Difference between revisions of "zru"

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1 cl. 5. P. ( cf. Dhātup. xxii, 44 ) ''śṛṇóti'' ( Ved. and ep. also Ā. ''śṛṇute'', and in cf. RV. 3. sg. ''śṛṇvé'', 2. sg. ''°viṣé'', 3. pl. ''°viré'' [ cf. below ]
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1 cl. 5. P. ( cf. Dhātup. xxii, 44 ) ''śṛṇóti'' ( Ved. and ep. also Ā. ''śṛṇute'', and in cf. RV. 3. sg. ''śṛṇvé'', 2. sg. ''°viṣé'', 3. pl. ''°viré'' [ cf. below ]; Impv. ''śṛṇu'', ''°ṇudh˘ī''' and ''°ṇuh˘ī''' pl. ''śṛṇut˘ā''', ''°ṇota'' and ''°ṇotana'' cf. RV.; pf. ''śuśrā'va'' [ once in cf. R. with pass. sense ], ''śuśruve'' [ 2. sg. ''śuśrotha'', 1. pl. ''śuśruma'', in cf. Up. also ''°mas''; ''śuśravat'', ''śuśrūyā's'' cf. RV., p. [[zuzruvas |śuśruvás]], q.v. ]; aor. Ved. ''áśravam'', ''áśrot'', 2. sg. ''śróṣi''; Subj. ''śrávat'', ''°vathaḥ''; ''?'' ''śruvam'' cf. TĀr.; Impv. ''śrudh˘ī''', [[zrotu |śrótu]] cf. RV.; ''aśrauṣīt'' cf. Br. etc.; Subj. ''śroṣan'' Impv. ''śroṣantu'' cf. RV. [ cf. [[zroSamANa |śróṣamāṇa]] ]; Prec. ''śrūyā'sam'' cf. AV. etc.; fut. ''śrotā'' cf. MBh.; ''śroṣyati'', ''°te'' cf. Br. etc.; inf. ''śrotum'' cf. MBh. etc.; ind. p. ''śrutvā''' cf. RV. etc.; [[zrutya |-śrútya]] cf. AV. etc.; ''śrāvam'' cf. GṛŚrS. etc. ), to hear, listen or attend to anything ( acc. ), give ear to any one ( acc. or gen. ), hear or learn anything about ( acc. ) or from ( abl., gen., instr., ''mukhāt'' or ''śakāśāt'' ), or that anything is ( two acc. ) cf. RV. etc.   
 
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Impv. ''śṛṇu'', ''°ṇudh˘ī''' and ''°ṇuh˘ī''' pl. ''śṛṇut˘ā''', ''°ṇota'' and ''°ṇotana'' cf. RV.
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pf. ''śuśrā'va'' [ once in cf. R. with pass. sense ], ''śuśruve'' [ 2. sg. ''śuśrotha'', 1. pl. ''śuśruma'', in cf. Up. also ''°mas''
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''śuśravat'', ''śuśrūyā's'' cf. RV., p. [[zuzruvas |śuśruvás]], q.v. ]
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aor. Ved. ''áśravam'', ''áśrot'', 2. sg. ''śróṣi''
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Subj. ''śrávat'', ''°vathaḥ''
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''?'' ''śruvam'' cf. TĀr.
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Impv. ''śrudh˘ī''', [[zrotu |śrótu]] cf. RV.
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''aśrauṣīt'' cf. Br. etc.
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Subj. ''śroṣan'' Impv. ''śroṣantu'' cf. RV. [ cf. [[zroSamANa |śróṣamāṇa]] ]
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Prec. ''śrūyā'sam'' cf. AV. etc.
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fut. ''śrotā'' cf. MBh.
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''śroṣyati'', ''°te'' cf. Br. etc.
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inf. ''śrotum'' cf. MBh. etc.
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ind. p. ''śrutvā''' cf. RV. etc.
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[[zrutya |-śrútya]] cf. AV. etc.
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''śrāvam'' cf. GṛŚrS. etc. ), to hear, listen or attend to anything ( acc. ), give ear to any one ( acc. or gen. ), hear or learn anything about ( acc. ) or from ( abl., gen., instr., ''mukhāt'' or ''śakāśāt'' ), or that anything is ( two acc. ) cf. RV. etc.   
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to hear ( from a teacher ), study, learn cf. ŚrS. cf. MBh. etc.   
 
to hear ( from a teacher ), study, learn cf. ŚrS. cf. MBh. etc.   

