prati

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प्रति

Contents

प्रति
 práti [ prati ]


1 ind. ( as a prefix to roots and their derivative nouns and other nouns, sometimes pratī

for 2. See p., 664 ) towards, near to

against, in opposition to

back, again, in return

down upon, upon, on

before nouns it expresses also likeness or comparison ( cf. prati-candra )

or it forms Avyayibhāvas of different kinds ( cf. prati-kṣaṇam, prati-graham, praty-agni etc.

rarely ifc. e.g. sūpaprati, a little broth Pāṇ. 2-1, 9 )

or as a prep. with usually preceding acc., in the sense of towards, against, to, upon, in the direction of ( e.g. śabdam p°, in the direction of the sound R.

agnim pr°, against the fire Mn.

also praty-agni ind. Pāṇ. 6-2, 33 Sch.

ripum pr°, against the enemy Mn.

ātmānam pr°, to one's self Ratnâv. )

opposite, before, in the presence of ( e.g. rodasī pr°, before heaven and earth RV. )

in comparison, on a par with, in proportion to ( e.g. indram pr°, in comparison with little RV.

sahasrāṇi pr°, on a par with i.e. equivalent to thousands ib.

also with abl. or -tas ; Pāṇ. 1-4, 92 ; ii, 3, 11 ).

in the vicinity of, near, beside, at, on ( e.g. yūpam pr° , near the sacrificial post AitBr.

gaṅgām pr°, at or on the Ganges R.

etat pr°, at this point TS.

āyodhanam pr°, on the field of battle MBh. )

at the time of, about, through, for ( e.g. phālgunam pr°, about the month Phālguna Mn.

ciram pr°, for a long time MBh.

bhṛśam pr°, often, repeatedly Car. )

or used distributively ( cf. Pāṇ. 1-4, 90 ) to express at every , in or on every, severally ( e.g. yajñam pr°, at every sacrifice Yājñ.

yajñaṃ yajñam pr° TS.

varṣam pr°, every year, annually Pañcat

in this sense often comp. ; above ).

in favour of, for ( Pāṇ. 1-4, 90

e.g. pāṇḍavān pr°, in favour of the Pāṇ. MBh. )

on account of, with regard to, concerning ( Pāṇ. ib., e.g. sīmām pr°, conconcerning a boundary Mn.

gautamam pr°, with regard to Ganges R. )

conformably or according to ( e.g. mām pr°, according to me , i.e. in my opinion Mālav

cf. mām praty araṇyavat pratibhāti, ' it seems to me like a forest ' Hit.

na bubhukṣitam prati bhāti kiṃ cit, ' to a hungry man nothing is of any account ' Kāś. on Pāṇ. 2-3, 2 )

as, for ( after a verb meaning, to regard or consider ' ; Vikr. iv, 69 ).

or as prep. with abl. in return or as compensation for, instead or in the place of ( Pāṇ. 1-4, 92 Sch. )

with abl. or -tas See above

with abl. or gen. ( ? ) to express, ' about ', ' at the time of ' ( only prati vastoḥ ', at daybreak ' RV. )

as prep. with gen. = with reference to Hariv. 10967. [ Cf. Zd. paiti ; Gk. προτί, ποτί, πρός . ]



prati [ prati ]

in comp. with nouns not immediately connected with roots



prati-kañcuka [ pratikaJcuka ]

m. ( prob. ) a critic, a critical work Āryabh



prati-kaṇṭham [ pratikaNTham ]

ind. ' throat by throat ', singly, severally, one by one ( so that each is reckoned ), RPrat



prati-kaṇṭhukayā [ pratikaNThukayA ]

( prob. ) w.r. for



prati-kaṇṭhikayā [ pratikaNThikayA ]

ind. id. Divyâv



prati-kapālam [ pratikapAlam ]

ind. in every cup KātyŚr. Sch.



prati-karkaśa [ pratikarkaza ]

mf ( ā ) n. equally hard, of the same hardness as ( comp. ) Mṛcch



prati-kalam [ pratikalam ]

ind. at every moment, constantly, perpetually Vcar.



prati-kalpa [ pratikalpa ]

m. counter-part ( cf. apr° and also prati-√ kḷp )



prati-kalpam [ pratikalpam ]

ind. in each cosmic period Nīlak



prati-kaśa [ pratikaza ]

mfn. ( prob. ) not obeying the whip Pāṇ. 6-1, 152 Sch.



prati-kaṣṭa [ pratikaSTa ]

mfn. comparatively ( i.e. beyond expectation ) bad Suśr.



prati-kāṇḍam [ pratikANDam ]

ind. for every section or chapter Baudh.



prati-kāmá [ pratikAma ]

mfn. being according to wish or desire, desired, beloved AV.

( ám ), ind. according to wish, at will RV. ŚrS.



prati-kāmin [ pratikAmin ]

mfn. contrary to desire, disagreeable ŚāṅkhBr.

( inī ), f. a female rival Śiś.



prati-kāmyá [ pratikAmya ]

mfn. being according to wish or liking AV.



prati-kāya [ pratikAya ]

m. ' counter-body ', an adversary Kir

a target, butt, mark ib.

an effigy, likeness, picture L.

a bow Gal.



prati-kitava [ pratikitava ]

m. an adversary at play Daś



prati-kīla [ pratikIla ]

m. an opposite post or peg Pat.



prati-kuñjara [ pratikuJjara ]

m. a hostile elephant MBh.



prati-kuṇḍam [ pratikuNDam ]

ind. in every fire-pit Hcat



prati-kūpa [ pratikUpa ]

m. a moat, ditch L.



prati-kūla [ pratikUla ]

mf ( ā ) n. ' against the bank ' ( opp. to anu-kūla, q.v. ), contrary, adverse, opposite, inverted, wrong , refractory, inimical, disagreeable, unpleasant Mn. MBh. etc.

( kū'lam ), ind. contrarily, against, in inverted order AV. etc.

n. inverted order, opposition

( ena, in inverted order BhP.

°leṣu sthitaḥ, offering opposition Mn. ix, 275 )

-kārin ( Mālav. ), -kṛt ( R. ), mfn. acting adversely, inimical

-tas ind. in contradiction to ( -to-√ vṛt, to be in contradiction to ) MBh.

-tā f. ( Kāv. etc. ), -tva n. ( MW. ) adverseness, opposition, hostility

perverseness, contumacy

-darśana mfn. looking cross or awry, having an ungracious aspect MW.

