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शक् śak

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 śak [ zak ]

cl. 5. P. ( Dhātup. xxvll, 15 ) śaknoti ( pf. śaśā'ka, śekúḥ , RV. etc.etc.; aor. áśakat , AV. etc. [ Ved. also Pot. śakeyam and śakyām; Impv. śagdhi, śaktam ]; fut. śaktā, or śakitā Gr.; śakṣyati, °te , Br. etc.; śakiṣyate, °te Gr.; inf. -śaktave, RV.; śaktum or śakitum, Gr. ), to be strong or powerful, be able to or capable of or competent for ( with acc., dat. or loc., rarely acc. of a verbal noun, or with an inf. in am or tum

or with pr. p.

e.g. with grahaṇāya or grahaṇe, ' to be able to seize '

vadha-nirṇekam a-śaknuvan, ' unable to atone for slaughter '

śakéma vājíno yámam, ' may we be able to guide horses '

vîkṣitum na śaknoti, ' he is not able to see '

pūrayan na śaknoti, ' he is not able to fill ' ) , RV. etc. ( in these meanings ep. also śakyati, °te, with inf. in tuṃ cf. Dhātup. xxvi, 78 )

to be strong or exert one's self for another ( dat. ), aid, help, assist, RV. vii, 67, 5 ; 68, 8 etc.

to help to ( dat. of thing ) , ib. ii, 2, 12 ; iv, 21, 10 etc. : Pass. śakyate ( ep. also °ti ), to be overcome or subdued, succumb , MBh.

to yield, give way, ib.

to be compelled or caused by any one ( instr. ) to ( inf. ) cf. ib.

to be able or capable or possible or practicable ( with an inf. in pass. sense, e.g. tat kartuṃ śakyate, ' that can be done '

sometimes with pass. p., e.g. na śakyate vāryamāṇaḥ, ' he cannot be restrained '

or used impers., with or with out instr., e.g. yadi [ tvayā ] śakyate, ' if it can be done by thee ', if it is possible ' ), Mn. ; MBh. etc. : Caus. śākayati ( aor. aśīśakat ), Gr. : Desid., see √ śikṣ. [ Cf., accord. to some, Gk. ?, ?, ?, Germ. ḥag ḥecke hegen ; behagen. ]