varuNa

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वरुण

Contents

váruṇa [ varuNa ]


m. ( once in the TĀr. varuṇá ) ' All-enveloping Sky, ' N. of an Āditya ( in the Veda commonly associated with Mitra [q.v.] and presiding over the night as Mitra over the day, but often celebrated separately, whereas Mitra is rarely invoked alone. Varuṇa is one of the oldest of the Vedic gods, and is commonly thought to correspond to the ? of the Greeks, although of a more spiritual conception, he is often regarded as the supreme deity, being then styled ' king of the gods ' or ' king of both gods and men ' or ' king of the universe, '  no other deity has such grand attributes and functions assigned to him, he is described as fashioning and upholding heaven and earth, as possessing extraordinary power and wisdom called māyā, as sending his spies or messengers throughout both worlds, as numbering the very winkings of men's eyes, as hating falsehood, as seizing transgressors with his pāśa or noose, as inflicting diseases, especially dropsy, as pardoning sin, as the guardian of immortality, he is also invoked in the Veda together with Indra, and in later Vedic literature together with Agni, with Yama, and with Viṣṇu, in RV. iv, 1, 2, he is even called the brother of Agni, though not generally regarded in the Veda as a god of the ocean, yet he is often connected with the waters, especially the waters of the atmosphere or firmament, and in one place [ RV. vii, 64, 2 ] is called with Mitra, Sindhu-pati, ' lord of the sea or of rivers, ' hence in the later mythology he became a kind of Neptune, and is there best known in his character of god of the ocean, in the MBh. Varuṇa is said to be a son of Kardama and father of Pushkara, and is also variously represented as one of the Deva-gandharvas, as a Nāga, as a king of the Nāgas, and as an Asura, he is the regent of the western quarter [ cf. loka-pāla ] and of the Nakṣatra Śatabhiṣaj [ VarBṛS. ], the Jainas consider Varuṇa as a servant of the twentieth Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī ), RV. etc. ( cf. IW. 10, 12 etc. )

the ocean, VarBṛS.

water, Kathās.

the sun, L.

awarder off or dispeller, Sāy. on RV. v, 48, 5

N. of a partic. magical formula recited over weapons, R. ( v.l. varaṇa )

the tree Crataeva Roxburghii, L. ( cf. varaṇa )

pl. ( prob. ) the gods generally, AV. iii, 4, 6

( ā ), f. N. of a river, MBh.




váruṇa-kāṣṭhikā [ varuNakASThikA ]

f. wood of the Ficus Religiosa ( used for kindling fire by rubbing ), L.



váruṇa-kṛcchraka [ varuNakRcchraka ]

n. a partic. penance ( in which for a month only ground rice with water is eaten ), L.



váruṇa-gṛha-pati [ varuNagRhapati ]

( vá° ), mfn. having Varuṇa for a house-lord ( i.e. giving Varuṇa precedence at a great sacrifice ), MaitrS.



váruṇa-gṛhīta [ varuNagRhIta ]

( , mfn. seized by Varuṇa, afflicted with disease ( esp. dropsy, see under varuṇa ), ŚBr. TS.



váruṇa-graha [ varuNagraha ]

m. ' seizure by Varuṇa, ' paralysis, L.



váruṇa-grāha [ varuNagrAha ]

m. seizure by Varuṇa ( in á-v° ), TS. TBr.



váruṇa-japa [ varuNajapa ]

m. N. of a work.



váruṇa-jyeṣṭha [ varuNajyeSTha ]

( vá° ), m. pl. having Varuṇa for chief, TBr.



váruṇa-tīrtha [ varuNatIrtha ]

n. N. of a Tirtha, Cat.



váruṇa-tejas [ varuNatejas ]

( vá° ), mfn. one whose vital power is Varuṇa i.e. water, AV.



váruṇa-tva [ varuNatva ]

n. the state or nature of Varuṇa, R.



váruṇa-datta [ varuNadatta ]

m. N. of a man, Pāṇ. v, 3, 84, Sch.



váruṇa-deva [ varuNadeva ]

n. ' having Varuṇa as deity, ' the Nakṣatra Śata-bhiṣaj, VarBṛS.



váruṇa-devatyá [ varuNadevatya ]

mfn. having Varuṇa as deity, MaitrS.



váruṇa-daiva [ varuNadaiva ]

n. = -deva, VarBṛS.



váruṇa-daivata [ varuNadaivata ]

n. = -deva, VarBṛS.



