Related Sanskrit Words:
Derived Words in Other Languages:
स्था sthā [ sthA ]
1. cl. 1. P. Ā. ( Dhātup. xxii, 30 ) tíṣṭhati, °te ( pf. tasthaú, tasthe RV. etc. etc. ; aor. ásthāt, ásthita ib. ; 3. pl. asthiran, RV. ; AV. ; Br. ; āsthat [ ? ], AV. ; asthiṣi, °ṣata, Br. etc. ; Subj. sthāti, sthā'thaḥ, RV. ; Prec. stheyāt, ib. ; stheṣam, °ṣuḥ [ ? ], AV. ; sthāsīṣṭa, Gr. ; fut. sthātā, MBh. etc. ; sthāsyati, °te, Br. etc. ; inf. sthā'tum, ib. ; °tos, Br. GṛŚrS. ; -sthitum, R. ; ind. p. sthitvā, MBh. etc. ; -sthā'ya, RV. etc. etc. ; -sthāyam, Bhaṭṭ. ), to stand, stand firmly, station one's self, stand upon, get upon, take up a position on ( with pādābhyām, ' to stand on the feet ' ; with jānubhyām, ' to kneel ' ; with agre or agratas and gen., ' to stand or present one's self before ' ; with puras and with or without gen., ' to stand up against an enemy etc. ' ), RV. etc. etc.
to stay, remain, continue in any condition or action ( e.g. with kanyā, ' to remain a girl or unmarried ' ; with tūṣṇīm or with maunena, instr. ' to remain silent ' ; with sukham, ' to continue or feel well ' ), AV. etc. etc.
to remain occupied or engaged in, be intent upon, make a practice of, keep on, persevere in any act ( with loc. ; e.g. with rājye, ' to continue governing ' ; with śāsane, ' to practise obedience ' ; with bale, ' to exercise power ' ; with sva-dharme, ' to do one's duty ' ; with sva-karmaṇi, ' to keep to one's own business ' ; with saṃśaye, ' to persist in doubting ' ; also with ind. p., e.g. dharmam āśritya, ' to practise virtue ' ), AV. ; Mn. ; MBh. etc.
to continue to be or exist ( as opp. to ' perish ' ), endure, last TS. ; Mn. ; MBh. etc.
to be, exist, be present, be obtainable or at hand, AV. etc. etc.
to be with or at the disposal of, belong to, ( dat., gen., or loc. ), Mn. ; MBh. etc.
( Ā., m. c. also P., cf. Pāṇ. i, 3, 23 ; iv, 34 ) to stand by, abide by, be near to, be on the side of, adhere or submit to, acquiesce in, serve, obey ( loc. or dat. ) RV. etc. etc.
to stand still, stay quiet, remain stationary, stop, halt, wait, tarry, linger, hesitate ( see under sthitvā below ) RV. etc. etc.
to behave or conduct one's self ( with samam, ' to behave equally towards any one ', loc. )
to be directed to or fixed on ( loc. ), Hariv. ; Kathās.
to be founded or rest or depend on, be contained in ( loc. ), RV. ; AV. ; MBh.
to rely on, confide in ( loc., e.g. mayi sthitvā, ' confiding in me ' ), Bhaṭṭ.
to stay at, resort to ( acc. ), R.
to arise from ( abl. or gen. ), RV. ; ChUp.
to desist or cease from ( abl. ), Kathās.
to remain unnoticed ( as of no importance ), be left alone ( only Impv. and Pot. ), Kāv. Pañcat. : Pass. sthīyate ( aor. asthāyi ), to be stood etc. ( frequently used impers., e.g. mayā sthīyatām, ' let it be abided by me ', i.e. ' I must abide ' ), Br. etc. etc. : Caus. sthāpayati, °te ( aor. átiṣṭhipat ; ind. p. sthāpayitvā [ q.v. ] and -sthā'pam : Pass. sthāpyate ), to cause to stand, place, locate, set, lay, fix, station, establish, found, institute, AV. etc. etc.
to set up, erect, raise, build, MBh. R.
to cause to continue, make durable, strengthen, confirm, MBh. ; R. ; Suśr. etc.
to prop up, support, maintain, MBh. Hcat.
to affirm, assent, Sāh. ; Nyāyas. ; Sch.
to appoint ( to any office, loc. ), Mn. ; MBh. etc.
to cause to be, constitute, make, appoint or employ as ( two acc. ; with dhātrīm, ' to employ any one as a nurse ' ; with rakṣârtham, ' to appoint any one as guardian ' : with sajjam, ' to make anything ready ' ; with su-rakṣitam, ' to keep anything well guarded ' ; with svīkṛtya, ' to make anything one's own ' ; with pariśeṣam, ' to leave anything over or remaining ' ); ŚvetUp. ; MBh. ; Kāv. etc.
to fix, settle, determine, resolve, Mn. ; MBh. etc.
to introduce or initiate into, instruct in ( loc., e.g. with naye, ' to instruct in a plan or system ' ), MBh. ; Kathās.
to make over or deliver up to ( loc. or haste with gen., ' into the hands of ' ), Yājñ. ; Ratnâv. ; Kathās.
to give in marriage, MBh.
to cause to stand still, stop, arrest, check, hold, keep in, restrain ( with baddhvā, ' to keep bound or imprisoned ' ), ŚBr. etc. etc.
to place aside, keep, save, preserve, MBh. ; Hariv. : Desid. of Caus. - sthāpayiṣati ( see saṃ-√ sthā ) : Desid. tíṣṭhāsati, to wish to stand etc., ŚBr. : Intens. teṣṭhīyate
tāstheti, tāsthāti Gr. [ Cf. Gk. ? ; Lat. stare ; Lith. stóti ; Slav. stati ; Germ. stân, stehen ; Eng. stand. ]
sthā' [ sthA ]
sthā'-raśman [ sthArazman ]
( sthā'-, Padap. sthā'ḥ- ), having firm bridles ( ? ), RV.