puruSa

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पुरः कुषन् puraḥ kuṣan Uṇ 4.74


पुरुष

Contents

पुरुष
 púruṣa [ puruSa ]


m. ( m. c. also pū'r°; prob. fr. √ pṝ and connected with puru, pūru ifc. f. ā, rarely ī ; cf. Pāṇ. iv, 1, 24 ) a man, male, human being ( pl. people, mankind ), RV. etc.

a person, ( pumān puruṣaḥ, a male person, ŚāṅkhGṛ. Mn.; daṇḍaḥ p°, punishment personified Mn.; esp. grammatical pers.; with prathama, madhyama, uttama = the 3rd, 2nd, 1st pers., Nir. Pāṇ. ), an officer, functionary, attendant, servant, Mn. MBh. etc. ( cf. tat-p° )

a friend, L.

a follower of the Sāṃkhya Philosophy ( ? ), L.

a member or representative of a race or generation, TS. Br. Mn. etc.

the height or measure of a man ( = 5 Aratnis = 120 Aṅgulas ), ŚBr. Śulbas. Var.

the pupil of the eye, ŚBr.

( also with Nārāyaṇa ) the primaeval man as the soul and original source of the universe ( described in the Purusha-sûkta, q.v. ), RV. ŚBr. etc.

the personal and animating principle in men and other beings, the soul or spirit, AV. etc.

the Supreme Being or Soul of the universe ( sometimes with para, parama, or uttama; also identified with Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva and Durgā ), VS. ŚBr. etc.

( in Sāṃkhya ) the Spirit as passive and a spectator of the Prakṛti or creative force, IW. 82 etc.

the, ' spirit ' or fragrant exhalation of plants, RV. x, 51, 8.

( with sapta ) N. of the divine or active principles from the minute portions of which the universe was formed, Mn. i, 19

N. of a Pāda in the Mahsnāmnī verses, Lāṭy.

of the Ist, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 11th signs of the zodiac, Jyot.

of a son of Manu Cākshusha, BhP.

of one of the 18 attendants of the sun, L.

pl. men, people ( cf. above ).

N. of the Brāhmans of Krauñca-dvipa, BhP.

( with pañca ) N. of 5 princely personages or miraculous persons born under partic. constellations, Var.

Rottleria Tinctoria, L.

Clerodendrum Phlomoides, L.

( ī ), f. a woman, female, RV. etc.

m. or n. = puruṣaka m. n. Śiś. v, 56 Sch.

n. ( ! ) N. of mount Meru, L.




púruṣa-kāma [ puruSakAma ]

mfn. desirous of men, TāṇḍBr.



púruṣa-kāra [ puruSakAra ]

m. human effort ( opp. to daiva, fate ), Mn. Yājñ.

manly act, virility, heroism, MBh. Kāv. etc.

haughtiness, pride, Pat.

N. of a grammarian, Cat.

-phala n. the fruit or result of human effort, L.

-mīmāṃsā f., N. of wk.



púruṣa-kuṇapá [ puruSakuNapa ]

n. a human corpse, TS.



púruṣa-kesarin [ puruSakesarin ]

m. ' man-lion ', N. of Viṣṇu in his 4th appearance on earth, Sak. ( cf. nara-siṃha )



púruṣa-kṣīrá [ puruSakSIra ]

n. human milk, MaitrS.



púruṣa-kṣetra [ puruSakSetra ]

n. a male or uneven zodiacal sign or astrological house, Var.



púruṣa-gati [ puruSagati ]

f., N. of a Sāman, Gaut.



púruṣa-gandhi [ puruSagandhi ]

( pu° ), mfn. smelling of men, AV.



púruṣa-gātra [ puruSagAtra ]

mfn. endowed with human or manly limbs, Kauś.



púruṣa-ghnī [ puruSaghnI ]

f. ( with strī ) a woman who kills her husband, Yājñ. ( cf.pūruṣa-han ).



púruṣa-cchandasá [ puruSacchandasa ]

n. ' man's metre ', the metre suited for men , i.e. the Dvi-padā, ŚBr.



púruṣa-jana [ puruSajana ]

m. sg. men, people, Pañcad.



