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sárasvatī [ sarasvatI ]

f. ( of sárasvat, q.v. under sáras ) a region abounding in pools and lakes MBh. i, 7745

N. of a river ( celebrated in RV. and held to be a goddess whose identity is much disputed

most authorities hold that the name S'arasvatī is identical with the Avestan Haraquaiti river in Afghanistan, but that it usually means the Indus in the RV., and only occasionally the small sacred rivers in Madhya-deśa see below

the river-goddess has seven sisters and is herself sevenfold, she is called the mother of streams, the best of mothers, of rivers , and of goddesses

the Ṛṣis always recognise the connection of the goddess with the river, and invoke her to descend from the sky, to bestow vitality, renown, and riches

elsewhere she is described as moving along a golden path and as destroying Vṛtra etc.

as a goddess she is often connected with other deities, e.g. with Pūshan, Indra, the Maruts and the Aśvins

in the Āpri hymns she forms a triad with the sacrificial goddesses Iḍā and Bhātrati

accord. to a myth told in the VS. xix, 12, S'arasvatī through speech [ vācā ] communicated vigour to Indra

in the BrShmaṇas she is identified with vāc, ' Speech ', and in later times becomes goddess of eloquence, See below ) RV. etc.

N. of a well-known small river ( held very sacred by the Hindūs

identified with the modern Sursooty, at, d formerly marking with the Dṛshadvatī one of the boundaries of the region Ārya-deśa and of the sacred district called Brahm^avarta [ see Mn. ii, 17 ] in RV. vii, 95, 2, this river is represented as flowing into the sea, although later legends make it disappear underground and join the Ganges and Jumnā at Allahibād

See tri-veṇī, prayāga ) ib.

N. of various rivers ( esp. of rivers which in sacredness are equal to S'arasvatī and which are three accord. to AV. vi, 101, and seven accord. to MBh. ix, 2188 )

any river Naigh. i, 13

N. of the goddess of eloquence and learning ( cf. above

she is opposed to Śri or Lakshmī [ cf. Vikr. v, 24 ], and sometimes considered as the daughter and also wife of Beahmā, the proper wife of that god being rather Sāvitri or Gāyatri

she is also identified with Durgā, or even with the wife of Viṣṇu and of Manu, and held to be the daughter of Daksha ) Mn. MBh. etc.

speech or the power of speech, eloquence, learning wisdom MBh. Kāv. etc.

a celestial or oracular voice Kālid. Kathās. Rājat

a cow VS. viii, 43

an excellent woman ( = strī-ratna ) L.

N. of various plants ( Cardiospermum Halicacabum, Egle Marmelos , Ruta Graveolens etc. ) L.

N. of a two-year-old girl representing Durgā at her festival L.

of a poetess Cat.

of various other women ( esp. of the wives of Dadhica, Śaṃkar^acārya, Maṇḍaṇamiśra etc. ) ib.

of one of the ten mendicant orders traced back to Śarnkaracārya ( whose members add the word sarasvatī to their names )

sárasvatī-kaṇṭhâbharaṇa [ sarasvatIkaNThAbharaNa ]

n. the necklace of Sarasvat1 ( goddess of eloquence ) Dhūrtas

N. of wk. on Alarnkāra ( generally ascribed to Bhoja-deva, but probably written by some Pandit during or after the reign of that king , in the end of the 11th century A. D. )

sárasvatī-kuṭumba [ sarasvatIkuTumba ]

m. N. of a poet Cat.

-duhiśri f. of a poetess ib.

sárasvatī-kṛta [ sarasvatIkRta ]

mfn. made or composed by S'arasvatī ib.

sárasvatī-tantra [ sarasvatItantra ]

n. N. of two wks.

sárasvatī-tīrtha [ sarasvatItIrtha ]

n. N. of a Tirtha ( -māhātmya n. ) Cat.

m. N. of an author ( also called nara-harr ib.

sárasvatī-daṇḍaka [ sarasvatIdaNDaka ]

n. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-daśa-ślokī [ sarasvatIdazazlokI ]

f. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-dāna-vidhi [ sarasvatIdAnavidhi ]

m. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-dvādaśanāma-stotra [ sarasvatIdvAdazanAmastotra ]

n. N. of wks.

sárasvatī-nivāsa [ sarasvatInivAsa ]

m. N. of a poet ( author of the Rukmiṇī-naṭaka ) Cat.

sárasvatī-purāṇa [ sarasvatIpurANa ]

n. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-pūjana [ sarasvatIpUjana ]

n. or the worship of S'arasvatī ( observed as a holiday on the fifth of the light half of the month Māgha and therefore also called Vasanta-pañcamī, on which day books and writing implements are held sacred and not allowed to be used ) RTL. 429

sárasvatī-pūjā [ sarasvatIpUjA ]

f. the worship of S'arasvatī ( observed as a holiday on the fifth of the light half of the month Māgha and therefore also called Vasanta-pañcamī, on which day books and writing implements are held sacred and not allowed to be used ) RTL. 429

( °jā ) -vidhāna n. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-prakriyā [ sarasvatIprakriyA ]

f. N. of a Comm. on the S'arasvatī-sūtra ( by Anubhūti-svarūpa )

sárasvatī-prayega [ sarasvatIprayega ]

m. a kind of mystical rite peculiar to the Tāntrikas MW.

sárasvatī-bāla-vāṇī [ sarasvatIbAlavANI ]

f. a partic. dialect Col.

sárasvatī-mantra [ sarasvatImantra ]

m. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-māhātmya [ sarasvatImAhAtmya ]

n. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-rahasyôpaniṣad [ sarasvatIrahasyopaniSad ]

f. N. of wks.

sárasvatī-vat [ sarasvatIvat ]

( sár° ), mfn. accompanied by S'arasvatī RV. AitBr.

sárasvatī-vinaśana [ sarasvatIvinazana ]

n. the place where the river S'arasvatī disappears PañcavBr.

sárasvatī-vilāsa [ sarasvatIvilAsa ]

m. N. of various wks.

sárasvatī-vrata [ sarasvatIvrata ]

n. N. of a partic. religious observance Cat.

sárasvatī-ṣaṭ-ślokī [ sarasvatISaTzlokI ]

f. N. of wk.

sárasvatī-saras [ sarasvatIsaras ]

n. N. of a sacred lake MW.

sárasvatī-sûkta [ sarasvatIsUkta ]

n. N. of a hymn

sárasvatī-sūtra [ sarasvatIsUtra ]

n. the aphorisms of the S'arasvatī grammar ( by an unknown author ; -prakryā ).

sárasvatī-stava [ sarasvatIstava ]


sárasvatī-stotra [ sarasvatIstotra ]

n. N. of hymns

sárasvatī-svāmin [ sarasvatIsvAmin ]

m. N. of an author Cat.

 sarasvatī [ sarasvatI ]

etc. See p. 1182, col. 2