Related Sanskrit Words:
Derived Words in Other Languages:
vṛ't [ vRt ]
1 ( ifc.
a troop of followers or soldiers, army, host RV.
वृत् vṛt [ vRt ]
1 cl. 1. Ā. ( Dhātup. xviii, 19 ) vártate ( rarely °ti
in Veda also vavartti and [ once in RV. ] vartti
Subj. vavártat, vavartati, vavṛtat
Pot. vavṛtyāt, vavṛtīya
impf. ávavṛtran, °tranta
pf. vavárta, vavṛtús, vavṛté RV. [ here also vāvṛté ] etc.
aor. avart, avṛtran Subj. vártat, vartta RV.
avṛtat AV. etc.
3. pl. avṛtsata RV.
2. sg. vartithās MBh.
Prec. vartiṣīṣṭa Gr.
fut. vartitā Gr.
vartsyáti, °te AV. etc.
vartiṣyati, °te MBh. etc.
Cond. avartsyat Br.
inf. -vṛ'te RV.
vartitum MBh. etc.
ind. p. vartitvā and vṛttvā Gr.
-vṛ'tya RV. etc.
-vártam Br. etc. ), to turn, turn round, revolve, roll ( also applied to the rolling down of tears ) RV. etc.
to move or go on, get along, advance, proceed ( with instr. ' in a partic. way or manner ' ), take place, occur, be performed, come off Mn. MBh. etc.
to be, live, exist, be found, remain, stay, abide, dwell ( with ātmani na, ' to be not in one's right mind '
with manasi or hṛdaye, ' to dwell or be turned or thought over in the mind '
with mūrdhni, ' to be at the head of ', ' to be of most importance '
kathaṃ vartate with nom. or kiṃ vartate with gen., ' how is it with ? ' ) ib.
to live on, subsist by ( instr. or ind. p. ), ĀśvGṛS. MBh. etc.
to pass away ( as time, ciraṃ vartate gatānām, ' it is long since we went ' ) BhP.
to depend on ( loc. ) R.
to be in a partic. condition, be engaged in or occupied with ( loc. ), ĀPast. MBh. etc.
to be intent on, attend to ( dat. ) R.
to stand or be used in the sense of ( loc. ) Kāś
to act, conduct one's self, behave towards ( loc., dat., or acc.
also with itarêtaram or parasparam, ' mutually ' ) Mn. MBh. etc.
to act or deal with, follow a course of conduct ( also with vṛttim ), show, display, employ, use, act in any way ( instr. or acc. ) towards ( loc. with parâjñayā, ' to act under another's command '
with prajā-rūpeṇa, ' to assume the form of a son '
with priyám, ' to act kindly '
with svāni, ' to mind one's own business '
kim idam vartase, ' what are you doing there ? ' ) ŚBr. Mn. MBh. etc.
to tend or turn to, prove as ( dat. ) Śukas
to continue ( with an ind. p., atîtya vartante, ' they continue to excel '
iti vartate me buddhiḥ, ' such continues my opinion ' ) MBh. Kāv. etc.
to hold good, continue in force, be supplied from what precedes Pat. Kāś
to originate, arise from ( abl. ) or in ( loc. ) BhP.
to become TBr.
to associate with ( saha ) Pañcat
to have illicit intercourse with ( loc. ) R. : Caus. vartáyati ( aor. avīvṛtat or avavartat
in TBr. also Ā. avavarti
inf. vartayádhyai RV.
Pass. vartyate Br. ), to cause to turn or revolve, whirl, wave, brandish, hurl RV. etc.
to produce with a turning-lathe, make anything round ( as a thunderbolt, a pill etc. ) RV. R. Suśr.
to cause to proceed or take place or be or exist, do, perform, accomplish, display, exhibit ( feelings ), raise or utter ( a cry ) , shed ( tears ) MBh. Kāv. etc.
to cause to pass ( as time ), spend, pass, lead a life, live , subsist on or by ( instr. ), enter upon a course of conduct etc. ( also with vṛttim or vṛttyā or vṛttena
with bhaikṣeṇa, ' to live by begging ' ), conduct one's self, behave Mn. MBh. etc.
to set forth, relate, recount, explain, declare MBh. Hariv. R.
to begin to instruct ( dat. ) ŚāṅkhGṛ.
to understand, know, learn BhP.
to treat Car.
( in law, with śiras or śīrṣam ) to offer one's self to be punished if another is proved innocent by an ordeal Viṣṇ. Yājñ.
' to speak ' or ' to shine ' ( bhāṣârthe or bhāsârthe ) Dhātup. xxxiii, 108 : Desid. vívṛtsati, °te ( RV. Br. ), vivartiṣate ( Pāṇ. 1-3, 92 ), to wish to turn etc. : Intens. ( Ved., rarely in later language ) várvartti, varīvartti, varīvartyáte, varīvartate, p. várvṛtat and várvṛtāna impf. 3. sg. avarīvar, 3. pl. avarīvur ( Gr. also varivartti, var˘īvṛtīti, varvṛtīti, varīvṛtyate ), to turn, roll, revolve, be, exist, prevail RV. ŚBr. Kāv. [ Cf. Lat. vertere ; Slav. vr˘ut˘eti, vratiti ; Lith. varty4ti ; Goth. waírthan ; Germ. werden ; Eng. -ward. ]
vṛt [ vRt ]
2 mfn. ( only ifc., for 1. See p. 1007, col. 2 ) turning, moving, existing
ind. finished, ended ( a gram. term used only in the Dhātup. and signifying that a series of roots acted on by a rule and beginning with a root followed by ādi or prabhṛti, ends with the word preceding vṛt )
वृत् vṛt [ vRt ]
3 See √ vāvṛt, p. 947, col. 1