prANa

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प्राण

Contents

prāṇa [ prANa ]


1 mfn. ( for 2. See p. 705, col. i ) filled, full L.




prâṇá [ prANa ]

2 m. ( ifc. f. ā

for 1. See under √ prā, p. 701 ) the breath of life, breath , respiration spirit vitality

pl. life RV. etc. ( prâṇān with √ muc or √ or pari-tyaj, ' to resign or quit life '

with √ rakṣ, ' to save life '

with ni-√ han, ' to destroy life '

tvam me prâṇaḥ ', thou art to me as dear as life '

often ifc. ; ' pati-, mâna-pr° ).

a vital organ vital air ( 3 in number, viz. prâṇa, apâna and vyāna AitBr. TUp. Suśr.

usually 5, viz. the preceding with sam-āna and, yd-āna ŚBr. MBh. Suśr. etc., cf. MWB. 242

or with the other vital organs 6 ŚBr.

or 7 AV. Br. MuṇḍUp.

or 9 AV. TS. Br.

or 10 ŚBr.

pl. the 5 organs of vitality or sensation, viz. prâṇa, vāc, cakṣus, śrotra, manas, collectively ChUp. ii, 7, i

or = nose, mouth, eyes and ears GopBr. ŚrS. Mn. iv, 143 )

air inhaled, wind AV. ŚBr.

breath ( as a sign of strength). vigour, energy, power MBh. R. etc. ( sarvaprâṇena or -prâṇaiḥ, ' with all one's strength ' or, all one's heart ' ; yathā-prâṇam ).

a breath ( as a measure of time, or the time requisite for the pronunciation of 10 long syllables = 1/6 Vināḍikā ) Var. Aryabh. VP.

N. of a Kalpa ( the 6th day in the light half of Brahmā's month ) Pur.

( in Sāṃkhya ) the spirit ( = puruṣa ) Tattvas

( in Ved^ants ) the spirit identified with the totality of dreaming spirits Vedântas. RTL. 35 ( cf. prāṇâtman )

poetical inspiration W.

myrrh L.

a N. of the letter y Up.

of a Sāman TāṇḍBr. ( vasiṣṭhasya prâṇâpânau ĀrshBr. )

of Brahmā L.

of Viṣṇu RTL. 106

of a Vasu BhP.

of a son of the Vasu Dhara Hariv.

of a Marut Yājñ. Sch.

of a son of Dhātṛ Pur.

of a son of Vidhātṛ BhP.

of a Ṛṣi in the 2nd Manv-antara Hariv.



prâṇá-kara [ prANakara ]

mf ( ī ) n. ' life-causing ', invigorating, refreshing Cāṇ

m. N. of a man L.



prâṇá-karman [ prANakarman ]

n. vital function Bhag.



prâṇá-kṛcchra [ prANakRcchra ]

n. peril of life MBh. BhP.



prâṇá-kṛṣṇa [ prANakRSNa ]

m. ( also with viśvāsa ) N. of 2 authors Cat.



prâṇá-grahá [ prANagraha ]

m. ' breath-catcher ', the nose, A.

pl. N. of partic. Soma vessels TS.



prâṇá-ghātaka [ prANaghAtaka ]

( MW. ),



prâṇá-ghna [ prANaghna ]

( Suśr. ), mf ( ī ) n. life- destroying, killing, mortal



prâṇá-caya [ prANacaya ]

m. increase of vitality or strength Var



prâṇá-cít [ prANacit ]

mfn. forming a deposit of breath ŚBr.



prâṇá-cití [ prANaciti ]

f. a mass or deposit of breath ib.



prâṇá-cchid [ prANacchid ]

mfn. cutting life short, deadly, fatal Var



prâṇá-ccheda [ prANaccheda ]

m. destruction of life, murder

-kara mfn. causing destruction of life, murderous Hit.



prâṇá-tejas [ prANatejas ]

( °ṇá- ), mfn. whose splendour or glory is life or breath ŚBr.



prâṇá-toṣiṇī [ prANatoSiNI ]

f. N. of wk. on Tantric rites ( 1821 )



prâṇá-tyāga [ prANatyAga ]

m. abandonment of life, suicide, death Kāv. Kathās



prâṇá-trāṇa [ prANatrANa ]

n. saving of life Mālatīm

-rasa m. N. of a partic. mixture L.



prâṇá-tvá [ prANatva ]

n. the state of breath or life ŚBr. Kap



prâṇá-dá [ prANada ]

mf ( ā ) n. life-giving, saving or preserving life AV. etc.

m. Terminalia Tomeutosa or Coccinia Grandis L.