-daiva mfn. opposed by fate ( -tā f. hostility of fate ) Pañcat

-pravartin mfn. ( a ship ) taking an adverse course or (tongue ) causing unpleasantness ŚārṅgP. ( v.l. )

-bhāṣin mfn. speaking against, contradicting R.

-vacana n. refractory speech, contradiction Pañcat

-vat mfn. refractory, contumacious MBh.

-vartin mfn. being adverse to, disturbing, troubling Kum

-vāda m. = -vacana MBh.

-vādin mfn. = -bhāṣin ib.

-visarpin mfn. ( a ship ) moving against the wind or stream, ( a tongue ) moving unpleasantly ŚārṅgP. ( cf. -pravartin )

-vṛtti mfn. resisting, opposing ( with gen. ) BhP.

-vedanīya mfn. causing an unpleasant effect Tarkas

-śabda mfn. sounding unpleasantly Kum

°lâcarita n. an offensive action, injurious conduct Ragh

°lôkta n. pl. contradiction Kathās



prati-kūlaya [ pratikUlaya ]

Nom. P. °yati, to resist, oppose R. Kād



prati-kūlika [ pratikUlika ]

mfn. hostile, inimical Mcar. ( prob. w.r. for prāt° )



prati-kṛttikā [ pratikRttikA ]

f. g. aśvâdi



prati-koṇam [ pratikoNam ]

ind. for or in every quarter of the sky Hcat



prati-kriyam [ pratikriyam ]

ind. for each action Kap. ( See also under prati-√ kṛ )



prati-krūra [ pratikrUra ]

mfn. cruel in return, returning harshness MBh. ( a-pratikr° )



prati-kṣaṇam [ pratikSaNam ]

ind. at every moment, continually Kālid. Rājat. etc.



prati-kṣatra [ pratikSatra ]

m. N. of a descendant of Atri ( author of RV. v, 46 ) Anukr.

of a son of An-enas Hariv.

of a son of Kshatra-vṛddha VP.

of a son of Śamin Hariv.



prati-kṣapam [ pratikSapam ]

ind. every-night Śiś.



prati-kṣaya [ pratikSaya ]

m. a guard L.



prati-kṣetra [ pratikSetra ]

n. place, stead

( e ), ind. instead of ( gen. ) Gṛhyās



prati-kṣepa [ pratikSepa ]




prati-kṣepaṇa [ pratikSepaNa ]

See pra-√ kṣip



prati-kṣoṇi-bhṛt [ pratikSoNibhRt ]

m. opposition king Vcar.



prati-khura [ pratikhura ]

m. a partic. wrong position of a child at birth Suśr.



prati-kheṭaka [ pratikheTaka ]



prati-gaja [ pratigaja ]

m. = -kuñjara MBh. Hariv.



prati-gātram [ pratigAtram ]

ind. in every limb ( only ibc. ) Dhūrtas



prati-giri [ pratigiri ]

m. an opposite mountain BhP.



prati-gu [ pratigu ]

ind. against a cow Mn. iv, 52



prati-gṛham [ pratigRham ]

( KātyŚr. ),



prati-geham [ pratigeham ]

( Rājat. ), ind. in every house



prati-grāmam [ pratigrAmam ]

ind. in every village Rājat

°ma-samīpam ind. near every village Dharmaś



prati-cakra [ praticakra ]

n. a discus which is a match for any other MBh.

a hostile army Nīlak



prati-candra [ praticandra ]

m. a mock moon, paraselene R.



prati-caraṇam [ praticaraNam ]

ind. in every school or branch L.



prati-citi [ praticiti ]

ind. in every layer or pile KātyŚr.



prati-codanam [ praticodanam ]

ind. on every order or injunction ĀśvŚr.



prati-cchanda [ praticchanda ]

m. a reflected image

any image, likeness, substitute Hariv. Rājat

-kalyāṇa mfn. obliging, complaisant L.



prati-cchandaka [ praticchandaka ]

m. = -cchanda Kull

mfn. versed in, familiar with Nalac



prati-cchāyā [ praticchAyA ]

f. reflection, likeness, image, shadow, phantom Hariv. Śaṃk

the distorted image of a sick man ( indicative of approaching death ) Car.

-maya mf ( ī ) n. consisting of the distorted image of a sick man ib.



prati-cchāyikā [ praticchAyikA ]

f. an image, phantom Naish



prati-jaṅghā [ pratijaGghA ]

f. the shin-bone L.



prati-janá [ pratijana ]

m. an adversary AV.

°nya ( pratī- ), mfn. adverse, hostile RV.



prati-janam [ pratijanam ]

ind. in every one Śiś.



prati-janman [ pratijanman ]

See prati-√ jan



prati-jihvā [ pratijihvA ]

and f. the uvula L.



prati-jihvikā [ pratijihvikA ]

f. the uvula L.



prati-jūti-varpas [ pratijUtivarpas ]

( práti- ), mfn. assuming any form according to impulse RV. iii, 60, 1



prati-tad-vid [ pratitadvid ]

f. recognition of the contrary KaushUp.



prati-tantram [ pratitantram ]

ind. according to each Tantra or opinion W.

°tra-darpaṇa m. N. of wk.

°tra-siddhânta m. a doctrine adopted in various systems ( but not in all ) Nyāyas. Car.



prati-tarā'm [ pratitarAm ]

ind. ( with √ bhū ) to retire or shrink more and more ŚBr.



prati-taru [ pratitaru ]

ind. at each tree Gīt.



prati-tāla [ pratitAla ]

m. ( in music ) a kind of measure

( ī ), f. the key of a door L.



prati-tālaka [ pratitAlaka ]

m. = prec. ( m. and f. ) L.



prati-tūṇī [ pratitUNI ]

f. a modification of the nervous disease called Tūṇī Suśr. ( cf. pra-tūṇī )



prati-tryaham [ pratitryaham ]

ind. for three days at a time Gaut



prati-daṇḍa [ pratidaNDa ]

mfn. refractory under the rod, disobedient, obstinate TāṇḍBr.



prati-dantin [ pratidantin ]

m. = -kuñjara Kir

°ty-anīkam ind. against the army of elephants ib.



prati-dinam [ pratidinam ]

and ind. day by day, daily, every day Kāv. Var. Pañcat



prati-divasam [ pratidivasam ]

ind. day by day, daily, every day Kāv. Var. Pañcat



prati-diśam [ pratidizam ]

ind. in every direction or quarter, all around GṛŚrS. Megh. etc.



prati-dūta [ pratidUta ]

m. a messenger sent in return Rājat. Kathās



prati-dṛś [ pratidRz ]

mfn. similar, like TS.



prati-dṛśam [ pratidRzam ]

ind. in or for every eye BhP.



prati-dṛṣṭânta [ pratidRSTAnta ]

m. a counter example Nyāyas

-sama m. an irrelevant objection by adducing a counter example which ignores the opponent's example ib.



prati-devatā [ pratidevatA ]

f. a corresponding deity MuṇḍUp.

