pramANa

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pramANa
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प्रमाण

Contents

pramāṇa [ pramANa ]


n. ( ifc. f. ā ) measure, scale, standard

measure of any kind ( as size, extent, circumference, length, distance, weight, multitude, quantity, duration ) KātyŚr. KaṭhUp. Mn. etc. ( instr. ' on an average ' Jyot. )

prosodical length ( of a vowel ) Pāṇ. 1-1, 50 Sch.

measure in music MBh. ( Nīlak. )

accordance of the movements in dancing with music and song Saṃgīt

measure of physical strength Śak. ( cf. comp. below )

the first term in a rule of three sum Col.

the measure of a square i.e. a side of it, Śulbas

principal, capital ( opp. to interest ) Col.

right measure, standard, authority GṛŚrS. Mn. MBh. etc. ( pramāṇam bhavatī, ' your ladyship is the authority or must judge ' Nal

in this sense also m. and f. sg. and pl., e.g. vedāḥ pramāṇāḥ, ' the Vedas are authorities ' MBh.

strī pramāṇī yeṣām, ' they whose authority is a woman Pāṇ. Sch. )

a means of acquiring Pramā or certain knowledge ( 6 in the Ved^anta, viz. pratyakṣa, perception by the senses

anumāna, inference

upamāna, analogy or comparison

śabda or āpta-vacana, verbal authority, revelation

an-upalabdhi or abhāva-pratyakṣa, non-perception or negative proof

arthâpatti, inference from circumstances

the Nyāya admits only 4, excluding the last two

the Sāṃkhya only 3, viz. pratyakṣa, anumāna and śabda

other schools increase the number to 9 by adding sambhava, equivalence

aitihya, tradition or fallible testimony

and ceṣṭā, gesture IW. 60 etc. )

any proof or testimony or evidence Yājñ. MBh. Kāv. etc.

a correct notion, right perception ( = pramā ) Tarkas

oneness, unity L.

= nitya L.

m. ( cf. n. ) N. of a large fig-tree on the bank of the Ganges MBh.

( ī ), f. ( cf. n. ) N. of a metre Col.




pramāṇa-kuśala [ pramANakuzala ]

mfn. skilful in arguing Kap



pramāṇa-koṭi [ pramANakoTi ]

f. the point in an argument which is regarded as actual proof Sarvad



pramāṇa-khaṇḍana [ pramANakhaNDana ]

n. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-jāla [ pramANajAla ]

n. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-jña [ pramANajJa ]

mfn. knowing the modes of proof A.

m. N. of Śiva Śivag



pramāṇa-ṭīkā [ pramANaTIkA ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-tattva [ pramANatattva ]

n. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-tara [ pramANatara ]

n. a greater authority than ( abl.

-tva n. ) L.



pramāṇa-tas [ pramANatas ]

ind. according to measure or weight Mn. viii, 137

according to proof or authority. W.



pramāṇa-tā [ pramANatA ]

f. authority, warranty MBh. ( the latter also ' correctness ' Nīlak. )



pramāṇa-tva [ pramANatva ]

n. authority, warranty MBh. ( the latter also ' correctness ' Nīlak. )



pramāṇa-darpaṇa [ pramANadarpaNa ]

m. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-dṛṣṭa [ pramANadRSTa ]

mfn. sanctioned by authority Kap

demonstrable Ml.



pramāṇa-nāma-mālā [ pramANanAmamAlA ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-nirṇaya [ pramANanirNaya ]

m. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-pattra [ pramANapattra ]

n. a written warrant MW.



pramāṇa-patha [ pramANapatha ]

m. the way of proof ( acc. with na and ava-√ tṝ, ' not to admit of proof ' ) Sarvad



pramāṇa-padârtha [ pramANapadArtha ]

m. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-paddhati [ pramANapaddhati ]

f. = -patha ( °tiṃ na adhy-√ ās = °thaṃ na ava-√ tṝ ) Sarvad

N. of wk.



pramāṇa-pallava [ pramANapallava ]

m. or n. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-pārâyaṇa [ pramANapArAyaNa ]

n. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-puruṣa [ pramANapuruSa ]

m. an umpire, arbitrator, judge Hit.



pramāṇa-pramoda [ pramANapramoda ]

m. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-pravīṇa [ pramANapravINa ]

mfn. skilful in arguing Prasannar



pramāṇa-bhakti [ pramANabhakti ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-bhāṣya-ṭīkā [ pramANabhASyaTIkA ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-bhuta [ pramANabhuta ]

m. ' authoritative ', N. of Śiva Śivag. ( cf. -jña )



pramāṇa-mañjarī [ pramANamaJjarI ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-mālā [ pramANamAlA ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-yukta [ pramANayukta ]

mfn. having the right measure Var



pramāṇa-ratnamālā [ pramANaratnamAlA ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-rāśi [ pramANarAzi ]

m. the quantity of the first term in a rule of three sum Āryabh



pramāṇa-lakṣaṇa [ pramANalakSaNa ]

n. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-lakṣaṇa-parîkṣā [ pramANalakSaNaparIkSA ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-vat [ pramANavat ]

mfn. established by proofs, well-founded Prab



pramāṇa-vākya [ pramANavAkya ]

n. authoritative statement authority Madhus



pramāṇa-vārttika [ pramANavArttika ]

n. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-viniścaya [ pramANavinizcaya ]

m. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-śāstra [ pramANazAstra ]

n. any wk. of sacred authority, scripture MW.



pramāṇa-saṃgraha [ pramANasaMgraha ]

m. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-samuccaya [ pramANasamuccaya ]

m. N. of wk.



pramāṇa-sāra [ pramANasAra ]

m. ( and °ra-prakāśikā f. ) N. of wks.



pramāṇa-siddhi [ pramANasiddhi ]

m. N. of a man Kathās



pramāṇa-sūtra [ pramANasUtra ]

n. a measuring cord Mṛcch



pramāṇa-stha [ pramANastha ]

mfn. of normal size Hcat

being in a normal state or condition, imperturbed Hariv.



pramāṇâdarśa [ pramANAdarza ]

m. N. of a drama



pramāṇâdi-nirūpaṇa [ pramANAdinirUpaNa ]

n. N. of wk.



pramāṇâdi-prakāśikā [ pramANAdiprakAzikA ]

f. N. of wk.



pramāṇâdhika [ pramANAdhika ]

mfn. being beyond measure, excessive, unnaturally strong Śak

longer than ( comp. ) Mṛcch



pramāṇânurūpa [ pramANAnurUpa ]

mfn. corresponding to ( a person's ) physical strength Śak



pramāṇântara [ pramANAntara ]

n. another means of proof ( -tā f. ) Bhāshāp



pramāṇâbhāva [ pramANAbhAva ]

m. absence of proof, want of authority W.



pramāṇâbhyadhika [ pramANAbhyadhika ]

mfn. exceeding in size, bigger Pañcat



pramāṇâyāma-tas [ pramANAyAmatas ]

ind. according to size and length MBh.