N. of Brahmā L.

of Viṣṇu A.

( ā ), f. Terminalia Chebula L.

a species of bulbous plant L.

Commelina Salicifolia L.

( with guḍikā ) a kind of pill used as a remedy for hemorrhoids L.

n. water L.

blood L.



prâṇá-dakṣiṇā [ prANadakSiNA ]

f. the gift of life Kathās. Pañcat



prâṇá-daṇḍa [ prANadaNDa ]

m. the punishment of death MW.



prâṇá-dayita [ prANadayita ]

m. ' dear as life ', a husband Amar.



prâṇá-dávat [ prANadavat ]

See -dāvat



prâṇá-dā' [ prANadA ]

mfn. giving breath VS.



prâṇá-dātṛ [ prANadAtR ]

mfn. one who saves another's life MBh.



prâṇá-dāna [ prANadAna ]

n. gift of ( i.e. saving a person's ) life Kathās

resigning life Pañcat

anointing the Havis with Ghṛta during the recitation of sacred texts supposed to restore life KātyŚr.



prâṇá-dāvat [ prANadAvat ]

mfn. life -giving AV. ( -dávat prob. w.r. )



prâṇá-durodara [ prANadurodara ]

n. playing for life, staking life MBh.



prâṇá-dṛh [ prANadRh ]

mfn. ( nom. -dhṛk ) sustaining or prolonging the breath Kāṭh



prâṇá-dyūta [ prANadyUta ]

n. play or contest for life MBh.

°tâbhidevana mfn. ( a battle ) played or fought with life as a stake ib.



prâṇá-droha [ prANadroha ]

m. attempt on another's life Pañcat

°hin mfn. ( ifc. ) seeking another's life Daś



prâṇá-dhara [ prANadhara ]

m. N. of a man, Kathās

-miśra m. N. of an author Cat.



prâṇá-dhāra [ prANadhAra ]

mfn. possessing life, living, animate

m. a living being MW.



prâṇá-dhāraṇa [ prANadhAraNa ]

n. support or maintenance or prolongation of life ( °ṇaṃkṛ [ P. ], to support another's life

[ Ā, also with °ṇāṃ ], to support one's own life, take food ) MBh. R. etc.

means of supporting life, livelihood MBh. R.



prâṇá-dhārin [ prANadhArin ]

mfn. saving a person's ( gen. ) life Hariv.



prâṇá-dhṛk [ prANadhRk ]

See -dṛh



prâṇá-nātha [ prANanAtha ]

m. ( ifc. ) f. ā, lord of life ', a husband, lover Amar.

N. of Yama L.

N. of a heresiarch ( who had a controversy with Śainkara at Prayāga ) Cat.

( with vaidya ) N. of an author of sev. medic. wks.



prâṇá-nārāyaṇa [ prANanArAyaNa ]

m. N. of a king of Kāma-rūpa Cat.



prâṇá-nāśa [ prANanAza ]

m. ' loss of life ', death, Veṇis



prâṇá-nigráha [ prANanigraha ]

m. restraint of breath Vedântas



prâṇá-ṃ-dada [ prANaMdada ]

m. ' life-giver ', N. of Avalokit^eśvara Kāraṇḍ



prâṇá-pata [ prANapata ]

mfn. ( fr. next ), g. aśvapaty-ādi



prâṇá-pati [ prANapati ]

m. ' life-lord ', the soul MBh.

a physician. Car.

a husband MW.



prâṇá-patnī [ prANapatnI ]

f. ' breath-wife ', the voice ṢaḍvBr.



prâṇá-parikraya [ prANaparikraya ]

m. the price of life L.



prâṇá-parikṣīṇa [ prANaparikSINa ]

mfn. one whose life is drawing to a close Pañcat



prâṇá-parigraha [ prANaparigraha ]

m. possession of breath or life, existence Amar.



prâṇá-parityāga [ prANaparityAga ]

m. abandonment of life Mṛcch



prâṇá-parîpsā [ prANaparIpsA ]

f. desire of saving life MW.



prâṇá-pā' [ prANapA ]

mfn. protecting breath or life VS.



prâṇá-pratiṣṭhā [ prANapratiSThA ]

f. N. of wk.