°tam ind. = -daivatam KātyŚr.



prati-deśam [ pratidezam ]

ind. = -diśam Var. Rājat



prati-deham [ pratideham ]

ind. in each bady Śaṃk



prati-daivatam [ pratidaivatam ]

ind. for each deity ib.



prati-doṣám [ pratidoSam ]

ind. in the evening, in the dark RV.



prati-dvaṃdva [ pratidvaMdva ]

m. an adversary, rival, foe ( in a-pratidv° ) MBh. R. etc.

n. opposition, hostility W.

°dvaya Nom. P. °yati, to rival Divyâv

°dvin m. = °dva m. ( ifc. vying with ) MBh. Kāv

°dvī-bhūta mfn. being an adversary ' Śaṃk



prati-dvādaśan [ pratidvAdazan ]

mfn. pl. twelve in each case Gaut



prati-dvāram [ pratidvAram ]

( Kathās. ),



prati-dvāri [ pratidvAri ]

( BhP. ), ind. at every gate or door



prati-dvipa [ pratidvipa ]

m. = -kuñjara Kir



prati-dvirada [ pratidvirada ]

m. id. MBh. Hariv.



prati-dvīpam [ pratidvIpam ]

ind. in every part of the world Hcar.



prati-dhī [ pratidhI ]

mfn. ( ifc. ) as intelligent as, Pracaṇḍ



prati-dhura [ pratidhura ]

m. a horse harnessed by the side of another VS. Sch. ( cf. apratidh° )



prati-nagaram [ pratinagaram ]

ind., in every town Hcar.



prati-nadi [ pratinadi ]

ind. at every river Bālar



prati-naptṛ [ pratinaptR ]

m. a great grandson, a son's grandson L. ( cf. praṇapāt )



prati-namaskāra [ pratinamaskAra ]

mfn. one who returns a salutation ŚāṅkhŚr.



prati-nayana [ pratinayana ]

( ibc. ), into the eye Mālatīm



prati-nava [ pratinava ]

mfn. new, young, fresh

-javāpuṣpa n. a newly opened China rose Megh



prati-nāga [ pratinAga ]

m. = -kuñjara MBh.



prati-nāḍī [ pratinADI ]

f. a branch vein L.



prati-nāman [ pratinAman ]

( práti- ), mf ( minī ) n. having corresponding names, related by name ŚBr.

°ma ind. by name, mentioning the name Veṇis

°ma-grahaṇam ind. mentioning each individual name Kād



prati-nāyaka [ pratinAyaka ]

m. ' counter hero ', the adversary of the hero ( in a play ) Sāh

an image, likeness, counterfeit, Śrikaṇṭh



prati-nārī [ pratinArI ]

f. a female rival Śiś.



prati-niśam [ pratinizam ]

ind. every night Kathās



prati-niścaya [ pratinizcaya ]

m. a contrary opinion MBh.



prati-niṣka [ pratiniSka ]

m. or n. ( ? ) a Nishka ( s.v. ) in each case Hcat



prati-niṣṭha [ pratiniSTha ]

mfn. standing on the opposite side Car.



prati-nṛpati [ pratinRpati ]

m. = -kṣoṇibhṛt Dhanaṃj



prati-nyāyám [ pratinyAyam ]

ind. in inverted order ŚBr.



prati-nyāsa [ pratinyAsa ]

a counter deposit Nār



prati-nyūṅkha [ pratinyUGkha ]

m. a corresponding insertion of the vowel o ŚāṅkhŚr.

°khaya Nom. °yati, to insert the vowel o in the corresponding stanza or verse ib.



prati-pakṣa [ pratipakSa ]

m. the opposite side, hostile party, opposition MBh. Kāv. etc.

an obstacle Divyâv

an adversary, opponent, foe ib. ( ifc. = a rival in, match for , equal, similar Kāvyâd. )

a respondent, defendant ( in law ) W.

m. N. of a king VāyuP.

-graha m. the taking of the opposite side ( °haṃ cakruḥ, they took the opposite side ) MBh.

-caṇḍa-bhairava m. N. of the chief of a partic. sect Cat.

janman mfn. caused by the enemy. Śiś.

-tā f. ( BhP. ), -tva n. ( Śaṃk. ) opposition, hostility

°kṣita mfn. containing a contradiction, contradictory Bhāshāp

nullified by a contradictory premiss ( one of the 5 kinds of fallacious middle terms ) MW.



prati-pakṣin [ pratipakSin ]

m. an opponent, adversary Śaṃk

°kṣi-tā f. self-contradiction, the being self-contradictory MW.



prati-pacanam [ pratipacanam ]

ind. at each cooking Gobh. Sch. - 1



prati-paṇa [ pratipaNa ]

m. ( for 2. See p. 667 ) the stake of an adversary at play Kathās



prati-paṇya [ pratipaNya ]

n. merchandise in exchange Divyâv



prati-pattraphalā [ pratipattraphalA ]

f. a kind of gourd L.



prati-patni [ pratipatni ]

f. ( m. c. for °tnī ) a female rival ( -vat BhP. )

ind. for each wife ĀpŚr. Sch.



prati-patha [ pratipatha ]

m. way back Harav

( am ), ind. along the road Kathās. ( cf. Pāṇ. 4-4, 42 )

backwards Rājat

°tha-gati mfn. going a long the road Kum. iii, 76

°thika mfn. id. Pāṇ. 4-4, 42. 1



prati-pad [ pratipad ]

ind. ( cf. prati-√ pad, p. 667 ) = - padam

-darśinī f. ' looking at every step ', a woman L.