púruṣa-jātaka [ puruSajAtaka ]

n., N. of work.



púruṣa-jī'vana [ puruSajIvana ]

mf ( ī ) n. enlivening or animating men, AV.



púruṣa-jñāna [ puruSajJAna ]

n. knowledge of men or mankind, Mn. vii, 211.



púruṣa-tantra [ puruSatantra ]

mfn. dependent on the subject, subjective ( -tva, n. ), Śaṃk.



púruṣa-tā [ puruSatA ]

( °ṣá- ), f. manhood, manliness

ind. ( as instr. ) after the manner of men, among men, RV.



púruṣa-tejas [ puruSatejas ]

( pú° ), mfn. having a man's energy or manly vigour, AV.



púruṣa-trā' [ puruSatrA ]

ind. = -tā ind., RV. ( cf. Pāṇ. v, 4, 56 ).



púruṣa-tva [ puruSatva ]

n. manhood, manliness, MBh. Pur.

-tvá-tā ind. after the manner of men, RV.



púruṣa-daghna [ puruSadaghna ]

mfn. of the height or measure of a man, W.



púruṣa-datta [ puruSadatta ]

m., N. of a man, Mudr.



púruṣa-dantikā [ puruSadantikA ]

f., N. of a medicinal root, L.



púruṣa-damyasārathi [ puruSadamyasArathi ]

m. a driver or guide of men ( compared with young draught-oxen ), Divyâv.



púruṣa-dravyasampad [ puruSadravyasampad ]

f. abundance of men and material, MW.



púruṣa-dvayasa [ puruSadvayasa ]

mf ( ī ) n. = -daghna, L.



púruṣa-dviṣ [ puruSadviS ]

m. an enemy of Viṣṇu, MW.



púruṣa-dveṣin [ puruSadveSin ]

mfn. man-hating, misanthropic, W.

( iṇī ), f. an ill-tempered or fractious woman, ib.



púruṣa-dharma [ puruSadharma ]

m. personal rule or precept, KātyŚr.



púruṣa-dhaureyaka [ puruSadhaureyaka ]

m. a man superior to other people, Hcat.



púruṣa-nāya [ puruSanAya ]

m. ' man-leader ', a prince, ChUp.



púruṣa-niyama [ puruSaniyama ]

m. ( in gram. ) a restriction as to person.



púruṣa-niṣkráyaṇa [ puruSaniSkrayaNa ]

mfn. one who redeems a person, TS.



púruṣa-pati [ puruSapati ]

m. ' lord of men ', N. of Rāma, MW.



púruṣa-parîkṣā [ puruSaparIkSA ]

f. ' trial of man ', N. of a collection of moral tales.



púruṣa-paśu [ puruSapazu ]

m. a beast of man, a brutal man, Pañc. VP.

a man as a sacrificial victim, BhP.

the soul compared with animal, IW. 85.

a human animal, man, W.



púruṣa-puṃgava [ puruSapuMgava ]

m. ' man-bull ', an eminent or excellent man, W.



púruṣa-puṇḍarīka [ puruSapuNDarIka ]

m. ' man-lotus ', = prec. ib., ( with Jainas ) N. of the 6th black Vāsudeva.



púruṣa-pura [ puruSapura ]

n., N. of the capital of Gāndhāra, the modern Peshāwar ( ? ), L.



púruṣa-prabhu [ puruSaprabhu ]

m., N. of a prince, VP.



púruṣa-bahumāna [ puruSabahumAna ]

m. the respect or esteem of mankind, Bhartṛ.



púruṣa-mātrá [ puruSamAtra ]

mf ( ī ) n. of the height or measure of a man, ŚBr. KātyŚr.

n. the size of a man, TS.



púruṣa-mānin [ puruSamAnin ]

mfn. fancying one's self a man or hero ( °ní-tva, n. ), MBh.



púruṣa-mukha [ puruSamukha ]

mf ( ī ) n. having the face of a man, Kauś.



púruṣa-mṛgá [ puruSamRga ]

m. a male antelope, VS. TS. Sch.



púruṣa-medhá [ puruSamedha ]

m. the sacrifice of a man, Br. MBh. etc.