-paddhati f. -mantra m. N. of wks.



prâṇá-prada [ prANaprada ]

mfn. restoring or saving another's life, Kathās. ( -phala n. N. of wk. )

( ā ), f. a species of medic. plant L.



prâṇá-pradāyaka [ prANapradAyaka ]

mf ( ikā ) n. = -prada mfn. Kathās



prâṇá-pradāyin [ prANapradAyin ]

mfn. id. ib.



prâṇá-prayāṇa [ prANaprayANa ]

n. departure or end life Rājat



prâṇá-prahāṇa [ prANaprahANa ]

n. loss of life Siṉhâs.



prâṇá-prâśanin [ prANaprAzanin ]

mfn. feeding only on breath ( i.e. on the mere smell of food or drink ), Pracaṇḍ



prâṇá-priya [ prANapriya ]

mfn. dear as life Vet

m. a husband, lover Naish. Sch.



prâṇá-prêpsu [ prANaprepsu ]

mfn. wishing to preserve his life, being in mortal fright MBh.



prâṇá-bādha [ prANabAdha ]

m. danger to life, extreme peril Mn. iv, 31 ( v.l. ) Kām. BhP. ( also ā f. A. )



prâṇá-buddhi [ prANabuddhi ]

f. sg. life and intelligence R. ( v.l. )



prâṇá-bhakṣa [ prANabhakSa ]

m. feeding only on breath or air ( cf. -prâśanin ) ŚrS.

( am ), ind. while feeding only on breath or air KātyŚr



prâṇá-bhaya [ prANabhaya ]

n. fear for l, peril of death R. Kathās. Pañcat



prâṇá-bhāj [ prANabhAj ]

mfn. possessing life

m. a living being, creature, man Śiś.



prâṇá-bhāsvat [ prANabhAsvat ]

m. ' life-light ' ( ? ), the ocean L.



prâṇá-bhūta [ prANabhUta ]

mfn. being the breath of life Ṛitus



prâṇá-bhṛ't [ prANabhRt ]

mfn. supporting life TS. ŚBr.

= -bhāj. ŚBr. etc.

N. of partic. bricks used in erecting an altar TS. ŚBr.

N. of Viṣṇu A.



prâṇá-mát [ prANamat ]

mfn. full of vital power, vigorous, strong, MaitrS :



prâṇá-máya [ prANamaya ]

mf ( ī ) n. consisting of vital air or breath ŚBr.

-kośa m. the vital case ( one of the cases or investitures of the soul ) Vedântas



prâṇá-mokṣaṇa [ prANamokSaNa ]

n. = -tyāga Pañcat



prâṇá-yama [ prANayama ]

m. = prâṇâyāma L.



prâṇá-yātrā [ prANayAtrA ]

f. support of life, subsistence MBh. Kāv. etc.

°trika mfn. requisite for subsubsistence ( ka-mātra mfn. possessing only the necessaries of life ) Mn. MBh.



prâṇá-yuta [ prANayuta ]

mfn. endowed with life, living, alive Cāṇ



prâṇá-yoni [ prANayoni ]

f. the source or spring of life Hariv.



prâṇá-rakṣaṇa [ prANarakSaNa ]

n. or preservation of life



prâṇá-rakṣā [ prANarakSA ]

f. preservation of life

°kṣaṇârtham or °kṣârtham ind. for the preservation of life Mn. MBh.



prâṇá-randhra [ prANarandhra ]

n. ' breath-aperture ', the mouth or a nostril BhP.



prâṇá-rājya-da [ prANarAjyada ]

mfn. one who has saved ( another's ) life and throne Kathās



prâṇá-rodha [ prANarodha ]

m. suppression of breath BhP.