prati-pada [ pratipada ]

n. N. of an Up^aṅga

( am ), ind. ( also °da ibc. ) at every step, on every occasion, at every place, everywhere Kāv

at every word, word by word Sarvad

literally, expressly ( Pāṇ. 2-2, 10 Vārtt. 1 ; vi, 2, 26 Sch. )

each, singly R. ( = pratyekam Sch. )

°da-tva n. walking step by step Kāṭh



prati-padmam [ pratipadmam ]

ind. at every lotus flower Hcat



prati-parṇa-śiphā [ pratiparNaziphA ]

f. Anthericum Tuberosum L.



prati-paryāyam [ pratiparyAyam ]

ind. at every turn GṛŚrS.



prati-parva [ pratiparva ]

ind. at every change of the moon Vcar.



prati-palam [ pratipalam ]

ind. every moment Bhām.



prati-pallava [ pratipallava ]

m. an opposite or outstretched branch Ragh



prati-paśu [ pratipazu ]

ind. at every sacrificial victim TBr. Sch. 1



prati-pāṇa [ pratipANa ]

m. ( for 2. See s.v. ) a counter-pledge, anything staked against another thing MBh.

a counter-stake, counter-game, revenge at play Nal. ( cf. -paṇa, above )



prati-pātram [ pratipAtram ]

ind. ( in dram. ) in each part, in each character, by every actor Śak



prati-pādapam [ pratipAdapam ]

ind. in every tree Vikr



prati-pādam [ pratipAdam ]

ind. in each Pāda, in each quarter of a verse Piṅg



prati-pāpa [ pratipApa ]

mfn. wicked or evil in return, recompensing evil for evil MBh.



prati-pāpin [ pratipApin ]

mfn. id. Nīlak



prati-piṇḍam [ pratipiNDam ]

ind. in each Piṇḍa ( s.v. ) MānŚr.



prati-puṃ-niyata [ pratipuMniyata ]

mfn. settled for every soul singly Sarvad



prati-púr [ pratipur ]

f. a hostile castle MaitrS.



prati-pura [ pratipura ]

g. aṃśv-ādi Kāś



prati-puruṣa [ pratipuruSa ]

or prati-pūruṣa m. ' a counter-person ', a similar man

a companion, assistant

a deputy, substitute KātyŚr. Sch.

( a-pratip°, unmatched BhP. )

the effigy of a man ( which thieves push into the interior of a house before entering it themselves ) Mṛcch

( ibc. and ám ind. ) man by man, every man, for each man Br. GṛŚrS. Hcar. Āp.

for each soul Sāṃkhyak



prati-pūruṣa [ pratipUruSa ]

or prati-puruṣa m. ' a counter-person ', a similar man

a companion, assistant

a deputy, substitute KātyŚr. Sch.

( a-pratip°, unmatched BhP. )

the effigy of a man ( which thieves push into the interior of a house before entering it themselves ) Mṛcch

( ibc. and ám ind. ) man by man, every man, for each man Br. GṛŚrS. Hcar. Āp.

for each soul Sāṃkhyak



prati-puṣyam [ pratipuSyam ]

ind. at each time of the moon's entrance into the constellation Pushya Var



prati-pustaka [ pratipustaka ]

n. a copy of an original manuscript, a copy in general Sāy. on ŚBr.



prati-pūruṣa [ pratipUruSa ]

See -puruṣa above



prati-pūrvâhṇam [ pratipUrvAhNam ]

ind. every forenoon Pāṇ. 6-2, 33 Sch.



prati-pṛṣṭhā [ pratipRSThA ]

f. each page of a leaf. Cat.



prati-praṇavaṃ [ pratipraNavaM ]

ind. at every repetition of the syllable om KātyŚr.

°va-saṃyukta mfn. accompanied each time with the syllable om Yājñ.



prati-praṇāma [ pratipraNAma ]

m. a bow or obeisance in return, saluting in turn Rājat. Kād



prati-pratí [ pratiprati ]

mf ( tínī ) n. being a counter-part, counter-balancing

being a match for, equal to ( acc. ) Br. Nir



prati-pratīka [ pratipratIka ]

( ibc. ) and prati-pratīkam ind. at each initial word ĀśvŚr.

on or at every part of the body Naish



prati-pratīkam [ pratipratIkam ]

and prati-pratīka ( ibc. ) ind. at each initial word ĀśvŚr.

on or at every part of the body Naish



prati-prabhātam [ pratiprabhAtam ]

ind. every morning Kathās. Inscr.



prati-prayāṇakam [ pratiprayANakam ]

ind. with each day's journey Kād



prati-prayoga [ pratiprayoga ]

m. counter-application or parallel setting forth of a proposition, Savad



prati-praśna [ pratiprazna ]

m. a question asked in return ĀpŚr.

an answer Var

( ám ), ind. with regard to the controversy ŚBr. ( Sāy. )



prati-prasava [ pratiprasava ]

See under prati-pra- √ 1.



prati-prasavam [ pratiprasavam ]

ind. in each birth Sarvad



prati-prākāra [ pratiprAkAra ]

m. an outer rampart L.



prati-prâni [ pratiprAni ]

ind. in or for every living creature Bādar. Sch.



prati-prāś [ pratiprAz ]

( práti- ), m. an opponent in controversy, adversary in a lawsuit ( See prati-√ prach ) AV.



prati-prāśita [ pratiprAzita ]

mfn. opposed in debate Kauś



prati-priya [ pratipriya ]

mfn. agreeable to ( gen. ) ĀpŚr.

n. kindness or service in return MBh. Ragh



prati-prêkṣaṇa [ pratiprekSaNa ]

n. looking at in return Āp.



prati-praˆiṣa [ pratipraiSa ]

m. a cry or call in return, direction given in return KātyŚr.



prati-phalī-karaṇam [ pratiphalIkaraNam ]

ind. at each cleaning of the corn KātyŚr. Comm.



prati-phullaka [ pratiphullaka ]

See p. 668



prati-bandhu [ pratibandhu ]

m. an equal in rank or station MBh. 1



prati-bala [ pratibala ]

n. a hostile army Vcar. Daś. 2



prati-bala [ pratibala ]

mfn. having equal strength or power, equally matched , a match for ( with gen. or ifc., e.g. astra-p°, equal in arms ), being able to ( dat. or inf. ) MBh. R. ( cf. a-p° )



prati-bāṇi [ pratibANi ]

See -vāṇi below



prati-bāhu [ pratibAhu ]

m. fore-arm Var

an opposite side ( in a square or polygon ) Col.