N. of the supposed author of VS. xx, 30 ( perhaps w.r. for puru-medha, q.v. ).



púruṣa-yogin [ puruSayogin ]

mfn. relating to a Person or subject, KātyŚr.



púruṣa-yoni [ puruSayoni ]

( pú° ), mfn. descended from or begotten by a man ( male ), MaitrS.



púruṣa-rakṣas [ puruSarakSas ]

n. a demon in the form of a man, Kauś.



púruṣa-rājá [ puruSarAja ]

m. a human king, TS.



púruṣa-rūpa [ puruSarUpa ]

n. the shape of a man, AitBr.

( pú° ), mfn. = next, ŚBr.



púruṣa-rūpaka [ puruSarUpaka ]

mfn. shaped like a man, AitBr.



púruṣa-réṣaṇa [ puruSareSaNa ]

( AV. ).



púruṣa-reṣin [ puruSareSin ]

( Kauś. ), mfn. hurting men.



púruṣa-rṣabha [ puruSarSabha ]

( r for ), m. = -puṃgava, MBh. R.



púruṣa-vacas [ puruSavacas ]

mfn. called Purusha, ChUp.



púruṣa-vat [ puruSavat ]

mfn. accompanied by men, ŚBr.



púruṣa-vadhá [ puruSavadha ]

m. manslaughter, murder, AV.

slaughter of a husband, Vet.



púruṣa-vara [ puruSavara ]

m. the best of men, VP.

N. of Viṣṇu, MBh.

of a prince, VP.



púruṣa-varjita [ puruSavarjita ]

mfn. destitute of human beings, desolate, MW.



púruṣa-vā'c [ puruSavAc ]

mfn. having a human voice, VS. ŚBr.



púruṣa-vāha [ puruSavAha ]

m. ' Viṣṇu's vehicle ', N. of Garuḍa, BhP.



púruṣa-vāham [ puruSavAham ]

ind. ( with vahati, he moves in such a way as to be ) borne or drawn along by men, Pāṇ. iii, 4, 43.



púruṣa-vidha [ puruSavidha ]

( pú° ), mfn. man-like, having a human form ( -tá f. ), ŚBr. TUp.



púruṣa-vyāgbrá [ puruSavyAgbra ]

m. ' man-tiger ', N. of a demon, ŚBr.

= -śārdūla, MBh. R.

a vulture, L.



púruṣa-vrata [ puruSavrata ]

n., N. of 2 Sāmans, ĀrshBr.



púruṣa-śārdūla [ puruSazArdUla ]

m. ' man-tiger ', an eminent man, W.



púruṣa-śiras [ puruSaziras ]

n. a human head, KātyŚr.



púruṣa-śīrṣá [ puruSazIrSa ]

n. id., ŚBr.

°ṣaka m. or n., N. of an instrument used by thieves, Daś.



púruṣa-saṃskāra [ puruSasaMskAra ]

m. a ceremony performed on a ( dead ) person, Āpast.



púruṣa-samavêya [ puruSasamaveya ]

m. a number of men, W.



púruṣa-sammita [ puruSasammita ]

( pú° ), mfn. man-like, TBr.



púruṣa-sāman [ puruSasAman ]

n., N. of a Sāman, ĀpŚr.



púruṣa-sāmudrika-lakṣaṇa [ puruSasAmudrikalakSaNa ]

n. ' divination, from bodily signs ', N. of work.



púruṣa-siṃha [ puruSasiMha ]

m. ' man-lion ', an eminent man or hero, Kāv.

( with Jainas ) N. of the 5th of the black Vāsudevas, L.



púruṣa-sûkta [ puruSasUkta ]

n. ' the Purusha hymn ', N. of RV. x, 90 ( describing the Supreme Soul of the universe and supposed to be comparatively modern ), RTL. 17 ; 23 etc.