N. of a partic. hell ib.



prâṇá-lābha [ prANalAbha ]

m. saving of life Gaut. Mn. xi, 80 ( w.r. °ṇâlābha )



prâṇá-lipsu [ prANalipsu ]

mfn. desirous of saving life MBh.



prâṇá-vat [ prANavat ]

mfn. = -yuta, KatyŚr. Śak

vigorous, strong, powerful Suśr. Hariv. ( compar. vat-tara )



prâṇá-vallabhā [ prANavallabhA ]

f. a mistress or wife as dear as life Pañcat



prâṇá-vidyā [ prANavidyA ]

f. the science of breath or vital airs Col.



prâṇá-vināśa [ prANavinAza ]

m. loss of life, death Sāntiś



prâṇá-viprayoga [ prANaviprayoga ]

m. separation from life, death Āpast



prâṇá-vīrya [ prANavIrya ]

n. strength of breath, TāṇdBr.



prâṇá-vṛtti [ prANavRtti ]

f. vital activity or function Rājat

support of life Āpast



prâṇá-vyaya [ prANavyaya ]

m. renunciation or sacrifice of life Kathās



prâṇá-vyāyacchana [ prANavyAyacchana ]

n. peril or risk of life Gaut



prâṇá-śakti [ prANazakti ]

f. a partic. Śakti of Viṣṇu Cat.



prâṇá-śarīra [ prANazarIra ]

mfn. whose ( only ) body is vital air ChUp.



prâṇá-saṃyama [ prANasaMyama ]

m. suppression or suspension of breath ( as a religious exercise ) Yājñ.



prâṇá-saṃrodha [ prANasaMrodha ]

m. id. Cat.



prâṇá-saṃvāda [ prANasaMvAda ]

m. an ( imaginary ) dispute ( for precedence ) between the vital airs or the organs of sense Col.



prâṇá-saṃśaya [ prANasaMzaya ]

m. danger to life Gaut. Āpast. ( also pl. )



prâṇá-saṃśita [ prANasaMzita ]

( °ṇá- ), mfn. animated by the vital airs AV.



prâṇá-saṃhitā [ prANasaMhitA ]

f. a manner of reciting the Vedic texts, pronouncing as many sounds as possible during one breath VPrāt. Sch.



prâṇá-saṃkaṭa [ prANasaMkaTa ]

n. danger to 10 BhP.



prâṇá-sadman [ prANasadman ]

n. ' abode of vital airs ', the body L.



prâṇá-saṃtyāga [ prANasaMtyAga ]

m. abandonment of life MārkP.



prâṇá-saṃdeha [ prANasaMdeha ]

m. danger to life Pañcat



prâṇá-saṃdhāraṇa [ prANasaMdhAraNa ]

n. support of life ( °ṇaṃkri, with instr., to feed or live on ) Hcat



prâṇá-saṃnyāsa [ prANasaMnyAsa ]

m. giving up the spirit R.



prâṇá-sama [ prANasama ]

mf ( ā ) n. equal to or as dear as life MBh.

m. a husband or lover L.

( ā ), f. a wife or mistress Gīt.



prâṇá-sambhṛta [ prANasambhRta ]

m. wind, air ( w.r. for - sambhūta ? )



prâṇá-sammita [ prANasammita ]

mfn. -sama mfn. MārkP.

reaching to the nose GṛS.



prâṇá-sāra [ prANasAra ]

n. vital energy, Rajat

mfn. full of strength, vigorous Śak



prâṇá-sūtra [ prANasUtra ]

n. the thread of life, MantrBr '



prâṇá-hara [ prANahara ]

mf ( ī ) n. taking away or threatening life, destructive, fatal, dangerous to ( comp. ) Yājñ. R. Cāṇ

capital punishment R.



prâṇá-hāni [ prANahAni ]

f. loss of life, death Siṉhâs



prâṇá-hāraka [ prANahAraka ]

mf ( ikā ) n. taking away life, destructive, killing, Kav

m. a kind of poison L.



prâṇá-hārin [ prANahArin ]

mfn. = prec. mfn. R.



prâṇá-hitā [ prANahitA ]

f. See s.v.



prâṇá-hīna [ prANahIna ]

mfn. bereft of life, dead Kāv



prâṇâkarṣin [ prANAkarSin ]

mf ( iṇī ) n. attracting the vital spirit ( said of a partic. magical formula ) Cat.



prâṇâgnihotra [ prANAgnihotra ]

n. N. of wk. ( also -vidhi m. and °trâpanithad f. )



prâṇâghāta [ prANAghAta ]

m. destruction of life, killing of a living being Bhartṛ



prâṇâcārya [ prANAcArya ]

m. a physician to a king Vāgbh



prâṇâ-tipāta [ prANAtipAta ]

m. destruction of life, killing, slaughter MBh. R. etc. ( with Buddhists one of the 10 sins Dharmas. )



prâṇâtilobha [ prANAtilobha ]

m. excessive attachment to life HYog. ( printed °Nita° )



prâṇâtman [ prANAtman ]

m. the spirit which connects the totality of subtle bodies like a thread = sūsrâtman ( sometimes called hiraṇya- garbha ), vital or animal soul ( the lowest of the 3 souls of a human being

the other 2 being vâtman and paramâtman ) Tarkas. ( cf. IW. 114 )



prâṇâtyaya [ prANAtyaya ]

m. danger to life Yājñ. Hariv. Daś



prâṇâda [ prANAda ]

mfn. ' life-devouring ', deadly, murderous Bhaṭṭ.