N. of sev. men BhP.



prati-bimba [ pratibimba ]

1 n. ( rarely m. ) the disc of the sun or moon reflected ( in water )

a reflection, reflected image, mirrored form MBh. Pañcat. Kāv. etc. ( also °baka )

a resemblance or counterpart of real forms, a picture, image, shadow W.

( among the synonyms of ' equal ' Kāvyâd. )

N. of the chapters of the Kāvya-ptakāś^adarśa Cat.

-vartin mfn. being reflected or mirrored MW.

-bimbâta ( ? ), m. a mirror W.



prati-bimba [ pratibimba ]

2 Nom. P. °bati, to be reflected or mirrored Kap. Sch.

°bita mfn. reflected, mirrored ( -tva n. ) ib. etc.

°bī-√ kṛ, to reflect, represent, equal Daś



prati-bimbana [ pratibimbana ]

n. the being reflected, Sāṃkhyaprav. Sch. Nīlak

reflection

comparing together, comparison Sāh



prati-bimbaya [ pratibimbaya ]

Nom. P. °yati, to reflect, mirror L. ( cf. °bita above )



prati-bīja [ pratibIja ]

n. bad seed L.



prati-bījam [ pratibIjam ]

ind. for every sort of grain ĀpŚr.



prati-bhaṭa [ pratibhaTa ]

mfn. a match for, vying with ( gen. or comp. ), rivalling Vcar. Caṇḍ. Rājat

( °ṭī-kṛ, to equalise to Naish

m. an adversary Rājat. )

-tā f. emulousness, emulation Rājat



prati-bhaya [ pratibhaya ]

mf ( ā ) n. exciting fear, formidable, terrible , dangerous ĀśvGṛ. Gobh. MBh. etc.

n. fear ( with abl. or ifc. ) MBh. Rājat

danger ĀśvGṛ. Rājat

( am ), ind. formidably, frightfully Ragh

-kara and °yaM-k° mfn. causing fear R. Kathās

-bhayâkāra mfn. having a formidable aspect MW.



prati-bhavam [ pratibhavam ]

ind. for this and all future births L. 1



prati-bhāga [ pratibhAga ]

( ibc. ), for every degree Siddhântaś. ( for 2. See under prati-√ bhaj )



prati-bhī [ pratibhI ]

f. fear Bhojapr.



prati-bhuja [ pratibhuja ]

m. = -bāhu Col.



prati-bhūpāla [ pratibhUpAla ]

m. = next Vcar.

( pl. ) each single prince, all the princes together. Naish



prati-bhūbhṛt [ pratibhUbhRt ]

m. a hostile prince Vcar.



prati-bhairava [ pratibhairava ]

mf ( ā ) n. dreadful Var



prati-maṅgala-vāra [ pratimaGgalavAra ]

m. pl. ( prob. ) every Tuesday Cat.



prati-mañca [ pratimaJca ]

and m. ( in music ) a kind of measure Saṃgīt



prati-mañcaka [ pratimaJcaka ]

m. ( in music ) a kind of measure Saṃgīt



prati-maṇṭhaka [ pratimaNThaka ]

( prob. ) m. id. Cat. ( cf. maṇṭhaka )



prati-maṇḍala [ pratimaNDala ]

n. a secondary disk ( of the sun etc. ) Hariv.

an eccentric orbit Col.



prati-matsya [ pratimatsya ]

m. pl. N. of a people MBh. VP. ( v.l. -māsya )



prati-mantram [ pratimantram ]

ind. with or at every formula or verse KātyŚr. Gaut



prati-mandiram [ pratimandiram ]

ind. in every house Rājat



prati-manv-antara [ pratimanvantara ]

n. every Manv-antara

am ( Mcar. ), e ( Hcat. ), ind. in each Manv-antara



prati-malla [ pratimalla ]

m. an opponent in wrestling or boxing, an antagonist or rival Hariv. Kathās. Vcar.

-tā f. rivalry Harav



prati-mahânasa [ pratimahAnasa ]

n. every kitchen Gobh. Comm.



prati-mahā-vyāhṛti [ pratimahAvyAhRti ]

ind. at each Mahā-vyāhṛti KātyŚr.



prati-mahiṣa [ pratimahiSa ]

m. a hostile buffalo Kāv



prati-māṃsa [ pratimAMsa ]

n. new or restored flesh Kathās



prati-mātṛ [ pratimAtR ]

ind. mother by mother, every mother Gaut



prati-mātrā [ pratimAtrA ]

f. pl. every measure ( of time ) NṛsUp.



prati-māyā [ pratimAyA ]

f. counter-spell, counter-charm MBh. Kathās



prati-mārga [ pratimArga ]

m. the way back MBh.

( e ), ind. on the way Divyâv



prati-mārgaka [ pratimArgaka ]

m. the city of Hari-ścandra ( said to hover in the air ) L.



prati-mālā [ pratimAlA ]

f. an exercise analogous to capping verses, reciting verse for verses as a trial of memory or skill ( one of the 64 Kalās Cat. ) W.



prati-māsa [ pratimAsa ]

( ibc. ) and ind. every month, monthly L.



prati-māsam [ pratimAsam ]

ind. every month, monthly L.



prati-māsya [ pratimAsya ]

m. pl. N. of a people ( v.l. for -matsya, q.v. )



prati-mitra [ pratimitra ]

w.r. for praty-amitra, q.v. MBh.



prati-mukula [ pratimukula ]

( ibc. ), in or upon every bud Prab



prati-mukha [ pratimukha ]

n. the reflected image of the face Harav

( in dram. ) a secondary plot or incident which hastens or retards the catastrophe, the Epitasis ( also °khasaṃdhi ) Daśar. Pratāp. Sāh. Sch.

an answer Sāh

mf ( ā or ī ) n. standing before the face, facing R. BhP. Vajracch.

being near, present R.

( ibc. or am ind. ) towards, in front, before GṛS. Mn. MBh.