váruṇa-dhrút [ varuNadhrut ]

mfn. deceiving Varuṇa, RV. vii, 60, 9.



váruṇa-pāśá [ varuNapAza ]

m. Varuṇa's snare or noose, TS. Br.

a shark, L.



váruṇa-purāṇa [ varuNapurANa ]

n. N. of a work.



váruṇa-puruṣa [ varuNapuruSa ]

m. a servant of Varuṇa, ĀśvGṛ.



váruṇa-praghāsá [ varuNapraghAsa ]

m. pl. the second of periodical oblations offered at the full moon of Āṣāḍha for obtaining exemption from Varuṇa's snares ( so called from eating barley in honour of the god Varuṇa ), TS. Br. ŚrS.

( sg. ) a partic. Ahīna, ŚāṅkhSr.

°sika, mfn. relating to the above oblation, Lāṭy., Sch.



váruṇa-praśiṣṭa [ varuNapraziSTa ]

( vá° ), mfn. ruled over or guided by Varuṇa, RV.



váruṇa-priyā [ varuNapriyA ]

f. Varuṇa's wife, L.



váruṇa-bhaṭṭa [ varuNabhaTTa ]

m. N. of an astronomer, Col.



váruṇa-mati [ varuNamati ]

m. N. of a Bodhi-sattva, L.



váruṇa-mitra [ varuNamitra ]

m. N. of a Gobhila, VBr.



váruṇa-mení [ varuNameni ]

f. Varuṇa's wrath or vengeance, punishment or injury inflicted by Varuṇa, TS. Kāṭh.



váruṇa-rājan [ varuNarAjan ]

( vá° ), mfn. having Varuṇa as king, TS. ŚrS.



váruṇa-loka [ varuNaloka ]

m. Varuṇa's world or sphere, KaushUp.

his province, i.e. water, Tarkas.



váruṇa-vidhi [ varuNavidhi ]

m. N. of a work.



váruṇa-vegā [ varuNavegA ]

f. N. of a Kiṃ-narī, Kāraṇḍ.



váruṇa-śarman [ varuNazarman ]

m. N. of a warrior on the side of the gods in their war against the Daityas, Kathās



váruṇa-śeṣas [ varuNazeSas ]

( vá° ) . mfn. having descendants capable of protecting, RV. v, 65, 5 ( Sāy. others ' being Varuṇa's posterity, i.e. sinless ' ).



váruṇa-śrāddha [ varuNazrAddha ]

n. N. of a partic. Śrāddha offering, Cat.

-vidhi, m. N. of a work.



váruṇa-savá [ varuNasava ]

m. ' Varuṇa's aid or approval, ' a partic. sacrificial rite, TBr. ŚBr.



váruṇa-sāman [ varuNasAman ]

n. N. of various Sāmans, ArṣBr.



váruṇa-srotasa [ varuNasrotasa ]

m. N. of a mountain, MBh. ( C. śrotasa ).



varuṇâṅgaruha [ varuNAGgaruha ]

m. ' Varuṇa's offspring or scion, ' patr. of Agastya, VarBṛS.



varuṇâ`tmajā [ varuNAtmajA ]

f. ' Varuṇa's daughter, ' spirituous or vinous liquor ( so called as produced from the ocean when it was churned ), L.



varuṇâdri [ varuNAdri ]

m. N. of a mountain, Pañcat.



varuṇâriṣṭaka-maya [ varuNAriSTakamaya ]

mf ( ī ) n. made from Crataeva Roxburghii and the soapberry tree, Suśr.



varuṇâ`laya [ varuNAlaya ]

m. ' Varuṇa's habitation, ' the sea, ocean, R.



varuṇâ`vāsa [ varuNAvAsa ]

m. ' Varuṇa's abode, ' the sea, ocean, R.



varuṇê`śa [ varuNeza ]

mfn. having Varuṇa as lord or governor

n. the Nakṣatra Śata-bhiṣaj, VarBṛS.

-deśa, m. the district or sphere governed by Varuṇa, Gaṇit.



varuṇê`śvara-tīrtha [ varuNezvaratIrtha ]

n. N. of a Tīrtha, Cat.



varuṇôda [ varuNoda ]

n. ' Varuṇa's water, ' N. of a sea, MārkP.



varuṇôpaniṣad [ varuNopaniSad ]

f. N. of an Upaniṣad.



varuṇôpapuráṇa [ varuNopapuraNa ]

n. N. of an Upapurāṇa.



वरुण
 váruṇa [ varuNa ]

etc. See p. 921, col. 2.