prâṇâdhika [ prANAdhika ]

mf ( ā ) n. dearer than life ( also priya ) Kathās

superior in vigour, stronger BhP.



prâṇâdhinātha [ prANAdhinAtha ]

m. life-lord ', a husband L.



prâṇâdhipa [ prANAdhipa ]

m. ' id. ' the soul ŚvetUp.



prânuga [ prAnuga ]

mfn. following a person's breath i.e. following him ( acc. ) unto death Hit.



prâṇânta [ prANAnta ]

m. ' life-end ', death Ragh

mfn. capital punishment Mn. viii, 359



prâṇântika [ prANAntika ]

mf ( ī ) n. destructive or dangerous to life, fatal, mortal, capital ( as punish. ment ) Mn. MBh. etc.

life-long Gaut. Pañcat. ( B.

am ind. )

desperate, vehement ( as love, desire etc. ) Kathās

n. danger to life MBh.



prâṇâpahārin [ prANApahArin ]

mfn. taking away life, fatal, deadly W.



prâṇâpâná [ prANApAna ]

m. du. air inhaled and exhaled AV.

inspiration and expiration ( personified and identified with the Aśvins ) Pur.

( with Vasishṭhasya ) N. of 2 Sāmans ĀrshBr.



prâṇâbādha [ prANAbAdha ]

in. injury or danger to life Mn. iv, 51 ; 54



prâṇâbharaṇa [ prANAbharaNa ]

n. N. of a poem



prâṇâbhisara [ prANAbhisara ]

m. a saver of life Car. 1



prâṇâyana [ prANAyana ]

n. ( for 2. See below ) an organ of sense BhP.



prâṇâyāma [ prANAyAma ]

m. ( also pl. ) N. of the three ' breath- exercises ' performed during Saṃdhyā ( See pūraka, recaka, kumbhaka IW. 93 RTL. 402 MWB. 239 ) Kauś. Yājñ. Pur.

-śas ind. with frequent breath-exercises Āpast

°min mfn. exercising the breath ( in 3 ways ) Yājñ.



prâṇârtha-vat [ prANArthavat ]

mfn. possessed of life and riches Kāv



prâṇârthin [ prANArthin ]

mfn. eager for life ib.



prâṇâlābha [ prANAlAbha ]

w.r. for °nalābha, q.v.



prâṇâvarodha [ prANAvarodha ]

m. suppression of breath Mṛcch



prâṇâvâya [ prANAvAya ]

n. N. of the 12th of the 14 Pūrvas or ancient writings of the Jainas



prâṇâhuti [ prANAhuti ]

f. an oblation to the 5 Prâṇas A.



prâṇêśa [ prANeza ]

m. ' lord of life ', a husband Sāh

' lord of breath ', N. of a Marut Yājñ. Sch.

( ā ), f. a mistress, wife Kathās



prâṇêśvara [ prANezvara ]

m. ' lord of life ', a husband, lover MBh. Kāv. Hit.

a partic. drug Cat.

pl. the vital spirits personified Hariv.

( ī ), f. a mistress, wife Inscr.



prâṇaˆi4kaśata-vidha [ prANaikazatavidha ]

mfn. having 101 variations of the vital airs ŚBr.



prâṇôtkramana [ prANotkramana ]

n. ( MW. ) or ( Kathās. ) ' breath- departure ', death



prâṇôtkrānti [ prANotkrAnti ]

f. ( Kathās. ) ' breath-departure ', death



prâṇôtsarga [ prANotsarga ]

m. giving up the ghost, dying MBh.



prânôpasparśana [ prAnopasparzana ]

n. touching the organs of sense of sense Gaut



prâṇôpahāra [ prANopahAra ]

m. ' oblation to life ', food BhP.



prâṇôpêta [ prANopeta ]

mfn. living, alive Divyâv