( i ), w.r. for -mukharī, q.v. Saṃgīt

°khâṅga n. ( in dram. ) progressive narration of events W.



prati-mukharī [ pratimukharI ]

f. a partic. mode of drumming Saṃgīt



prati-mudrā [ pratimudrA ]

f. a counter-seal Mn. Kull

the impression of a seal Lalit.



prati-muhus [ pratimuhus ]

ind. again and again, repeatedly Prab. Caurap. Śātiś



prati-muhūrta [ pratimuhUrta ]

( ibc. ) and ind. every moment, constantly Caurap



prati-muhūrtam [ pratimuhUrtam ]

ind. every moment, constantly Caurap



prati-mūrti [ pratimUrti ]

f. a corresponding form, image L.



prati-mūṣikā [ pratimUSikA ]

f. a species of rat W.



prati-yāmini [ pratiyAmini ]

ind. every night Kathās.



prati-yuvati [ pratiyuvati ]

f. a concubine, female rival Vcar.



prati-yuvam [ pratiyuvam ]

ind. towards the young man Śiś. viii, 35



prati-yūthapa [ pratiyUthapa ]

m. the leader of. a hostile herd ( of elephants ) MBh.



prati-yūpam [ pratiyUpam ]

ind. post by post ĀpŚr.



prati-yogam [ pratiyogam ]

ind. rule by rule Pat.



prati-yoní [ pratiyoni ]

ind. according to source or origin ŚBr.



prati-rajani [ pratirajani ]

ind. every night Naish



prati-ratha [ pratiratha ]

m. an opposite fighter in a war-chariot, an adversary in war, equal adversary Kathās. ( cf. a-p° )

N. of a descendant of Atri ( author of the hymn RV. v, 47 ) RAnukr.

of a son of Mati-nāra and father of Kaṇva Hariv.

of a son of Vajra and father of Sucāru ib.



prati-rathyam [ pratirathyam ]

ind. in every road Kāv



prati-rāja [ pratirAja ]

( Kull. ) or ( R. ), m. a hostile king, royal adversary



prati-rājan [ pratirAjan ]

( R. ), m. a hostile king, royal adversary



prati-rājam [ pratirAjam ]

ind. king by king, for every king Pat.



prati-rātram [ pratirAtram ]

( Hit. ) or ( Vcar. ), ind. each night, nightly



prati-rātri [ pratirAtri ]

( Vcar. ), ind. each night, nightly



prati-ripu [ pratiripu ]

ind. against the enemy or the enemies Śiś.



prati-rūpa [ pratirUpa ]

n. the counterpart of any real form, an image, likeness, representation MBh. Var. BhP. ( also ā f. KaushUP. )

a pattern, model for imitation ( cf. -dhṛk below )

anything falsified, a counterfeit of ( gen. ) Viṣṇ

mf ( ā ) n. like, similar, corresponding, suitable, proper, fit RV. etc. ( °pam akurvan, not requiting. MārkP. )

agreeable, beautiful MBh.

m. N. of a Dānava ib.

( ā ), f. N. of a daughter of Meru BhP.

-carya mfn. exemplary in conduct, worthy of imitation MW.

-caryā' f. suitable or exemplary conduct ŚBr.

-tā f. resemblance Harav

-dhṛk mfn. offering ( i.e. being ) a model or pattern BhP.



prati-rūpaka [ pratirUpaka ]

n. an image, a picture L.

forgery Nār

( prob. ) a forged edict MBh.

mf ( ikā ) n. similar, corresponding, having the appearance of anything ( generally ifc. ) MBh. Mn. Śak. etc.

m. a quack, charlatan Car.



prati-rūpya [ pratirUpya ]

in a-p° w.r. for a-prātirūpya, See prātir°



prati-raudra-karman [ pratiraudrakarman ]

mfn. acting cruelly against others R.



prati-lakṣaṇa [ pratilakSaNa ]

n. ' a counter-mark ', mark, sign MBh. R.



prati-liṅgam [ pratiliGgam ]

ind. at every Liṅga Rājat



prati-lipi [ pratilipi ]

f. a copy, transcript, written reply L.



prati-loka [ pratiloka ]

m. every world Hcat



prati-lomá [ pratiloma ]

mf ( ā ) n. against the hair or grain ( opp. to anu-l° ), contrary to the natural course or order, reverse, inverted

adverse, hostile, disagreeable, unpleasant

low, vile ŚBr. RPrāt. ŚrS. etc.

left, not right W.

contrary to caste ( where the mother is of a higher caste than the father ) ib.

( ibc. and ám ind. ) against the hair, against the grain, in reversed or inverted order TS. Br. ĀśvŚr. etc.

m. N. of a man

pl. his descendants, g. upakâdi

( ā ), f. a partic. incantation ( to be recited from the end to the beginning ) Kathās

n. any disagreeable or injurious act

( ena ), ind. in an unfriendly manner, unpleasantly Cāṇ

-ja mfn. born in the inverse order of the classes ( as of a Kshatriya father and Brāhmaṇī mother, or of a Vaiśya father and Kshatriyā man or Brāhmaṇī man, in which cases the wife is of a higher caste than the husband ; Mn. x, 16 ). W.

-tas ind. in consequence of the inverted order or course Mn. x, 68

invertedly, in inverted order or series Yājñ. MBh. Pañcat

-rūpa mfn. inverted KaushUp.

°mânuloma mfn. speaking against or for anything

( ibc. and am ind. ) in inverted order or course and in the natural order or course Mn. Yājñ.

°ma-tas ind. in an unfriendly and friendly manner R.



prati-lomaka [ pratilomaka ]

mfn. against the hair or grain ', reverse, inverted BhP.

n. inverted order, perversion Pañcat



prati-vaktram [ prativaktram ]

ind. on every face Hcat



prati-vat [ prativat ]

mfn. containing the word prati AitBr.



prati-vatsara [ prativatsara ]

m. a year MBh.