Latest revision as of 15:10, 12 July 2013

zru
Dhātu:
Dhātupāṭha:

Related Sanskrit Words:

Derived Words in Other Languages:

English:
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Pratyaya:


श्रु

श्रु
 śru [ zru ]


1 cl. 5. P. ( cf. Dhātup. xxii, 44 ) śṛṇóti ( Ved. and ep. also Ā. śṛṇute, and in cf. RV. 3. sg. śṛṇvé, 2. sg. °viṣé, 3. pl. °viré [ cf. below ]; Impv. śṛṇu, °ṇudh˘ī' and °ṇuh˘ī pl. śṛṇut˘ā, °ṇota and °ṇotana cf. RV.; pf. śuśrā'va [ once in cf. R. with pass. sense ], śuśruve [ 2. sg. śuśrotha, 1. pl. śuśruma, in cf. Up. also °mas; śuśravat, śuśrūyā's cf. RV., p. śuśruvás, q.v. ]; aor. Ved. áśravam, áśrot, 2. sg. śróṣi; Subj. śrávat, °vathaḥ; ? śruvam cf. TĀr.; Impv. śrudh˘ī, śrótu cf. RV.; aśrauṣīt cf. Br. etc.; Subj. śroṣan Impv. śroṣantu cf. RV. [ cf. śróṣamāṇa ]; Prec. śrūyā'sam cf. AV. etc.; fut. śrotā cf. MBh.; śroṣyati, °te cf. Br. etc.; inf. śrotum cf. MBh. etc.; ind. p. śrutvā cf. RV. etc.; -śrútya cf. AV. etc.; śrāvam cf. GṛŚrS. etc. ), to hear, listen or attend to anything ( acc. ), give ear to any one ( acc. or gen. ), hear or learn anything about ( acc. ) or from ( abl., gen., instr., mukhāt or śakāśāt ), or that anything is ( two acc. ) cf. RV. etc.

to hear ( from a teacher ), study, learn cf. ŚrS. cf. MBh. etc.

to be attentive, be obedient, obey cf. MBh. cf. R. etc. : Pass. śrūyáte ( ep. also °ti

and in cf. RV. śṛṇve etc. [ cf. above ] with pass. meaning

aor. aśrāvi, śrāvi ), to be heard or perceived or learnt about ( acc. ) or from ( gen., abl. or mukhāt

in later language often 3. sg. śrūyate impers. ' it is heard ', ' one hears or learns or reads in a book ', = ' it is said ', ' it is written in ( with loc. ) '

Impv. śrūyatām, ' let it be heard ' = ' listen ! ' ) cf. RV. etc.

to be celebrated or renowned, be known as, pass for, be called ( nom. ) cf. RV.

to be heard or learnt ( from a teacher ) cf. Pañcat

to be taught or stated ( in a book ) cf. Sarvad

to be heard i.e. pronounced or employed ( as a sound or word ) cf. TPrāt. cf. Sch. : Caus. śrāváyati ( ep. also °te, in cf. RV. also śraváyati

aor. aśuśravi, °vuḥ cf. RV.

aśuśruvat cf. Br.

aśiśravat Gr.

Pass. śrāvyate, below ), to cause to be heard or learnt, announce, proclaim, declare cf. RV. etc.

to cause to hear, inform, instruct, communicate, relate, tell ( with acc. of thing, and acc., gen., or dat. of pers., or with instr. in sense of ' through ' ) cf. Mn. cf. MBh. etc. : Pass. of Caus. śrāvyate, to be informed of ( acc. ) cf. MBh. etc. : Desid. śúśrūṣate ( cf. Pāṇ. 1-3, 57

ep. or m. c. also °ti

Pass. śuśrūṣyate ), to wish or like to hear ( acc. ), desire to attend or listen to ( dat. ) cf. RV. etc.

to attend upon, serve, obey ( acc., rarely gen. ) cf. Mn. cf. MBh. etc. : Caus. of Desid. śuśrūṣayati, to wait upon , be at the service of ( acc. ) cf. Kull. on cf. Mn. ii, 243 : Desid. of Caus. śiśrāvayiṣati or śuśrāvayiṣati Gr. : Intens. śośrūyate, śośravīti, śośroti, Gr. [ Cf. Gk. ?, ? = śrudhí, ? = śrutá etc. ; Lat. cluo, in-clutus; Slav. sluti ; Germ. laut ; Eng. loud. ]




श्रु
 śru [ zru ]

2 ( only in śrúvat

generally an incorrect form of √ sru ), to dissolve into parts, burst asunder cf. RV. i, 127, 3