tā f. -tva n. ) ŚrS. Sāṃkhyak. Tarkas

-cara mfn. intent upon another's welfare Jātakam

-caryā f. care for another welfare ib.

-niṣṭha mfn. fixed on the supreme good MW.

-vādin mfn. speaking for another, a mediator, a substitute Yājñ. Sch.

°rthin mfn. striving after the supreme good ( emancipation ) Cāṇ

parârdhá [ parArdha ]

m. the more remote or opposite side or half. Br. KaṭhUp. MBh.

mn. the highest number ( 100, 000 billions ) VS. TS. MBh. etc.

the number of mortal days corresponding to 50 years of Brahmā's life Pur.

( as mfn. w.r. for °dhya. )

parârdhaka [ parArdhaka ]

m. or n. one half of anything Kāv

parârdhyá [ parArdhya ]

mf ( ā ) n. being on the more remote or opposite side or half. ŚBr.

most distant in number, of the highest possible number ib.

highest in rank or quality, most excellent, best Br. ChUp. MBh. etc.

more excellent than ( abl. ) Ragh. x, 65

n. a maximum ( only ifc. ' amounting at the most to ' ) GṛŚrS.

parârbuda [ parArbuda ]

m. a species of fire-fly L.

parâvajñā [ parAvajJA ]

f. insulting another MW.

parā-vat [ parAvat ]

( for °ra-vat ), mfn. offering beatitude Āpast

parâvara [ parAvara ]

mf ( ā ) n. distant and near, earlier and later, prior and subsequent, highest and lowest, all-including ( -tva n. ) MBh. Pur. etc.

handed down from earlier to later times, traditional MuṇḍUp.

each successive BhP.

m. pl. ancestors and descendants Mn. i, 105 ; iii, 38

n. the distant and near etc.

cause and effect, motive and consequence, the whole extent of an idea, totality, the universe MuṇḍUp. MBh. Vedântas

-jña ( MBh. ), -dṛś ( MW. ), -vid ( BhP. ), mfn. knowing or seeing both distant and near or past and future etc.

-vibhāgavid mfn. knowing the difference between the distant and near etc. MBh.

°rêśa m. N. of Viṣṇu VP. ( cf. parâparêśa )

parâvasatha-śāyin [ parAvasathazAyin ]

mfn. sleeping in another's house Hit.

paráśraya [ parazraya ]

m. dependence on others Hariv.

a refuge to enemies BhP.

mfn. clinging to others, dependent on others Śikṣ

( ā ), f. a parasitical plant L.

parâśrita [ parAzrita ]

mfn. = ( and v.l. for ) prec. mfn.

a dependent, servant slave Hit.

parásaṅga [ parasaGga ]

m. cleaving or adhering to ( comp. ) Suśr.

parâskandin [ parAskandin ]

m. ' assailing another ', a thief, robber L.

parâha [ parAha ]

m. the next day L.

parâhata [ parAhata ]

m. struck by another, assailed, attacked W.

parâhṇa [ parAhNa ]

m. the afternoon Var. Pañc. ( w.r. °hna )

parêtara [ paretara ]

mfn. other than hostile, faithful, friendly Kir. i, 14

parêśa [ pareza ]

m. ' the highest lord ', N. of Brahmā or Viṣṇu Pur.

°śêśa m. ' lord of the highest lord ', N. of Vishnu MBh.

parêṣṭi [ pareSTi ]

m. ' having the highest worship ', N. of Brahman W.

parêṣṭukā [ pareSTukA ]

f. ' highest desire ( ? ) ', a cow which has often calved L.

paraˆidhita [ paraidhita ]

m. ' nourished by another ', the Indian cuckoo ( cf. para-bhṛta )

a servant L.

parôkta-khaṇḍana [ paroktakhaNDana ]

n. ' refutation of another's words ', N. of wk.

parôḍhā [ paroDhA ]

f. another's wife Sāh

parôdvaha [ parodvaha ]

m. ' descendant of another i.e. of the crow ', the Indian cuckoo Gal. ( cf. para-bhṛta )

parôpakaraṇa [ paropakaraNa ]

n. = -kāra Cāṇ

°ṇī-√ kṛ, to make one's self an instrument of others Hit.

parôpakāra [ paropakAra ]

m. assisting others, benevolence, charity Kāv

°raˆikarasa mfn. wholly devoted to the service of others

( ā ), f. a wife wholly devoted to her husband MW.

-dharma-kṣānti f. Dharmas. 107

parôpakārin [ paropakArin ]

mfn. assisting others, beneficent, charitable merciful Kathās. ( °ri-tva n. Bhartṛ. )

m. N. of a king Kathās

parôpakṛta [ paropakRta ]

mfn. helped or befriended by another MW.

parôpakṛti [ paropakRti ]

f. = -kāra ib.

parôpaga [ paropaga ]

mfn. relating to something else ( as an adjective ) L.

parôpajāpa [ paropajApa ]

m. the dissension ( or causing dissension ) of enemies Daś

parôpadeśa [ paropadeza ]

m. giving advice or instruction to others Hit.

parôparuddha [ paroparuddha ]

mfn. besieged by an enemy, blockaded, invested MW.

parôpavāsa [ paropavAsa ]

m. dwelling together with another Āpast

parôpasarpaṇa [ paropasarpaNa ]

n. approaching another, begging Bhām.

para [ para ]

2 in comp. for °ras

para-uru [ parauru ]

( °rá- ), mf ( ) n. broad on the outside or behind ŚBr. ( cf. paro-varīyas )

para-uṣṇih [ parauSNih ]

f. a kind of metre Chandas. ( also parôṣṇih ib. )

para-ṛk-śatagātha [ paraRkzatagAtha ]

mfn. containing 100 verses of the Veda as well as Gāthās AitBr.