( am ), ind. every year, yearly Rājat. Kathās



prati-vanam [ prativanam ]

ind. in every wood or forest Bhartṛ



prati-vanitā [ prativanitA ]

f. a female rival Śiś.



prati-vargam [ prativargam ]

ind. group by group KātyŚr.



prati-varṇa [ prativarNa ]

m. every caste Hcat

( am ), ind. containing by containing Gaut



prati-varṇika [ prativarNika ]

mfn. having a corresponding colour, similar L.



prati-vartmán [ prativartman ]

mfn. taking an opposite road or course AV.



prati-varman [ prativarman ]

See su-prati-v°



prati-varṣa [ prativarSa ]

( ibc. ) or ( ind. ), every year, yearly MārkP. Pañcat



prati-varṣam [ prativarSam ]

( ind. ), every year, yearly MārkP. Pañcat



prati-vallabhā [ prativallabhA ]

f. = -yuvati Vcar.



prati-vaṣaṭkāram [ prativaSaTkAram ]

ind. at each exclamation Vashaṭ ĀśvŚr.



prati-vasati [ prativasati ]

ind. in every habitation or house Kathās



prati-vastu [ prativastu ]

n. a counterpart, equivalent

anything given in return, anything contrasted with another Kathās. Pratāp

vastûpamā f. ( rhet. ) a simile or parallel ( in which a parallel is, drawn between two different objects by stating some common characteristic belonging to both ) Kāvyâd. Sāh. Kuval. etc.



prati-vahni-pradakṣiṇam [ prativahnipradakSiNam ]

ind. at each perambulation from left to right of the sacred fire Kathās



prati-vākyam [ prativAkyam ]

ind. in every sentence L. 1.



prati-vāṇi [ prativANi ]

m. fn. unseemly, unsuitable L. 2



prati-vāṇi [ prativANi ]

f. n. an answer L.

opposition L. ( w.r. °vāni )

f. = paribhāṣā, prajñapti etc. Gal.



prati-vāta [ prativAta ]

m. a contrary wind, Mn Suśr.

( am ), ind. against the wind KātyŚr. Śak. Pañcat

( e ), ind. on the lee side MW. -1



prati-vāraṇa [ prativAraNa ]

m. ( for 2. See under prati-√ vṛ ) a hostile elephant. Hariv.

a sham or mock elephant

( with daitya ), a Daitya in the form of an elephant BhP.



prati-vārttā [ prativArttA ]

f. account, information Śak



prati-vāsaram [ prativAsaram ]

ind. every day, daily Rājat. Kathās. Hcat

( e ), ind. -tad-dinam L.



prati-vāsarika [ prativAsarika ]

mfn. daily Hcat



prati-vāsudeva [ prativAsudeva ]

m. ' opponent of a Vāsudeva ', ( with Jainas ) N. of nine beings at enmity with Vāsudeva ( = viṣṇu-dviṣ ) Col.



prati-viṭapam [ prativiTapam ]

ind. to every branch, Śāntiś



prati-vidyam [ pratividyam ]

ind. in every doctrine Gaut



prati-vindhya [ prativindhya ]

m. N. of a king who ruled over a particular part of the Vindhya mountains MBh.

of a son of Yudhi-shṭhira

pl. N. of his descendants MBh. Pur.



prati-vipāśam [ prativipAzam ]

ind. along the Vipāś river Laghuk



prati-vimba [ prativimba ]

etc. = -bimba etc. 1



prati-virati [ prativirati ]

ind. ( for 2. See prati-vi√ ram ) at every pause, at each cessation or disappearance, Śāntiś



prati-viśva [ prativizva ]

mfn. pl. one and all

( eṣu ), ind. in all cases Cat.



prati-viṣa [ prativiSa ]

n. ' counter-poison ', an antidote L.

mf ( ā ) n. containing an antidote Rājat

( ā ), f. Aconitum Heterophyllum Car. Bhpr.



prati-viṣaya [ prativiSaya ]

m. pl. the various objects of sense L.

( ibc. and am ind. ) in relation to each single object of single Sāṃkhyak



prati-viṣṇu [ prativiSNu ]

ind. at every ( image of ) Viṣṇu Vop

towards Viṣṇu, in place of Viṣṇu W.



prati-viṣṇuka [ prativiSNuka ]

m. Pterospermum Suberifolium L.



prati-vīra [ prativIra ]

m. an antagonist, a well-matched opponent MBh. Vcar. BhP.

-tā f. the being a well-man opponent, antagonism Prab



prati-vīrya [ prativIrya ]

n. ( the being a match for in valour ) in a-p° mfn. unequalled, matchless, irresistible MBh. R.

a-prativīyârambha, not having sufficient strength to undertake anything SaddhP.



prati-vṛtta [ prativRtta ]

n. an eccentric circle Gol.



prati-vṛttântam [ prativRttAntam ]

ind. according to the saying, as they say Rājat



prati-vṛtti [ prativRtti ]

ind. according to the modulation ( of the voice ) RPrāt.



prati-vṛṣa [ prativRSa ]

m. a hostile bull Hariv.



prati-vedam [ prativedam ]

ind. at or for every Veda Yājñ. Bādar

°da-śākham ind. for every branch or school of the Veda Madhus



prati-vedântam [ prativedAntam ]

ind. in every Upanishad Bādar. Sch.



prati-velam [ prativelam ]

ind. on every occasion MBh.



prati-veśa [ prativeza ]

( práti- or pratī- ; Pāṇ. 6-3, 122 Vārtt. 3).. mf ( ā ) n. neighbouring, a neighbour RV. TS. ŚBr. etc.

auxiliary Br. TBr. Comm.

m. a neighbouring house L.

-tās ind. from the neighbourhood ŚBr.

-vāsin mf ( ) n. living in the neighbourhood

m. f. a neighbour Alaṃkārak.



prati-veśin [ prativezin ]

( or pratī-v° ) . mfn. neighbouring

m. and ( ), f. a neighbour Dhūrtas. Mṛcch. Sāh



prati-veśma [ prativezma ]

ind. in every house Śiś.



prati-veśman [ prativezman ]

n. a neighbour's house Pañcat



prati-veśya [ prativezya ]

m. a neighbour MBh.



prati-vaira [ prativaira ]

n. requital of hostilities, revenge MBh.



prati-vyoma [ prativyoma ]

or m. N. of a prince Pur.



prati-vyoman [ prativyoman ]

m. N. of a prince Pur.



prati-śatru [ pratizatru ]

( práti- ), m. an adversary, opponent, enemy AV. Kuval. Sch.



prati-śabda [ pratizabda ]

( or °daka Kād. Hcar. ), m. echo, reverberation MBh. R. Ragh. etc.

-ga mfn. going after a sound or in the direction of a sound MBh.

