pradhAna

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pradhAna
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प्रधान

pradhāna [ pradhAna ]


n. a chief thing or person, the most important or essential part of anything KātyŚr. Mn. MBh. etc.

( ibc. ) the principal or first, chief, head of

[ often also ifc. ( f. ā ), e.g. indra-pradhāna, ( a hymn ) having Indra as the chief object or person addressed Nir

prayoga-p°, ( the art of dancing ) having practice as its essential part, chiefly practical Mālav. ]

' the Originator ', primary germ, original source of the visible or material universe ( in Sāṃkhya = prakṛti, q.v. ) IW. 53, 1 etc.

primary or unevolved matter or nature Sarvad

supreme or universal soul L.

intellect, understanding L.

the first companion or attendant of a king, a courtier, a noble ( also m. ) L.

an elephant-driver ( also m. ) L.

( in gram. ) the principal member of a compound ( opp. to upasarjana, q.v. )

mf ( ā ) n. chief, main, principal, most important

pre-eminent in ( instr. )

better than or superior to ( abl. ) MBh. Kāv. etc.

m. N. of an ancient king MBh.

( ā ), f. N. of a Śakti, Tantr. ( cf. IW. 522 )




pradhāna-karman [ pradhAnakarman ]

or n. chief or principal action



pradhāna-kārya [ pradhAnakArya ]

n. chief or principal action

principal mode of treatment ( in med. ), Suśr Madhus



pradhāna-kāraṇa-vāda [ pradhAnakAraNavAda ]

m. the doctrine that Pradhāna is the original cause ( according to the Sāṃkhya ) Bādar. Sch.



pradhāna-tama [ pradhAnatama ]

mfn. most excellent or distinguished, most important, chiefest MBh. Suśr.



pradhāna-tara [ pradhAnatara ]

mfn. more excellent, better MārkP.



pradhāna-tas [ pradhAnatas ]

ind. according to eminence or superiority Mn. MBh. Hariv.



pradhāna-tā [ pradhAnatA ]

f. pre-eminence, excellence, superiority, prevalence R. Hariv. Hit. Vedântas.

the being Pradhāna, q.v.

( in MBh. iii, 173 = jagat-kāraṇatā ; śarīra-p° ).



pradhāna-tva [ pradhAnatva ]

n. pre-eminence, superiority, excellence ĀśvŚr. MBh.

( in Sāṃkhya ) the being Pradhāna Sāṃkhyak. Sch.



pradhāna-dhātu [ pradhAnadhAtu ]

m. ' chief element of the body ', semen virile L.



pradhāna-puruṣa [ pradhAnapuruSa ]

m. a chief person, most distinguished personage , an authority Mn. Mālav

' the supreme soul ', N. of Śiva MBh.

°ṣâtîta m. transcending Pradhāna and Purusha ( matter and spirit )

N. of Śiva MW.



pradhāna-bhāj [ pradhAnabhAj ]

mfn. ' receiving the chief share ', most excellent or distinguished MBh.



pradhāna-bhūta [ pradhAnabhUta ]

mfn. one who is the chief person Kāś. on Pāṇ. 1-4 , 54



pradhāna-mantrin [ pradhAnamantrin ]

m. a prime minister R. Hit. Vet



pradhāna-mitra [ pradhAnamitra ]

n. a chief friend R.



pradhāna-vādin [ pradhAnavAdin ]

m. one who asserts the Sāṃkhya doctrine ( of Pradhāna ), Badar. Sch.



pradhāna-vāsas [ pradhAnavAsas ]

n. the best clothes, full-dress Mṛcch



pradhāna-vṛṣṭi [ pradhAnavRSTi ]

f. copious rain, heaviest rain Var



pradhāna-śiṣṭa [ pradhAnaziSTa ]

mfn. taught or laid down as of primary importance MW. ( cf. anvācaya-ś° )



pradhāna-sabhika [ pradhAnasabhika ]

m. the chief of a gambling-house Mṛcch



pradhāna-sevā [ pradhAnasevA ]

f. chief or principal service Pañcat



pradhānâṅga [ pradhAnAGga ]

n. a chief member, the chief member of the body

most eminent person in a state

principal branch of a science etc. W.



pradhānâtman [ pradhAnAtman ]

m. supreme or universal soul, N. of Viṣṇu VP.

( identified with the original cause of the universe or Viśva-bhāvana W. )



pradhānâdhyakṣa [ pradhAnAdhyakSa ]

m. a chief superintendent

-tā f. the office of chief superintendent Kathās



pradhānâmātya [ pradhAnAmAtya ]

m. a prime minister W.



pradhānôttama [ pradhAnottama ]

mfn. best of the eminent, illustrious

warlike, brave W.