-bhāṣya, n. vidhāna, n. -vyākhyā, f. -vyākhyāna, n. -ṣoḍa- śôpacāra-vidhi m. °ktôpaniṣad f., N. of works.



púruṣa-han [ puruSahan ]

mfn. only f. -ghnī, q.v.



puruṣâṃsaka [ puruSAMsaka ]

m., N. of a teacher, g. śaunakâdi ( Kāś. °ṣāsaka ).



puruṣâkāra [ puruSAkAra ]

mfn. of human form or shape ( -tā f. ), Hcat.



puruṣâkṛti [ puruSAkRti ]

f. the figure of a man, ŚrS.



puruṣâṅga [ puruSAGga ]

m. n. the male organ of generation, MW. ( cf. narâṅga ).



púruṣâjāna [ puruSAjAna ]

mfn. of human descent or origin, ŚBr.



puruṣâd [ puruSAd ]

mfn. eating or destroying men, RV. AV.



puruṣâda [ puruSAda ]

mf ( ī ) n. id.

m. a cannibal, a Rakshas ( -tva, n. ), MBh. R. BhP.

( pl. ) N. of a race of cannibals in the east of Madhya-deśa, Var.



puruṣâdaka [ puruSAdaka ]

mfn. men-devouring, MBh. R.

( pl. ) N. of certain cannibals, MārkP.



puruṣâdya [ puruSAdya ]

m. ' first of men ', N. of Viṣṇu, L.

( with Jainas ) N. of Adi-nātha or of Ṛshabha ( the first Arhat of present Avasarpiṇi ).



puruṣâdhama [ puruSAdhama ]

m. ' lowest or vilest of men ', an outcast, the worst of servants, W.



puruṣâdhikāra [ puruSAdhikAra ]

m. manly office or duty, Kir.



puruṣânṛta [ puruSAnRta ]

n. falsehood respecting men, Mn. ix, 71.



puruṣântara [ puruSAntara ]

n. another man or person, a mediator, interposer, R. ( am ind. by a mediator, indirectly, Vikr. ii, 16 ).

another or a succeeding generation, MārkP.

( -vedin mfn. knowing the heart of mankind, MW. °râtman m. ' man's inner self. ' the soul, L. )

m. ( sc. saṃdhi ) an alliance negotiated by warriors chosen by both parties, Kām. Hit.



puruṣâyaṇa [ puruSAyaNa ]

mf ( ā ) n. going to or uniting with the soul, PraśnUp.



puruṣâyata [ puruSAyata ]

mfn. of the length of a man, Hcat.



puruṣâyuṣa [ puruSAyuSa ]

n. the duration of a man's life, age of man, Ragh. ( cf. Pāṇ. v, 4, 77 ).

-ka n. id., Gal.



puruṣârtha [ puruSArtha ]

m. any object of human pursuit.

any one of the four objects or aims of existence ( viz. kāma, the gratification of desire; artha, acquirement of wealth; dharma, discharge of duty; mokṣa, final emancipation ), Mn. Prab. Kap. ( -tva n. ), Sāṃkhyak. etc.

human effort or exertion, MBh. R. etc.

( am ), ind. for the sake of the soul, Kap.

for or on account of man, W.

-kāra, m. -kaumudī, f. -cintāmaṇi, m., N. of works.

-trayīmaya, mf ( ī ) n. intent only upon the 3 objects of man ( kāma, artha and dharma ), Siṉhâs.

-prabodha m. -prabodhiṇī f. -ratnâkara m. -siddhy-upáya m. -sudhā-nidhi m. -sūtra-vṛtti f. -°rthânuśāsana n., N. of works.



puruṣâvatāra [ puruSAvatAra ]

m. human incarnation, Siṉhâs.



puruṣâśin [ puruSAzin ]

m. ' man-eater ', a Rākshasa, W.



puruṣâsthá [ puruSAstha ]

n. a human bone, AV.

°sthimālin m. ' wearing a necklace of human skulls ', N. of Śiva, L.



puruṣâhutí [ puruSAhuti ]

f. an invocation addressed to men, TS.



puruṣéndra [ puruSendra ]

m. ' lord of men ', a king.

-tā f. sovereignty, MBh.



puruṣêṣita [ puruSeSita ]

( pú° ), mfn. caused or instigated by men, AV.



puruṣôkti [ puruSokti ]

f. the name or title of man, W.

°ktika mfn. having only the name of man, destitute, friendless, ib.



puruṣôttama [ puruSottama ]

See below.



puruṣôpahāra [ puruSopahAra ]

m. the sacrifice of a man, Hcar.