-vat mfn. re-echoing, resounding Kathās. 1



prati-śaraṇa [ pratizaraNa ]

n. ( for 2. See under prati-√ śṝ ) confidence in ( ifc. ) Divyâv

-bhūta mfn. resorted to ( acc. ) ib. ( cf. -saraṇa under prati- √ sṛ )



prati-śarâsana [ pratizarAsana ]

n. an adversary's bow Vās



prati-śarīram [ pratizarIram ]

ind. concerning one's own body or person Pat.



prati-śaśin [ pratizazin ]

m. a mock moon, paraselene Var



prati-śākham [ pratizAkham ]

ind. for every branch or school ( of the Veda ) Bādar. Sch.



prati-śākha-vat [ pratizAkhavat ]

See prati-śākhā



prati-śākhā [ pratizAkhA ]

f. a side branch, sound shoot ( pl. all the schools of the Veda BhP. )

-nāḍī f. a branch vein PraśnUp.

°khavat mfn. having anything as side branches MBh. 1



prati-śāsana [ pratizAsana ]

n. ( for 2. See prati-√ śās ) a rival command or authority ( cf. a-p° ) Ragh



prati-śilpa [ pratizilpa ]

n. a counter-ilpa ŚāṅkhŚr.



prati-śiṣya [ pratiziSya ]

m. under-disciple ( ? ) Divyâv



prati-śukra-budha [ pratizukrabudha ]

( ibc. ), towards the planets Venus or Mercury Var



prati-śukram [ pratizukram ]

( perhaps two words ), ind. towards the planet Venus R.



prati-śulka [ pratizulka ]

w.r. for -śrutkā ( See under prati- √ śru ) Lalit.



prati-śṛṅgeṇa [ pratizRGgeNa ]

ind. horn by horn Hcat



prati-śrotas [ pratizrotas ]

ind. w.r. for -srotas, q.v.



prati-śloka [ pratizloka ]

m. a counter Śloka Siṉhâs. L.

( am ), ind. at every ŚlṭŚloka BhP.



prati-ṣka [ pratiSka ]

etc., See prati-ṣkaśa, p. 671



prati-saṃyoddhṛ [ pratisaMyoddhR ]

m. an adversary in war MBh.



prati-saṃvatsaram [ pratisaMvatsaram ]

ind. at every year, yearly Yājñ. ĀpŚr. Comm.



prati-saṃskāram [ pratisaMskAram ]

ind. at every ceremony. ĀpŚr.



prati-saṅgakṣikā [ pratisaGgakSikA ]

f. a cloak to keep off the dust ( worn by Buddhist mendicants ) L. ( prob. w.r. for -saṃkakṣikā ) .



prati-sadanam [ pratisadanam ]

ind. every one to his dwelling Mcar.



prati-sadṛkṣa [ pratisadRkSa ]

or ( práti- ), mfn. similar VS.



prati-sadṛś [ pratisadRz ]

( práti- ), mfn. similar VS.



prati-sadma [ pratisadma ]

ind. at or in every house BhP.



prati-sama [ pratisama ]

mfn. equal to, a match for MBh. Nāg



prati-samantam [ pratisamantam ]

( práti- ), ind. on every side, everywhere ŚBr.



prati-sambandhi [ pratisambandhi ]

ind. according to the respective connection Sāh



prati-sarga [ pratisarga ]

See under prati-√ sṛj



prati-sargam [ pratisargam ]

ind. in every creation Mn. Kull



prati-savya [ pratisavya ]

mfn. in inverted order, inverted, reverse L.



prati-sāma [ pratisAma ]

mfn. ( prob. ) unkind, unfriendly Pāṇ. 5- 4, 75



prati-sāmanta [ pratisAmanta ]

m. ' a hostile neighbour ', enemy, adversary Kuval. Hcar.



prati-sāmarthya [ pratisAmarthya ]

n. relative suitableness R.



prati-sāyam [ pratisAyam ]

ind. towards evening Gobh



prati-siṃha [ pratisiMha ]

m. a hostile lion Kathās



prati-sīrā [ pratisIrA ]

f. a curtain L.

a screen or wall of cloth, an outer tent W.



prati-sundarī [ pratisundarI ]

f. = -yuvati, q.v. Vcar.



prati-sūrya [ pratisUrya ]

( or °yaka ), m. a mock sun, parhelion Var

a kind of lizard, a chameleon ( which lies or basks in the sun ) Uttarar. Suśr.

( am ), ind. opposite to the sun Mn.

-matsya m. a partic. appearance in the sun

( accord. to Comm. ) a mock sun and a comet Āp.

-śayānaka m. ' lying or basking in the sun ', a kind of lizard, a chameleon L.



prati-senā [ pratisenA ]

f. an opposing or hostile army Hariv.



prati-somā [ pratisomA ]

f. a kind of plant ( = mahiṣa-vallī ) L.



prati-somôdakadvijam [ pratisomodakadvijam ]

ind. against the moon or water or a Brāhman Mn. iv, 52



prati-skandha [ pratiskandha ]

m. every shoulder ( instr. ' each on his shoulder ' ) Hit.

N. of an attendant of Skanda ( v.l. kapi-sk° ) MBh.

( am ), ind. upon the shoulders W.

in every section of a book Pratāp



prati-strī [ pratistrI ]

mfn. lying on a woman ChUp.



prati-sthānam [ pratisthAnam ]

ind. in every place, everywhere Prab. Sch.



prati-sneha [ pratisneha ]

m. ( prob. ) w.r. for pati-s° Kathās



prati-srota [ pratisrota ]

mf ( ā ) n. = next ( mandakinīmŚtām anuvraja , go up the Mercury i.e. up or against the stream ) R.



prati-srotam [ pratisrotam ]

( BhP. ) or ( Mn. MBh. Hariv. etc. ), ind. against the stream, up the stream



prati-srotas [ pratisrotas ]

( Mn. MBh. Hariv. etc. ), ind. against the stream, up the stream

( w.r. śrotas )



prati-svam [ pratisvam ]

ind. ' each for itself. ' one by one, singly ĀśvŚr. RPrāt. Comm.



prati-svāhākāram [ pratisvAhAkAram ]

ind. at every exclamation Svāhā ĀpGṛ.



prati-hasta [ pratihasta ]

( -tva n. Vcar. ),



prati-hastaka [ pratihastaka ]

( Hit. ), m. a deputy, substitute, proxy



prati-hasti [ pratihasti ]

ind. towards elephants MBh.



prati-hastin [ pratihastin ]

m. the keeper of a brothel Daś. ( Sch. ' a neighbour ' )



prati-hṛdayam [ pratihRdayam ]

ind. in every heart BhP. Sch.



प्रति
 prati [ prati ]

2 m. N. of a son of Kuśa BhP.